Atha br±hmaºiy±– “puttassa t±va me aya½ ±nubh±vo, k²diso vata mayha½ puttassa bhagavato satthu ±nubh±vo bhavissat²”ti cintayantiy± sahas± pañcavaºº± p²ti uppajjitv± sakalasar²ra½ phari. Thero– “uppanna½ me m±tu p²tisomanassa½, aya½ d±ni k±lo dhammadesan±y±”ti cintetv± “ki½ cintesi mah±-up±sike”ti ±ha. S± “puttassa t±va me aya½ guºo, satthu panassa k²diso bhavissat²ti ida½, t±ta, cintem²”ti ±ha. Mah±-up±sike, mayha½ satthuj±takkhaºe mah±bhinikkhamane sambodhiya½ dhammacakkappavattane ca dasasahassilokadh±tu kampittha. S²lena sam±dhin± paññ±ya vimuttiy± vimuttiñ±ºadassanena samo n±ma natthi, itipi so bhagav±ti vitth±retv± buddhaguºapaµisa½yutta½ dhammadesana½ kathesi.
Br±hmaº² piyaputtassa dhammadesan±pariyos±ne sot±pattiphale patiµµh±ya putta½ ±ha– “t±ta upatissa, kasm± evamak±si, evar³pa½ n±ma amata½ mayha½ ettaka½ k±la½ na ad±s²”ti. Thero– “dinna½ d±ni me m±tu r³pas±riy± br±hmaºiy± pos±vanikam³la½, ettakena vaµµissat²”ti cintetv±– “gaccha mah±-upasike”ti br±hmaºi½ uyyojetv±– “cunda k± vel±”ti ±ha. Balavapacc³sak±lo, bhanteti. Bhikkhusaªgha½ sannip±teh²ti. Sannipatito bhante bhikkhusaªghoti. “Ma½ ukkhipitv± nis²d±pehi cund±”ti ukkhipitv± nis²d±pesi.
Thero bhikkh³ ±mantesi– “±vuso catucatt±l²sa½ vo vass±ni may± saddhi½ vicarant±na½ ya½ me k±yika½ v± v±casika½ v± na rocetha, ta½ khamatha ±vuso”ti. Ettaka½, bhante, amh±ka½ ch±y± viya tumhe amuñcitv± vicarant±na½ aruccanaka½ n±ma natthi, tumhe pana amh±ka½ khamath±ti. Atha thero mah±c²vara½ saªka¹¹hitv± mukha½ pidh±ya dakkhiºena passena nipanno satth± viya nava anupubbasam±pattiyo anulomapaµilomato sam±pajjitv± puna paµhamajjh±na½ ±di½ katv± y±va catutthajjh±n± sam±pajji Tato vuµµh±ya anantara½yeva mah±pathavi½ unn±dento anup±dises±ya nibb±nadh±tuy± parinibb±yi.
Up±sik±– “ki½ nu kho me putto, na kiñci kathet²”ti uµµh±ya piµµhip±de parimajjant² parinibbutabh±va½ ñatv± mah±sadda½ kurum±n± p±desu nipatitv±– “t±ta maya½ ito pubbe tava guºa½ na j±nimh±, id±ni pana ta½ ±di½ katv± anekasate anekasahasse anekasatasahasse bhikkh³ imasmi½ nivesane nis²d±petv± bhojetu½ na labhimh±, c²varehi acch±detu½ na labhimh±, vih±rasata½ vih±rasahassa½ k±retu½ na labhimh±”ti y±va aruºuggaman± paridevi Aruºe uggatamatteyeva suvaººak±re pakkos±petv± suvaººagabbha½ vivar±petv± suvaººaghaµiyo mah±tul±ya tul±petv±– “pañca k³µ±g±rasat±ni pañca agghikasat±ni karoth±”ti d±peti.
Sakkopi devar±j± vissakammadevaputta½ ±mantetv±– “t±ta dhammasen±pati parinibbuto, pañca k³µ±g±rasat±ni pañca agghikasat±ni ca m±peh²”ti ±ha. Iti up±sik±ya k±rit±ni ca vissakammena nimmit±ni ca sabb±nipi dvesahass±ni ahesu½. Tato nagaramajjhe s±ramaya½ mah±maº¹apa½ k±retv± maº¹apamajjhe mah±k³µ±g±ra½ µhapetv± ses±ni pariv±rasaªkhepena µhapetv± s±dhuk²¼ika½ ±rabhi½su. Dev±na½ antare manuss±, manuss±na½ antare dev± ahesu½.
