9-10. Paµhamahatthap±dopamasutt±divaŗŗan±

236-237. Navama½ “pańń±yat²”ti vuccam±ne bujjhanak±na½ ajjh±sayavasena vuttanti ±ha– “dasame na hot²ti vuccam±ne”ti-±di. Ettakameva hi dvinna½ sutt±na½ visesoti.

Paµhamahatthap±dopamasutt±divaŗŗan± niµµhit±.

Samuddavaggavaŗŗan± niµµhit±.

19. ¾s²visavaggo

1. ¾s²visopamasuttavaŗŗan±

238. Ye bhikkh³ tad± bhagavanta½ pariv±retv± nisinn±, tesu keci ekavih±rino, keci attadutiy±, keci attatatiy±, keci attacatutth±, keci attapańcam± hutv± arańń±yatanesu viharant²ti vutta½– “ekac±rika…pe… pańcac±rike”ti. Sam±najjh±sayat± sabh±gavuttino. Kammaµµh±n±nuyuńjanassa k±rake. Tato eva tattha yuttapayutte. Puggalajjh±sayena k±raŗabh³tena. Paccayabh³tanti apassayabh³ta½. “Seyyath±pi, bhikkhave”ti ±rabhitv± y±va “tiŗŗo p±raŖgato thale tiµµhati br±hmaŗo”ti aya½ m±tik±nikkhepo. Tesa½ m±tik±ya vitth±rabh±jana½. V±san± bhavissat²ti v±san±vaha½ bhavissati. Sineru½ ukkhipanto viy±ti-±di imiss± desan±ya anańńas±dh±raŗat±ya sudukkarabh±vadassana½.
Mańcaµµhesu mańcasamańń± viya mukhaµµha½ visa½ “mukhan”ti adhippeta½. Sukkhakaµµhasadisabh±v±p±danato “kaµµhan”ti vuccat²ti kaµµha½ mukha½ etass±ti kaµµhamukho, da½san±din± kaµµhasadisabh±vakaro sappo. Atha v± kaµµhasadisabh±v±p±danato kaµµha½ visa½ v± mukhe etass±ti kaµµhamukho. Imin± nayena sesapadesupi attho veditabbo. Ime catt±roti ime visakiccabhedena catt±ro. Id±ni ta½ nesa½ visakiccabheda½ dassetu½ “tes³”ti-±di vutta½. Ayas³lasamappita½ viy±ti abbhantare ayas³la½ anuppavesita½ viya. Pakkap³tipanasa½ viy±ti paccitv± k±l±tikkame kuthitapanasaphala½ viya. CaŖgav±reti rajak±na½ kh±rapariss±vane sur±pariss±vane v±. Anavasesa½ chijjanena asanip±taµµh±na½ viya. Mah±nikh±danen±ti mahantena nikh±danena.
Visavegavik±ren±ti visavegagatena vik±rena. V±ten±ti tassa sappassa sar²ra½ phusitv± uggatav±tena. N±sav±te pana vattabbameva natthi. Puggalapaŗŗattivasen±ti tesa½yeva so¼asanna½ sapp±na½ ±gatavisoti-±dipuggalan±massa vasena catusaµµhi honti pacceka½ catubbidhabh±vato. ¾gatavisoti ±gacchaviso, s²ghatara½ abhiruhanavisoti attho. Ghoravisoti kakkha¼aviso, duttikicchaviso. Aya½ s²ta-udaka½ viya hoti g±¼hadubbinimmocayabh±vena. Udakasappo hi ghoraviso hoti yev±ti vutta½– “udakasapp±d²na½ visa½ viy±”ti. Pańń±yat²ti gaŗ¹api¼ak±divasena pańń±yati. Ane¼akasappo n±ma mah±-±s²viso. N²lasappo n±ma s±khavaŗŗo rukkhagg±d²su vicaraŗakasappo. Imin± up±yen±ti yoya½ kaµµhamukhesu daµµhavis±na½yeva “±gataviso no ghoraviso”ti-±din± catubbidhabh±vo vutto, imin± up±yena. Kaµµhamukhe daµµhavis±dayoti kaµµhamukhesu daµµhaviso, phuµµhaviso, v±tavibhoti tayo, p³timukh±d²su ca daµµhavis±dayo catt±ro catt±ro veditabbo.
