“Mah± kho pana te satth±, satthuno hi te m±tukucchismi½ paµisandhiggahaºak±lepi abhinikkhamanepi abhisambodhiyampi dhammacakkappavattana-yamakap±µih±riya-devorohana-±yusaªkh±ravossajjanesupi parinibb±nak±lepi dasasahassilokadh±tu akampittha. Yutta½ nu kho te evar³passa satthu s±sane pabbajitv± kus²tena bhavitun”ti eva½ satthumahatta½ paccavekkhatopi uppajjati.
“J±tiy±pi tva½ id±ni na l±makaj±tiko, asambhinn±ya mah±sammatapaveºiy± ±gata-ukk±kar±java½se j±tosi, suddhodanamah±r±jassa ca mah±m±y±deviy± ca natt±, r±hulabhaddassa kaniµµho, tay± n±ma evar³pena jinaputtena hutv± na yutta½ kus²tena viharitun”ti eva½ j±timahatta½ paccavekkhatopi uppajjati.
“S±riputtamoggall±n± ceva as²ti mah±s±vak± ca v²riyeneva lokuttaradhamma½ paµivijjhi½su. Tva½ pana etesa½ sabrahmac±r²na½ magga½ paµipajjasi, na paµipajjas²”ti eva½ sabrahmac±rimahatta½ paccavekkhatopi uppajjati.
Kucchi½ p³retv± µhita-ajagarasadise vissaµµhak±yikacetasikav²riye kus²tapuggale parivajjentass±pi, ±raddhav²riye pahitatte puggale sevantass±pi µh±nanisajj±d²su v²riyupp±danattha½ ninnapoºapabbh±racittass±pi uppajjati. Eva½ uppannassa panassa arahattamaggena bh±van±p±rip³r² hoti.
Ek±dasa dhamm± p²tisambojjhaªgassa upp±d±ya sa½vattanti– buddh±nussati dhammo, saªgho, s²la½, c±go, devat±nussati, upasam±nussati, l³khapuggalaparivajjanat±, siniddhapuggalasevanat±, pas±dan²yasuttantapaccavekkhaºat±, tadadhimuttat±ti.
Buddhaguºe anussarantass±pi hi y±va upac±r± sakalasar²ra½ pharam±no p²tisambojjhaªgo uppajjati, dhammasaªghaguºe anussarantass±pi, d²gharatta½ akhaº¹a½ katv± rakkhita½ catup±risuddhis²la½ paccavekkhantass±pi, gihino dasas²lapañcas²l±ni paccavekkhantass±pi, dubbhikkhabhay±d²su paº²ta½ bhojana½ sabrahmac±r²na½ datv± “eva½ n±ma adamh±”ti c±ga½ paccavekkhantass±pi, gihinopi evar³pe k±le s²lavant±na½ dinnad±na½ paccavekkhantass±pi, yehi guºehi samann±gat± devatta½ patt±, tath±r³p±na½ attani atthita½ paccavekkhantass±pi, sam±pattiy± vikkhambhit± kiles± saµµhipi sattatipi vass±ni na samud±carant²ti paccavekkhantass±pi, cetiyadassanabodhidassanatheradassanesu asakkaccakiriy±ya sa½s³cital³khabh±ve buddh±d²su pas±dasineh±bh±vena gadrabhapiµµharajasadise l³khapuggale parivajjentass±pi, buddh±d²su pas±dabahule muducitte siniddhapuggale sevantass±pi, ratanattayaguºaparid²pake pas±dan²ye suttante paccavekkhantass±pi, µh±nanisajj±d²su p²ti-upp±danattha½ ninnapoºapabbh±racittass±pi uppajjati. Eva½ uppannassa panassa arahattamaggena bh±van±p±rip³r² hoti.