Revat² n±ma ek± therassa upaµµh±yik±– “aha½ therassa p³ja½ kariss±m²”ti suvaººapupph±na½ tayo kumbhe k±resi. “Therassa p³ja½ kariss±m²”ti sakko devar±j± a¹¹hateyyakoµin±µakehi pariv±rito otari. “Sakko otarat²”ti mah±jano pacch±mukho paµikkami. Tattha s±pi up±sik± paµikkamam±n± garubh±ratt± ekamanta½ apasakkitu½ asakkont² manuss±na½ antare pati. Manuss± apassant± ta½ madditv± agami½su. S± tattheva k±la½ katv± t±vati½sabhavane kanakavim±ne nibbatti. Nibbattakkhaºeyevass± ratanakkhandho viya tig±vutappam±ºo attabh±vo ahosi saµµhisakaµap³rappam±ºa-alaªk±rapaµimaº¹it± acchar±sahassapariv±rit±. Athass± dibba½ sabbak±yik±d±sa½ purato µhapayi½su S± attano sirisampatti½ disv±– “u¼±r± aya½ sampatti, ki½ nu kho me kamma½ katan”ti cintayam±n± addasa– “may± s±riputtattherassa parinibbutaµµh±ne t²hi suvaººapupphakumbhehi p³j± kat±, mah±jano ma½ madditv± gato, s±ha½ tattha k±la½ katv± idh³papann±, thera½ niss±ya laddha½ id±ni puññavip±ka½ manuss±na½ kathess±m²”ti saha vim±neneva otari.
Mah±jano d³ratova disv±– “ki½ nu kho dve s³riy± uµµhit±”ti? Olokento– “vim±ne ±gacchante k³µ±g±rasaºµh±na½ paññ±yati, n±ya½ s³riyo, vim±nameta½ ekan”ti ±ha. Tampi vim±na½ t±vadeva ±gantv± therassa d±rucitakamatthake veh±sa½ aµµh±si. Devadh²t± vim±na½ ±k±seyeva µhapetv± pathavi½ otari. Mah±jano– “k± tva½, ayye”ti? Pucchi. “Na ma½ tumhe j±n±tha, revat² n±m±ha½, t²hi suvaººapupphakumbhehi thera½ p³ja½ katv± manussehi maddit± k±la½ katv± t±vati½sabhavane nibbatt±, passatha me sirisampatti½, tumhepi d±ni d±n±ni detha, puññ±ni karoth±”ti kusalakiriy±ya vaººa½ kathetv± therassa citaka½ padakkhiºa½ katv± vanditv± attano devaµµh±na½yeva gat±.
Mah±janopi satt±ha½ s±dhuk²¼ika½ k²¼itv± sabbagandhehi citaka½ ak±si, citak± ek³naratanasatik± ahosi. Therassa sar²ra½ citaka½ ±ropetv± us²rakal±pakehi ±limpesu½. ¾¼±hane sabbaratti½ dhammassavana½ pavatti. Anuruddhatthero sabbagandhodakena therassa citaka½ nibb±pesi. Cundatthero dh±tuyo pariss±vane pakkhipitv±– “na d±ni may± idheva sakk± µh±tu½, mayha½ jeµµhabh±tikassa dhammasen±patis±riputtattherassa parinibbutabh±va½ samm±sambuddhassa ±rocess±m²”ti dh±tupariss±vana½ therassa ca pattac²vara½ gahetv± s±vatthi½ agam±si. Ekaµµh±nepi ca dve rattiyo avasitv± sabbattha ekarattiv±seneva s±vatthi½ p±puºi. Tamattha½ dassetu½ atha kho cundo samaºuddesoti-±di vutta½.
