2. Satisuttavaŗŗan±

368. Dutiye satoti k±y±di-anupassan±satiy± samann±gato. Sampaj±noti catusampajańńapańń±ya samann±gato. Abhikkante paµikkanteti ettha abhikkanta½ vuccati gamana½, paµikkanta½ nivattana½, tadubhayampi cat³su iriy±pathesu labbhati. Gamane t±va purato k±ya½ abhiharanto abhikkamati n±ma, paµinivattanto paµikkamati n±ma. Żh±nepi µhitakova k±ya½ purato onamanto abhikkamati n±ma, pacchato apan±mento paµikkamati n±ma. Nisajj±yapi nisinnakova ±sanassa purima-aŖg±bhimukho sa½saranto abhikkamati n±ma, pacchima-aŖgappadesa½ pacc±sa½saranto paµikkamati n±ma. Nipajjanepi eseva nayo.
Sampaj±nak±r² hot²ti sampajańńena sabbakiccak±r², sampajańńasseva v± k±r². So hi abhikkant±d²su sampajańńa½ karoteva, na katthaci sampajańńavirahito hoti.
Tattha s±tthakasampajańńa½, sapp±yasampajańńa½, gocarasampajańńa½, asammohasampajańńanti catubbidha½ sampajańńa½. Tattha abhikkamanacitte uppanne cittavaseneva agantv± “ki½ nu me ettha gatena attho atthi, natth²”ti atth±nattha½ pariggaŗhitv± atthapariggaŗhana½ s±tthakasampajańńa½. Tattha ca atthoti cetiyadassanabodhidassanasaŖghadassanatheradassana-asubhadassan±divasena dhammato va¹¹hi Cetiya½ disv±pi hi buddh±rammaŗa½, saŖghadassanena saŖgh±rammaŗa½ p²ti½ upp±detv± tadeva khayato sammasanto arahatta½ p±puŗ±ti. Mah±vih±rasmińhi dakkhiŗadv±re µhatv± mah±cetiya½ olokent± ti½sasahassabhikkh³ arahatta½ p±puŗi½su, tath± pacchimadv±re uttaradv±re p±c²nadv±re ca, tath± pańhamaŗ¹apaµµh±ne abhayav±pip±¼iya½, th³p±r±madv±re nagarassa dakkhiŗadv±re anur±dhav±pip±¼iya½.
Mah±-ariyava½sabh±ŗakatthero pan±ha “ki½ tumhe vadatha, mah±cetiyassa samant± kucchivedik±ya heµµhimabh±gato paµµh±ya pańń±yanaµµh±ne yattha yattha dve p±d± sakk± honti sama½ patiµµh±petu½, tattha tattha ekapaduddh±re ti½sati½sa bhikkhusahass±ni arahatta½ p±puŗi½s³ti sakk± vatun”ti Aparo pana mah±thero ±ha– “mah±cetiyatale ±kiŗŗav±lik±ya bahutar± bhikkh³ arahatta½ patt±”ti. There disv± tesa½ ov±de patiµµh±ya asubha½ disv± tattha paµhama½ jh±na½ upp±detv± tadeva khayato sammasanto arahatta½ p±puŗ±ti. Tasm± etesa½ dassana½ s±ttha½. Keci pana– “±misatopi va¹¹hi atthoyeva, ta½ niss±ya brahmacariy±nuggah±ya paµipannatt±”ti vadanti.
Tasmi½ pana gamane sapp±y±sapp±ya½ pariggaŗhitv± sapp±yapariggaŗhana½ sapp±yasampajańńa½. Seyyathida½? Cetiyadassana½ t±va s±ttha½. Sace pana cetiyassa mah±p³j±ya dasadv±dasayojanantare paris± sannipatanti, attano vibhav±nur³p± itthiyopi puris±pi alaŖkatapaµiyatt± cittakammar³pak±ni viya sańcaranti. Tatra cassa iµµhe ±rammaŗe lobho, aniµµhe paµigho, asamapekkhane moho uppajjati, k±yasa½sagge k±yasa½sagg±patti½ ±pajjati, j²vitabrahmacariy±na½ v± antar±yo ca hoti. Eva½ ta½ µh±na½ asapp±ya½ hoti, vuttappak±ra-antar±y±bh±ve sapp±ya½. SaŖghadassanampi s±ttha½. Sace pana antog±me mah±maŗ¹apa½ k±retv± sabbaratti½ dhammassavana½ k±rentesu manussesu vuttappak±reneva janasannip±to ceva antar±yo ca hoti, eva½ ta½ µh±na½ asapp±ya½, antar±y±bh±ve sapp±ya½. Mah±pariv±r±na½ ther±na½ dassanepi eseva nayo.
