3. Paµhama-±nandasutta½

989. S±vatthinid±na½. Atha kho ±yasm± ±nando yena bhagav± tenupasaªkami upasaªkamitv± bhagavanta½ abhiv±detv± ekamanta½ nis²di. Ekamanta½ nisinno kho ±yasm± ±nando bhagavanta½ etadavoca– “atthi nu kho, bhante ekadhammo [eko dhammo (s².)] bh±vito bahul²kato catt±ro dhamme parip³reti, catt±ro dhamm± bh±vit± bahul²kat± satta dhamme parip³renti, satta dhamm± bh±vit± bahul²kat± dve dhamme parip³rent²”ti?
“Atthi kho, ±nanda, ekadhammo bh±vito bahul²kato catt±ro dhamme parip³reti, catt±ro dhamm± bh±vit± bahul²kat± satta dhamme parip³renti, satta dhamm± bh±vit± bahul²kat± dve dhamme parip³rent²”ti.
“Katamo pana, bhante, ekadhammo [eko dhammo (s².)] bh±vito bahul²kato catt±ro dhamme parip³reti, catt±ro dhamm± bh±vit± bahul²kat± satta dhamme parip³renti, satta dhamm± bh±vit± bahul²kat± dve dhamme parip³rent²”ti? “¾n±p±nassatisam±dhi kho, ±nanda, ekadhammo bh±vito bahul²kato catt±ro satipaµµh±ne parip³reti, catt±ro satipaµµh±n± bh±vit± bahul²kat± satta bojjhaªge parip³renti, satta bojjhaªg± bh±vit± bahul²kat± vijj±vimutti½ parip³renti”.
“Katha½ bh±vito, ±nanda, ±n±p±nassatisam±dhi katha½ bahul²kato catt±ro satipaµµh±ne parip³reti? Idh±nanda, bhikkhu araññagato v± rukkham³lagato v± suññ±g±ragato v± nis²dati pallaªka½ ±bhujitv± uju½ k±ya½ paºidh±ya parimukha½ sati½ upaµµhapetv±. So satova assasati, satova passasati. D²gha½ v± assasanto ‘d²gha½ assas±m²’ti paj±n±ti, d²gha½ v± passasanto ‘d²gha½ passas±m²’ti paj±n±ti…pe… ‘paµinissagg±nupass² assasiss±m²’ti sikkhati, ‘paµinissagg±nupass² passasiss±m²’ti sikkhati”. “Yasmi½ samaye, ±nanda, bhikkhu d²gha½ v± assasanto ‘d²gha½ assas±m²’ti paj±n±ti, d²gha½ v± passasanto ‘d²gha½ passas±m²’ti paj±n±ti; rassa½ v±…pe… ‘passambhaya½ k±yasaªkh±ra½ assasiss±m²’ti sikkhati, ‘passambhaya½ k±yasaªkh±ra½ passasiss±m²’ti sikkhati– k±ye k±y±nupass², ±nanda, bhikkhu tasmi½ samaye viharati ±t±p² sampaj±no satim±, vineyya loke abhijjh±domanassa½. Ta½ kissa hetu? K±yaññatar±ha½, ±nanda, eta½ vad±mi, yadida½– ass±sapass±sa½ Tasm±tih±nanda, k±ye k±y±nupass² bhikkhu tasmi½ samaye viharati ±t±p² sampaj±no satim±, vineyya loke abhijjh±domanassa½”.
“Yasmi½ samaye, ±nanda, bhikkhu ‘p²tippaµisa½ved² assasiss±m²’ti sikkhati …pe… sukhappaµisa½ved²…pe… cittasaªkh±rappaµisa½ved²…pe… ‘passambhaya½ cittasaªkh±ra½ assasiss±m²’ti sikkhati, ‘passambhaya½ cittasaªkh±ra½ passasiss±m²’ti sikkhati– vedan±su vedan±nupass², ±nanda, bhikkhu tasmi½ samaye viharati ±t±p² sampaj±no satim±, vineyya loke abhijjh±domanassa½. Ta½ kissa hetu? Vedan±ññatar±ha½, ±nanda, eta½ vad±mi, yadida½– ass±sapass±s±na½ s±dhuka½ manasik±ra½. Tasm±tih±nanda, vedan±su vedan±nupass² bhikkhu tasmi½ samaye viharati ±t±p² sampaj±no satim±, vineyya loke abhijjh±domanassa½.
