Namo tassa bhagavato arahato samm±sambuddhassa.

Sa½yuttanik±ye

Mah±vaggaµ²k±

1. Maggasa½yutta½

1. Avijj±vaggo

1-2. Avijj±sutt±divaººan±

1-2. Pubbaªgam±ti pubbecar±. Avijj± hi aññ±ºalakkhaº± sammuyhan±k±rena ±rammaºe pavattat²ti sampayuttadhamm±nampi tad±k±r±nuvidh±nat±ya paccayo hoti. Tath± hi te anicc±subhadukkh±nattasabh±vepi dhamme nicc±dito gaºhanti, ayamass± tesa½ sahaj±tavasena pubbaªgamat±. Ya½ pana mohena abhibh³to p±pakiriy±ya ±d²nava½ apassanto p±ºa½ hanati, adinna½ ±diyati, k±mesu micch± carati, mus± bhaºati, aññampi vividha½ duss²lya½ ±carati, ayamassa sahaj±tavasena ca upanissayavasena ca pubbaªgamat±. Sam±pajjan±y±ti tabbh±v±pajjan±ya akusalappattiy±. Sabh±vapaµil±bh±y±ti attal±bh±ya. Ten±ha “uppattiy±”ti. S± panes± vutt±k±rena akusal±na½ pubbaªgamabh³t± avijj± uppajjat²ti sambandho. Yadetanti ya½ eta½ p±p±jigucchanat±ya p±pato alajjan±k±rasaºµhita½ ahirika½, p±p±nutr±sat±ya p±pato abh±yan±k±rasaºµhitañca anottappa½, eta½ dvaya½ anudeva anv±gatameva. Anu-saddena cettha etanti upayogavacana½. Anudev±ti etassa attho saheva ekatoti. Ettha avijj±ya vuttanay±nus±rena tappaµipakkhato ca attho veditabbo. Aya½ pana viseso– tattha yath± akusalakammapathavasena pavattiya½ pubbaªgamat± avijj±ya, eva½ kusalakammapathavasena puññakiriyavatthuvasena ca pavattiya½ vijj±ya pubbaªgamat± vattabb±. V²ma½s±dhipativasena pavattiya½ ±dhipacc±k±ravasena ca pubbaªgamat± veditabb±. Dv²hev±ti ca avadh±raºa½ ±dhipacc±k±rassa sahaj±teneva saªgahetabbato.
Lajjan±k±rasaºµhit±ti p±pato jigucchan±k±rasaºµhit±. Bh±yan±k±rasaºµhitanti uttasan±k±rasaºµhita½. Etth±ti hiri-ottappe. Vidati, vindat²ti v± vijj±. Viddas³ti ca sappaññapariy±yoti ±ha “viddasunoti viduno”ti. Y±th±vadiµµh²ti avipar²t± diµµhi, sa½kilesato niyy±nikadiµµhi. Samm±diµµhi pahot²ti ettha s± vijj± samm±diµµhi veditabb±. Na ekato sabb±ni labbhanti samm±v±c±kammant±j²v±na½ pubb±bhisaªkh±rassa anekar³patt±. Lokuttaramaggakkhaºe ekato labbhanti kiccato bhinn±nampi t±sa½ tattha sar³pato abhinnatt±. Ek± eva hi virati maggakkhaºe tissannampi virat²na½ kicca½ s±dhent² pavattati, yath± ek± eva samm±diµµhi parij±nan±divasena catubbidhakicca½ s±dhent² pavattati. T±ni ca kho sabb±ni aµµhapi paµhamajjh±nike magge labbhant²ti yojan±. Paµhamajjh±niketi paµhamajh±navante.
Tath±bh³tass±ti ariyamaggasamaªgino. Yasm± mah±sa¼±yatanasutte vutta½ “samm±diµµhi-±d²na½ pañcanna½ eva aªg±na½ vasen±”ti, tasm± pañcaªgiko lokuttaramaggo hoti. “Pubbeva kho pan±”ti hi vacana½ tad± maggakkhaºe virat²na½ abh±va½ ñ±peti, tasm± k±m±vacaracittesu viya lokuttaracittesu virati aniyat±ti adhipp±yo. Parisuddhabh±vadassananti parisuddhas²labh±vadassanattha½. Ayamattho d²pito, na ariyamagge virat²na½ abh±vo.
Yadi eva½ kasm± abhidhamme maggavibhaªge pañcaªgikav±ro ±gatoti ±ha “yampi abhidhamme”ti-±di. Tanti “pañcaªgiko maggo hot²”ti vacana½. “Eka½ kiccantara½ dassetu½ vuttan”ti vatv± ta½ dassetu½ “yasmiñhi k±le”ti-±di vutta½. Yasmiñhi k±leti lokiyak±le Tena “eka½ kiccantaran”ti vutta½ aµµhaªgikakicca½ dasseti. Virati-upp±danena micch±v±c±d²ni puggalena maggasamaye pajah±pent²ti samm±diµµhi-±d²ni “pañca k±rakaªg±n²”ti vutt±ni. Samm±v±c±dikiriy± hi virati, tañca et±ni k±r±pent²ti. Virativasen±ti viramaºakiriy±vasena k±r±pakabh±vena, kattubh±vena v±ti attho. “Viratittayavasen±”ti v± p±µho.
Samm±kammanto p³rat²ti imehi samm±diµµhi-±d²hi samm±kammantakicca½ p³rati n±ma tehi v²riy±dikehi tadatthasiddhito. Tampi sandh±ya “eka½ kiccantara½ dassetun”ti vutta½. Ima½ kiccantara½ dassetunti lokuttaramaggakkhaºepi im±neva pañca samm±v±c±diviratittayassa ekakkhaºe k±r±pakaªg±n²ti dassetu½. Eva½ vuttanti “tasmi½ samaye pañcaªgiko maggo hot²”ti (vibha. 494) eva½ vutta½. Lokiyamaggakkhaºe pañceva honti, virati pana aniyat±, tasm± “cha-aªgiko”ti avatv± “pañcaªgiko”icceva vutta½. Tayida½ abhidhamme pañcaªgikav±radesan±ya k±raºakittanamaggo, ariyamaggo pana aµµhaªgikov±ti dassetu½, “y± ca, bhikkhave”ti-±dim±ha, ta½ suviññeyyameva. Micch±diµµhi-±dik± dasa, tappaccay± akusal± ca das±ti v²sati akusalapakkhiy±, samm±diµµhi-±dik± dasa, tappaccay± kusal± ca das±ti v²sati kusalapakkhiy± mah±catt±r²sakasutte vutt±. Mah±catt±r²sakanti tasseta½ n±ma½. Missakova kathito lokuttarassapi idha labbham±natt±.
Yasm± kosalasa½yuttepi idha ca therena “upa¹¹hamida½, bhante, brahmacariyass±”ti-±din± vutta½ “m± heva½ ±nand±”ti-±din± paµikkhipitv± “sakalamevida½ ±nand±”ti-±din± bhagavat± desita½ sutta½ ±gata½. Tassattho kosalasa½yuttavaººan±ya½ vutto, tasm± vutta½ “kosalasa½yutte vuttatthamev±”ti.

Avijj±sutt±divaººan± niµµhit±.