2. N±landavaggo

2. N±landasuttavaººan±

378. Dutiyavaggassa dutiye n±land±yanti n±land±ti eva½n±make nagare, ta½ nagara½ gocarag±ma½ katv±. P±v±rikambavaneti dussap±v±rikaseµµhino ambavane. Ta½ kira tassa uyy±na½ ahosi. So bhagavato dhammadesana½ sutv± bhagavati pasanno tasmi½ uyy±ne kuµileºamaº¹ap±dipaµimaº¹ita½ bhagavato vih±ra½ katv± niyy±tesi. So vih±ro j²vakambavana½ viya p±v±rikambavanantveva saªkha½ gato. Tasmi½ p±v±rikambavane viharat²ti attho.
Eva½pasannoti eva½ uppannasaddho, eva½ saddah±m²ti attho. Bhiyyobhiññataroti bhiyyataro abhiññ±to bhiyyatar±bhiyyo v±, uttaritarañ±ºoti attho. Sambodhiyanti sabbaññutaññ±ºe arahattamaggañ±ºe v± arahattamaggeneva hi buddhaguº± nippades± gahit± honti, dvepi aggas±vak± arahattamaggeneva s±vakap±ram²ñ±ºa½ paµilabhanti, paccekabuddh± paccekabodhiñ±ºa½, buddh± sabbaññutaññ±ºañceva sakale ca buddhaguºe. Sabbampi nesa½ arahattamaggeneva ijjhati. Tasm± arahattamaggañ±ºa½ sambodhi n±ma hoti. Tena uttaritaro ca bhagavat± natthi. Ten±ha “bhagavat± bhiyyobhiññataro, yadida½ sambodhiyan”ti.
U¼±r±ti seµµh±. Ayañhi u¼±rasaddo “u¼±r±ni kh±dan²y±ni kh±dant²”ti-±d²su (ma. ni. 1.366) madhure ±gacchati. “U¼±r±ya khalu bhava½ vacch±yano samaºa½ gotama½ pasa½s±ya pasa½sat²”ti-±d²su (ma. ni. 1.288) seµµhe. “Appam±ºo u¼±ro obh±so”ti-±d²su (d². ni. 2.32; ma. ni. 3.201) vipule. Sv±yamidha seµµhe ±gato. Tena vutta½ “u¼±r±ti seµµh±”ti. ¾sabh²ti usabhassa v±c±sadis² acal± asampavedh². Eka½so gahitoti anussavena v± ±cariyaparampar±ya v± itikir±ya v± piµakasampad±nena v± ±k±raparivitakkena v± diµµhinijjh±nakkhantiy± v± takkahetu v± nayahetu v± akathetv± paccakkhato ñ±ºena paµivijjhitv± viya eka½so gahito, sanniµµh±nakath±va kathit±ti attho. S²han±doti seµµhan±do, vane unn±dayantena s²hena viya uttaman±do naditoti attho.
Ki½ nu te s±riputt±ti ima½ desana½ kasm± ±rabhi? Anuyogad±panattha½. Ekacco hi s²han±da½ naditv± attano s²han±de anuyoga½ d±tu½ na sakkoti, nigha½sana½ na khamati, silese patitamakkaµo viya hoti. Yath± dhamam±na½ aparisuddha½ loha½ jh±yitv± aªg±ro hoti, eva½ jh±maªg±ro viya hoti. Eko s²han±de anuyoga½ d±piyam±no d±tu½ sakkoti, nigha½sana½ khamati dhamam±na½ niddosaj±tar³pa½ viya adhikatara½ sobhati, t±diso thero. Tena na½ bhagav± “anuyogakkhamo ayan”ti ñatv± s²han±de anuyogad±panattha½ ima½ desana½ ±rabhi.
Tattha sabbe teti sabbe te tay±. Eva½s²l±ti maggas²lena phalas²lena lokiyalokuttaras²lena eva½s²l±. Eva½dhamm±ti ettha sam±dhipakkh± dhamm± adhippet±, maggasam±dhin± phalasam±dhin± lokiyalokuttarena sam±dhin± eva½sam±dh²ti attho. Eva½paññ±ti maggapaññ±divaseneva eva½paññ±. Eva½vih±rinoti ettha pana heµµh± sam±dhipakkh±na½ dhamm±na½ gahitatt± vih±ro gahitopi puna kasm± gahitameva gaºhat²ti ce. Therena ida½ gahitameva. Idañhi nirodhasam±pattid²panattha½ vutta½. Tasm± eva½ nirodhasam±pattivih±rino te bhagavanto ahesunti evamettha attho daµµhabbo.
