3. Cundasuttavaººan±

379. Tatiye magadhes³ti eva½n±make janapade. N±lakag±maketi r±jagahassa avid³re attano kulasantake eva½n±make g±me. Cundo samaºuddesoti aya½ thero dhammasen±patissa kaniµµhabh±tiko, ta½ bhikkh³ anupasampannak±le “cundo samaºuddeso”ti samud±caritv± therak±lepi tatheva samud±cari½su. Tena vutta½ “cundo samaºuddeso”ti. Upaµµh±ko hot²ti mukhodakadantakaµµhad±nena ceva pariveºasammajjana-piµµhiparikammakaraºa-pattac²varaggahaºena ca upaµµh±nakaro hoti. Parinibb±y²ti anup±dises±ya nibb±nadh±tuy± parinibbuto. Katarasmi½ k±leti? Bhagavato parinibb±nasa½vacchare.
Tatr±ya½ anupubbikath±– bhagav± kira vutthavasso ve¼uvag±mak± nikkhamitv± “s±vatthi½ gamiss±m²”ti ±gatamaggeneva paµinivattanto anupubbena s±vatthi½ patv± jetavana½ p±visi. Dhammasen±pati bhagavato vatta½ dassetv± div±µµh±na½ gato, so tattha antev±sikesu vatta½ dassetv± paµikkantesu div±µµh±na½ sammajjitv± cammakhaº¹a½ paññ±petv± p±de pakkh±letv± pallaªka½ ±bhujitv± phalasam±patti½ p±visi. Athassa yath± paricchedena tato vuµµhitassa aya½ parivitakko udap±di “buddh± nu kho paµhama½ parinibb±yanti, ud±hu aggas±vak±ti, tato “aggas±vak± paµhaman”ti ñatv± attano ±yusaªkh±ra½ olokesi. So “satt±hameva me ±yusaªkh±r± pavattissant²”ti ñatv± “kattha parinibb±yiss±m²”ti cintesi.
Tato “r±hulo t±vati½sesu parinibbuto, aññ±sikoº¹aññatthero chaddantadahe, aha½ kattha parinibb±yiss±m²”ti punappuna½ cintento m±tara½ ±rabbha sati½ upp±desi– “mayha½ m±t± sattanna½ arahant±na½ m±t± hutv±pi buddhadhammasaªghesu appasann±, atthi nu kho tass± upanissayo, natthi nu kho”ti. Sot±pattimaggassa upanissaya½ disv± “kassa desan±ya abhisamayo bhavissat²”ti olokento “mameva dhammadesan±ya bhavissati, na aññassa. Sace kho pan±ha½ appossukko bhaveyya½, bhavissanti me vatt±ro– “s±riputtatthero avasesajan±nampi avassayo hoti. Tath± hissa samacittasuttantadesan±divase (a. ni. 2.33-37) koµisatasahassadevat± arahatta½ patt±, tayo magge paµividdhadevat±na½ gaºan± natthi, aññesu ca µh±nesu anek± abhisamay± dissanti, there ca citta½ pas±detv± sagge nibbatt±neva as²ti kulasahass±ni, so d±ni sakam±tumicch±dassanamattampi haritu½ n±sakkh²”ti. Tasm± m±tara½ micch±dassan± mocetv± j±tovarakeyeva parinibb±yiss±m²”ti sanniµµh±na½ katv± “ajjeva bhagavanta½ anuj±n±petv± nikkhamiss±m²”ti cundatthera½ ±mantesi– “±vuso, cunda, amh±ka½ pañcasat±ya bhikkhuparis±ya sañña½ dehi. ‘Gaºhath±vuso pattac²var±ni, dhammasen±pati n±lakag±ma½ gantuk±mo”’ti. Thero tath± ak±si.
Bhikkh³ sen±sana½ sa½s±metv± pattac²varam±d±ya therassa santika½ agama½su. Thero sen±sana½ sa½s±metv± div±µµh±na½ sammajjitv± div±µµh±nadv±re µhatv± div±µµh±na½ oloketv± “ida½ d±ni pacchimadassana½, puna ±gamana½ natth²”ti pañcasatabhikkh³hi parivuto bhagavanta½ upasaªkamitv± vanditv± bhagavanta½ etadavoca “anuj±n±tu me bhante bhagav±, anuj±n±tu sugato. Parinibb±nak±lo me, ossaµµho me ±yusaªkh±ro”ti. Buddh± pana yasm± “parinibb±h²”ti vutte maraºavaººa½ sa½vaººent²ti, “m± parinibb±h²”ti vutte vaµµassa guºa½ kathent²ti micch±diµµhik± dosa½ ±ropessanti, tasm± tadubhayampi na vadanti. Tena na½ bhagav±– “kattha parinibb±yissasi s±riputt±”ti vatv±– “atthi, bhante, magadhesu n±lakag±me j±tovarako, tatth±ha½ parinibb±yiss±m²”ti vutte– “yassa d±ni tva½, s±riputta, k±la½ maññasi, id±ni pana te jeµµhakaniµµhabh±tik±na½ t±disassa bhikkhuno dassana½ dullabha½ bhavissati, desehi nesa½ dhamman”ti ±ha.
