3. Satipaµµh±nasa½yutta½

1. Ambap±livaggo

1. Ambap±lisuttavaŗŗan±

367. Satipaµµh±nasa½yuttassa paµhame ambap±livaneti ambap±liy± n±ma r³p³paj²viniy± ropite ambavane. Ta½ kira tass± uyy±na½ ahosi. S± satthu dhammadesana½ sutv± pasannacitt± tattha vih±ra½ k±retv± tath±gatassa niyy±tesi. Ta½ sandh±yeta½ vutta½. Ek±yanv±yanti ek±yano aya½. Tattha ek±yanoti ekamaggo. Maggassa hi–
“Maggo pantho patho pajjo, ańjasa½ vaµum±yana½;
n±v± uttaraset³ ca, kullo ca bhisi saŖkamo”ti. (C³¼ani. p±r±yanatthutig±th±niddeso 101)–

Bah³ni n±m±ni. Sv±ya½ idha ayanan±mena vutto. Tasm± ek±yanv±ya½, bhikkhave, maggoti ettha ekamaggo. Aya½, bhikkhave, maggo, na dvedh±pathabh³toti evamattho daµµhabbo. Maggoti kenaµµhena maggo? Nibb±nagamanaµµhena, nibb±natthikehi maggan²yaµµhena ca.