Eva½vimutt±ti ettha vikkhambhanavimutti, tadaªgavimutti, samucchedavimutti, paµipassaddhivimutti, nissaraºavimutt²ti pañcavidh± vimutti. Tattha aµµha sam±pattiyo saya½ vikkhambhitehi n²varaº±d²hi vimuttatt± vikkhambhanavimutt²ti saªkha½ gacchanti. Anicc±nupassan±dik± satta anupassan± saya½ tassa tassa paccan²kavasena pariccatt±hi niccasaññ±d²hi vimuttatt± tadaªgavimutt²ti saªkha½ gacchanti. Catt±ro ariyamagg± saya½ samucchinnehi kilesehi vimuttatt± samucchedavimutt²ti saªkha½ gacchanti. Catt±ri s±maññaphal±ni magg±nubh±vena kiles±na½ paµipassaddhante uppannatt± paµipassaddhivimutt²ti saªkha½ gacchanti. Nibb±na½ sabbakilesehi nissaµatt± apagatatt± d³re µhitatt± nissaraºavimutt²ti saªkha½ gata½. Iti im±sa½ pañcanna½ vimutt²na½ vasena eva½ vimutt±ti ettha attho daµµhabbo.
Ki½ pana te s±riputta ye te bhavissant²ti at²t± t±va niruddh± apaººattikabh±va½ gat± d²pasikh± viya nibbut±, eva½ niruddhe apaººattikabh±va½ gate tva½ katha½ j±nissasi, an±gatabuddh±na½ pana guº± ki½ tay± attano cittena paricchinditv± vidit±ti pucchanto evam±ha.
Ki½ pana ty±ha½ s±riputta etarah²ti an±gat±pi buddh± aj±t± anibbatt± anuppann±, te katha½ j±nissasi. Tesañhi j±nana½ apade ±k±se padadassana½ viya hoti. Id±ni may± saddhi½ ekavih±re vasasi, ekato bhikkh±ya carasi, dhammadesan±k±le dakkhiºapasse nis²dasi, ki½ pana mayha½ guº± attano cetas± paricchinditv± vidit± tay±ti anuyuñjanto evam±ha. Thero pana pucchitapucchite “no heta½ bhante”ti paµikkhipati.
Therassa ca viditampi atthi, aviditampi. Ki½ so attano viditaµµh±ne paµikkhepa½ karoti, aviditaµµh±neti? Viditaµµh±ne na karoti, aviditaµµh±neyeva karoti. Thero kira anuyoge ±raddhe eva½ aññ±si “n±ya½ anuyogo s±vakap±ram²ñ±ºe, sabbaññutaññ±ºe pana aya½ anuyogo”ti attano s±vakap±ram²ñ±ºe paµikkhepa½ akatv±va aviditaµµh±ne sabbaññutaññ±ºe paµikkhepa½ karoti. Tena idampi d²peti– bhagav± mayha½ at²t±n±gatapaccuppann±na½ buddh±na½ s²lasam±dhipaññ±vimuttik±raºaj±nanasamattha½ sabbaññutaññ±ºa½ natth²ti.
Etth±ti etesu at²t±dibhedesu buddhesu. Atha kiñcarah²ti atha kasm± eva½ ñ±ºe asati tay± eva½ kathitanti vadati. Dhammanvayoti dhammassa paccakkhato ñ±ºassa anuyoga½ anugantv± uppanna½ anum±nañ±ºa½ nayagg±ho vidito, s±vakap±ram²ñ±ºe µhatv±va imin± ±k±rena j±n±mi bhagav±ti vadati. Therassa hi nayagg±ho appam±ºo apariyanto. Yath± ca sabbaññutaññ±ºassa pam±ºa½ v± pariyanto v± natthi, eva½ dhammasen±patino nayagg±hassa. Tena so– “imin± eva½vidho imin± eva½vidho, imin± anuttaro imin± anuttaro satth±”ti j±n±ti. Therassa hi nayagg±ho sabbaññutaññ±ºagatiko eva.
Id±ni ta½ nayagg±ha½ p±kaµa½ k±tu½ upama½ dassento seyyath±pi bhanteti-±dim±ha. Tattha yasm± majjhimadese nagarassa uddh±pap±k±r±d²ni thir±ni v± hontu dubbal±ni v±, sabbaso v± pana m± hontu, cor±na½ ±saªk± na hoti. Tasm± ta½ aggahetv± paccantima½ nagaranti ±ha. Da¼huddh±panti thiram³lap±k±ra½. Da¼hap±k±ratoraºanti thirap±k±rañceva thirapiµµhasaªgh±µañca. Ekadv±ranti kasm± ±ha? Bahudv±re hi nagare bah³hi paº¹itadov±rikehi bhavitabba½, ekadv±reva eko vaµµati. Therassa ca paññ±ya sadiso añño natthi, tasm± attano paº¹itabh±vassa opammattha½ eka½yeva dov±rika½ dassetu½ “ekadv±ran”ti ±ha.