Satta dhamm± passaddhisambojjhaªgassa upp±d±ya sa½vattanti– paº²tabhojanasevanat±, utusukhasevanat±, iriy±pathasukhasevanat±, majjhattapayogat±, s±raddhak±yapuggalaparivajjanat±, passaddhak±ya-puggalasevanat±, tadadhimuttat±ti.
Paº²tañhi siniddha½ bhojana½ bhuñjantass±pi, s²tuºhesu ut³su µh±n±d²su ca iriy±pathesu sapp±ya½ utuñca iriy±pathañca sevantass±pi passaddhi uppajjati. Yo pana mah±purisaj±tiko sabba-utu-iriy±pathakkhamova hoti, na ta½ sandh±yeta½ vutta½. Yassa sabh±gavisabh±gat± atthi, tasseva visabh±ge utu-iriy±pathe vajjetv± sabh±ge sevantassa uppajjati. Majjhattapayogo vuccati attano ca parassa ca kammassakatapaccavekkhaº±. Imin± majjhattapayogena uppajjati. Yo le¹¹udaº¹±d²hi para½ viheµhayam±nova vicarati, evar³pa½ s±raddhak±yapuggala½ parivajjentass±pi, sa½yatap±dap±ºi½ passaddhak±ya½ puggala½ sevantass±pi, µh±nanisajj±d²su passaddhi-upp±danatth±ya ninnapoºapabbh±racittass±pi uppajjati. Eva½ uppannassa panassa arahattamaggena bh±van±p±rip³r² hoti.
Dasa dhamm± sam±dhisambojjhaªgassa upp±d±ya sa½vattanti– vatthuvisadakiriyat±, indriyasamattapaµip±danat±, nimittakusalat±, samaye cittassa paggaºhanat±, samaye cittassa niggaºhanat±, samaye sampaha½sanat±, samaye ajjhupekkhanat±, asam±hitapuggalaparivajjanat±, sam±hitapuggalasevanat±, tadadhimuttat±ti. Tattha vatthuvisadakiriyat± ca indriyasamattapaµip±danat± ca vuttanayeneva veditabb±.
Nimittakusalat± n±ma kasiºanimittassa uggahaºakusalat±. Samaye cittassa paggaºhanat±ti yasmi½ samaye atisithilav²riyat±d²hi l²na½ citta½ hoti, tasmi½ samaye dhammavicayav²riyap²tisambojjhaªgasamuµµh±panena tassa paggaºhana½. Samaye cittassa niggaºhanat±ti yasmi½ samaye acc±raddhav²riyat±d²hi uddhata½ citta½ hoti, tasmi½ samaye passaddhisam±dhi-upekkh±sambojjhaªgasamuµµh±panena tassa niggaºhana½. Samaye sampaha½sanat±ti yasmi½ samaye citta½ paññ±payogamandat±ya v± upasamasukh±na½ vigamena v± nirass±da½ hoti, tasmi½ samaye aµµhasa½vegavatthupaccavekkhaºena sa½vejeti. Aµµha sa½vegavatth³ni n±ma j±tijar±by±dhimaraº±ni catt±ri, ap±yadukkha½ pañcama½, at²te vaµµam³laka½ dukkha½, an±gate vaµµam³laka½ dukkha½, paccuppanne ±h±rapariyeµµhim³laka½ dukkhanti. Ratanattayaguº±nussaraºena ca pas±da½ janeti, aya½ vuccati “samaye sampaha½sanat±”ti.
