4-10. Duppaññasutt±divaººan±

225-231. E¼a½ vuccati doso, e¼ena m³go viy±ti e¼am³goti imamattha½ dassento “mukhena v±can”ti-±dim±ha.

Cakkavattivaggavaººan± niµµhit±.

6. S±kacchavaggo

1. ¾h±rasuttavaººan±

232. Purimanayatoti “satisambojjhaªgaµµh±n²y±na½ dhamm±nan”ti-±din± ±gatanayato. Evanti id±ni vuccam±n±k±rena. Sati ca sampajaññañca satisampajañña½. Satipadh±na½ v± abhikkant±d²su satthakabh±vapariggaºhakañ±ºa½ satisampajañña½. Ta½ sabbattha satok±r²bh±v±vahatt± satisambojjhaªgassa upp±d±ya sa½vattati. Yath± ca paccan²kadhammappah±na½ anur³padhammadesan± ca anuppann±na½ kusal±na½ dhamm±na½ upp±d±ya hoti, eva½ satirahitapuggalavajjan± satok±r²puggalasevan± ca tattha ca yuttapayuttat± satisambojjhaªgassa upp±d±ya hot²ti imamattha½ dasseti “satisampajaññan”ti-±din±. Arahattamaggena bh±van±p±rip³r² hoti. Tath± hi arah±va “sativepullappatto”ti vuccati.
Dhamm±na½, dhammesu v± vicayo, so eva heµµh± vuttanayena sambojjhaªgo, tassa dhammavicayasambojjhaªgassa. Paripucchakat±ti ±cariya½ payirup±sitv± pañcapi nik±ye sahaµµhakath±ya pariyog±hetv± ya½ ya½ tattha gaºµhiµµh±na½, tassa tassa “ida½, bhante, katha½ imassa ko attho”ti eva½ khandh±d²su atthapucchakabh±vo. Ten±ha “khandha…pe… bahulat±”ti.
Vatthuvisadakiriy±ti cittacetasik±na½ pavattiµµh±nabh±vato sar²ra½ tappaµibaddh±ni ca c²var±d²ni idha “vatth³n²”ti adhippet±ni, t±ni yath± cittassa sukh±vah±ni honti, tath± karaºa½ tesa½ visadabh±vakaraºa½. Tena vutta½ “ajjhattikab±hir±nan”ti-±di. Ussannadosanti v±t±di-ussannadosa½. Sedamalamakkhitanti sedena ceva jallik±saªkh±tena sar²ramalena ca makkhita½. Ca-saddena aññampi sar²rassa ca cittassa ca p²¼±vaha½ saªgaºh±ti. Sen±sana½ v±ti -saddena patt±d²na½ saªgaho daµµhabbo. Avisade sati, visayabh³te v±. Katha½ bh±vanamanuyuttassa t±ni visayoti? Antarantar± pavattanakacittupp±davasena eva½ vutta½. Te hi cittupp±d± cittekaggat±ya ijjhantiy±pi aparisuddhabh±v±ya sa½vattanti. Cittacetasikesu nissay±dipaccayabh³tesu. ѱºamp²ti pi-saddo sampiº¹ane. Tena na kevala½ ta½ vatthuyeva atha kho tasmi½ aparisuddhe ñ±ºampi aparisuddha½ hot²ti nissay±parisuddhiy± nissit±parisuddhi viya visayassa aparisuddhat±ya visay²na½ aparisuddhi½ dasseti anvayato byatirekato ca.