Ekekanti catusaµµhiyo ekeka½. Catudh±ti aŗ¹aj±divibh±gena catudh± vibhajitv±. Chapaŗŗ±s±n²ti chapaŗŗ±s±dhik±ni. Gatamaggass±ti yath±vuttasaŖkhy±gatamaggassa paµilomato sa½khippam±n± anukkamena catt±rova honti. Kulavasen±ti kaµµhamukh±dij±tivasena.
Sakalak±ye ±sińcitv± viya µhapitavis±ti hi tesa½ phuµµhavisat±, v±tavisat± vuccati. Evanti “±sittavis±”ti-±din±. Etth±ti ±s²visasadde vacanattho niruttinayena veditabbo. Uggatatej±ti udaggatej±, attano visatejena nesa½ kur³radabbat± v±. Dunnimmaddanavis±ti mant±gadehi animmaddan²yavis±. Catt±ro ±s²vis±ti ettha iti-saddo ±di-attho. Tenettha avasesap±¼i½ saŖgaŗh±ti.
¾s²vises³ti ime ±s²vis± daµµhavis± ev±ti veditabb±. Sar²raµµhakesuyev±ti tena purisena tesa½ kassaci aniµµhassa akatatt± ±yusesassa ca vijjam±natt± na½ na da½si½s³ti daµµhabba½. Pucchi yath±bh³ta½ pavedetuk±mo. Durupaµµh±h±ti durupaµµh±n±. Sotthimaggoti sotthibh±vassa up±yo.
Antaracaroti antara½ caro sukhasattu viss±sagh±t². Ten±ha “vadhako”ti. Id±ni t±sa½ pesane k±raŗa½ dassetu½ “paµhaman”ti-±di vutta½. Abhimukhagata½ viya abhimukhagata½. ædis²pi hi vacoyutti loke nir³p²yati santiya½ purisa½ µhapet²ti viya. Tasm± abhimukhagatanti abhimukha½ tena sampattanti attho. VaŖkasaŗµh±na½ phalaka½ rukkham³le ±gat±gat±na½ nis²danatth±ya atthata½.
Arittahattho puriso sant±reti et±y±ti sant±raŗ². Orimat²rato uttaraŗ±ya setu uttarasetu. Ekena dv²hi v± gantabbo rukkhamayo setu rukkhasetu. JaŖghasatthena gamanayoggo setu jaŖghasetu. Sakaµena gantu½ sakkuŗeyyo sakaµasetu. Na kho esa br±hmaŗo paramatthato. Tadattho pana ekadesena sambhavat²ti tath± vuttanti dassento “ettak±na½ paccatthik±na½ b±hitatt±”ti ±ha. Desananti uddesadesana½. Vinivattentoti paµisa½haranto. Na laddho vat±s²ti na laddho vata ±si.
R±j± viya kamma½ sattesu issariyassa vatt±panato. R±j±…pe… puthujjano vaµµadukkhasaŖkh±t±par±dhat±ya. ѱŗapal±yanen±ti mah±bh³tehi nibbinditv± virajjitv± vimuccituk±mat±vasena uppannań±ŗapal±yane magg±dhigamasiddheneva ń±ŗapal±yanena. Evańhettha upam±sa½sandana½ matthaka½ p±pitameva hoti.
