6. Dutiyak±mabh³suttavaººan±

348. Chaµµhe kati nu kho bhante saªkh±r±ti aya½ kira, gahapati, nirodha½ valañjeti, tasm± “nirodhap±dake saªkh±re pucchiss±m²”ti cintetv± evam±ha. Theropissa adhipp±ya½ ñatv± puññ±bhisaªkh±r±d²su anekesu saªkh±resu vijjam±nesupi k±yasaªkh±r±dayova ±cikkhanto tayo kho gahapat²ti-±dim±ha. Tattha k±yappaµibaddhatt± k±yena saªkhar²yati nibbatt²yat²ti k±yasaªkh±ro. V±c±ya saªkharoti nibbattet²ti vac²saªkh±ro. Cittappaµibaddhatt± cittena saªkhar²yati nibbatt²yat²ti cittasaªkh±ro.
Katamo pana bhanteti idha ki½ pucchati? “Ime saªkh±r± aññamañña½ miss± ±lu¼it± avibh³t± dudd²pan±. Tath± hi k±yadv±re ±d±naggahaºamuñcanacopan±ni p±petv± uppann± aµµha k±m±vacarakusalacetan± dv±dasa akusalacetan±ti eva½ kusal±kusal± v²sati cetan±pi, ass±sapass±s±pi k±yasaªkh±rotveva vuccanti. Vac²dv±re hanusañcopana½ vac²bheda½ p±petv± uppann± vuttappak±r±va v²sati cetan±pi vitakkavic±r±pi vac²saªkh±rotveva vuccanti. K±yavac²dv±resu copana½ apatv± raho nisinnassa cintayato uppann± kusal±kusal± ek³nati½sacetan±pi, saññ± ca vedan± c±ti ime dve dhamm±pi cittasaªkh±rotveva vuccanti. Eva½ ime saªkh±r± aññamañña½ miss± ±lu¼it± avibh³t± dudd²pan±, te p±kaµe vibh³te katv± kath±pess±m²”ti pucchi.
Kasm± pana bhanteti idha k±yasaªkh±r±din±massa padattha½ pucchati. Tassa vissajjane k±yappaµibaddh±ti k±yanissit±. K±ye sati honti, asati na honti. Cittappaµibaddh±ti cittanissit±. Citte sati honti, asati na honti.
Id±ni “ki½ nu kho esa saññ±vedayitanirodha½ valañjeti, no valañjeti, ciººavas² v± tattha no ciººavas²”ti j±nanattha½ pucchanto katha½ pana bhante saññ±vedayitanirodhasam±patti hot²ti ±ha. Tassa vissajjane sam±pajjissanti v± sam±pajj±m²ti v± padadvayena nevasaññ±n±saññ±yatanasam±pattik±lo kathito. Sam±pannoti padena antonirodho. Tath± purimehi dv²hi padehi sacittakak±lo kathito, pacchimena acittakak±lo.
Pubbeva tath± citta½ bh±vita½ hot²ti nirodhasam±pattito pubbe addh±naparicchedak±leyeva “ettaka½ k±la½ acittako bhaviss±m²”ti addh±napariccheda½ citta½ bh±vita½ hoti. Ya½ ta½ tathatt±ya upanet²ti ya½ pana eva½ bh±vita½ citta½, ta½ puggala½ tathatt±ya acittakabh±v±ya upaneti. Vac²saªkh±ro paµhama½ nirujjhat²ti sesasaªkh±rehi paµhama½ dutiyajjh±neyeva nirujjhati. Tato k±yasaªkh±roti tato para½ k±yasaªkh±ro catutthajjh±ne nirujjhati. Tato cittasaªkh±roti tato para½ cittasaªkh±ro antonirodhe nirujjhati. ¾y³ti r³paj²vitindriya½. Viparibhinn±n²ti upahat±ni vinaµµh±ni.
Tattha keci “nirodhasam±pannassa ‘cittasaªkh±ro ca niruddho’ti vacanato citta½ aniruddha½ hoti, tasm± sacittak±pi aya½ sam±patt²”ti vadanti. Te vattabb±– “vac²saªkh±ropissa niruddho”ti vacanato v±c± aniruddh± hoti, tasm± nirodhasam±pannena dhammampi kathentena sajjh±yampi karontena nis²ditabba½ siy±. Yo c±ya½ mato k±laªkato, tass±pi cittasaªkh±ro niruddhoti vacanato citta½ aniruddha½ bhaveyya, tasm± k±laªkate m±t±pitaro v± arahante v± jh±pentena ±nantariyakamma½ kata½ bhaveyya. Iti byañjane abhinivesa½ akatv± ±cariy±na½ naye µhatv± attho upaparikkhitabbo. Attho hi paµisaraºa½, na byañjana½.
Indriy±ni vippasann±n²ti kiriyamayapavattasmiñhi vattam±ne bahiddh±rammaºesu pas±de ghaµµentesu indriy±ni kilamanti, upahat±ni makkhitt±ni viya honti v±t±d²hi uµµhitarajena catumah±pathe µhapita-±d±so viya. Yath± pana thavik±ya pakkhipitv± mañj³s±d²su µhapito ±d±so antoyeva virocati, eva½ nirodhasam±pannassa bhikkhuno antonirodhe pañca pas±d± ativiya virocanti. Tena vutta½ “indriy±ni vippasann±n²”ti.
