9. Ves±l²suttavaººan±

985. Navame ves±liyanti eva½n±make itthiliªgavasena pavattavoh±re nagare. Tañhi nagara½ tikkhattu½ p±k±raparikkhepava¹¹hanena vis±l²bh³tatt± ves±l²ti vuccati. Idampi ca nagara½ sabbaññuta½ patteyeva samm±sambuddhe sabb±k±ravepullata½ pattanti veditabba½. Eva½ gocarag±ma½ dassetv± niv±saµµh±nam±ha mah±vane k³µ±g±ras±l±yanti. Tattha mah±vana½ n±ma saya½j±ta½ aropima½ sapariccheda½ mahanta½ vana½. Kapilavatthus±mant± pana mah±vana½ himavantena saha ek±baddha½ apariccheda½ hutv± mah±samudda½ ±hacca µhita½. Ida½ t±disa½ na hoti, sapariccheda½ mahanta½ vananti mah±vana½. K³µ±g±ras±l± pana mah±vana½ niss±ya kate ±r±me k³µ±g±ra½ antokatv± ha½savaµµakacchannena kat± sabb±k±rasampann± buddhassa bhagavato gandhakuµ²ti veditabb±.
Anekapariy±yena asubhakatha½ kathet²ti anekehi k±raºehi asubh±k±rasandassanappavatta½ k±yavicchandan²yakatha½ katheti. Seyyathida½– atthi imasmi½ k±ye kes± lom± nakh± dant±…pe… muttanti. Ki½ vutta½ hoti? Bhikkhave, imasmi½ by±mamatte ka¼evare sabb±k±renapi vicinanto na koci kiñci mutta½ v± maºi½ v± ve¼uriya½ v± agaru½ v± candana½ v± kuªkuma½ v± kappura½ v± v±sacuºº±di½ v± aºumattampi sucibh±va½ passati, atha kho paramaduggandha½ jeguccha-assirikadassana½ kesalom±din±nappak±ra½ asucimeva passati, tasm± na ettha chando v± r±go v± karaº²yo. Yepi uttamaªge sirasi j±t± kes± n±ma, tepi asubh± ceva asucino ca paµik³l± ca. So ca nesa½ asubh±sucipaµik³labh±vo vaººatopi saºµh±natopi gandhatopi ±sayatopi ok±satop²ti pañcah±k±rehi veditabbo. Eva½ lom±d²namp²ti ayamettha saªkhepo, vitth±ro pana visuddhimagge (visuddhi. 1.307) vuttanayeneva veditabbo. Iti bhagav± ekamekasmi½ koµµh±se pañcapañcappabhedena anekapariy±yena asubhakatha½ katheti.
Asubh±ya vaººa½ bh±sat²ti uddhum±tak±divasena asubham±tika½ nikkhipitv± padabh±jan²yena ta½ vibhajanto vaººento asubh±ya vaººa½ bh±sati. Asubhabh±van±ya vaººa½ bh±sat²ti y± aya½ kes±d²su v± uddhum±tak±d²su v± ajjhattabahiddh±vatth³su asubh±k±ra½ gahetv± pavattassa cittassa bh±van± va¹¹han± ph±tikamma½, tass± asubhabh±van±ya ±nisa½sa½ dassento vaººa½ bh±sati, guºa½ parikitteti. Seyyathida½– “asubhabh±van±bhiyutto, bhikkhave, bhikkhu kes±d²su v± vatth³su uddhum±tak±d²su v± pañcaªgavippah²na½ pañcaªgasamann±gata½ tividhakaly±ºa½ dasalakkhaºasampanna½ paµhamajjh±na½ paµilabhati. So ta½ paµhamajjh±nasaªkh±ta½ cittamañj³sa½ niss±ya vipassana½ va¹¹hetv± uttamattha½ arahatta½ p±puº±t²”ti.
Icch±maha½, bhikkhave, a¹¹ham±sa½ paµisall²yitunti aha½, bhikkhave, eka½ a¹¹ham±sa½ paµisall²yitu½ nil²yitu½ ekakova hutv± viharitu½ icch±m²ti attho. N±mhi kenaci upasaªkamitabbo aññatra ekena piº¹ap±tan²h±raken±ti yo attan± payuttav±ca½ akatv± mamatth±ya saddhesu kulesu paµiyattapiº¹ap±ta½ n²haritv± mayha½ upan±meti, ta½ piº¹ap±tan²h±raka½ eka½ bhikkhu½ µhapetv± n±mhi aññena kenaci bhikkhun± v± gahaµµhena v± upasaªkamitabboti.
