Atha mah±vih±rasadisavih±r± bahussut± bhikkh³, “janapade c²vararajan±d²ni katv± ±gamiss±m±”ti tattha gacchanti. So te disv±, haµµhatuµµho vattapaµivatta½ katv±, punadivase ±d±ya bhikkh±c±rag±ma½ pavisitv±, “asuko thero suttantiko, asuko abhidhammiko, asuko vinayadharo, asuko tepiµako, evar³pe there kad± labhissatha, dhammasavana½ k±reth±”ti vadati. Up±sak± “dhammassavana½ k±ress±m±”ti vih±ramagga½ sodhetv±, sappitel±d²ni ±d±ya, mah±thera½ upasaªkamitv±, “bhante, dhammassavana½ k±ress±ma, dhammakathik±na½ vic±reth±”ti vatv± punadivase ±gantv± dhamma½ suºanti.
Nev±sikatthero ±gantuk±na½ pattac²var±ni paµis±mento antogabbheyeva divasabh±ga½ v²tin±meti. Div±kathiko uµµhito sarabh±ºako ghaµena udaka½ vamento viya sarabh±ºa½ bhaºitv± uµµhito, tampi so na j±n±ti. Rattikathiko s±gara½ khobhento viya ratti½ kathetv± uµµhito, tampi so na j±n±ti. Pacc³sakathiko kathetv± uµµh±si, tampi so na j±n±ti. P±tova pana uµµh±ya mukha½ dhovitv±, ther±na½ pattac²var±ni upan±metv±, bhikkh±c±ra½ upagacchanto mah±thera½ ±ha “bhante, div±kathiko katara½ j±taka½ n±ma kathesi, sarabh±ºako katara½ sutta½ n±ma bhaºi, rattikathiko katara½ dhammakatha½ n±ma kathesi, pacc³sakathiko katara½ j±taka½ n±ma kathesi, khandh± n±ma kati, dh±tuyo n±ma kati, ±yatan± n±ma kat²”ti. Evar³po eka½ dve sa½vacchar±ni atikkamitv± bhikkhudassanañceva dhammassavanañca labhantopi oghe ±gate udakena saki½ v± dvikkhattu½ v± temitarukkhasadiso hoti. So eva½ saªghadassanato ca dhammassavanato ca paµikkamma d³re vasanto ariyamagga½ otaritv± sam±dhikulle nisinno nibb±nas±gara½ p±puºitu½ na sakkoti.
Majjhe gaªg±ya d²pake j±to mudurukkho viya madhurassarabh±ºakapuggalo veditabbo. So hi abhiññ±t±ni abhiññ±t±ni vessantar±d²ni j±tak±ni uggaºhitv±, dullabhabhikkhudassana½ paccanta½ gantv±, tattha dhammakath±ya pas±ditahadayena janena upaµµhiyam±no att±na½ uddissa kate sampannapupphaphalarukkhe nandanavan±bhir±me vih±re vasati. Athassa bh±rah±rabhikkh³ ta½ pavatti½ sutv±, “asuko kira eva½ upaµµh±kesu paµibaddhacitto viharati. Paº¹ito bhikkhu paµibalo buddhavacana½ v± uggaºhitu½, kammaµµh±na½ v± manasik±tu½, ±netv± tena saddhi½ asukattherassa santike dhamma½ uggaºhiss±ma, asukattherassa santike kammaµµh±nan”ti tattha gacchanti.
So tesa½ vatta½ katv± s±yanhasamaya½ vih±rac±rika½ nikkhantehi tehi “ima½, ±vuso, cetiya½ tay± k±ritan”ti puµµho, “±ma, bhante”ti vadati. “Aya½ bodhi, aya½ maº¹apo, ida½ uposath±g±ra½, es± aggis±l±, aya½ caªkamo tay± k±rito. Ime rukkhe rop±petv± tay± nandanavan±bhir±mo vih±ro k±rito”ti. “¾ma, bhante”ti, vadati.
So s±ya½ therupaµµh±na½ gantv± vanditv± pucchati– “kasm±, bhante, ±gatatth±”ti? “¾vuso, ta½ ±d±ya gantv±, asukattherassa santike dhamma½ uggaºhitv±, asukattherassa santike kammaµµh±na½, asukasmi½ n±ma araññe samagg± samaºadhamma½ kariss±m±ti imin± k±raºena ±gatamh±”ti. S±dhu, bhante, tumhe n±ma mayha½ atth±ya ±gat±, ahampi ciraniv±sena idha ukkaºµhito gacch±mi, pattac²vara½ gaºh±mi, bhanteti. ¾vuso, s±maºeradahar± maggakilant±, ajja vasitv± sve pacch±bhatta½ gamiss±m±ti. S±dhu, bhanteti punadivase tehi saddhi½ piº¹±ya pavisati. G±mav±sino “amh±ka½ ayyo bah³ ±gantuke bhikkh³ gahetv± ±gato”ti ±san±ni paññ±petv± y±gu½ p±yetv± sukhanisinnakatha½ sutv± bhatta½ ada½su. Ther± “tva½, ±vuso, anumodana½ katv± nikkhama, maya½ udakaph±sukaµµh±ne bhattakicca½ kariss±m±”ti nikkhant±.