Asubhadassanampi s±ttha½. Tadatthad²panatthańca ida½ vatthu– eko kira daharabhikkhu s±maŗera½ gahetv± dantakaµµhatth±ya gato. S±maŗero magg± okkamitv± purato gacchanto asubha½ disv± paµhamajjh±na½ nibbattetv± tadeva p±daka½ katv± saŖkh±re sammasanto t²ŗi phal±ni sacchikatv± uparimaggatth±ya kammaµµh±na½ pariggahetv± aµµh±si. Daharo ta½ apassanto “s±maŗer±”ti pakkosi So– “may± pabbajitadivasato paµµh±ya bhikkhun± saddhi½ dve kath± n±ma na kathitapubb±, ańńasmimpi divase uparivisesa½ nibbattess±m²”ti cintetv± “ki½, bhante,”ti paµivacana½ ad±si. “Eh²”ti vutte ekavacaneneva ±gantv±– “bhante, imin± t±va maggena gantv± may± µhitok±se muhutta½ puratth±bhimukh± hutv± oloketh±”ti ±ha. So tath± katv± tena pattavisesameva p±puŗi. Eva½ eka½ asubha½ dvinna½ jan±na½ atth±ya j±ta½. Eva½ s±tthampi paneta½ purisassa m±tug±m±subha½ asapp±ya½, m±tug±massa ca puris±subha½, sabh±gameva sapp±yanti eva½ sapp±yapariggaŗhana½ sapp±yasampajańńa½.
Eva½ pariggahitas±tthasapp±yassa pana aµµhati½sakammaµµh±nesu attano cittarucika½ kammaµµh±nasaŖkh±ta½ gocara½ uggahetv± bhikkh±c±ragocare ta½ gahetv±va gamana½ gocarasampajańńa½ n±ma.
Tass±vibh±vattha½ ida½ catukka½ veditabba½– idhekacco bhikkhu harati na pacc±harati, ekacco pacc±harati na harati, ekacco pana neva harati na pacc±harati, ekacco harati ca pacc±harati ca.
Tattha yo bhikkhu divasa½ caŖkamena nisajj±ya ca ±varaŗ²yehi dhammehi citta½ parisodhetv± tath± rattiy± paµhama½ y±ma½ majjhimay±me seyya½ kappetv±, pacchimay±mepi nisajj±caŖkamehi v²tin±metv±, pageva cetiyaŖgaŗabodhiyaŖgaŗavatta½ katv± bodhirukkhe udaka½ ±sińcitv± p±n²ya½ paribhojan²ya½ paccupaµµhapetv± ±cariyupajjh±yavatt±d²ni sam±d±ya vattati. So sar²raparikamma½ katv± sen±sana½ pavisitv± dve tayo pallaŖke usuma½ g±h±pento kammaµµh±namanuyuńjitv± bhikkh±c±ravel±ya uµµhahitv± kammaµµh±nas²seneva pattac²varam±d±ya sen±sanato nikkhamitv± kammaµµh±na½ manasikarontova cetiyaŖgaŗa½ gantv± sace buddh±nussatikammaµµh±na½ hoti, ta½ avissajjetv±va cetiyaŖgaŗa½ pavisati. Ańńa½ ce kammaµµh±na½ hoti, sop±nap±dam³le µhatv± hatthena gahitabhaŗ¹a½ viya ta½ µhapetv± buddh±rammaŗa½ p²ti½ gahetv± cetiyaŖgaŗa½ ±ruyha mahanta½ cetiya½ ce, tikkhattu½ padakkhiŗa½ katv± cat³su µh±nesu vanditabba½, khuddaka½ ce, tatheva padakkhiŗa½ katv± aµµhasu µh±nesu vanditabba½. Cetiya½ vanditv± bodhiyaŖgaŗa½ patten±pi buddhassa bhagavato sammukh± viya nipaccak±ra½ dassetv± bodhi vanditabb±. So eva½ cetiyańca bodhińca vanditv± paµis±mitaµµh±na½ gantv± paµis±mitabhaŗ¹aka½ hatthena gaŗhanto viya nikkhittakammaµµh±na½ gahetv± g±masam²pe kammaµµh±nas²seneva c²vara½ p±rupitv± g±ma½ piŗ¹±ya pavisati.
