5. Cakkavattivaggo

1. Vidh±suttavaººan±

222. Pañcamavaggassa paµhame tisso vidh±ti tayo m±nakoµµh±s±, m±noyeva v±. Tath± tath± vidahanato hi m±nova vidh±ti vuccati.

2. Cakkavattisuttavaººan±

223. Dutiye rañño, bhikkhave, cakkavattiss±ti ettha attano sirisampattiy± r±jati, cat³hi v± saªgahavatth³hi loka½ rañjet²ti r±j±, tassa rañño. “Pavattatu bhava½ cakkaratanan”ti puññ±nubh±vena abbhuggat±ya v±c±ya codento cakka½ vattet²ti cakkavatt², tassa cakkavattissa. P±tubh±v±ti p±tubh±vena. Sattannanti gaºanaparicchedo. Ratan±nanti paricchinna-atthadassana½. Vacanattho panettha ratijananaµµhena ratana½. Apica–
“Citt²kata½ mahagghañca, atula½ dullabhadassana½;
anomasattaparibhoga½, ratana½ tena vuccat²”ti.
Cakkaratanassa ca nibbattak±lato paµµh±ya añña½ devaµµh±na½ n±ma na hoti, sabbeva gandhapupph±d²hi tasseva p³jañca abhiv±dan±d²ni ca karont²ti citt²kataµµhena ratana½. Cakkaratanassa ca “ettaka½ n±ma dhana½ agghat²”ti aggho natthi, iti mahagghaµµhen±pi ratana½. Cakkaratanañca aññehi loke vijjam±naratanehi asadisanti atulaµµhena ratana½. Yasm± pana yasmi½ kappe buddh± uppajjanti tasmi½yeva cakkavattino, buddh± ca kad±ci karahaci uppajjanti, tasm± dullabhadassanaµµhena ratana½. Tadeta½ j±tir³pakula-issariy±d²hi anomassa u¼±rasattasseva uppajjati, na aññass±ti anomasattaparibhogaµµhen±pi ratana½. Yath± ca cakkaratana½, eva½ ses±nip²ti. Tena vutta½–
“Citt²kata½ mahagghañca, atula½ dullabhadassana½;
anomasattaparibhoga½, ratana½ tena vuccat²”ti.
P±tubh±vo hot²ti nibbatti hoti. Tatr±ya½ yojan±– cakkavattissa p±tubh±v± sattanna½ ratan±na½ p±tubh±voti ayutta½. Uppannañhi cakka½ vattetv± so cakkavatt² n±ma hot²ti n±yutta½. Kasm±? Cakkavattananiyam±pekkhat±ya. Yo hi niyamena cakka½ vattessati, so paµisandhito pabhuti “cakkavatti p±tubh³to”ti vattabbata½ ±pajjati. Laddhan±massa ca purisassa m³luppattivacanatopi yuttameveta½. Yo hi esa cakkavatt²ti laddhan±mo sattaviseso, tassa paµisandhisaªkh±to p±tubh±voti ayamettha attho. Tassa hi p±tubh±v± ratan±ni p±tubhavanti. P±tubh³tehi pana tehi saddhi½ paripakke puññasambh±re so sa½yujjati, tad± lokassa tesu p±tubh±vacitta½ uppajjati. Bahulavacanato c±pi yuttameveta½. Yad± hi lokassa tesu p±tubh±vasaññ± uppajjati, tad± ekameva paµhama½, pacch± itar±ni cha p±tubhavant²ti bahulavacanato c±pi eta½ yutta½. P±tubh±vassa ca atthabhedatopi yuttameveta½. Na kevalañhi p±tubh³tameva p±tubh±vo, p±tubh±vayat²ti p±tubh±vo. Aya½ p±tubh±vassa atthabhedo. Yasm± yo so puññasambh±ro r±j±na½ cakkavatti½ paµisandhivasena p±tubh±vayati, tasm± rañño cakkavattissa p±tubh±v±. Na kevalañhi cakkavattiyeva, im±ni pana satta ratan±nipi p±tubhavant²ti ayamettha attho. Yatheva hi so puññasambh±ro rañño janakahetu, eva½ ratan±nampi pariy±yena upanissayahet³ti yuttameveta½ “rañño, bhikkhave, cakkavattissa p±tubh±v± sattanna½ ratan±na½ p±tubh±vo hot²”ti.