“Yasmi½ samaye, ±nanda, bhikkhu ‘cittappaµisa½ved² assasiss±m²’ti sikkhati, ‘cittappaµisa½ved² passasiss±m²’ti sikkhati; abhippamodaya½ citta½…pe… sam±daha½ citta½…pe… ‘vimocaya½ citta½ assasiss±m²’ti sikkhati, ‘vimocaya½ citta½ passasiss±m²’ti sikkhati– citte citt±nupass², ±nanda, bhikkhu tasmi½ samaye viharati ±t±p² sampaj±no satim±, vineyya loke abhijjh±domanassa½. Ta½ kissa hetu? N±ha½, ±nanda, muµµhassatissa asampaj±nassa ±n±p±nassatisam±dhibh±vana½ vad±mi. Tasm±tih±nanda, citte citt±nupass² bhikkhu tasmi½ samaye viharati ±t±p² sampaj±no satim±, vineyya loke abhijjh±domanassa½.
“Yasmi½ samaye, ±nanda, bhikkhu anicc±nupass²…pe… vir±g±nupass²…pe… nirodh±nupass²…pe… ‘paµinissagg±nupass² assasiss±m²’ti sikkhati, ‘paµinissagg±nupass² passasiss±m²’ti sikkhati– dhammesu dhamm±nupass², ±nanda, bhikkhu tasmi½ samaye viharati ±t±p² sampaj±no satim±, vineyya loke abhijjh±domanassa½. So ya½ ta½ hoti abhijjh±domanass±na½ pah±na½ ta½ paññ±ya disv± s±dhuka½ ajjhupekkhit± hoti. Tasm±tih±nanda, dhammesu dhamm±nupass² bhikkhu tasmi½ samaye viharati ±t±p² sampaj±no satim±, vineyya loke abhijjh±domanassa½.
“Eva½ bh±vito kho, ±nanda, ±n±p±nassatisam±dhi eva½ bahul²kato catt±ro satipaµµh±ne parip³reti.
“Katha½ bh±vit± c±nanda, catt±ro satipaµµh±n± katha½ bahul²kat± satta bojjhaªge parip³renti? Yasmi½ samaye, ±nanda, bhikkhu k±ye k±y±nupass² viharati– upaµµhit±ssa [upaµµhitassati (p². ka.)] tasmi½ samaye bhikkhuno [tasmi½ samaye ±nanda bhikkhuno (p². ka.), tasmi½ samaye (ma. ni. 3.149)] sati hoti asammuµµh±. Yasmi½ samaye, ±nanda, bhikkhuno upaµµhit± sati hoti asammuµµh±– satisambojjhaªgo tasmi½ samaye bhikkhuno ±raddho hoti, satisambojjhaªga½ tasmi½ samaye bhikkhu bh±veti, satisambojjhaªgo tasmi½ samaye bhikkhuno bh±van±p±rip³ri½ gacchati.
“So tath± sato viharanto ta½ dhamma½ paññ±ya pavicinati pavicarati pariv²ma½sam±pajjati. Yasmi½ samaye, ±nanda, bhikkhu tath± sato viharanto ta½ dhamma½ paññ±ya pavicinati pavicarati pariv²ma½sam±pajjati– dhammavicayasambojjhaªgo tasmi½ samaye bhikkhuno ±raddho hoti, dhammavicayasambojjhaªga½ tasmi½ samaye bhikkhu bh±veti, dhammavicayasambojjhaªgo tasmi½ samaye bhikkhuno bh±van±p±rip³ri½ gacchati.
“Tassa ta½ dhamma½ paññ±ya pavicinato pavicarato pariv²ma½sam±pajjato ±raddha½ hoti v²riya½ asall²na½. Yasmi½ samaye, ±nanda, bhikkhuno ta½ dhamma½ paññ±ya pavicinato pavicarato pariv²ma½sam±pajjato ±raddha½ hoti v²riya½ asall²na½– v²riyasambojjhaªgo tasmi½ samaye bhikkhuno ±raddho hoti, v²riyasambojjhaªga½ tasmi½ samaye bhikkhu bh±veti, v²riyasambojjhaªgo tasmi½ samaye bhikkhuno bh±van±p±rip³ri½ gacchati.