Tattha yen±yasm± ±nandoti yena attano upajjh±yo dhammabhaº¹±g±riko ±yasm± ±nando, tenupasaªkami. Kasm± panesa ujuka½ satthu santika½ agantv± therassa santika½ agam±s²ti? Satthari ca there ca g±ravena. Jetavanamah±vih±re pokkharaºiya½ kirassa nhatv± paccuttaritv± sunivatthasup±rutassa etadahosi– “buddh± n±ma mah±p±s±ºacchatta½ viya garuno, phaºakatasappa s²habyagghamattavarav±raº±dayo viya ca dur±sad±, na sakk± may± ujukameva satthu santika½ gantv± kathetu½, kassa nu kho santika½ gantabban”ti. Tato cintesi– “upajjh±yo me dhammabhaº¹±g±riko jeµµhabh±tikattherassa uttamasah±yo, tassa santika½ gantv± ta½ ±d±ya satth±r± saddhi½ kathess±m²”ti satthari ceva there ca g±ravena upasaªkami.
Idamassa pattac²varanti “ayamassa paribhogapatto, ida½ dh±tupariss±vanan”ti eva½ ekeka½ ±cikkhi. P±¼iya½ pana “idamassa pattac²varan”ti ettakameva vutta½. Kath±p±bhatanti kath±m³la½. M³lañhi p±bhatanti vuccati. Yath±ha–
“Appakenapi medh±v², p±bhatena vicakkhaºo;
samuµµh±peti att±na½, aºu½ aggi½va sandhaman”ti. (J±. 1.1.4).
Bhagavanta½ dassan±y±ti bhagavanta½ dassanatth±ya. Ki½ panimin± bhagav± na diµµhapubboti? No na diµµhapubbo. Ayañhi ±yasm± div± nava v±re, ratti½ nava v±reti ek±ha½ aµµh±rasa v±re upaµµh±nameva gacchati. Divasassa pana satav±ra½ v± sahassav±ra½ v± gantuk±mo sam±nopi na ak±raº± gacchati, eka½ pañhadv±ra½ gahetv±va gacchati. So ta½divasa½ tena kath±p±bhatena gantuk±mo evam±ha. Idamassa pattac²varanti theropi– “ida½ tassa pattac²vara½, idañca dh±tupariss±vanan”ti p±µiyekka½yeva dassetv± ±cikkhi.
Satth± hattha½ pas±retv± dh±tupariss±vana½ gahetv± hatthatale µhapetv± bhikkh³ ±mantesi– “yo so, bhikkhave, bhikkhu purimadivase anek±ni p±µih±riyasat±ni katv± parinibb±na½ anuj±n±pesi, tassa id±ni im± saªkhavaººasannibh± dh±tuyova paññ±yanti, kappasatasahass±dhika½ asaªkhyeyya½ p³ritap±ram² esa, bhikkhave, bhikkhu, may± pavattita½ dhammacakka½ anupavattako esa bhikkhu, paµiladdhadutiya-±sano esa bhikkhu, p³ritas±vakasannip±to esa bhikkhu, µhapetv± ma½ dasasu cakkav±¼asahassesu paññ±ya asadiso esa bhikkhu, mah±pañño esa bhikkhu, puthupañño h±sapañño javanapañño tikkhapañño nibbedhikapañño esa bhikkhu, appiccho esa bhikkhu, santuµµho pavivitto asa½saµµho ±raddhav²riyo codako p±pagarah² esa bhikkhu, pañca j±tisat±ni paµiladdhamah±sampattiyo pah±ya pabbajito esa bhikkhu, mama s±sane pathav²samakhantiko esa bhikkhu, chinnavis±ºa-usabhasadiso esa bhikkhu, caº¹±laputtasadisan²cacitto esa bhikkhu. Passatha, bhikkhave, mah±paññassa dh±tuyo, passatha, bhikkhave, puthupaññassa h±sapaññassa javanapaññassa tikkhapaññassa nibbedhikapaññassa appicchassa santuµµhassa pavivittassa asa½saµµhassa ±raddhav²riyassa codakassa, passatha, bhikkhave, p±pagarahissa dh±tuyoti.
“Yo pabbaj² j±tisat±ni pañca,
pah±ya k±m±ni manoram±ni;
ta½ v²tar±ga½ susam±hitindriya½,
parinibbuta½ vandatha s±riputta½.
“Khantibalo pathavisamo na kuppati,
na c±pi cittassa vasena vattati;
anukampako k±ruºiko ca nibbuto,
parinibbuta½ vandatha s±riputta½.
“Caº¹±laputto yath± nagara½ paviµµho,
n²camano carati ka¼opihattho;
tath± aya½ viharati s±riputto,
parinibbuta½ vandatha s±riputta½.