Samaye ajjhupekkhanat± n±ma yasmi½ samaye samm±paµipatti½ ±gamma al²na½ anuddhata½ anirass±da½ ±rammaºe samappavatta½ samathav²thipaµipanna½ citta½ hoti, tad±ssa paggahaniggahasampaha½sanesu na by±p±ra½ ±pajjati s±rathi viya samappavattesu assesu. Aya½ vuccati “samaye ajjhupekkhanat±”ti. Asam±hitapuggalaparivajjanat± n±ma upac±ra½ v± appana½ v± appatt±na½ vikkhittacitt±na½ puggal±na½ ±rak± parivajjana½. Sam±hitapuggalasevanat± n±ma upac±rena v± appan±ya v± sam±hitacitt±na½ sevan± bhajan± payirup±san±. Tadadhimuttat± n±ma µh±nanisajj±d²su sam±dhi-upp±danatthameva ninnapoºapabbh±racittat±. Evañhi paµipajjato esa uppajjati. Eva½ uppannassa panassa arahattamaggena bh±van±p±rip³r² hoti.
Pañca dhamm± upekkh±sambojjhaªgassa upp±d±ya sa½vattanti– sattamajjhattat±, saªkh±ramajjhattat±, sattasaªkh±rakel±yanapuggalaparivajjanat±, sattasaªkh±ramajjhattapuggalasevanat±, tadadhimuttat±ti. Tattha dv²h±k±rehi sattamajjhattata½ samuµµh±peti– “tva½ attanova kammena ±gantv± attanova kammena gamissasi, esopi attano kammena ±gantv± attanova kammena gamissati, tva½ ka½ kel±yas²”ti eva½ kammassakatapaccavekkhaºena ca– “paramatthato sattoyeva natthi, so tva½ ka½ kel±yas²”ti eva½ nissattapaccavekkhaºena ca. Dv²hev±k±rehi saªkh±ramajjhattata½ samuµµh±peti– “ida½ c²vara½ anupubbena vaººavik±ratañceva jiººabh±vañca upagantv± p±dapuñchanaco¼aka½ hutv± yaµµhikoµiy± cha¹¹an²ya½ bhavissati, sace panassa s±miko bhaveyya n±ya½ eva½ vinassitu½ dadeyy±”ti eva½ ass±mikabh±vapaccavekkhaºena ca, “anaddhaniya½ ida½ t±vak±likan”ti eva½ t±vak±likabh±vapaccavekkhaºena ca. Yath± ca c²vare, eva½ patt±d²supi yojan± k±tabb±.
Sattasaªkh±rakel±yanapuggalaparivajjanat±ti ettha yo puggalo gihi v± attano puttadh²t±dike, pabbajito v± attano antev±sikasam±nupajjh±yak±dike mam±yati, sahatth±va nesa½ kesacchedana-s³cikamma-c²varadhovana-rajana-pattapacan±d²ni karoti, muhuttampi apassanto “asuko s±maºero kuhi½, asuko daharo kuhin”ti bhantamigo viya ito cito ca ±loketi, aññena kesacchedan±d²na½ atth±ya “muhutta½ t±va asuka½ peseth±”ti y±ciyam±nopi “amhepi ta½ attano kamma½ na k±rema, tumhe na½ gahetv± kilamessath±”ti na deti, aya½ sattakel±yano n±ma. Yo pana c²varapattath±lakakattarayaµµhi-±d²ni mam±yati, aññassa hatthena par±masitumpi na deti, t±vak±lika½ y±citopi “mayampi ima½ dhan±yant± na paribhuñj±ma, tumh±ka½ ki½ dass±m±”ti vadati, aya½ saªkh±rakel±yano n±ma. Yo pana tesu dv²supi vatth³su majjhatto ud±sino, aya½ sattasaªkh±ramajjhatto n±ma. Iti aya½ upekkh±sambojjhaªgo evar³pa½ sattasaªkh±rakel±yanapuggala½ ±rak± parivajjentass±pi, sattasaªkh±ramajjhattapuggala½ sevantass±pi, µh±nanisajj±d²su tadupp±danattha½ ninnapoºapabbh±racittass±pi uppajjati. Eva½ uppannassa panassa arahattamaggena bh±van±p±rip³r² hoti.