Thero– “satth± mayha½ iddhivikubbanapubbaªgama½ dhammadesana½ pacc±s²sat²”ti ñatv± bhagavanta½ vanditv± t±lappam±ºa½ ±k±sa½ abbhuggantv± oruyha dasabalassa p±de vandi, puna dvit±lappam±ºa½ abbhuggantv± oruyha dasabalassa p±de vandi, etenup±yena sattat±lappam±ºa½ abbhuggantv± anek±ni p±µih±riyasat±ni dassento dhammakatha½ ±rabhi. Dissam±nenapi k±yena katheti, adissam±nenapi. Uparimena v± heµµhimena v± upa¹¹hak±yena katheti adissam±nenapi dissam±nenapi, k±lena candavaººa½ dasseti, k±lena s³riyavaººa½, k±lena pabbatavaººa½, k±lena samuddavaººa½, k±lena cakkavattir±j± hoti, k±lena vessavaºamah±r±j±, k±lena sakko devar±j±, k±lena mah±brahm±ti eva½ anek±ni p±µih±riyasat±ni dassento dhammakatha½ kathesi. Sakalanagara½ sannipati. Thero oruyha dasabalassa p±de vanditv± aµµh±si. Atha na½ satth± ±ha– “ko n±mo aya½ s±riputta dhammapariy±yo”ti. S²havik²¼ito n±ma, bhanteti. Taggha, s±riputta, s²havik²¼ito taggha, s±riputta, s²havik²¼itoti.
Thero alattakavaººe hatthe pas±retv± satthu suvaººakacchapasadise p±de gopphakesu gahetv±– “bhante, imesa½ p±d±na½ vandanatth±ya kappasatasahass±dhika½ asaªkhyeyya½ p±ramiyo p³rit±, so me manoratho matthaka½ patto, ito d±ni paµµh±ya paµisandhivasena na puna ekaµµh±ne sannip±to sam±gamo atthi, chinno esa viss±so, anekehi buddhasatasahassehi paviµµha½ ajara½ amara½ khema½ sukha½ s²tala½ abhaya½ nibb±napura½ pavisiss±mi, sace me kiñci k±yika½ v± v±casika½ v± na rocetha, khamatha ta½ bhagav±, gamanak±lo mayhan”ti. Kham±mi te, s±riputta, na kho pana te kiñci k±yika½ v± v±casika½ v± mayha½ aruccanaka½ atthi, yassa d±ni tva½, s±riputta, k±la½ maññas²ti.
Iti bhagavat± anuññ±tasamanantara½ satthu p±de vanditv± uµµhitamatte ±yasmante s±riputte sinerucakkav±¼ahimavantaparibhaº¹apabbate dh±rayam±n±pi– “ajja ima½ guºar±si½ dh±retu½ na sakkom²”ti vadant² viya ekappah±reneva viravam±n± mah±pathav² y±va udakapariyant± akampi, ±k±se devadundubhiyo phali½su, mah±megho uµµhahitv± pokkharavassa½ vassi.
Satth±– “dhammasen±pati½ paµip±dess±m²”ti dhamm±san± vuµµh±ya gandhakuµi-abhimukho gantv± maºiphalake aµµh±si. Thero tikkhattu½ padakkhiºa½ katv± cat³su µh±nesu vanditv±– “bhagav± ito kappasatasahass±dhikassa asaªkhyeyyassa upari anomadass²samm±sambuddhassa p±dam³le nipajjitv± tumh±ka½ dassana½ patthesi½, s± me patthan± samiddh±, diµµh± tumhe, ta½ paµhamadassana½, ida½ pacchimadassana½. Puna tumh±ka½ dassana½ natth²”ti vatv± dasanakhasamodh±nasamujjala½ añjali½ paggayha y±va dassanavisay± abhimukhova paµikkamitv± vanditv± pakk±mi. Puna mah±pathav² dh±retu½ asakkont² udakapariyanta½ katv± akampi.
Bhagav± pariv±retv± µhite bhikkh³ ±ha– “anugacchatha, bhikkhave, tumh±ka½ jeµµhabh±tikan”ti. Tasmi½ khaºe catassopi paris± samm±sambuddha½ ekaka½yeva jetavane oh±ya niravases± nikkhami½su. S±vatthinagarav±sinopi– “s±riputtatthero kira samm±sambuddha½ ±pucchitv± parinibb±yituk±mo nikkhanto, passiss±ma nan”ti nagaradv±r±ni nirok±s±ni karont± nikkhamitv± gandham±l±dihatth± kese vikiritv±– “id±ni maya½ kaha½ mah±pañño nisinno, kaha½ dhammasen±pati nisinno”ti pucchant±– “kassa santika½ gamiss±ma, kassa hatthe satth±ra½ µhapetv± thero pakkanto”ti-±din± nayena paridevant± rodant± thera½ anubandhi½su.