Vuµµhahissanti v± vuµµhah±m²ti v± padadvayena antonirodhak±lo kathito, vuµµhitoti padena phalasam±pattik±lo. Tath± purimehi dv²hi padehi acittakak±lo kathito, pacchimena sacittakak±lo. Pubbeva tath± citta½ bh±vita½ hot²ti nirodhasam±pattito pubbe addh±naparicchedak±leyeva “ettaka½ k±la½ acittako hutv± tato para½ sacittako bhaviss±m²”ti addh±napariccheda½ citta½ bh±vita½ hoti. Ya½ ta½ tathatt±ya upanet²ti ya½ eva½ bh±vita½ citta½, ta½ puggala½ tathatt±ya sacittakabh±v±ya upaneti. Iti heµµh± nirodhasam±pajjannak±lo gahito, idha nirodhato vuµµh±nak±lo.
Id±ni nirodhakatha½ kathetu½ k±loti nirodhakath± kathetabb± siy±. S± panes± “dv²hi balehi samann±gatatt± tayo ca saªkh±r±na½ paµipassaddhiy± so¼asahi ñ±ºacariy±hi navahi sam±dhicariy±hi vas²bh±vat±paññ± nirodhasam±pattiya½ ñ±ºan”ti m±tika½ µhapetv± sabb±k±rena visuddhimagge kathit±, tasm± tattha kathitanayeneva gahetabb±. Ko pan±ya½ nirodho n±ma? Catunna½ khandh±na½ paµisaªkh± appavatti. Atha kimatthameta½ sam±pajjant²ti? Saªkh±r±na½ pavatte ukkaºµhit± satt±ha½ acittak± hutv± sukha½ vihariss±ma, diµµhadhammanibb±na½ n±meta½ yadida½ nirodhoti etadattha½ sam±pajjanti.
Cittasaªkh±ro paµhama½ uppajjat²ti nirodh± vuµµhahantassa hi phalasam±patticitta½ paµhama½ uppajjati. Ta½sampayutta½ saññañca vedanañca sandh±ya “cittasaªkh±ro paµhama½ uppajjat²”ti ±ha. Tato k±yasaªkh±roti tato para½ bhavaªgasamaye k±yasaªkh±ro uppajjati.
Ki½ pana phalasam±patti ass±sapass±se na samuµµh±pet²ti? Samuµµh±peti. Imassa pana catutthajjh±nik± phalasam±patti, s± na samuµµh±peti. Ki½ v± etena? Phalasam±patti paµhamajjh±nik± v± hotu dutiyatatiyacatutthajjh±nik± v±, santasam±pattito vuµµhitassa bhikkhuno ass±sapass±s± abboh±rik± honti, tesa½ abboh±rikabh±vo sañj²vattheravatthun± veditabbo. Sañj²vattherassa hi sam±pattito vuµµh±ya ki½sukapupphasadise v²taccitaªg±re maddam±nassa gacchato c²vare a½sumattampi na jh±yi, usm±k±ramattampi n±hosi. Sam±pattibala½ n±metanti vadanti. Evameva sant±ya phalasam±pattiy± vuµµhitassa bhikkhuno ass±sapass±s± abboh±rik± hont²ti bhavaªgasamayeneveta½ kathitanti veditabba½.
Tato vac²saªkh±roti tato para½ kiriyamayapavattavalañjanak±le vac²saªkh±ro uppajjati. Ki½ bhavaªga½ vitakkavic±re na samuµµh±pet²ti? Samuµµh±peti. Ta½samuµµh±n± pana vitakkavic±r± v±ca½ abhisaªkh±tu½ na sakkont²ti kiriyamayapavattavalañjanak±leneveta½ kathita½.
Suññato phassoti-±dayo saguºen±pi ±rammaºen±pi kathetabb±. Saguºena t±va suññat± n±ma phalasam±patti, t±ya sahaj±taphassa½ sandh±ya “suññato phasso”ti vutta½. Animittappaºihitesupi eseva nayo. ¾rammaºena pana nibb±na½ r±g±d²hi suññatt± suññat± n±ma, r±ganimitt±d²na½ abh±v± animitta½, r±gadosamohappaºidh²na½ abh±v± appaºihita½, suññata½ nibb±na½ ±rammaºa½ katv± uppannaphalasam±pattisamphasso suññato n±ma. Animittappaºihitesupi eseva nayo.
Apar± ±gamaniyakath± n±ma hoti. Suññata-animitta-appaºihit±ti hi vipassan±pi vuccati. Tattha yo bhikkhu saªkh±re aniccato pariggahetv± aniccato disv± aniccato vuµµh±ti, tassa vuµµh±nag±minivipassan± animitt± n±ma hoti. Yo dukkhato pariggahetv± dukkhato disv± dukkhato vuµµh±ti, tassa appaºihit± n±ma. Yo anattato pariggahetv± anattato disv± anattato vuµµh±ti, tassa suññat± n±ma. Tattha animittavipassan±ya maggo animitto n±ma, animittamaggassa phala½ animitta½ n±ma, animittaphalasam±pattisahaj±te phasse phusante “animitto phasso phusat²”ti vuccati. Appaºihitasuññatesupi eseva nayo. ¾gamaniyena kathite pana suññato v± phasso animitto v± phasso appaºihito v± phassoti vikappo ±pajjeyya, tasm± saguºena ceva ±rammaºena ca kathetabba½. Evañhi tayo phass± phusant²ti sameti.
Vivekaninnanti-±d²su nibb±na½ viveko n±ma. Tasmi½ viveke ninna½ onatanti vivekaninna½. Vivekapoºanti aññato agantv± yena viveko, tena vaªka½ viya hutv± µhitanti vivekapoºa½. Yena viveko, tena patam±na½ viya µhitanti vivekapabbh±ra½.