Samabh±vakaraºa½ kiccato an³n±dhikabh±vakaraºa½. Yath±paccaya½ saddheyyavatthusmi½ adhimokkhakiccassa paµutarabh±vena paññ±ya avisadat±ya v²riy±d²nañca anubalappad±nasithilat±din± saddhindriya½ balava½ hoti. Ten±ha “itar±ni mand±n²”ti. Tatoti tasm± saddhindriyassa balavabh±vato itaresañca mandatt±. Kosajjapakkhe patitu½ adatv± sampayuttadhamm±na½ paggaºhana½ anubalappad±na½ paggaho, paggahakicca½ k±tu½ na sakkot²ti sambandhitabba½. ¾rammaºa½ upagantv± µh±na½, anissajjana½ v± upaµµh±na½, vikkhepapaµipakkho. Yena v± sampayutt± avikkhitt± honti, so avikkhepo. R³pagata½ viya cakkhun± yena y±th±vato visayasabh±va½ passati, ta½ dassanakicca½ k±tu½ na sakkoti balavat± saddhindriyena abhibh³tatt±. Sahaj±tadhammesu hi indaµµha½ karont±na½ saha pavattam±n±na½ dhamm±na½ ekarasat±vaseneva atthasiddhi, na aññath±. Tasm±ti vuttamevattha½ k±raºabh±vena pacc±masati. Tanti saddhindriya½.
Dhammasabh±vapaccavekkhaºen±ti yassa saddheyyavatthuno u¼±rat±diguºe adhimuccanassa s±tisayappavattiy± saddhindriya½ balava½ j±ta½, tassa paccayapaccayuppannat±divibh±gato y±th±vato v²ma½sanena. Evañhi eva½dhammat±nayena sabh±vasarasato pariggayham±ne savipph±ro adhimokkho na hoti– “aya½ imesa½ dhamm±na½ sabh±vo”ti paññ±by±p±rassa s±tisayatt±. Dhuriyadhammesu hi yath± saddh±ya balavabh±ve paññ±ya mandabh±vo hoti, eva½ paññ±ya balavabh±ve saddh±ya mandabh±vo hoti. Tena vutta½– “ta½ dhammasabh±vapaccavekkhaºena…pe… h±petabban”ti. Tath± amanasikaraºen±ti yen±k±rena bh±vanamanuyuñjantassa saddhindriya½ balava½ j±ta½, ten±k±rena bh±vana½ n±nuyuñjanen±ti vutta½ hoti. Idha duvidhena saddhindriyassa balavabh±vo attano v± paccayavisesena kiccuttariyato v²riy±d²na½ v± mandakiccat±ya. Tattha paµhamavikappe h±panavidhi dassito, dutiyavikappe pana yath± manasikaroto v²riy±d²na½ mandakiccat±ya saddhindriya½ balava½ j±ta½, tath± amanasik±rena v²riy±d²na½ paµutarabh±v±vahena manasik±rena saddhindriya½ tehi samata½ karontena h±petabba½. Imin± nayena sesindriyesupi h±panavidhi veditabbo.
Vakkalittheravatth³ti so hi ±yasm± saddh±dhimutto tattha ca kat±dhik±ro satthu r³pak±yadassane pasuto eva hutv± viharanto satth±r±– “ki½ te, vakkali, imin± p³tik±yena diµµhena, yo kho, vakkali, dhamma½ passati, so ma½ passat²”ti-±din± (sa½. ni. 3.87) ovadiyam±no kammaµµh±ne niyojitopi ta½ ananuyuñjanto paº±mito att±na½ vinip±tetu½ pap±taµµh±na½ abhiruhi. Atha na½ satth± yath±nisinnova obh±savissajjanena att±na½ dassetv±–
“P±mojjabahulo bhikkhu, pasanno buddhas±sane;
adhigacche pada½ santa½, saªkh±r³pasama½ sukhan”ti. (Dha. pa. 381)–