Asubhanimittanti uddhum±tak±dibhed± dasa asubh±rammaº± dhamm±. Yonisomanasik±rabahul²k±roti ettha pana yonisomanasik±ro n±ma up±yamanasik±ro, pathamanasik±ro, upp±dakamanasik±ro. Apica cha dhamm± k±macchandassa pah±n±ya sa½vattanti– asubhanimittassa uggaho, asubhabh±van±nuyogo, indriyesu guttadv±rat±, bhojane mattaññut±, kaly±ºamittat±, sapp±yakath±ti.
Dasavidhañhi asubhanimitta½ uggaºhantass±pi k±macchando pah²yati, bh±ventass±pi, indriyesu guttadv±rass±pi, catunna½ pañcanna½ ±lop±na½ ok±se sati udaka½ pivitv± y±panas²lat±ya bhojane mattaññunopi. Teneta½ vutta½–
“Catt±ro pañca ±lope, abhutv± udaka½ pive;
ala½ ph±suvih±r±ya, pahitattassa bhikkhuno”ti. (Therag±. 983).
Asubhakammikatissattherasadise asubhabh±van±rate kaly±ºamitte sevantass±pi k±macchando pah²yati, µh±nanisajj±d²su dasa-asubhanimitt±ya-sapp±yakath±yapi pah²yati. Tena vutta½ “cha dhamm± k±macchandassa pah±n±ya sa½vattant²”ti Imehi pana chahi dhammehi pah²nassa k±macchandassa arahattamaggena ±yati½ anupp±do hoti.
Mett± cetovimutt²ti ettha mett±ti vutte appan±pi upac±ropi vaµµati, cetovimutt²ti appan±yeva. Yonisomanasik±ro vuttalakkhaºova. Apica cha dhamm± by±p±dassa pah±n±ya sa½vattanti– mett±nimittassa uggaho, mett±bh±van±nuyogo, kammassakat±paccavekkhaºat±, paµisaªkh±nabahulat±, kaly±ºamittat±, sapp±yakath±ti.
Odissaka-anodissakadis±pharaº±nañhi aññataravasena metta½ uggaºhantass±pi by±p±do pah²yati, tath± odhiso-anodhisodis±pharaºavasena metta½ bh±ventass±pi. “Tva½ etassa kuddho ki½ karissasi? Kimassa s²l±d²ni n±setu½ sakkhissasi? Nanu tva½ attano kammena ±gantv± attano kammeneva gamissasi? Parassa kujjhana½ n±ma v²taccikaªg±ratatta-ayasal±kag³th±d²ni gahetv± para½ paharituk±mat±sadisa½ hoti. Esopi tava kuddho ki½ karissati? Ki½ te s²l±d²ni vin±setu½ sakkhissati? Esa attano kammena ±gantv± attano kammeneva gamissati? Appaµicchitapaheºaka½ viya paµiv±ta½ khittarajomuµµhi viya ca etassevesa kodho matthake patissat²”ti eva½ attano ca parassa ca kammassakata½ paccavekkhatopi, ubhayakammassakata½ paccavekkhitv± paµisaªkh±ne µhitass±pi, assaguttattherasadise mett±bh±van±rate kaly±ºamitte sevantass±pi by±p±do pah²yati, µh±nanisajj±d²su mett±nissitasapp±yakath±yapi pah²yati. Tena vutta½ “cha dhamm± by±p±dassa pah±n±ya sa½vattant²”ti Imehi pana chahi dhammehi pah²nassa by±p±dassa an±g±mimaggena ±yati½ anupp±do hoti.
Atthi bhikkhave arat²ti-±di vuttatthameva. Api ca cha dhamm± thinamiddhassa pah±n±ya sa½vattanti atibhojane nimittagg±ho, iriy±pathasamparivattanat±, ±lokasaññ±manasik±ro, abbhok±sav±so, kaly±ºamittat±, sapp±yakath±ti.