Atha na½ manuss± disv± “ayyo no ±gato”ti paccuggantv± patta½ gahetv± ±sanas±l±ya v± gehe v± nis²d±petv± y±gu½ datv± y±va bhatta½ na niµµh±ti, t±va p±de dhovitv± makkhetv± purato nis²ditv± pańha½ v± pucchanti, dhamma½ v± sotuk±m± honti. Sacepi na kath±penti, janasaŖgahaŗattha½ dhammakath± n±ma k±tabb±yev±ti aµµhakath±cariy± vadanti. Dhammakath± hi kammaµµh±navinimutt± n±ma natthi, tasm± kammaµµh±nas²seneva dhamma½ kathetv± kammaµµh±nas²seneva ±h±ra½ paribhuńjitv± anumodana½ katv± nivattiyam±nehipi manussehi anugatova g±mato nikkhamitv± tattha te nivattetv± magga½ paµipajjati.
Atha na½ puretara½ nikkhamitv± bahig±me katabhattakicc± s±maŗeradaharabhikkh³ disv± paccuggantv± pattac²varamassa gaŗhanti. Por±ŗakabhikkh³ kira na “amh±ka½ upajjh±yo ±cariyo”ti mukha½ oloketv± vatta½ karonti, sampattaparicchedeneva karonti. Te ta½ pucchanti– “bhante, ete manuss± tumh±ka½ ki½ honti, m±tipakkhato sambandh± pitipakkhato”ti? Ki½ disv± pucchath±ti? Tumhesu etesa½ pema½ bahum±nanti. “¾vuso, ya½ m±t±pit³hipi dukkaratara½, ta½ ete amh±ka½ karonti, pattac²varampi no etesa½ santakameva, etesa½ ±nubh±vena neva bhaye bhaya½, na ch±take ch±taka½ j±n±ma, edis± n±ma amh±ka½ upak±rino natth²”ti tesa½ guŗe kathayanto gacchati. Aya½ vuccati harati na pacc±harat²ti.
Yassa pana pageva vuttappak±ra½ vattapaµipatti½ karontassa kammajatejo pajjalati, anup±diŗŗaka½ muńcitv± up±diŗŗaka½ gaŗh±ti, sar²rato sed± muccanti, kammaµµh±nav²thi½ n±rohati, so pageva pattac²varam±d±ya vegas±va cetiya½ vanditv± gor³p±na½ nikkhamanavel±yameva g±ma½ y±gubhikkh±ya pavisitv± y±gu½ labhitv± ±sanas±la½ gantv± pivati. Athassa dvittikkhattu½ ajjhoharaŗamatteneva kammajatejo up±diŗŗaka½ muńcitv± anup±diŗŗaka½ gaŗh±ti, ghaµasatena nh±to viya tejodh±tupari¼±hanibb±na½ patv± kammaµµh±nas²sena y±gu½ paribhuńjitv± pattańca mukhańca dhovitv± antar±bhatte kammaµµh±na½ manasikatv± avasesaµµh±ne piŗ¹±ya caritv± kammaµµh±nas²sena ±h±ra½ paribhuńjitv± tato paµµh±ya poŖkh±nupoŖkha½ upaµµhaham±na½ kammaµµh±na½ gahetv±va ±gacchati. Aya½ vuccati pacc±harati na harat²ti. Edis± ca bhikkh³ y±gu½ pivitv± vipassana½ ±rabhitv± buddhas±sane arahatta½ patt± n±ma gaŗanapatha½ v²tivatt±. S²ha¼ad²peyeva tesu tesu g±mesu ±sanas±l±ya½ na ta½ ±sanamatthi, yattha y±gu½ pivitv± arahatta½ patt± bhikkh³ natth²ti.