G±tha½ vatv± “ehi, vakkal²”ti ±ha. So tena vacanena amateneva abhisitto haµµhatuµµho hutv± vipassana½ paµµhapesi, saddh±ya bahulabh±vato vipassan±v²thi½ n±rohati. Ta½ ñatv± bhagav± indriyasamattapaµip±dan±ya kammaµµh±na½ sodhetv± ad±si. So satth±r± dinnanayena vipassana½ ussukk±petv± maggapaµip±µiy± arahatta½ p±puºi. Tena vutta½– “vakkalittheravatthu cettha nidassanan”ti. Etth±ti saddhindriyassa adhimattabh±ve sesindriy±na½ sakicc±karaºe.

Itarakiccabhedanti upaµµh±n±dikiccavisesa½. Passaddh±d²ti ±di-saddena sam±dhi-upekkh±sambojjhaªg±na½ saªgaho daµµhabbo. H±petabbanti yath± saddhindriyassa balavabh±vo dhammasabh±vapaccavekkhaºena h±yati, eva½ v²riyindriyassa adhimattat± passaddhiy±dibh±van±ya h±yati sam±dhipakkhikatt± tass±. Tath± hi sam±dhindriyassa adhimattata½ kosajjap±tato rakkhant² v²riy±dibh±van± viya v²riyindriyassa adhimattata½ uddhaccap±tato rakkhant² eka½sato h±peti. Tena vutta½ “passaddh±dibh±van±ya h±petabban”ti. Soºattherassa vatth³ti sukum±rasoºattherassa vatthu. So hi ±yasm±pi satthu santik± kammaµµh±na½ gahetv± s²tavane viharanto– “mama sar²ra½ sukhum±la½, na ca sakk± sukheneva sukha½ adhigantu½, k±ya½ kilametv±pi samaºadhammo k±tabbo”ti µh±nacaªkamanameva adhiµµh±ya padh±namanuyuñjanto p±datalesu phoµesu uµµhitesupi vedana½ ajjhupekkhitv± da¼hav²riya½ karonto acc±raddhav²riyat±ya visesa½ pavattetu½ n±sakkhi. Satth± tattha gantv± v²ºopamov±dena ovaditv± v²riyasamat±yojanavidhi½ dassento kammaµµh±na½ sodhetv± gijjhak³µa½ gato. Theropi satth±r± dinnanayena v²riyasamata½ y±jetv± bh±vento vipassana½ ussukk±petv± arahatteva patiµµh±si. Tena vutta½ “soºattherassa vatthu dassetabban”ti. Sesesup²ti satisam±dhipaññindriyesupi.
Samatanti saddh±paññ±na½ aññamañña½ an³n±dhikabh±va½, tath± sam±dhiv²riy±nañca. Yath± hi saddh±paññ±na½ visu½ visu½ dhuriyadhammabh³t±na½ kiccato aññamaññan±tivattana½ visesato icchitabba½. Yato tesa½ samadhurat±ya appan± sampajjati, eva½ sam±dhiv²riy±na½ kosajjuddhaccapakkhik±na½ samat±ya sati aññamaññupatthambhanato sampayuttadhamm±na½ antadvayap±t±bh±vena sammadeva appan± ijjhat²ti. Balavasaddhoti-±di vuttasseva atthassa byatirekamukhena samatthana½. Tassattho– yo balavatiy± saddh±ya samann±gato avisadañ±ºo, so mudhappasanno hoti, na aveccappasanno. Tath± hi so avatthusmi½ pas²dati, seyyath±pi titthiyas±vak±. Ker±µikapakkhanti s±µheyyapakkha½ bhajati. Saddh±h²n±ya paññ±ya atidh±vanto “deyyavatthuparicc±gena vin± cittupp±damattenapi d±namaya½ puñña½ hot²”ti-±d²ni parikappeti hetupatir³pakehi vañcito, eva½bh³to ca l³khatakkaviluttacitto paº¹it±na½ vacana½ n±diyati, saññatti½ na gacchati. Ten±ha “bhesajjasamuµµhito viya rogo atekiccho