9. V²ºopamasuttavaººan±

246. Navame yassa kassaci, bhikkhave, bhikkhussa v± bhikkhuniy± v±ti ida½ satth± yath± n±ma mah±kuµumbiko mahanta½ kasikamma½ katv±, nipphannasasso gharadv±re maº¹apa½ katv±, ubhatosaªghassa d±na½ pavatteyya. Kiñc±pi tena ubhatosaªghassa d±na½ paµµhapita½, dv²su pana paris±su santappit±su sesajanampi santappetiyeva, evameva bhagav± samadhik±ni catt±ri asaªkhyeyy±ni p±ramiyo p³retv± bodhimaº¹e sabbaññutaññ±ºa½ adhigantv± pavattitavaradhammacakko jetavanamah±vih±re nisinno bhikkhuparis±ya ceva bhikkhuniparis±ya ca mah±dhammay±ga½ yajanto v²ºopamasutta½ ±rabhi. Ta½ peneta½ kiñc±pi dve paris± sandh±ya ±raddha½, catunnampi pana paris±na½ av±rita½. Tasm± sabbehipi sotabbañceva saddh±tabbañca, pariyog±hitv± cassa attharaso vinditabboti.
Tattha chandoti-±d²su chando n±ma pubbuppattik± dubbalataºh±, so rañjetu½ na sakkoti Apar±para½ uppajjam±n± pana balavataºh± r±go n±ma, so rañjetu½ sakkoti. Daº¹±d±n±d²ni k±tu½ asamattho pubbuppattiko dubbalakodho doso n±ma. T±ni k±tu½ samattho apar±paruppattiko balavakodho paµigha½ n±ma. Moho pana mohanasammohanavasena uppanna½ aññ±ºa½. Evamettha pañcahipi padehi t²ºi akusalam³l±ni gahit±ni. Tesu gahitesu sabbepi tamm³lak± kiles± gahit±va honti. “Chando r±go”ti v± padadvayena aµµhalobhasahagatacittupp±d±, “doso paµighan”ti padadvayena dve domanassasahagatacittupp±d±, mohapadena lobhadosarahit± dve uddhaccavicikicch±sahagatacittupp±d± gahit±ti. Eva½ sabbepi dv±dasa cittupp±d± dassit±va honti.
Sabhayoti kilesacor±na½ niv±saµµh±natt± sabhayo. Sappaµibhayoti vadhabandhan±d²na½ k±raºatt± sappaµibhayo. Sakaºµakoti r±g±d²hi kaºµakehi sakaºµako. Sagahanoti r±gagahan±d²hi sagahano. Ummaggoti devaloka½ v± manussaloka½ v± nibb±na½ v± gacchantassa amaggo. Kummaggoti kucchitajegucchibh³taµµh±nagamana-ekapadikamaggo viya ap±yasamp±pakatt± kummaggo. Duhitikoti ettha ihit²ti iriyan±, dukkh± ihiti etth±ti, duhitiko. Yasmiñhi magge m³laphal±dikh±dan²ya½ v± s±yan²ya½ v± natthi, tasmi½ iriyan± dukkh± hoti, na sakk± ta½ paµipajjitv± icchitaµµh±na½ gantu½. Kilesamaggampi paµipajjitv± na sakk± sampattibhava½ gantunti kilesamaggo duhitikoti vutto. Dv²hitikotipi p±µho, esevattho. Asappurisasevitoti kok±lik±d²hi asappurisehi sevito.
Tato citta½ niv±rayeti tehi cakkhuviññeyyehi r³pehi ta½ chand±divasena pavattacitta½ asubh±vajjan±d²hi up±yehi niv±raye. Cakkhudv±rasmiñhi iµµh±rammaºe r±ge uppanne asubhato ±vajjantassa citta½ nivattati, aniµµh±rammaºe dose uppanne mettato ±vajjantassa citta½ nivattati, majjhatt±rammaºe mohe uppanne uddesaparipuccha½ garuv±sa½ ±vajjantassa citta½ nivattati. Eva½ asakkontena pana satthumahattata½ dhammassa sv±kkh±tat± saªghassa suppaµipatti ca ±vajjitabb±. Satthumahattata½ paccavekkhatopi hi dhammassa sv±kkh±tata½ saªghassa suppaµipatti½ paccavekkhatopi citta½ nivattati. Tena vutta½ “asubh±vajjan±d²hi up±yehi niv±raye”ti.