G±mav±sino anumodana½ sutv± pucchi½su, “kuto, bhante, ther± ±gat±”ti? Ete amh±ka½ ±cariyupajjh±y± sam±nupajjh±y± sandiµµh± sambhatt±ti. Kasm± ±gat±ti? Ma½ gahetv± gantuk±mat±y±ti. Tumhe pana gantuk±m±ti? ¾m±vusoti. Ki½ vadetha, bhante, amhehi kassa uposath±g±ra½ k±rita½, kassa bhojanas±l±, kassa aggis±l±dayo k±rit±, maya½ maªgal±maªgalesu kassa santika½ gamiss±m±ti? Mah±-up±sik±yopi tattheva nis²ditv± ass³ni pavattayi½su. Daharo “tumhesu eva½ dukkhitesu aha½ gantv± ki½ kariss±mi? There uyyojess±m²”ti vih±ra½ gato.
Ther±pi katabhattakicc± pattac²var±ni gahetv± nisinn± ta½ disv±va, “ki½, ±vuso, cir±yasi, div± hoti, gacch±m±”ti ±ha½su. ¾ma, bhante, tumhe sukhit±, asukagehassa iµµhak±m³la½ µhitasaºµh±neneva µhita½, asukageh±d²na½ cittakammam³l±d²ni atthi, gatass±pi me cittavikkhepo bhavissati, tumhe purato gantv± asukavih±re c²varadhovanarajan±d²ni karotha, aha½ tattha samp±puºiss±m²ti. Te tassa osakkituk±mata½ ñatv± tva½ pacch± ±gaccheyy±s²ti pakkami½su.
So there anugantv± nivatto vih±rameva ±gantv± bhojanas±l±d²ni olokento vih±ra½ r±maºeyyaka½ disv± cintesi– “s±dhu vatamhi na gato. Sace agamissa½, koci, deva, dhammakathiko ±gantv± sabbesa½ mana½ bhinditv±, vih±ra½ attano nik±yasantaka½ kareyya, atha may± pacch± ±gantv± etassa pacchato laddhapiº¹a½ bhuñjantena caritabba½ bhavissat²”ti.
So aparena samayena suº±ti, “te kira bhikkh³ gataµµh±ne ekanik±yadvenik±ya-ekapiµakadvepiµak±divasena buddhavacana½ uggaºhitv± aµµhakath±cariy± j±t± vinayadhar± j±t± satapariv±r±pi sahassapariv±r±pi caranti. Ye panettha samaºadhamma½ k±tu½ gat±, te ghaµent± v±yamant± sot±pann± j±t±, sakad±g±mino an±g±mino arahanto j±t±, mah±sakk±rena parinibbut±”ti So cintesi– “sace ahampi agamissa½, mayhampes± sampatti abhavissa, ima½ pana µh±na½ muñcitu½ asakkonto ativiya parih²namh²”ti. Aya½ puggalo attano mudut±ya ta½ µh±na½ amuñcanto ariyamagga½ otaritv± sam±dhikulle nisinno nibb±nas±gara½ p±puºitu½ na sakkoti.
Gaªg±ya nadiy± tiriya½ patitv±, v±lik±ya otthaµabh±vena antarasetu viya hutv±, bah³na½ paccayo j±tarukkho viya rathavin²tamah±-ariyava½sacandopam±dipaµipad±su aññatara½ paµipada½ uggahetv± µhito ol²navuttiko puggalo veditabbo. So hi ta½ paµipattinissita½ dhamma½ uggahetv± pakatiy± mañjussaro cittalapabbat±disadisa½ mahanta½ µh±na½ gantv± cetiyaªgaºavatt±d²ni karoti. Atha na½ dhammassavanagga½ patta½ ±gantuk± dahar± “dhamma½ katheh²”ti vadanti. So samm± uggahita½ dhamma½ paµipada½ d²petv± katheti. Athassa pa½suk³likapiº¹ap±tik±dayo sabbe theranavamajjhim± bhikkh³ “aho sappuriso”ti attaman± bhavanti.
So kassaci nid±namatta½, kassaci upa¹¹hag±tha½, kassaci g±tha½ upaµµh±pento ayapaµµakena ±bandhanto viya daharas±maºere saªgaºhitv± mah±there upasaªkamitv±, “bhante, aya½ por±ºakavih±ro atthi, ettha koci tatrupp±do”ti?, Pucchati. Ther±– “ki½ vadesi, ±vuso, catuv²sati kar²sasahass±ni tatrupp±do”ti. Bhante, tumhe eva½ vadetha, uddhane pana aggipi na jalat²ti. ¾vuso, mah±vih±rav±s²hi laddh± n±ma evameva nassanti, na koci saºµhapet²ti. Bhante, por±ºakar±j³hi dinna½ kh²º±savehi paµiggahita½ kasm± ete n±sent²ti? ¾vuso, t±disena dhammakathikena sakk± bhaveyya laddhunti. Bhante, m± eva½ vadetha, amhe paµipattid²pakadhammakathik± n±ma, tumhe ma½ “saªghakuµumbiko vih±rupaµµh±ko”ti maññam±n± k±tuk±m±ti. Ki½ nu kho, ±vuso, akappiyameta½, tumh±disehi pana kathite amh±ka½ uppajjeyy±ti? Tena hi, bhante, ±r±mikesu ±gatesu amh±ka½ bh±ra½ karotha, eka½ kappiyadv±ra½ kathess±m±ti.