Id±ni tesa½ ratan±na½ sar³pavasena dassanattha½ katamesa½ sattanna½ cakkaratanass±ti-±dim±ha. Tattha cakkaratanass±ti-±d²su aya½ saªkhep±dhipp±yo– dvisahassad²papariv±r±na½ catunna½ mah±d²p±na½ sirivibhava½ gahetv± d±tu½ samatthassa cakkaratanassa p±tubh±vo hoti, tath± purebhattameva s±garapariyanta½ pathavi½ anupariy±yanasamatthassa veh±saªgamassa hatthiratanassa, t±disasseva assaratanassa, caturaªgasamann±gatepi andhak±re yojanappam±ºa½ andhak±ra½ vidhamitv± ±lokadassanasamatthassa maºiratanassa, chabbidha½ dosa½ vivajjetv± man±pac±rino itthiratanassa, yojanappam±ºe padese antopathavigat±na½ nidh²na½ dassanasamatthassa gahapatiratanassa, aggamahesiy± kucchimhi nibbattitv± sakalarajj±nus±sanasamatthassa jeµµhaputtasaªkh±tassa pariº±yakaratanassa ca p±tubh±vo hot²ti Ayamettha saªkhepo. Vitth±rato pana tesa½ cakkaratan±d²na½ p±tubh±vavidh±na½ mah±sudassan±d²su suttesu ±gatameva. Atthopissa tesa½ vaººan±ya sa½vaººitoyeva.
Satisambojjhaªgaratanass±ti-±d²su sarikkhakat± eva½ veditabb±– yatheva hi cakkavattino cakkaratana½ sabbaratan±na½ purecara½, eva½ satisambojjhaªgaratana½ sabbesa½ catubh³makadhamm±na½ purecaranti, purecaraºaµµhena cakkavattirañño cakkaratanasadisa½ hoti. Cakkavattino ca ratanesu mah±k±y³papanna½ accuggata½ vipula½ mahanta½ hatthiratana½, idampi dhammavicayasambojjhaªgaratana½ mahanta½ dhammak±y³papanna½ accuggata½ vipula½ mahantanti hatthiratanasadisa½ hoti. Cakkavattino assaratana½ s²gha½ lahu java½, idampi v²riyasambojjhaªgaratana½ s²gha½ lahu javanti im±ya s²ghalahujavat±ya assaratanasadisa½ hoti. Cakkavattino maºiratana½ andhak±ra½ vidhamati, ±loka½ dasseti, idampi p²tisambojjhaªgaratana½ t±ya ekantakusalatt± kilesandhak±ra½ vidhamati, sahaj±tapaccay±divasena ñ±º±loka½ dasset²ti imin± andhak±ravidhamana-±lokadassanabh±vena maºiratanasadisa½ hoti.
Cakkavattino itthiratana½ k±yacittadaratha½ paµipassambheti, pari¼±ha½ v³pasameti. Idampi passaddhisambojjhaªgaratana½ k±yacittadaratha½ paµipassambheti, pari¼±ha½ v³pasamet²ti itthiratanasadisa½ hoti. Cakkavattino gahapatiratana½ icchiticchitakkhaºe dhanad±nena vikkhepa½ pacchinditv± citta½ ekagga½ karoti, idampi sam±dhisambojjhaªgaratana½ yathicchit±divasena appana½ samp±deti, vikkhepa½ pacchinditv± citta½ ekagga½ karot²ti gahapatiratanasadisa½ hoti. Cakkavattino ca pariº±yakaratana½ sabbatthakiccasamp±danena appossukkata½ karoti. Idampi upekkh±sambojjhaªgaratana½ cittupp±da½ l²nuddhaccato mocetv± payogamajjhatte µhapayam±na½ appossukkata½ karot²ti pariº±yakaratanasadisa½ hoti. Iti imasmi½ sutte catubh³mako sabbasaªg±hikadhammaparicchedo kathitoti veditabbo.