¾harahatthaka½, bhuttavamitaka½, tatravaµµaka½, ala½s±µaka½, k±kam±sakabhojana½ bhuñjitv± rattiµµh±nadiv±µµh±ne nisinnassa hi samaºadhamma½ karoto thinamiddha½ mah±hatth² viya ottharanta½ ±gacchati, catupañca-±lopa-ok±sa½ pana µhapetv± p±n²ya½ pivitv± y±panas²lassa bhikkhuno ta½ na hot²ti eva½ atibhojane nimitta½ gaºhantassapi thinamiddha½ pah²yati. Yasmi½ iriy±pathe thinamiddha½ okkamati, tato añña½ parivattentass±pi, ratti½ cand±lokad²p±loka-ukk±loke div± s³riy±loka½ manasikarontass±pi, abbhok±se vasantass±pi, mah±kassapattherasadise pah²nathinamiddhe kaly±ºamitte sevantass±pi thinamiddha½ pah²yati, µh±nanisajj±d²su dhutaªganissitasapp±yakath±yapi pah²yati. Tena vutta½ “cha dhamm± thinamiddhassa pah±n±ya sa½vattant²”ti. Imehi pana chahi dhammehi pah²nassa thinamiddhassa arahattamaggena ±yati½ anupp±do hoti.
Atthi bhikkhave cetaso v³pasamoti-±d²ni vuttatth±neva. Apica cha dhamm± uddhaccakukkuccassa pah±n±ya sa½vattanti– bahussutat±, paripucchakat±, vinaye pakataññut±, vuddhasevitat±, kaly±ºamittat±, sapp±yakath±ti.
B±husaccenapi hi eka½ v± dve v± tayo v± catt±ro v± pañca v± nik±ye p±¼ivasena ca atthavasena ca uggaºhantass±pi uddhaccakukkucca½ pah²yati, kappiy±kappiyaparipucch±bahulass±pi, vinayapaññattiya½ ciººavas²bh±vat±ya pakataññunopi, vuddhe mahallakatthere upasaªkamantass±pi, up±littherasadise vinayadhare kaly±ºamitte sevantass±pi, uddhaccakukkucca½ pah²yati, µh±nanisajj±d²su kappiy±kappiyanissitasapp±yakath±yapi pah²yati. Tena vutta½ “cha dhamm± uddhaccakukkuccassa pah±n±ya sa½vattant²”ti. Imehi pana chahi dhammehi pah²ne uddhaccakukkucce uddhaccassa arahattamaggena, kukkuccassa an±g±mimaggena ±yati½ anupp±do hot²ti.
Kusal±kusal± dhamm±ti-±d²nipi vuttatth±neva. Apica cha dhamm± vicikicch±ya pah±n±ya sa½vattanti bahussutat±, paripucchakat±, vinaye pakataññut±, adhimokkhabahulat±, kaly±ºamittat±, sapp±yakath±ti.
B±husaccenapi hi eka½ v±…pe… pañca v± nik±ye p±¼ivasena ca atthavasena ca uggaºhantass±pi vicikicch± pah²yati, t²ºi ratan±ni ±rabbha paripucch±bahulass±pi vinaye ciººavas²bh±vass±pi, t²su ratanesu okappaniyasaddh±saªkh±ta-adhimokkhabahulass±pi, saddh±dhimutte vakkalittherasadise kaly±ºamitte sevantass±pi vicikicch± pah²yati, µh±nanisajj±d²su tiººa½ ratan±na½ guºanissitasapp±yakath±yapi pah²yati. Tena vutta½ “cha dhamm± vicikicch±ya pah±n±ya sa½vattant²”ti. Imehi pana chahi dhammehi pah²n±ya vicikicch±ya sot±pattimaggena ±yati½ anupp±do hoti. Iti bhagav± imasmi½ sutte desana½ t²hi bhavehi nivattetv± arahattena k³µa½ gaºhi. Desan±pariyos±ne pañcasat± bhikkh³ arahatta½ p±puºi½su.