“Usabho yath± chinnavis±ºako,
aheµhayanto carati purantare vane;
tath± aya½ viharati s±riputto,
parinibbuta½ vandatha s±riputtan”ti.
Iti bhagav± pañcahi g±th±satehi therassa vaººa½ kathesi. Yath± yath± bhagav± therassa vaººa½ kathesi, tath± tath± ±nandatthero sandh±retu½ na sakkoti, bi¼±ramukhe pakkhantakukkuµo viya pavedhati. Ten±ha apica me, bhante, madhurakaj±to viya k±yoti sabba½ vitth±retabba½. Tattha madhurakaj±toti-±d²na½ attho vuttoyeva. Idha pana dhamm±ti uddesaparipucch±dhamm± adhippet±. Tassa hi uddesaparipucch±dhamme agahite v± gahetu½, gahite v± sajjh±ya½ k±tu½ citta½ na pavattati. Atha satth± pañcapas±davicitr±ni akkh²ni umm²letv± thera½ olokento “ass±sess±mi nan”ti ass±sento ki½ nu kho te, ±nanda, s±riputtoti-±dim±ha.
Tattha s²lakkhandhanti lokiyalokuttaras²la½. Sam±dhipaññ±supi eseva nayo. Vimutti pana lokuttar±va. Vimuttiñ±ºadassana½ paccavekkhaºañ±ºa½, ta½ lokiyameva. Ov±dakoti ov±dad±yako. Otiººoti otiººesu vatth³su n±nappak±rena otaraºas²lo. Viññ±pakoti dhammakath±k±le atthañca k±raºañca viññ±pet±. Sandassakoti khandhadh±tu-±yatanavasena tesa½ tesa½ dhamm±na½ dasset±. Sam±dapakoti “idañcidañca gaºhath±”ti eva½ gaºh±pako. Samuttejakoti abbhuss±hako. Sampaha½sakoti paµiladdhaguºehi mod±pako jot±pako.
Akil±su dhammadesan±y±ti dhammadesana½ ±rabhitv± “s²sa½ v± me rujjati, hadaya½ v± kucchi v± piµµhi v±”ti eva½ osakkan±k±ravirahito nikkil±su vis±rado ekass±pi dvinnampi s²havegeneva pakkhandati. Anugg±hako sabrahmac±r²nanti padassa attho khandhakavagge vitth±ritova. Dhammoja½ dhammabhoganti ubhayenapi dhammaparibhogova kathito. Dhamm±nuggahanti dhammena anuggahaºa½.
Satth± “ativiya aya½ bhikkhu kilamat²”ti puna ta½ ass±sento nanu ta½, ±nanda, may±ti-±dim±ha. Tattha piyehi man±peh²ti m±t±pit±bh±t±bhagin²-±dikehi j±tiy± n±n±bh±vo, maraºena vin±bh±vo, bhavena aññath±bh±vo. Ta½ kutettha, ±nanda, labbh±ti tanti tasm±. Yasm± sabbehi piyehi man±pehi n±n±bh±vo, tasm± dasa p±ramiyo p³retv±pi sambodhi½ patv±pi dhammacakka½ pavattetv±pi yamakap±µih±riya½ dassetv±pi devorohana½ katv±pi ya½ ta½ j±ta½ bh³ta½ saªkhata½ palokadhamma½, ta½ tath±gatass±pi sar²ra½ m± palujj²ti neta½ µh±na½ vijjati, rodantenapi kandantenapi na sakk± ta½ k±raºa½ laddhunti. So palujjeyy±ti so bhijjeyya.
Evameva khoti ettha yojanasatubbedho mah±jamburukkho viya bhikkhusaªgho tassa dakkhiºadisa½ gato paññ±sayojaniko mah±khandho viya dhammasen±pati. Tasmi½ mah±khandhe bhinne tato paµµh±ya anupubbena va¹¹hitv± pupphaphal±d²hi ta½ µh±na½ p³retu½ samatthassa aññassa khandhassa abh±vo viya there parinibbute so¼asanna½ paññ±na½ matthaka½ pattassa aññassa dakkhiº±sane nis²danasamatthassa s±riputtasadisassa bhikkhuno abh±vo. T±ya paribhinn±ya so rukkho viya bhikkhusaªgho khandhotveva j±toti veditabbo. Tasm±ti yasm± sabba½ saªkhata½ palokadhamma½, ta½ m± palujj²ti na sakk± laddhu½, tasm±.