Kiµµhanti kiµµhaµµh±ne uppannasassa½. Sampannanti paripuººa½ sunipphanna½. Kiµµh±doti sassakh±dako Evameva khoti ettha sampannakiµµha½ viya pañca k±maguº± daµµhabb±, kiµµh±do goºo viya k³µacitta½, kiµµh±rakkhassa pam±dak±lo viya bhikkhuno chasu dv±resu sati½ pah±ya vicaraºak±lo, kiµµh±rakkhassa pam±dam±gamma goºena gahitagabbhassa kiµµhassa kh±ditatt± sassas±mino sassaphal±nadhigamo viya chadv±rarakkhik±ya satiy± vippav±sam±gamma pañcak±maguºa½ ass±dentena cittena kusalapakkhassa n±sitatt± bhikkhuno s±maññaphal±dhigam±bh±vo veditabbo.
Uparighaµ±yanti dvinna½ siªg±na½ antare. Suniggahita½ niggaºheyy±ti ghaµ±ya½ patiµµhite n±s±rajjuke suµµhu niggahita½ katv± niggaºheyya. Daº¹en±ti muggarasadisena th³ladaº¹akena. Evañhi so bhikkhave goºoti eva½ so kiµµh±rakkhassa pam±damanv±ya yasmi½ yasmi½ khaºe kiµµha½ otarituk±mo hoti, tasmi½ tasmi½ khaºe eva½ niggaºhitv± t±¼etv± osajjanena nibbisevanabh±va½ upan²to goºo.
Evameva khoti idh±pi sampannakiµµhamiva pañca k±maguº± daµµhabb±, kiµµh±do viya k³µacitta½, kiµµh±rakkhassa appam±do viya imassa bhikkhuno chasu dv±resu satiy± avissajjana½, daº¹o viya suttanto, goºassa kiµµh±bhimukhak±le daº¹ena t±¼ana½ viya cittassa bahiddh± puthutt±rammaº±bhimukhak±le anamataggiyadevad³ta-±ditta-±s²vis³pama-an±gatabhay±d²su ta½ ta½ sutta½ ±vajjetv± cittupp±dassa puthutt±rammaºato niv±retv± m³lakammaµµh±ne ot±raºa½ veditabba½. Ten±hu por±º±–
“Subh±sita½ sutv± mano pas²dati,
dameti na½ p²tisukhañca vindati;
tadassa ±rammaºe tiµµhate mano,
goºova kiµµh±dako daº¹atajjito”ti.
Udujitanti tajjita½. Sudujitanti sutajjita½, sujitantipi attho. Udu, sud³ti ida½ pana nip±tamattameva. Ajjhattanti gocarajjhatta½. Santiµµhat²ti-±d²su paµhamajjh±navasena santiµµhati, dutiyajjh±navasena sannis²dati, tatiyajjh±navasena ekodi hoti, catutthajjh±navasena sam±dhiyati. Sabbampi v± eta½ paµhamajjh±navasena veditabba½. Ett±vat± hi samm±sambuddhena samath±nurakkhaºa-indriyasa½varas²la½ n±ma kathita½.
Rañño v±ti kassacideva paccantarañño v±. Sadda½ suºeyy±ti pacc³sak±le pabuddho kusalena v²º±v±dakena v±diyam±n±ya madhurasadda½ suºeyya. Rajan²yoti-±d²su citta½ rañjet²ti rajan²yo. K±metabbat±ya kaman²yo. Citta½ madayat²ti madan²yo. Citta½ mucchita½ viya karaºato mucchiyat²ti mucchan²yo. ¾bandhitv± viya gahaºato bandhat²ti bandhan²yo. Ala½ me, bhoti v²º±ya saºµh±na½ disv± ta½ anicchanto evam±ha. Upadh±raºeti veµµhake. Koºanti caturassa½ s±radaº¹aka½.
