4-10. Duppaññasutt±divaººan±

225-231. Catutthe e¼am³goti mukhena v±ca½ nicch±retu½ sakkontopi dosehi m³go asampannavacano. Sesa½ sabbattha utt±natthamev±ti.

Cakkavattivaggo.

6. S±kacchavaggo

1. ¾h±rasuttavaººan±

232. Chaµµhavaggassa paµhame ayam±h±ro anuppannassa v± satisambojjhaªgassa upp±d±y±ti-±d²su aya½ purimanayato viseso. Na kevalañhi satisambojjhaªg±d²na½ ete vuttappak±r±va upp±d±ya, uppann±na½ v± bh±van±ya p±rip³riy± paccay± honti, aññepi pana eva½ veditabb±. Aparepi hi catt±ro dhamm± satisambojjhaªgassa upp±d±ya sa½vattanti satisampajañña½ muµµhassatipuggalaparivajjanat± upaµµhitassatipuggalasevanat± tadadhimuttat±ti. Abhikkant±d²su hi sattasu µh±nesu satisampajaññena, bhattanikkhittak±kasadise muµµhassatipuggale parivajjanena, tissadattatthera-abhayatther±disadise upaµµhitassatipuggale sevanena, µh±nanisajj±d²su satisamuµµh±panattha½ ninnapoºapabbh±racittat±ya ca satisambojjhaªgo uppajjati. Eva½ cat³hi k±raºehi uppannassa panassa arahattamaggena bh±van±p±rip³r² hoti.
Satta dhamm± dhammavicayasambojjhaªgassa upp±d±ya sa½vattanti– paripucchakat± vatthuvisadakiriy± indriyasamattapaµip±dan± duppaññapuggalaparivajjan± paññavantapuggalasevan± gambh²rañ±ºacariyapaccavekkhaº± tadadhimuttat±ti. Tattha paripucchakat±ti khandhadh±tu-±yatana-indriyabalabojjhaªgamaggaªgajh±naªgasamathavipassan±na½ atthasannissitaparipucch±bahulat±.
Vatthuvisadakiriy±ti ajjhattikab±hir±na½ vatth³na½ visadabh±vakaraºa½. Yad± hissa kesanakhalom±ni d²gh±ni honti, sar²ra½ v± ussannadosañceva sedamalamakkhitañca, tad± ajjhattikavatthu avisada½ hoti aparisuddha½. Yad± pana c²vara½ jiººa½ kiliµµha½ duggandha½ hoti, sen±sana½ v± ukl±pa½, tad± b±hiravatthu avisada½ hoti aparisuddha½. Tasm± kes±dichedanena uddha½virecana-adhovirecan±d²hi sar²rasallahukabh±vakaraºena ucch±dananah±panena ca ajjhattikavatthu visada½ k±tabba½. S³cikammadhovanarajanaparibhaº¹akaraº±d²hi b±hiravatthu visada½ k±tabba½. Etasmiñhi ajjhattikab±hire vatthumhi avisade uppannesu cittacetasikesu ñ±ºampi avisada½ aparisuddha½ hoti aparisuddh±ni d²pakapallakavaµµitel±ni niss±ya uppannad²pasikh±ya obh±so viya. Visade pana ajjhattikab±hire vatthumhi uppannesu cittacetasikesu ñ±ºampi visada½ hoti parisuddh±ni d²pakapallakavaµµitel±ni niss±ya uppannad²pasikh±ya obh±so viya. Tena vutta½– “vatthuvisadakiriy± dhammavicayasambojjhaªgassa upp±d±ya sa½vattat²”ti.
Indriyasamattapaµip±dan± n±ma saddh±d²na½ indriy±na½ samabh±vakaraºa½. Sace hissa saddhindriya½ balava½ hoti, itar±ni mand±ni, tato v²riyindriya½ paggahakicca½, satindriya½ upaµµh±nakicca½, sam±dhindriya½ avikkhepakicca½, paññindriya½ dassanakicca½ k±tu½ na sakkoti Tasm± ta½ dhammasabh±vapaccavekkhaºena v±, yath± v± manasikaroto balava½ j±ta½, tath± amanasikaraºena h±petabba½. Vakkalittheravatthu cettha nidassana½. Sace pana v²riyindriya½ balava½ hoti, atha neva saddhindriya½ adhimokkhakicca½ k±tu½ sakkoti, na itar±ni itarakiccabheda½. Tasm± ta½ passaddh±dibh±van±ya h±petabba½. Tatth±pi soºattherassa vatthu dassetabba½. Eva½ sesesupi ekassa balavabh±ve sati itaresa½ attano kiccesu asamatthat± veditabb±.
Visesato panettha saddh±paññ±na½ sam±dhiv²riy±nañca samata½ pasa½santi. Balavasaddho hi mandapañño mudhappasanno hoti, avatthusmi½ pas²dati. Balavapañño pana mandasaddho ker±µikapakkha½ bhajati, bhesajjasamuµµhito viya rogo atekiccho hoti. Cittupp±damatteneva kusala½ hot²ti atidh±vitv± d±n±d²ni akaronto niraye uppajjati. Ubhinna½ samat±ya vatthusmi½yeva pas²dati. Balavasam±dhi½ pana mandav²riya½ sam±dhissa kosajjapakkhatt± kosajja½ abhibhavati. Balavav²riya½ mandasam±dhi½ v²riyassa uddhaccapakkhatt± uddhacca½ abhibhavati. Sam±dhi pana v²riyena sa½yojito kosajje patitu½ na labhati, v²riya½ sam±dhin± sa½yojita½ uddhacce patitu½ na labhati. Tasm± tadubhaya½ sama½ k±tabba½. Ubhayasamat±ya hi appan± hoti.
Api ca sam±dhikammikassa balavat²pi saddh± vaµµati. Eva½ saddahanto okappento appana½ p±puºissati. Sam±dhipaññ±su pana sam±dhikammikassa ekaggat± balavat² vaµµati. Evañhi so appana½ p±puº±ti. Vipassan±kammikassa paññ± balavat² vaµµati. Evañhi so lakkhaºapaµivedha½ p±puº±ti. Ubhinna½ pana samat±yapi appan± hotiyeva. Sati pana sabbattha balavat² vaµµati. Sati hi citta½ uddhaccapakkhik±na½ saddh±v²riyapaññ±na½ vasena uddhaccap±tato kosajjapakkhikena ca sam±dhin± kosajjap±tato rakkhati. Tasm± s± loºadh³pana½ viya sabbabyañjanesu, sabbakammika-amacco viya ca sabbar±jakiccesu sabbattha icchitabb±. Ten±ha “sati ca pana sabbatthik± vutt± bhagavat±. Ki½ k±raº±? Cittañhi satipaµisaraºa½, ±rakkhapaccupaµµh±n± ca sati, na vin± satiy± cittassa paggahaniggaho hot²”ti.