Thero mah±paññ±ya µhitatt±– “sabbesa½ anatikkaman²yo esa maggo”ti mah±jana½ ovaditv±– “tumhepi, ±vuso, tiµµhatha, m± dasabale pam±da½ ±pajjitth±”ti bhikkhusaªghampi nivattetv± attano paris±yeva saddhi½ pakk±mi. Yepi manuss±– “pubbe ayyo pacc±gamanac±rika½ carati, ida½ id±ni gamana½ na puna pacc±gaman±y±”ti paridevant± anubandhi½suyeva. Tepi– “appamatt±, ±vuso, hotha, eva½bh±vino n±ma saªkh±r±”ti nivattesi.
Atha kho ±yasm± s±riputto sabbattha ekarattiv±sena antar±magge satt±ha½ manuss±na½ saªgaha½ karonto s±ya½ n±lakag±ma½ patv± g±madv±re nigrodharukkham³le aµµh±si. Atha uparevato n±ma therassa bh±gineyyo bahig±ma½ gacchanto thera½ disv± upasaªkamitv± vanditv± aµµh±si. Thero ta½ ±ha– “atthi gehe te ayyik±”ti. ¾ma bhanteti. Gaccha amh±ka½ idh±gatabh±va½ ±rocehi. “Kasm± ±gato”ti ca vutte– “ajja kira ekadivasa½ antog±me vasissati, j±tovaraka½ paµijaggatha, pañcannañca kira bhikkhusat±na½ vasanaµµh±na½ j±n±th±”ti. So gantv±– “ayyike mayha½ m±tulo ±gato”ti ±ha. Id±ni kuhinti? G±madv±reti. Ekakova, aññopi koci atth²ti? Atthi pañcasat± bhikkh³ti. Ki½k±raº± ±gatoti? So ta½ pavatti½ ±rocesi. Br±hmaº²– “ki½ nu kho ettak±na½ vasanaµµh±na½ paµijagg±peti daharak±le pabbajitv± mahallakak±le gih² hotuk±mo”ti cintent² j±tovaraka½ paµijagg±petv± pañcasat±na½ vasanaµµh±na½ k±retv± daº¹ad²pik± j±letv± therassa p±hesi.
Thero bhikkh³hi saddhi½ p±s±da½ ±ruyha j±tovaraka½ pavisitv± nis²di, nis²ditv± “tumh±ka½ vasanaµµh±na½ gacchath±”ti bhikkh³ uyyojesi. Tesu gatamattesuyeva therassa kharo ±b±dho uppajji, lohitapakkhandik± m±raºantik± vedan± vattanti. Eka½ bh±jana½ pavisati, eka½ nikkhamati. Br±hmaº²– “mama puttassa pavatti mayha½ na ruccat²”ti attano vasanagabbhadv±ra½ niss±ya aµµh±si.
Catt±ro mah±r±j±no “dhammasen±pati kuhi½ viharat²”ti olokent± n±lakag±me j±tovarake parinibb±namañce nipanno, pacchimadassana½ gamiss±m±”ti ±gamma vanditv± aµµha½su. Ke tumheti? Mah±r±j±no bhanteti. Kasm± ±gatatth±ti? Gil±nupaµµh±k± bhaviss±m±ti. “Hotu, atthi gil±nupaµµh±ko, gacchatha tumhe”ti uyyojesi. Tesa½ gat±vas±ne teneva nayena sakko dev±namindo. Tasmi½ gate mah±brahm± ca ±gami½su. Tepi tatheva thero uyyojesi.
Br±hmaº² devat±na½ ±gamanañca gamanañca disv± “ke nu kho ete mama putta½ vanditv± gacchant²”ti therassa gabbhadv±ra½ gantv± “t±ta, cunda, k± pavatt²”ti pucchi. So ta½ pavatti½ ±cikkhitv± “mah±-up±sik±, bhante, ±gat±”ti ±ha. Thero “kasm± avel±ya ±gat±”ti pucchi. S± “tuyha½, t±ta, dassanatth±y±”ti vatv± “t±ta, paµhama½ ke ±gat±”ti pucchi. Catt±ro mah±r±j±no up±siketi. T±ta, tva½ cat³hi mah±r±jehi mahantataroti? ¾r±mikasadis± ete up±sike, amh±ka½ satthu paµisandhiggahaºato paµµh±ya khaggahatth± hutv± ±rakkha½ aka½s³ti. Tesa½ t±ta gat±vas±ne ko ±gatoti? Sakko dev±namindoti. Devar±jatopi tva½ t±ta mahantataroti? Bhaº¹agg±hakas±maºerasadiso esa up±sike, amh±ka½ satthu t±vati½sato otaraºak±le pattac²vara½ gahetv± otiººoti. Tassa t±ta gat±vas±ne jotayam±no viya ko ±gatoti? Up±sike, tuyha½ bhagav± ca satth± ca mah±brahm± n±ma esoti. Mayha½ bhagavato mah±brahmatopi tva½, t±ta, mahantataroti? ¾ma up±sike, ete n±ma kira amh±ka½ satthu j±tadivase catt±ro mah±brahm±no mah±purisa½ suvaººaj±lena paµiggaºhi½s³ti.