hot²”ti. Yath± cettha saddh±paññ±na½ aññamañña½ samabh±vo atth±vaho, visamabh±vo anatth±vaho, eva½ sam±dhiv²riy±na½ aññamañña½ samabh±vo atth±vaho, itaro anatth±vaho, tath± samabh±vo avikkhep±vaho, itaro vikkhep±vaho. Kosajja½ abhibhavati, tena appana½ na p±puº±t²ti adhipp±yo. Esa nayo uddhacca½ abhibhavat²ti etth±pi. Tadubhayanti saddh±paññ±dvaya½ sam±dhiv²riyadvayañca. Sama½ k±tabbanti samata½ k±tabba½.
Sam±dhikammikass±ti samathakammaµµh±nikassa. Evanti eva½ sante, saddh±ya thoka½ balavabh±ve sat²ti attho. Saddahantoti “pathav² pathav²ti manasik±ramattena katha½ jh±nuppatt²”ti acintetv± “addh± sambuddhena vuttavidhi ijjhat²”ti saddahanto saddha½ janento. Okappentoti ±rammaºa½ anupavisitv± viya adhimuccanavasena avakappento pakkhandanto. Ekaggat± balavat² vaµµati sam±dhipadh±natt± jh±nassa. Ubhinnanti sam±dhipaññ±na½. Sam±dhikammikassa sam±dhino adhimattat±ya paññ±ya adhimattat±pi icchitabb±ti ±ha “samat±yap²”ti, samabh±ven±p²ti attho. Appan±ti lokiya-appan±. Tath± hi “hotiyev±”ti s±saªka½ vadati, lokuttarappan± pana tesa½ samabh±veneva icchit±. Yath±ha “samathavipassana½ yuganaddha½ bh±vet²”ti (a. ni. 4.170). Yadi visesato saddh±paññ±na½ sam±dhiv²riy±nañca sam±nata½ icchati, katha½ sat²ti ±ha– “sati pana sabbattha balavat² vaµµat²”ti. Sabbatth±ti l²nuddhaccapakkhikesu pañcindriyesu. Uddhaccapakkhikekadese gaºhanto “saddh±v²riyapaññ±nan”ti ±ha. Aññath± p²ti ca gahetabb± siy±. Tath± hi “kosajjapakkhikena sam±dhin±”icceva vutta½, na ca “passaddhisam±dhi-upekkh±h²”ti. ti sati. Sabbesu r±jakammesu niyuttoti sabbakammiko. Ten±ti yena k±raºena sabbattha icchitabb±, tena ±ha aµµhakath±ya½. Sabbattha niyutt± sabbatthik± sabbena v± l²nuddhaccapakkhikena bojjhaªgena atthetabb± sabbatthiy±, sabbatthiy±va sabbatthik±. Cittanti kusalacitta½. Tassa hi satipaµisaraºa½ par±yaºa½ appattassa pattiy± anadhigatassa adhigam±ya. Ten±ha– “±rakkhapaccupaµµh±n±”ti-±di.
Khandh±dibhede anog±¼hapaññ±nanti pariyattib±husaccavasenapi khandh±yatan±d²su appatiµµhitabuddh²na½. Bahussutasevan± hi sutamayañ±º±vah±. Taruºavipassan±samaªg²pi bh±van±mayañ±ºe µhitatt± eka½sato paññav± eva n±ma hot²ti ±ha– “samapaññ±sa…pe… puggalasevan±”ti. Ñeyyadhammassa gambh²rabh±vavasena tapparicchedakañ±ºassa gambh²rabh±vagahaºanti ±ha– “gambh²resu khandh±d²su pavatt±ya gambh²rapaññ±y±”ti. Tañhi ñeyya½ t±dis±ya paññ±ya caritabbato gambh²rañ±ºacariya½, tass± v± paññ±ya tattha pabhedato pavatti gambh²rañ±ºacariy±, tass± paccavekkhaº±ti ±ha “gambh²rapaññ±ya pabhedapaccavekkhaº±”ti. Yath± sativepullappatto n±ma arah± eva, eva½ so eva paññ±vepullappattop²ti ±ha “arahattamaggena bh±van±p±rip³r² hot²”ti. V²riy±d²supi eseva nayoti.