Duppaññapuggalaparivajjan± n±ma khandh±dibhede anog±¼hapaññ±na½ dummedhapuggal±na½ ±rak± parivajjana½. Paññavantapuggalasevan± n±ma samapaññ±salakkhaºaparigg±hik±ya udayabbayapaññ±ya samann±gatapuggalasevan±. Gambh²rañ±ºacariyapaccavekkhaº± n±ma gambh²resu khandh±d²su pavatt±ya gambh²rapaññ±ya pabhedapaccavekkhaº±. Tadadhimuttat± n±ma µh±nanisajj±d²su dhammavicayasambojjhaªgasamuµµh±panattha½ ninnapoºapabbh±racittat±. Eva½ uppannassa panassa arahattamaggena bh±van±p±rip³r² hoti.
Ek±dasa dhamm± v²riyasambojjhaªgassa upp±d±ya sa½vattanti– ap±yabhayapaccavekkhaºat±, ±nisa½sadass±vit±, gamanav²thipaccavekkhaºat±, piº¹ap±t±pac±yanat±, d±yajjamahattapaccavekkhaºat±, satthumahattapaccavekkhaºat±, j±timahattapaccavekkhaºat±, sabrahmac±rimahattapaccavekkhaºat±, kus²tapuggalaparivajjanat±, ±raddhav²riyapuggalasevanat±, tadadhimuttat±ti.
Tattha “nirayesu pañcavidhabandhanakammak±raºato paµµh±ya mah±dukkha½ anubhavanak±lepi, tiracch±nayoniya½ j±lakhipanakum²n±d²hi gahitak±lepi, p±janakaºµak±dippah±ratunnassa pana sakaµavahan±dik±lepi, pettivisaye anek±nipi vassasahass±ni eka½ buddhantarampi khuppip±s±hi ±tur²bh³tak±lepi, k±lakañcika-asuresu saµµhihattha-as²tihatthappam±ºena aµµhicammamatteneva attabh±vena v±t±tap±didukkh±nubhavanak±lepi na sakk± v²riyasambojjhaªga½ upp±detu½. Ayameva te bhikkhu k±lo”ti eva½ ap±yabhaya½ paccavekkhantass±pi v²riyasambojjhaªgo uppajjati.
“Na sakk± kus²tena navalokuttaradhamma½ laddhu½, ±raddhav²riyeneva sakk± ayam±nisa½so v²riyass±”ti eva½ ±nisa½sadass±vinopi uppajjati. “Sabbabuddha-paccekabuddha-mah±s±vakeheva gatamaggo te gantabbo. So ca na sakk± kus²tena gantun”ti eva½ gamanav²thi½ paccavekkhantass±pi uppajjati.
“Ye ta½ piº¹ap±t±d²hi upaµµhahanti, ime te manuss± neva ñ±tak±, na d±sakammakar±, n±pi ‘ta½ niss±ya j²viss±m±’ti te paº²t±ni piº¹ap±t±d²ni denti. Atha kho attano k±r±na½ mahapphalata½ pacc±s²sam±n± denti. Satth±r±pi “aya½ ime paccaye paribhuñjitv± k±yada¼hibahulo sukha½ viharissat²”ti na eva½ sampassat± tuyha½ paccay± anuññ±t±, atha kho “aya½ ime paribhuñjam±nova samaºadhamma½ katv± vaµµadukkhato muccissat²’ti te paccay± anuññ±t±, so d±ni tva½ kus²to viharanto na ta½ piº¹a½ apac±yissasi, ±raddhav²riyasseva hi piº¹ap±t±pac±yana½ n±ma hot²”ti eva½ piº¹ap±t±pac±yana½ paccavekkhantass±pi uppajjati mah±mittattherassa viya.
Thero kira kassakaleºe n±ma paµivasati. Tasseva gocarag±me ek± mah±-up±sik± thera½ putta½ katv± paµijaggati. S± ekadivasa½ arañña½ gacchant² dh²tara½ ±ha– “amma, asukasmi½ µh±ne pur±ºataº¹ul±, asukasmi½ kh²ra½, asukasmi½ sappi, asukasmi½ ph±ºita½, tava bh±tikassa ayyamittassa ±gatak±le bhatta½ pacitv± kh²rasappiph±ºitehi saddhi½ dehi, tvañca bhuñjeyy±si, aha½ pana hiyyo pakka½ p±riv±sikabhatta½ kañjiyena bhutt±mh²”ti. “Div± ki½ bhuñjissasi, amm±”ti? “S±kapaººa½ pakkhipitv± kaºataº¹ulehi ambilay±gu½ pacitv± µhapehi, amm±”ti.
Thero c²vara½ p±rupitv± patta½ n²harantova ta½ sadda½ sutv± att±na½ ovadi “mah±-up±sik± kira kañjiyena p±riv±sikabhatta½ bhuñjitv± div±pi kaºapaººambilay±gu½ bhuñjissati, tuyha½ atth±ya pana pur±ºataº¹ul±d²ni ±cikkhati, ta½ niss±ya kho panes± neva khetta½ na vatthu½ na bhatta½ na vattha½ pacc±s²sati, tisso pana sampattiyo patthayam±n± deti, tva½ etiss± t± sampattiyo d±tu½ sakkhissasi na sakkhissas²ti, aya½ kho pana piº¹ap±to tay± sar±gena sadosena samohena na sakk± gaºhitun”ti patta½ thavik±ya pakkhipitv± gaºµhika½ muñcitv± nivattitv± kassakaleºameva gantv± patta½ heµµh±mañce, c²vara½ c²varava½se µhapetv± “arahatta½ ap±puºitv± na nikkhamiss±m²”ti v²riya½ adhiµµhahitv± nis²di D²gharatta½ appamatto hutv± nivutthabhikkhu vipassana½ va¹¹hetv± purebhattameva arahatta½ patv± vikasam±namiva paduma½ mah±kh²º±savo sita½ karontova nikkhami. Leºadv±re rukkhamhi adhivatth± devat±–
“Namo te puris±jañña, namo te purisuttama;
yassa te ±sav± kh²º±, dakkhiºeyyosi m±ris±”ti.–