Yo pana pam±davih±r² hoti nikkhittadhuro, sabbavatt±ni bhinditv± pańcavidhacetovinibandhabaddhacitto viharanto “kammaµµh±na½ n±ma atth²”tipi sańńa½ akatv± g±ma½ piŗ¹±ya pavisitv± ananulomikena gihisa½saggena sa½saµµho caritv± ca bhuńjitv± ca tuccho nikkhamati. Aya½ vuccati neva harati na pacc±harat²ti.
Yo pan±ya½ harati ca pacc±harati c±ti vutto, so gatapacc±gatikavattavasena veditabbo. Attak±m± hi kulaputt± s±sane pabbajitv± dasapi v²sampi ti½sampi catt±l²sampi pańń±sampi satampi ekato vasant± katikavatta½ katv± viharanti “±vuso, tumhe na iŗaµµ±, na bhayaµµ±, na j²vik±pakat± pabbajit±, dukkh± muccituk±m± panettha pabbajit±, tasm± gamane uppannakilesa½ gamaneyeva niggaŗhatha, µh±ne, nisajj±ya, sayane uppannakilesa½ sayaneyeva niggaŗhath±”ti. Te eva½ katikavatta½ katv± bhikkh±c±ra½ gacchant± a¹¹ha-usabha-usabha-a¹¹hag±vutag±vutantaresu p±s±ŗ± honti, t±ya sańń±ya kammaµµh±na½ manasikaront±va gacchanti. Sace kassaci gamane kileso uppajjati, tattheva na½ niggaŗh±ti. Tath± asakkonto tiµµhati. Athassa pacchato ±gacchantopi tiµµhati, so “aya½ bhikkhu tuyha½ uppannavitakka½ j±n±ti, ananucchavika½ te etan”ti att±na½ paµicodetv± vipassana½ va¹¹hetv± tattheva ariyabh³mi½ okkamati, tath± asakkonto nis²dat²ti so eva nayo. Ariyabh³mi½ okkamitu½ asakkontopi, ta½ kilesa½ vikkhambhetv± kammaµµh±na½ manasikarontova gacchati, na kammaµµh±navippayuttena cittena p±da½ uddharati. Uddharati ce, paµinivattitv± purimapadesa½yeva eti ±lindakav±s² mah±phussadevatthero viya.
So kira ek³nav²sati vass±ni gatapacc±gatikavatta½ p³rento eva vih±si. Manuss±pi suda½ antar±magge kasant± ca vapant± ca maddant± ca kamm±ni ca karont± thera½ tath± gacchanta½ disv±– “aya½ thero punappuna½ nivattitv± gacchati, ki½ nu kho maggam³¼ho, ud±hu kińci pamuµµho”ti samullapanti. So ta½ an±diyitv± kammaµµh±nayuttacitteneva samaŗadhamma½ karonto v²sativassabbhantare arahatta½ p±puŗi. Arahattappattadivase cassa caŖkamanakoµiya½ adhivatth± devat± aŖgul²hi d²pa½ ujj±letv± aµµh±si. Catt±ropi mah±r±j±no sakko ca dev±namindo brahm± ca sahampati upaµµh±na½ ±gama½su. Tańca obh±sa½ disv± vanav±s²mah±tissatthero ta½ dutiyadivase pucchi– “rattibh±ge ±yasmato santike obh±so ahosi, ki½ so obh±so”ti? Thero vikkhepa½ karonto “obh±so n±ma d²pobh±sopi hoti, maŗi-obh±sop²”ti evam±dim±ha. Tato “paµicch±detha tumhe”ti nibaddho ±m±ti paµij±nitv± ±rocesi.