4. Mett±sahagatasuttavaŗŗan±

235. Catutthe mett±sahagatena cetas±ti-±di sabba½ sabb±k±rena visuddhimagge (visuddhi. 1.240-241) vitth±ritameva. Mayampi kho, ±vuso, s±vak±na½ eva½ dhamma½ desem±ti idampi te purimanayeneva satthu dhammadesana½ sutv± vadanti. Titthiy±nańhi samaye pańcan²varaŗappah±na½ v± mett±dibrahmavih±rabh±van± v± natthi. Ki½ gatik± hot²ti ki½ nipphatti hoti. Ki½ param±ti ki½ uttam±. Ki½ phal±ti ki½ ±nisa½s±. Ki½ pariyos±n±ti ki½ niµµh±. Mett±sahagatanti mett±ya sahagata½ sa½saµµha½ sampayutta½. Eseva nayo sabbattha. Vivekanissit±d²ni vuttatth±neva.
Appaµik³lanti duvidha½ appaµik³la½– satta-appaµik³lańca, saŖkh±ra-appaµik³lańca. Tasmi½ appaµik³le iµµhe vatthusminti attho. Paµik³lasańń²ti aniµµhasańń². Katha½ panettha eva½ viharati? Asubhapharaŗa½ v± aniccanti manasik±ra½ v± karonto. Vuttańheta½ paµisambhid±ya½ “katha½ appaµik³le paµik³lasańń² viharati. Iµµhasmi½ vatthusmi½ asubh±ya v± pharati, aniccato v± upasa½harat²”ti. Paµik³le pana aniµµhe vatthusmi½ mett±pharaŗa½ v± dh±tumanasik±ra½ v± karonto appaµik³lasańń² viharati n±ma. Yath±ha “katha½ paµik³le appaµik³lasańń² viharati. Aniµµhasmi½ vatthusmi½ mett±ya v± pharati, dh±tuto v± upasa½harat²”ti (paµi. ma. 2.17). Ubhayamissakapadesupi eseva nayo. Appaµik³lappaµik³lesu hi tadeva asubhapharaŗa½ v± aniccanti manasik±ra½ v± karonto paµik³lasańń² viharati n±ma. Paµik³l±paµik³lesu ca tadeva mett±pharaŗa½ v± dh±tumanasik±ra½ v± karonto appaµik³lasańń² viharati n±ma. “Cakkhun± r³pa½ disv± neva sumano hot²”ti-±din± (paµi. ma. 2.17) nayena vutta½ pana cha¼aŖgupekkha½ pavattayam±no “appaµik³le ca paµik³le ca tadubhaya½ abhinivajjetv± upekkhako tattha viharati sato sampaj±no”ti veditabbo.
Ett±vat± ca imassa bhikkhuno mett±ya tikacatukkajjh±na½ nibbattetv± tadeva p±daka½ katv± vipassana½ va¹¹hetv± arahatta½ pattassa saha vipassan±ya maggasambojjhaŖg±na½ ariyiddhiy± ca dassitatt± desan± vinivaµµetabb± siy±. Ida½ pana mett±jh±na½ p±daka½ katv± saŖkh±re sammasantopi yo arahatta½ p±puŗitu½ na sakkoti, yasm± tassa arahattaparam± mett± na hoti. Ya½param± pana hoti, ta½ dassetabba½. Tasm± tassa dassanattha½ aya½ desan± ±raddh±. Parato sabbaso v± pana r³pasańń±na½ samatikkam±ti-±d²supi imin± nayena puna desan±rambhapayojana½ veditabba½.
Subhaparamanti subhaniµµha½, subhakoµika½, subhanipphatti½. Idhapańńass±ti idheva pańń± assa, nayima½ loka½ atikkamat²ti idhapańńo, tassa idhapańńassa, lokiyapańńass±ti attho. Uttarivimutti½ appaµivijjhatoti lokuttaradhamma½ appaµivijjhantassa. Yo pana paµivijjhitu½ sakkoti, tassa arahattaparam±va mett± hot²ti attho. Karuŗ±d²supi eseva nayo.
Kasm± panet±sa½ mett±d²na½ subhaparam±dit± vutt± bhagavat±ti? Sabh±gavasena tassa tassa upanissayatt±. Mett±vih±rissa hi satt± appaµik³l± honti, athassa appaµik³laparicay± appaµik³lesu parisuddhavaŗŗesu n²l±d²su citta½ upasa½harato appakasireneva tattha citta½ pakkhandati. Iti mett± subhavimokkhassa upanissayo hoti, na tato para½, tasm± subhaparam±ti vutt±.
Karuŗ±vih±rissa uŗh±bhigh±t±dir³panimitta½ sattadukkha½ samanupassantassa karuŗ±ya pavattisambhavato r³pe ±d²navo parividito hoti athassa parividitar³p±d²navatt± pathav²kasiŗ±d²su ańńatara½ uggh±µetv± r³panissaraŗe ±k±se citta½ upasa½harato appakasireneva tattha citta½ pakkhandati. Iti karuŗ± ±k±s±nańc±yatanassa upanissayo hoti, na tato para½, tasm± ±k±s±nańc±yatanaparam±ti vutt±.
Mudit±vih±rissa pana tena tena p±mojjak±raŗena uppannap±mojjasatt±na½ vińń±ŗa½ samanupassantassa mudit±ya pavattisambhavato vińń±ŗaggahaŗaparicita½ hoti, athassa anukkam±dhigata½ ±k±s±nańc±yatana½ atikkamma ±k±sanimittagocare vińń±ŗe citta½ upasa½harato appakasireneva tattha citta½ pakkhandati. Iti mudit± vińń±ŗańc±yatanassa upanissayo hoti, na tato para½, tasm± vińń±ŗańc±yatanaparam±ti vutt±.
Upekkh±vih±rissa pana “satt± sukhit± v± hontu, dukkhato v± vimuccantu, sampattasukhato v± m± vigacchant³”ti ±bhog±bh±vato sukhadukkh±diparamatthag±havimukhasambhavato avijjam±naggahaŗadukkhacitta½ hoti. Athassa paramatthag±hato vimukhabh±vaparicitacittassa paramatthato avijjam±naggahaŗadukkhacittassa ca anukkam±dhigata½ vińń±ŗ±ńc±yatana½ samatikkammasambhavato avijjam±ne paramatthabh³tassa vińń±ŗassa abh±ve citta½ upasa½harato appakasireneva tattha citta½ pakkhandati. Iti upekkh± ±kińcańń±yatanassa upanissayo hoti, na tato para½, tasm± ±kińcańń±yatanaparam±ti vutt±. Desan±pariyos±ne pańcasat± bhikkh³ arahatta½ patt±ti.