2. Dhammacakkappavattanavaggo

1. Dhammacakkappavattanasuttavaººan±

1081. Dutiyassa paµhame b±r±ºasiyanti eva½n±make nagare. Isipatane migad±yeti is²na½ patanuppatanavasena eva½laddhan±me mig±na½ abhayad±navasena dinnatt± migad±yasaªkh±te ±r±me. Ettha hi uppannuppann± sabbaññu-isayo patanti, dhammacakkappavattanattha½ nis²dant²ti attho. Nandam³lakapabbh±rato satt±haccayena nirodhasam±pattito vuµµhit± anotattadahe katamukhadhovan±dikicc± ±k±sena ±gantv± paccekabuddha-isayopettha otaraºavasena patanti, uposathatthañca anuposathatthañca sannipatanti, gandham±dana½ paµigacchant±pi tatova uppatant²ti imin± is²na½ patanuppatanavasena ta½ “isipatanan”ti vuccati.
¾mantes²ti d²paªkarap±dam³le kat±bhin²h±rato paµµh±ya p±ramiyo p³rento anupubbena pacchimabhave kat±bhinikkhamano anupubbena bodhimaº¹a½ patv± tattha apar±jitapallaªke nisinno m±rabala½ bhinditv± paµhamay±me pubbeniv±sa½ anussaritv± majjhimay±me dibbacakkhu½ visodhetv± pacchimay±m±vas±ne dasasahassilokadh±tu½ unn±dento sabbaññuta½ patv± satta satt±h±ni bodhimaº¹e v²tin±metv± mah±brahmun± ±y±citadhammadesano buddhacakkhun± loka½ voloketv± lok±nuggahena b±r±ºasi½ gantv± pañcavaggiye saññ±petv± dhammacakka½ pavattetuk±mo ±mantesi.
Dveme, bhikkhave, ant±ti dve ime, bhikkhave, koµµh±s±. Imassa pana padassa saha samud±h±rena samud±h±ranigghoso heµµh± av²ci½ upari bhavagga½ patv± dasasahassilokadh±tu½ pattharitv± aµµh±si. Tasmi½yeva samaye aµµh±rasakoµisaªkh± brahm±no sam±gacchi½su, pacchimadis±ya s³riyo atthameti, p±c²nadis±ya ±s±¼hanakkhattena yutto puººacando uggacchati. Tasmi½ samaye bhagav± ima½ dhammacakkappavattanasutta½ ±rabhanto “dveme, bhikkhave, ant±”ti-±dim±ha.
Tattha pabbajiten±ti gihisa½yojana½ chinditv± pabbajjupagatena. Na sevitabb±ti na va¼añjetabb± Yo c±ya½ k±mesu k±masukhallik±nuyogoti yo ca aya½ vatthuk±mesu kilesak±masukhassa anuyogo. H²noti l±mako. Gammoti g±mav±s²na½ santako. Pothujjanikoti andhab±lajanena ±ciººo. Anariyoti na ariyo na visuddho na uttamo na v± ariy±na½ santako. Anatthasa½hitoti na atthasa½hito, hitasukh±vahak±raºa½ anissitoti attho. Attakilamath±nuyogoti attano kilamathassa anuyogo, attano dukkhakaraºanti attho. Dukkhoti kaºµak±passayaseyy±d²hi attam±raºehi dukkh±vaho.
Paññ±cakkhu½ karot²ti cakkhukaraº². Dutiyapada½ tasseva vevacana½. Upasam±y±ti kiles³pasamatth±ya. Abhiññ±y±ti catunna½ sacc±na½ abhij±nanatth±ya. Sambodh±y±ti tesa½yeva sambujjhanatth±ya. Nibb±n±y±ti nibb±nasacchikiriy±ya. Sesamettha ya½ vattabba½ siy±, ta½ heµµh± tattha tattha vuttameva. Saccakath±pi sabb±k±reneva visuddhimagge (visuddhi. 2.529) vitth±rit±.
Tiparivaµµanti saccañ±ºakiccañ±ºakatañ±ºasaªkh±t±na½ tiººa½ parivaµµ±na½ vasena tiparivaµµa½. Ettha hi “ida½ dukkha½ ariyasacca½, ida½ dukkhasamudayan”ti eva½ cat³su saccesu yath±bh³ta½ ñ±ºa½ saccañ±ºa½ n±ma. Tesuyeva “pariññeyya½ pah±tabban”ti eva½ kattabbakiccaj±nanañ±ºa½ kiccañ±ºa½ n±ma. “Pariññ±ta½ pah²nan”ti eva½ tassa tassa kiccassa katabh±vaj±nanañ±ºa½ katañ±ºa½ n±ma. Dv±das±k±ranti tesa½yeva ekekasmi½ sacce tiººa½ tiººa½ ±k±r±na½ vasena dv±das±k±ra½. ѱºadassananti etesa½ tiparivaµµ±na½ dv±dasanna½ ±k±r±na½ vasena uppannañ±ºasaªkh±ta½ dassana½. Dhammacakkhunti aññattha tayo magg± t²ºi ca phal±ni dhammacakkhu n±ma honti, idha paµhamamaggova.
Dhammacakketi paµivedhañ±ºe ceva desan±ñ±ºe ca. Bodhipallaªke nisinnassa hi cat³su saccesu uppanna½ dv±das±k±ra½ paµivedhañ±ºampi, isipatane nisinnassa dv±das±k±r±ya saccadesan±ya pavattita½ desan±ñ±ºampi dhammacakka½ n±ma. Ubhayampi heta½ dasabalassa ure pavattañ±ºameva. Im±ya desan±ya pak±sentena bhagavat± dhammacakka½ pavattita½ n±ma. Ta½ paneta½ dhammacakka½ y±va aññ±sikoº¹aññatthero aµµh±rasahi brahmakoµ²hi saddhi½ sot±pattiphale patiµµh±ti t±va na½ bhagav± pavatteti n±ma, patiµµhite ca pavattita½ n±ma. Ta½ sandh±ya pavattite ca pana bhagavat± dhammacakke bhumm± dev± saddamanuss±vesunti-±di vutta½.
Tattha bhumm±ti bh³maµµhakadevat±. Saddamanuss±vesunti ekappah±reneva s±dhuk±ra½ datv±– “eta½ bhagavat±”ti-±d²ni vadant± anus±vayi½su. Obh±soti sabbaññutaññ±ºobh±so. So hi tad± dev±na½ dev±nubh±va½ atikkamitv± virocittha. Aññ±si vata, bho, koº¹aññoti imassapi ud±nassa ud±h±ranigghoso dasasahassilokadh±tu½ pharitv± aµµh±si.