Kasm± pana evam±h±ti? At²te kira pañcasat± migaluddak± mahat²hi daº¹av±gur±d²hi arañña½ parikkhipitv± haµµhatuµµh± ekatoyeva y±vaj²va½ migapakkhigh±takammena j²vika½ kappetv± niraye uppann±. Te tattha paccitv± pubbe katena kenacideva kusalakammena manussesu uppann± kaly±º³panissayavasena sabbepi bhagavato santike pabbajjañca upasampadañca labhi½su. Tesa½ tato m³l±kusalakammato avipakkavip±k± apar±paracetan± tasmi½ a¹¹ham±sabbhantare att³pakkamena ca par³pakkamena ca j²vit³pacched±ya ok±samak±si. Ta½ bhagav± addasa. Kammavip±ko ca n±ma na sakk± kenaci paµib±hitu½. Tesu ca bhikkh³su puthujjan±pi atthi, sot±pannasakad±g±mi-an±g±mikh²º±sav±pi. Tattha kh²º±sav± appaµisandhik±, itare ariyas±vak± niyatagatik± sugatipar±yaº±, puthujjan±na½ gati aniyat±.
Atha bhagav± cintesi– “ime attabh±ve chandar±gena maraºabhayabh²t± na sakkhissanti gati½ visodhetu½, handa nesa½ chandar±gappah±n±ya asubhakatha½ kathemi. Ta½ sutv± attabh±ve vigatacchandar±gat±ya gativisodhana½ katv± sagge paµisandhi½ gaºhissanti, eva½ tesa½ mama santike pabbajj± s±tthik± bhavissat²”ti. Tato tesa½ anuggah±ya asubhakatha½ kathesi kammaµµh±nas²sena, no maraºavaººasa½vaººan±dhipp±yena. Kathetv± ca panassa etadahosi– “sace ima½ a¹¹ham±sa½ ma½ bhikkh³ passissanti, ‘ajja eko bhikkhu mato, ajja dve…pe… ajja das±’ti ±gantv± ±rocessanti, ayañca kammavip±ko na sakk± may± v± aññena v± paµib±hitu½, sv±ha½ ta½ sutv±pi ki½ kariss±mi, ki½ me anatthakena anayabyasanena sutena, hand±ha½ bhikkh³na½ adassana½ upagacch±m²”ti. Tasm± evam±ha– “icch±maha½, bhikkhave, a¹¹ham±sa½ paµisall²yitu½, n±mhi kenaci upasaªkamitabbo aññatra ekena piº¹ap±tan²h±raken±”ti.
Apare pan±hu– “par³pav±davivajjanattha½ eva½ vatv± paµisall²no”ti. Pare kira bhagavanta½ upavadissanti– “aya½ ‘sabbaññ³ aha½ saddhammavaracakkavatt²’ti paµij±nam±no attanopi s±vake aññamañña½ gh±tente niv±retu½ na sakkoti, ki½ añña½ sakkhissat²”ti? Tatra paº¹it± vakkhanti– “bhagav± paµisall±namanuyutto na ima½ pavatti½ j±n±ti, kocissa ±rocayit±pi natthi sace j±neyya addh± niv±reyy±”ti. Ida½ pana icch±matta½, paµhamamevettha k±raºa½. N±ssudh±ti ettha assudh±ti padap³raºamatte avadh±raºatthe v± nip±to, neva koci bhagavanta½ upasaªkam²ti attho.
Anekehi vaººasaºµh±n±d²hi k±raºehi vok±ro ass±ti anek±k±ravok±ro. Anek±k±ravokiººo anek±k±rena sammissoti vutta½ hoti. Ko so? Asubhabh±van±nuyogo, ta½ anek±k±ravok±ra½. Asubhabh±van±nuyogamanuyutt± viharant²ti yuttappayutt± viharanti. Aµµ²yam±n±ti tena k±yena aµµ± dukkhit± honti. Har±yam±n±ti lajjam±n±. Jiguccham±n±ti jiguccha½ upp±dayam±n±. Satthah±raka½ pariyesant²ti j²vitaharaºakasattha½ pariyesanti. Na kevalañca te sattha½ pariyesitv± attan± v± att±na½ j²vit± voropenti, migalaº¹ikampi pana samaºakuttaka½ upasaªkamitv±, “s±dhu no, ±vuso, j²vit± voropeh²”ti vadanti. Ettha ca ariy± neva p±º±tip±ta½ kari½su, na sam±dapesu½, na samanuññ± ahesu½. Puthujjan± pana sabbamaka½su.
Paµisall±n± vuµµhitoti tesa½ pañcanna½ bhikkhusat±na½ j²vitakkhayappattabh±va½ ñatv± tato ek²bh±vato vuµµhito j±nantopi aj±nanto viya kath±samuµµh±panattha½ ±yasmanta½ ±nanda½ ±mantesi. Ki½ nu kho, ±nanda, tanubh³to viya bhikkhusaªghoti ito, ±nanda, pubbe bah³ bhikkh³ ekato upaµµh±na½ ±gacchanti, uddesa½ paripuccha½ gaºhanti, sajjh±yanti, ekapajjoto viya ±r±mo dissati. Id±ni pana a¹¹ham±samattassa accayena tanubh³to viya tanuko mando appako vira¼o viya j±to bhikkhusaªgho. Ki½ nu kho k±raºa½? Ki½ dis±su pakkant± bhikkh³ti?