So ta½ v²ºanti so r±j± “±haratha na½ v²ºa½, ahamass± sadda½ pasiss±m²”ti ta½ v²ºa½ gahetv±. Dasadh± v±ti-±d²su paµhama½ t±va dasadh± ph±leyya, athass± sadda½ apassanto satadh± ph±leyya, tath±pi apassanto sakalika½ sakalika½ kareyya, tath±pi apassanto “sakalik± jh±yissanti, saddo pana nikkhamitv± pal±yissati, tad± na½ passiss±m²”ti aggin± ¹aheyya. Tath±pi apassanto “sallahuk±ni masicuºº±ni v±tena bhassissanti, saddo s±radhañña½ viya p±dam³le patissati, tad± na½ passiss±m²”ti mah±v±te v± ophuneyya. Tath±pi apassanto “masicuºº±ni yathodaka½ gamissanti, saddo pana p±ra½ gacchanto puriso viya nikkhamitv± tarissati, tad± na½ passiss±m²”ti nadiy± v± s²ghasot±ya pav±heyya.
Eva½ vadeyy±ti sabbehipimehi up±yehi apassanto te manusse eva½ vadeyya. Asat² kir±yanti asat² kira aya½ v²º±, l±mik±ti attho. Asat²ti l±mak±dhivacanameta½. Yath±ha–
“As± lokitthiyo n±ma, vel± t±sa½ na vijjati;
s±ratt± ca pagabbh± ca, sikh² sabbaghaso yath±”ti. (J±. 1.1.61).
Yatheva½ ya½kiñci v²º± n±m±ti na kevalañca v²º±yeva l±mik±, yatheva pana aya½ v²º± n±ma, eva½ ya½kiñci aññampi tantibaddha½, sabba½ ta½ l±makamev±ti attho. Evameva khoti ettha v²º± viya pañcakkhandh± daµµhabb±, r±j± viya yog±vacaro. Yath± so r±j± ta½ v²ºa½ dasadh± ph±lanato paµµh±ya vicinanto sadda½ adisv± v²º±ya anatthiko hoti, eva½ yog±vacaro pañcakkhandhe sammasanto ahanti v± mamanti v± gahetabba½ apassanto khandhehi anatthiko hoti. Tenassa ta½ khandhasammasana½ dassento r³pa½ samanvesati y±vat± r³passa gat²ti-±dim±ha.
Tattha samanvesat²ti pariyesati. Y±vat± r³passa gat²ti yattak± r³passa gati. Tattha gat²ti gatigati, sañj±tigati, salakkhaºagati, vibhavagati, bhedagat²ti pañcavidh± honti. Tattha ida½ r³pa½ n±ma heµµh± av²cipariyanta½ katv± upari akaniµµhabrahmaloka½ anto katv± etthantare sa½sarati vattati, ayamassa gatigati n±ma.
Aya½ pana k±yo neva padumagabbhe, na puº¹ar²kan²luppal±d²su sañj±yati, ±m±sayapakk±say±na½ pana antare bahalandhak±re duggandhapavanavicarite paramajegucche ok±se p³timacch±d²su kimi viya sañj±yati aya½ r³passa sañj±tigati n±ma.
Duvidha½ pana r³passa lakkhaºa½, “ruppat²ti kho, bhikkhave, tasm± r³pan”ti (sa½. ni. 3.79) eva½ vutta ruppanasaªkh±ta½ paccattalakkhaºañca anicc±dibheda½ s±maññalakkhaºañca, ayamassa salakkhaºagati n±ma.
“Gati mig±na½ pavana½, ±k±so pakkhina½ gati;
vibhavo gati dhamm±na½, nibb±na½ arahato gat²”ti. (Pari. 339)–

Eva½ vutto r³passa abh±vo vibhavagati n±ma. Yo panassa bhedo, aya½ bhedagati n±ma. Vedan±d²supi eseva nayo. Kevalañhettha upari y±va bhavagg± tesa½ sañj±tigati, salakkhaºagatiyañca vedayitasañj±nana-abhisaªkharaºavij±nanavasena paccattalakkhaºa½ veditabba½.

Tampi tassa na hot²ti yadeta½ r³p±d²su ahanti v± mamanti v± asm²ti v± eva½ niddiµµha½ diµµhitaºh±m±nagg±hattaya½, tampi tassa kh²º±savassa na hot²ti yath±nusandhin±va sutt±gata½. Tena vutta½ mah±-aµµhakath±ya½–
“¾dimhi s²la½ kathita½, majjhe sam±dhibh±van±;
pariyos±ne ca nibb±na½, es± v²ºopam± kath±”ti.