Satt±na½ visuddhiy±ti r±g±d²hi malehi abhijjh±visamalobh±d²hi ca upakkilesehi sa½kiliµµhacitt±na½ satt±na½ visuddhatth±ya. Sokaparidev±na½ samatikkam±y±ti sokassa ca paridevassa ca samatikkam±ya, pah±n±y±ti attho. Dukkhadomanass±na½ atthaŖgam±y±ti k±yikadukkhassa ca cetasikadomanassassa c±ti imesa½ dvinna½ atthaŖgam±ya, nirodh±y±ti attho. ѱyassa adhigam±y±ti ń±yo vuccati ariyo aµµhaŖgiko maggo, tassa adhigam±ya pattiy±ti vutta½ hoti. Ayańhi pubbabh±ge lokiyo satipaµµh±namaggo bh±vito lokuttaramaggassa adhigam±ya sa½vattati Ten±ha “ń±yassa adhigam±y±”ti. Nibb±nassa sacchikiriy±y±ti taŗh±v±navirahitatt± nibb±nanti laddhan±massa amatassa sacchikiriy±ya, attapaccakkh±y±ti vutta½ hoti. Ayańhi maggo bh±vito anupubbena nibb±nasacchikiriya½ s±dheti. Ten±ha “nibb±nassa sacchikiriy±y±”ti.
Eva½ bhagavat± sattahi padehi ek±yanamaggassa vaŗŗo bh±sito, so kasm±ti ce? Bhikkh³na½ uss±hajananattha½. Vaŗŗabh±sanańhi sutv± te bhikkh³– “aya½ kira maggo hadayasant±pabh³ta½ soka½, v±c±vippal±pabh³ta½ parideva½, k±yika-as±tabh³ta½ dukkha½, cetasika-as±tabh³ta½ domanassanti catt±ro upaddave harati. Visuddhi½, ń±ya½, nibb±nanti tayo visese ±vahat²”ti uss±haj±t± ima½ desana½ uggahetabba½ pariy±puŗitabba½, dh±retabba½, imańca magga½ bh±vetabba½ mańńissanti. Iti tesa½ bhikkh³na½ uss±hajananattha½ vaŗŗa½ abh±si kambalav±ŗij±dayo kambal±d²na½ vaŗŗa½ viya.
Yadidanti nip±to, ye imeti ayamassa attho. Catt±roti gaŗanaparicchedo. Tena “na tato heµµh±, na uddhan”ti satipaµµh±napariccheda½ d²peti. Satipaµµh±n±ti tayo satipaµµh±n± satigocaropi, tidh± paµipannesu s±vakesu satthuno paµigh±nunayav²tivattat±pi, satipi. “Catunna½, bhikkhave, satipaµµh±n±na½ samudayańca atthaŖgamańca desess±mi ta½ suŗ±tha. Ko ca, bhikkhave, k±yassa samudayo? ¾harasamuday± k±yasamudayo”ti-±d²su (sa½. ni. 5.408) hi satigocaro satipaµµh±nanti vutto. Tath± “k±yo upaµµh±na½, no sati, sati upaµµh±nańceva sati c±”ti-±d²supi (paµi. ma. 2.35). Tassa attho– patiµµh±ti asminti paµµh±na½. K± patiµµh±ti? Sati. Satiy± paµµh±na½ satipaµµh±na½. Padh±na½ µh±nanti v± paµµh±na½. Satiy± paµµh±na½ satipaµµh±na½ hatthiµµh±na-assaµµh±n±d²ni viya.
“Tayo satipaµµh±n±, yadariyo sevati, yadariyo sevam±no satth± gaŗamanus±situmarahat²”ti (ma. ni. 3.311) ettha tidh± paµipannesu s±vakesu satthuno paµigh±nunayav²tivattat± satipaµµh±nanti vutt±. Tassattho– paµµhapetabbato paµµh±na½, pavattayitabbatoti attho. Kena paµµhapetabboti? Satiy±. Satiy± paµµh±na½ satipaµµh±nanti.
“Catt±ro satipaµµh±n± bh±vit± bahul²kat± satta bojjhaŖge parip³rent²”ti-±d²su (ma. ni. 3.147; sa½. ni. 5.989) pana satiyeva satipaµµh±nanti vutt±. Tassattho– patiµµh±t²ti paµµh±na½, upaµµh±ti okkanditv± pakkhanditv± pavattat²ti attho. Satiyeva paµµh±na½ satipaµµh±na½. Atha v± saraŗaµµhena sati, upaµµh±naµµhena paµµh±na½, iti sati ca s± paµµh±nańc±tipi satipaµµh±na½. Idamidha adhippeta½.
Yadi eva½ kasm± “satipaµµh±n±”ti bahuvacana½ katanti? Sat²na½ bahutt±. ¾rammaŗabhedena hi bahuk± satiyo. Atha “maggo”ti kasm± ekavacananti? Magganaµµhena ekatt±. Catassopi hi et± satiyo magganaµµhena ekatta½ gacchanti. Vutańheta½ “maggoti kenaµµhena maggo? Nibb±namagganaµµhena, nibb±natthikehi maggan²yaµµhena c±”ti. Catassopi cet± aparabh±ge k±y±d²su ±rammaŗesu kicca½ s±dhayam±n± nibb±na½ gacchanti, ±dito paµµh±ya ca nibb±natthikehi maggiyant²ti tasm± catassopi eko maggoti vutt±. Evańca sati vacan±nusandhin± s±nusandhik±va desan± hoti.