Ath±yasm± ±nando kammavip±kena tesa½ j²vitakkhayappatti½ asallakkhento asubhakammaµµh±n±nuyogapaccay± pana sallakkhento tath± hi pana, bhante bhagav±ti-±di½ vatv± bhikkh³na½ arahattappattiy± añña½ kammaµµh±na½ y±canto, s±dhu, bhante, bhagav±ti-±dim±ha. Tassattho s±dhu, bhante, bhagav± añña½ k±raºa½ ±cikkhatu, yena bhikkhusaªgho arahatte patiµµhaheyya Mah±samudda½ orohaºatitth±ni viya aññ±nipi das±nussati, dasakasiºa, catudh±tuvavatth±na, brahmavih±ra, ±n±p±nassatipabhed±ni bah³ni nibb±norohaºakammaµµh±n±ni santi, tesu bhagav± bhikkh³ samass±setv± aññatara½ kammaµµh±na½ ±cikkhat³ti adhipp±yo.
Atha bhagav± tath± k±tuk±mo thera½ uyyojento tenah±nand±ti-±dim±ha. Tattha ves±li½ upaniss±y±ti ves±liya½ upaniss±ya samant± g±vutepi a¹¹hayojanepi y±vatik± viharanti, te sabbe sannip±teh²ti attho. Sabbe upaµµh±nas±l±ya½ sannip±tetv±ti attan± gantu½ yuttaµµh±na½ saya½ gantv± aññattha daharabhikkh³ pahiºitv± muhutteneva anavasese bhikkh³ upaµµh±nas±l±ya½ sam³ha½ katv±. Yassad±ni, bhante, bhagav± k±la½ maññat²ti ettha ayamadhipp±yo– bhagav± bhikkhusaªgho sannipatito, esa k±lo bhikkh³na½ dhammakatha½ k±tu½, anus±sani½ d±tu½, id±ni yassa tumhe k±la½ j±n±tha, ta½ k±tabbanti.
Atha kho bhagav± bhikkh³ ±mantesi, ayampi kho, bhikkhaveti. ¾mantetv± ca pana bhikkh³na½ arahattappattiy± pubbe ±cikkhita-asubhakammaµµh±nato añña½ pariy±ya½ ±cikkhanto ±n±p±nassatisam±dh²ti-±dim±ha. Tattha ±n±p±nassatisam±dh²ti ±n±p±naparigg±hik±ya satiy± saddhi½ sampayutto sam±dhi, ±n±p±nassatiya½ v± sam±dhi, ±n±p±nassatisam±dhi. Bh±vitoti upp±dito va¹¹hito v±. Bahul²katoti punappuna½ kato. Santo ceva paº²to c±ti santo ceva paº²to ceva. Ubhayattha evasaddena niyamo veditabbo. Ki½ vutta½ hoti? Ayañhi yath± asubhakammaµµh±na½ kevala½ paµivedhavasena santañca paº²tañca, o¼±rik±rammaºatt± pana paµik³l±rammaºatt± ca ±rammaºavasena neva santa½ na paº²ta½, na eva½ kenaci pariy±yena asanto v± appaº²to v±, apica kho ±rammaºasantat±yapi santo v³pasanto nibbuto, paµivedhasaªkh±t±ya aªgasantat±yapi, ±rammaºapaº²tat±ya paº²to atittikaro, aªgapaº²tat±yap²ti. Tena vutta½ “santo ceva paº²to c±”ti.
Asecanako ca sukho ca vih±roti ettha pana n±ssa secananti asecanako, an±sittako abbokiººo p±µiyekko ±veºiko, natthi ettha parikammena v± upac±rena v± santat±, ±disamann±h±rato pabhuti attano sabh±veneva santo ca paº²to c±ti attho. Keci “asecanako”ti an±sittako ojavanto, sabh±veneva madhuro”ti vadanti. Evamaya½ asecanako ca appitappitakkhaºe k±yikacetasikasukhappaµil±bh±ya sa½vattanato sukho ca vih±roti veditabbo.
Uppannuppanneti avikkhambhite. P±paketi l±make. Akusale dhammeti akosallasambh³te dhamme. Ýh±naso antaradh±pet²ti khaºeneva antaradh±peti vikkhambheti. V³pasamet²ti suµµhu upasameti, nibbedhabh±giyatt± anupubbena ariyamaggavuddhippatto samucchindati, paµippassambhet²ti vutta½ hoti. Gimh±na½ pacchime m±seti ±s±¼ham±se. Ðhata½ rajojallanti aµµha m±se v±t±tapasukkh±ya gomahi½s±dip±dappah±rasambhinn±ya pathaviy± uddha½ hata½ ³hata½ ±k±se samuµµhita½ rajañca reºuñca. Mah± ak±lameghoti sabba½ nabha½ ajjhottharitv± uµµhito ±s±¼hajuºhapakkhe sakala½ a¹¹ham±sa½ vassanakamegho. So hi asampatte vassak±le uppannatt± ak±lameghoti idha adhippeto. Ýh±naso antar±dh±peti v³pasamet²ti khaºeneva adassana½ neti pathaviya½ sannis²d±peti. Evameva khoti opammanidassanameta½. Tato para½ vuttanayameva.