Yatheva h²ti-±din± ekadesan±samud±yassa nidassana½ ±raddha½. Yath±vuttavacana½ aµµhakath±cariy±na½ vacanena samattheti “patthaddho bhavat²”ti-±din±. Tattha kaµµhamukhena v±ti -saddo upamattho. Yath± kaµµhamukhena sappena daµµho patthaddho hoti, eva½ pathav²dh±tuppakopena so k±yo kaµµhamukheva hoti, kaµµhamukhagato viya patthaddho hot²ti attho. Atha v± -saddo avadh±raŗattho. So “pathav²dh±tupakopena v±”ti eva½ ±netv± sambandhitabbo. Ayańhettha attho– kaµµhamukhena daµµhopi k±yo pathav²dh±tuppakopeneva patthaddho hoti, tasm± pathav²dh±tuy± aviyutto so k±yo sabbad± kaµµhamukhagato viya hot²ti. -saddo v± aniyamattho. Tatr±yamattho– kaµµhamukhena daµµho k±yo patthaddho hoti v±, na v± mant±gadavasena. Pathav²dh±tuppakopena pana mant±gadarahito so k±yo kaµµhamukhagato viya hoti ekantapatthaddhoti. Tattha k±yoti pakatik±yo. P³tikoti kuthito. Santattoti sabbaso tatto mah±d±happatto. Sańchinnoti sabbaso chinno cuŗŗavicuŗŗabh³to. Yad± k±yo patthaddh±dibh±vappatto hoti, tad± puriso kaµµhamukh±disappassa mukhe vattam±no viya hot²ti attho.
Visesatoti kaµµhamukh±divisesato ca pathav²-±divisesato ca. Anatthaggahaŗatoti-±di acetanesupi bh³tesu sacetanesu viya anatth±d²na½ paccakkhat±ya nibbedajananattha½ ±raddha½. Tattha ±sayatoti pavattiµµh±nato. Etesanti mah±bh³t±na½. Sadisat±ti vammik±sayasusiragahanasaŖk±raµµh±n±sayat±ya ca sadisat±.
Paccattalakkhaŗavasen±ti visu½ visu½ lakkhaŗavasena. Pathav²-±d²na½ kakkha¼abh±v±di, ta½samaŖgino puggalassa kakkha¼abh±v±p±dan±din± vik±rupp±danato visavegavik±rato sadisat± veditabb±.
Anatth±ti byasan±. By±dhinti kuµµh±diby±dhi½. Bhave j±t±bhinandinoti bhavesu j±tiy± abhinandanas²l±. Pańcavok±re hi j±tiy± abhinandan± n±ma mah±bh³t±bhinandan± eva.
Durupaµµh±natar±n²ti duppaµik±ratar±ni. Dur±sad±ti durupasaŖkaman±. “Upaµµh±m²”ti upasaŖkamitu½ na sakkonti. Parij±n±ma kamman±m±ni, upak±r± n±ma natthi. Anantados³paddavatoti aparim±ŗados³paddavahetuto. Ekapakkhalanti ekadukkha½.
R³pakkhandho bhijjam±no catt±ro ar³pakkhandhe gahetv±va bhijjati ar³pakkhandh±na½ ekanirodhatt±. Vatthur³pampi gahetv±va bhijjanti pańcavok±re ar³pakkhandhesu bhinnesu r³pakkhandhassa avaµµh±n±bh±vato. Ett±vat±ti lobhupp±danamattena. Pańń± n±ma attabh±ve uttamaŖga½ pańńuttaratt± kusaladhamm±na½, sati ca kilesuppattiya½ pańń±ya anuppajjanato vutta½– “ett±vat± pańń±s²sa½ patita½ n±ma hot²”ti. Yoniyo upaneti tadupagassa kammapaccayassa bh±ve. “J±tibhaya½, jar±bhaya½, maraŗabhaya½, corabhayan”ti-±din± ±gat±ni pańcav²sati mah±bhay±ni, “hatthampi chindat²”ti-±din± ±gat±ni dvatti½sa kammak±raŗ±ni ±gat±neva honti k±raŗassa samavaµµhitatt±. Nand²r±go saŖkh±rakkhandhoti saŖkh±rakkhandhapariy±pannatt± vutta½.