“¾raddhav²riyassa uppajjati p²ti nir±mis±. Yasmi½ samaye, ±nanda, bhikkhuno ±raddhav²riyassa uppajjati p²ti nir±mis±– p²tisambojjhaªgo tasmi½ samaye bhikkhuno ±raddho hoti, p²tisambojjhaªga½ tasmi½ samaye bhikkhu bh±veti, p²tisambojjhaªgo tasmi½ samaye bhikkhuno bh±van±p±rip³ri½ gacchati.
“P²timanassa k±yopi passambhati, cittampi passambhati. Yasmi½ samaye, ±nanda, bhikkhuno p²timanassa k±yopi passambhati, cittampi passambhati– passaddhisambojjhaªgo tasmi½ samaye bhikkhuno ±raddho hoti, passaddhisambojjhaªga½ tasmi½ samaye bhikkhu bh±veti, passaddhisambojjhaªgo tasmi½ samaye bhikkhuno bh±van±p±rip³ri½ gacchati.
“Passaddhak±yassa sukhino citta½ sam±dhiyati. Yasmi½ samaye, ±nanda, bhikkhuno passaddhak±yassa sukhino citta½ sam±dhiyati– sam±dhisambojjhaªgo tasmi½ samaye bhikkhuno ±raddho hoti, sam±dhisambojjhaªga½ tasmi½ samaye bhikkhu bh±veti, sam±dhisambojjhaªgo tasmi½ samaye bhikkhuno bh±van±p±rip³ri½ gacchati.
“So tath±sam±hita½ citta½ s±dhuka½ ajjhupekkhit± hoti. Yasmi½ samaye, ±nanda, bhikkhu tath±sam±hita½ citta½ s±dhuka½ ajjhupekkhit± hoti– upekkh±sambojjhaªgo tasmi½ samaye bhikkhuno ±raddho hoti, upekkh±sambojjhaªga½ tasmi½ samaye bhikkhu bh±veti upekkh±sambojjhaªgo tasmi½ samaye bhikkhuno bh±van±p±rip³ri½ gacchati.
“Yasmi½ samaye, ±nanda, bhikkhu vedan±su…pe… citte…pe… dhammesu dhamm±nupass² viharati– upaµµhit±ssa tasmi½ samaye bhikkhuno sati hoti asammuµµh±. Yasmi½ samaye, ±nanda, bhikkhuno upaµµhit± sati hoti asammuµµh±– satisambojjhaªgo tasmi½ samaye bhikkhuno ±raddho hoti, satisambojjhaªga½ tasmi½ samaye bhikkhu bh±veti, satisambojjhaªgo tasmi½ samaye bhikkhuno bh±van±p±rip³ri½ gacchati. (Yath± paµhama½ satipaµµh±na½, eva½ vitth±retabba½).
“So tath±sam±hita½ citta½ s±dhuka½ ajjhupekkhit± hoti. Yasmi½ samaye, ±nanda, bhikkhu tath±sam±hita½ citta½ s±dhuka½ ajjhupekkhit± hoti– upekkh±sambojjhaªgo tasmi½ samaye bhikkhuno ±raddho hoti, upekkh±sambojjhaªga½ tasmi½ samaye bhikkhu bh±veti, upekkh±sambojjhaªgo tasmi½ samaye bhikkhuno bh±van±p±rip³ri½ gacchati. Eva½ bh±vit± kho, ±nanda, catt±ro satipaµµh±n± eva½ bahul²kat± satta bojjhaªge parip³renti.
“Katha½ bh±vit±, ±nanda, satta bojjhaªg± katha½ bahul²kat± vijj±vimutti½ parip³renti? Idh±nanda, bhikkhu satisambojjhaªga½ bh±veti vivekanissita½ vir±ganissita½ nirodhanissita½ vossaggapariº±mi½, dhammavicayasambojjhaªga½ bh±veti …pe… upekkh±sambojjhaªga½ bh±veti vivekanissita½ vir±ganissita½ nirodhanissita½ vossaggapariº±mi½. Eva½ bh±vit± kho, ±nanda, satta bojjhaªg± eva½ bahul²kat± vijj±vimutti½ parip³rent²”ti. Tatiya½.