Katame catt±roti kathetukamyat±pucch±. K±yeti r³pak±ye. K±y±nupass²ti k±ya½ anupassanas²lo, k±ya½ v± anupassam±no. Ayańhi bhikkhu ima½ k±ya½ anicc±nupassan±d²na½ sattanna½ anupassan±na½ vasena aniccato anupassati, no niccato, dukkhato anupassati, no sukhato, anattato anupassati, no attato, nibbindati, no nandati, virajjati, no rajjati, nirodheti, no samudeti, paµinissajjati, no ±diyati. So ta½ aniccato anupassanto niccasańńa½ pajahati, dukkhato anupassanto sukhasańńa½ pajahati anattato anupassanto attasańńa½ pajahati, nibbindanto nandi½ pajahati, virajjanto r±ga½ pajahati, nirodhento samudaya½ pajahati, paµinissajjanto ±d±na½ pajahat²ti veditabbo.
Viharat²ti ir²yati. ¾t±p²ti t²su bhavesu kilese ±tapat²ti ±t±po, v²riyasseta½ n±ma½. ¾t±po assa atth²ti ±t±p². Sampaj±noti sampajańńasaŖkh±tena ń±ŗena samann±gato. Satim±ti k±yaparigg±hik±ya satiy± samann±gato. Aya½ pana yasm± satiy± ±rammaŗa½ pariggahetv± pańń±ya anupassati. Na hi sativirahitassa anupassan± n±ma atthi, tenev±ha “satińca khv±ha½, bhikkhave, sabbatthika½ vad±m²”ti (sa½. ni. 5.234). Tasm± ettha “k±ye k±y±nupass² viharat²”ti ett±vat± k±y±nupassan±satipaµµh±na½ vutta½ hoti. Atha v± yasm± an±t±pino antosaŖkhepo antar±yakaro hoti, asampaj±no up±yapariggahe anup±yaparivajjane ca sammuyhati, muµµhassati up±y±paricc±ge anup±y±pariggahe ca asamattho hoti, tenassa ta½ kammaµµh±na½ na sampajjati. Tasm± yesa½ dhamm±na½ ±nubh±vena ta½ sampajjati, tesa½ dassanattha½ “±t±p² sampaj±no satim±”ti ida½ vuttanti veditabba½.
Iti k±y±nupassan±satipaµµh±na½ sampayogaŖgańjassa dassetv± id±ni pah±naŖga½ dassetu½ vineyya loke abhijjh±domanassanti vutta½. Tattha vineyy±ti tadaŖgavinayena v± vikkhambhanavinayena v± vinayitv±. Loketi tasmi½yeva k±ye. K±yo hi idha lujjanapalujjanaµµhena lokoti adhippeto. Yasm± panassa na k±yamatteyeva abhijjh±domanassa½ pah²yati, vedan±d²supi pah²yati eva. Tasm± “pańcapi up±d±nakkhandh± loko”ti vibhaŖge (vibha. 362) vutta½. LokasaŖkh±tatt± v± tesa½ dhamm±na½ atthuddh±ranayeneta½ vutta½. Ya½ pan±ha “tattha katamo loko, sveva k±yo loko”ti, ayamevettha attho. Tasmi½ loke abhijjh±domanassa½ vineyy±ti eva½ sambandho daµµhabbo.
Vedan±s³ti ettha tisso vedan±, t± ca lokiy± eva, cittampi lokiya½, tath± dhamm±. Yath± pana vedan± anupassitabb±, tath± anupassanto esa vedan±nupass²ti veditabbo. Esa nayo cittadhammesu. Kathańca vedan± anupassitabb±ti? Sukh± t±va vedan± dukkhato, dukkh± sallato, adukkhamasukh± aniccato. Yath±ha–
“Yo sukha½ dukkhato adda, dukkhamaddakkhi sallato;
adukkhamasukha½ santa½, addakkhi na½ aniccato;
sa ve sammaddaso bhikkhu, upasanto carissat²”ti.
Sabb± eva cet± dukkh±tipi anupassitabb±. Vuttańheta½ “ya½kińci vedayita½, sabba½ ta½ dukkhasminti vad±m²”ti (sa½. ni. 4.259). Sukhadukkhatopi ca anupassitabb±, yath±ha “sukh± kho, ±vuso vis±kha, vedan± µhitisukh± vipariŗ±madukkh±”ti (ma. ni. 1.465) sabba½ vitth±retabba½. Apica anicc±disatta-anupassan±vasenapi anupassitabb±.
Cittadhammesupi citta½ t±va ±rammaŗ±dhipatisahaj±tabh³mikammavip±kakiriy±din±nattabhed±na½ anicc±di-anupassan±na½ sar±g±d²nańca bhed±na½ vasena anupassitabba½. Dhamm± salakkhaŗas±mańńalakkhaŗ±na½ suńńatadhammassa anicc±disatta-anupassan±na½ “santa½ v± ajjhatta½ k±macchandan”ti-±d²nańca pabhed±na½ vasena anupassitabb±. Sesa½ vuttanayameva. Ayamettha saŖkhepo, vitth±ro pana d²ghamajjhimaµµhakath±su (d². ni. aµµha. 2.373 ±dayo; ma. ni. aµµha. 1.105 ±dayo) satipaµµh±navaŗŗan±ya½ vuttanayeneva veditabbo.