P±¼iya½yeva ±gat± “cakkhuto cepi na½, bhikkhave”ti-±din±. Kińci alabhitv±ti tasmi½ suńńag±me cor±na½ gayh³pagassa al±bhavacaneneva tassa purisassa attano paµisaraŗassa al±bho vutto eva hot²ti na uddhaµo, purisaµµh±niyo bhikkhu, cor± pana b±hir±yatanaµµh±niy±. Abhinivisitv±ti vipassan±bhinivesa½ katv±. Ajjhattik±yatanavasena desan±ya ±gatatt± vutta½ “up±d±r³pakammaµµh±navasen±”ti.
B±hir±nanti b±hir±yatan±na½. Pańca kicc±n²ti corehi tad± k±tabb±ni pańca kicc±ni. Hatthas±ranti attano santake hatthehi gahetabbas±rabhaŗ¹a½. P±tan±divasena hatthapar±m±sa½ karonti. Pah±raµh±neti pahaµaµµh±ne. Żh±naso tasmi½ eva khaŗeti vadanti. Attano sukh±vaha½ kusaladhamma½ pah±ya dukkh±vahena akusalena samaŖgit± sukh±vaha½ bhaŗ¹a½ pah±ya bahi nikkhamana½ viy±ti vutta½ sukhanissayatt± tassa. Hatthapar±…pe… ±pajjanak±lo guŗasar²rassa tad± pam±dena b±dhitatt±. Pah±ra…pe… k±lo tato da¼hatara½ guŗasar²rassa b±dhitatt±. Pah±ra½…pe… assamaŗak±lo guŗasar²rassa maraŗappattisadisatt±. Avasesajanassa d±saparibhogena paribhuńjitabbat± ańńathattappattigihibh±v±pattiy± nidassanabh±vena vutt±. Ya½ “chasu dv±resu ±rammaŗe ±p±thagate”ti vutta½, tameva ±rammaŗa½ niss±ya sampar±yiko dukkhakkhandho veditabboti yojan±.
R³p±d²n²ti r³pasaddagandharas±ni. Tesanti yath±vuttabh³tup±d±r³p±na½. Lahut±divasen±ti tesa½ lahut±divasena. Duruttaraŗaµµhoti uttaritu½ asakkuŗeyyabh±vo oghaµµho. Vuttanayen±ti “sampayutt± vedan± vedan±kkhandho”ti-±din± vuttanayena. Catumah±bh³t±d²h²ti ±disaddena up±d±nakkhandh±d²na½ gahaŗa½. Cittakiriyadassanatthanti cittapayogadassanattha½. Vuttav±y±mamev±ti “samm±v±y±mo”ti yo ariyamagge vutto. Bhaddekaratt±d²n²ti “ajjeva kicca½ ±tappan”ti-±din± (ma. ni. 3.272, 275, 276) vutt±ni bhaddekarattasutt±d²ni.
Kuŗµhap±doti chinnap±dova hutv± gativikalo. M±nasa½ bandhat²ti tasmi½ citte kicca½ nibandhati. “Aya½ ariyamaggo mayha½ oghuttaranup±yo”ti tattha cittassa sanniµµh±na½ puna tattha pavattana½ v²riy±rambho cittabandhana½.
Tassa n±mar³passa ime nand²r±g±dayo taŗh±vijj±dayoti katv± paccayo dhamm±yatanekadeso. Ariyamagganibb±nataŗh±vajjo idha dhamm±yatanekadesoti ca. So¼asah±k±reh²ti p²¼an±d²hi so¼asahi ±k±rehi. Satipaµµh±navibhaŖge ±gatanayena saµµhinayasahassehi. Desan±pariyos±ne…pe… patiµµhahi½s³ti vipańcitańń³ evettha gahaŗavasena adhigatavises± paricchindit±. Te hi tad± dhammapaµigg±hakabh±vena satthu santike sannisinn±. Ugghaµitańń³na½ pana neyy±nańca vises±dhigamo aµµhakath±ya½ na ru¼hoti idha na gahitoti.

¾s²visopamasuttavaŗŗan± niµµhit±.