Ud±na½ ud±netv± “bhante, piº¹±ya paviµµh±na½ tumh±dis±na½ arahant±na½ bhikkha½ datv± mahallakitthiyo dukkh± muccissant²”ti ±ha. Thero uµµhahitv± dv±ra½ vivaritv± k±la½ olokento “p±toyev±”ti ñatv± pattac²vara½ ±d±ya g±ma½ p±visi.

D±rik±pi bhatta½ samp±detv± “id±ni me bh±t± ±gamissati, id±ni ±gamissat²”ti dv±ra½ olokayam±n± nis²di. S± there gharadv±ra½ sampatte patta½ gahetv± sappiph±ºitayojitassa kh²rapiº¹ap±tassa p³retv± hatthe µhapesi. Thero “sukha½ hot³”ti anumodana½ katv± pakk±mi. S±pi ta½ olokayam±n±va aµµh±si. Therassa hi tad± ativiya parisuddho chavivaººo ahosi, vippasann±ni indriy±ni, mukha½ bandhan± muttat±lapakka½ viya ativiya virocittha.
Mah±-up±sik± araññato ±gantv± “ki½, amma, bh±tiko te ±gato”ti pucchi. S± sabba½ ta½ pavatti½ ±rocesi. Up±sik± “ajja me puttassa pabbajitakicca½ matthaka½ pattan”ti ñatv± “abhiramati te, amma, bh±t± buddhas±sane, na ukkaºµhat²”ti ±ha.
“Mahanta½ kho paneta½ satthud±yajja½, yadida½ satta ariyadhan±ni n±ma, ta½ na sakk± kus²tena gahetu½. Yath± hi vippaµipanna½ putta½ m±t±pitaro ‘aya½ amh±ka½ aputto’ti parib±hira½ karonti, so tesa½ accayena d±yajja½ na labhati, eva½ kus²topi ida½ ariyadhanad±yajja½ na labhati ±raddhav²riyova labhat²”ti d±yajjamahatta½ paccavekkhatopi uppajjati.