Paº¹itoti paº¹iccena samann±gato. Byattoti veyyattiyena samann±gato visadañ±ºo. Medh±v²ti µh±nuppattikapaññ±saªkh±t±ya medh±ya samann±gato. Anupariy±yapathanti anupariy±yan±maka½ p±k±ramagga½. P±k±rasandhinti dvinna½ iµµhak±na½ apagataµµh±na½. P±k±ravivaranti p±k±rassa chinnaµµh±na½. Cetaso upakkileseti pañcan²varaº± citta½ upakkilissanti kiliµµha½ karonti upat±penti viheµhenti, tasm± “cetaso upakkiles±”ti vuccanti. Paññ±ya dubbal²karaºeti n²varaº± uppajjam±n± anuppann±ya paññ±ya uppajjitu½ na denti, tasm± “paññ±ya dubbal²karaº±”ti vuccanti. Supatiµµhitacitt±ti cat³su satipaµµh±nesu suµµhu µhapitacitt± hutv±. Satta bojjhaªge yath±bh³tanti satta bojjhaªge yath±sabh±vena bh±vetv±. Anuttara½ samm±sambodhinti arahatta½ sabbaññutaññ±ºa½ paµivijjhi½s³ti dasseti.
Apicettha satipaµµh±n±ti vipassan±, bojjhaªg± maggo, anuttarasamm±sambodhi arahatta½. Satipaµµh±n±ti v± vipassan±, bojjhaªg±missak±, samm±sambodhi arahattameva. D²ghabh±ºakamah±s²vatthero pan±ha “satipaµµh±ne vipassana½ gahetv± bojjhaªge maggo ca sabbaññutaññ±ºañc±ti gahite sundaro pañho bhaveyya, na paneva½ gahitan”ti. Iti thero sabbabuddh±na½ n²varaºappah±ne satipaµµh±nabh±van±ya sambodhiyañca majjhe bhinnasuvaººarajat±na½ viya n±natt±bh±va½ dasseti.
Idha µhatv± upam± sa½sandetabb±– ±yasm± hi s±riputto paccantanagara½ dassesi, p±k±ra½ dassesi, anupariy±yapatha½ dassesi, dv±ra½ dassesi, paº¹itadov±rika½ dassesi, nagara½ pavisanakanikkhamanake o¼±rike p±ºe dassesi, dov±rikassa tesa½ p±º±na½ p±kaµabh±va½ dassesi. Tattha ki½ kena sadisanti ce? Nagara½ viya hi nibb±na½, p±k±ro viya s²la½, anupariy±yapatho viya hir², dv±ra½ viya ariyamaggo, paº¹itadov±riko viya dhammasen±pati, nagara½ pavisanakanikkhamanak± o¼±rikap±º± viya at²t±n±gatapaccuppann± buddh±, dov±rikassa tesa½ p±º±na½ p±kaµabh±vo viya ±yasmato s±riputtassa at²t±n±gatapaccuppann±na½ buddh±na½ s²lasamath±d²hi p±kaµabh±vo. Ett±vat± therena bhagavato– “evamaha½ s±vakap±ram²ñ±ºe µhatv± dhammanvayena nayagg±hena j±n±m²”ti attano s²han±dassa anuyogo dinno hoti.
Tasm±ti yasm± “na kho meta½, bhante, at²t±n±gatapaccuppannesu arahantesu samm±sambuddhesu cetopariyañ±ºa½ atthi, apica dhammanvayo vidito”ti vadati, tasm±. Abhikkhaºa½ bh±seyy±s²ti punappuna½ bh±seyy±si, “pubbaºhe me kathitan”ti m± majjhanhik±d²su na kathayittha, “ajja v± me kathitan”ti m± paradivas±d²su na kathayitth±ti attho. S± pah²yissat²ti “s±riputtasadisopi n±ma ñ±ºajavanasampanno s±vako buddh±na½ citt±c±ra½ j±nitu½ na sakkoti, eva½ appameyy± tath±gat±”ti cintent±na½ y± tath±gate kaªkh± v± vimati v±, s± pah²yissat²ti.