So p±tova gantv±, sannip±tas±l±ya½ µhatv±, ±r±mikesu ±gatesu “up±sak± asukakhette bh±go kuhi½, asukakhette kah±paºa½ kuhin”ti-±d²ni vatv±, aññassa khetta½ gahetv±, aññassa deti. Eva½ anukkamena ta½ ta½ paµisedhento tassa tassa dento tath± ak±si yath± y±guhatth± p³vahatth± bhattahatth± telamadhuph±ºitaghat±dihatth± ca attanova santika½ ±gacchanti. Sakalavih±ro ekakol±halo hoti, pesal± bhikkh³ nibbijja apakkami½su.
Sopi ±cariyupajjh±yehi vissaµµhak±na½ bah³na½ dubbacapuggal±na½ upajjha½ dento vih±ra½ p³reti. ¾gantuk± bhikkh³ vih±radv±re µhatv±va “vih±re ke vasant²”ti, pucchitv±, “evar³p± n±ma bhikkh³”ti sutv± b±hireneva pakkamanti. Aya½ puggalo s±sane tiriya½ nipannat±ya mah±janassa paccayabh±va½ upagato ariyamagga½ otaritv± sam±dhikulle nisinno nibb±nas±gara½ p±puºitu½ na sakkoti.
Bhagavanta½ etadavoc±ti “nibb±napabbh±r±”ti padena os±pita½ dhammadesana½ ñatv± anusandhikusalat±ya eta½ “ki½ nu kho, bhante”ti-±divacana½ avoca. Tath±gatopi hi imissa½ parisati nisinno “anusandhikusalo bhikkhu atthi, so ma½ pañha½ pucchissat²”ti tasseva ok±sakaraºatth±ya imasmi½ µh±ne desana½ niµµh±pesi.
Id±ni orima½ t²ranti-±din± nayena vuttesu ajjhattik±yatan±d²su eva½ upagaman±nupagaman±d²ni veditabb±ni. “Mayha½ cakkhu-pasanna½, aha½ appamattakampi r³p±rammaºa½ paµivijjhitu½ sakkom²”ti eta½ niss±ya cakkhu½ ass±dentopi timirakav±t±d²hi upahatapas±do “aman±pa½ mayha½ cakkhu, mahantampi r³p±rammaºa½ vibh±vetu½ na sakkom²”ti domanassa½ ±pajjantopi cakkh±yatana½ upagacchati n±ma. Anicca½ dukkha½ anatt±ti tiººa½ lakkhaº±na½ vasena vipassanto pana na upagacchati n±ma. Sot±d²supi eseva nayo.
Man±yatane pana “man±pa½ vata me mano, kiñci v±mato aggahetv± sabba½ dakkhiºatova gaºh±t²”ti v± “manena me cintitacintitassa al±bho n±ma natth²”ti v± eva½ ass±dentopi, “ducintitacintitassa me mano appadakkhiºagg±h²”ti eva½ domanassa½ upp±dentopi man±yatana½ upagacchati n±ma. Iµµhe pana r³pe r±ga½, aniµµhe paµigha½ upp±dento r³p±yatana½ upagacchati n±ma. Sadd±yatan±d²supi eseva nayo.
Nand²r±gasseta½ adhivacananti yath± hi majjhe sa½s²ditv± thala½ patta½ d±rukkhandha½ saºhath³lav±lik± pidahati, so puna s²sa½ ukkhipitu½ na sakkoti, eva½ nand²r±gena ±baddho puggalo cat³su mah±-ap±yesu patito mah±dukkhena pidh²yati, so anekehipi vassasahassehi puna s²sa½ ukkhipitu½ na sakkoti. Tena vutta½ “nand²r±gasseta½ adhivacanan”ti.
Asmim±nasseta½ adhivacananti yath± hi thale ±ru¼ho d±rukkhandho heµµh± gaªgodakena ceva upari vassena ca temento anukkamena sev±lapariyonaddho “p±s±ºo nu kho esa kh±ºuko”ti vattabbata½ ±pajjati, evameva asmim±nena unnato puggalo pa½suk³likaµµh±ne pa½suk³liko hoti, dhammakathikaµµh±ne dhammakathiko, bhaº¹anak±rakaµµh±ne bhaº¹anak±rako, vejjaµµh±ne vejjo, pisuºaµµh±ne pisuºo. So n±nappak±ra½ anesana½ ±pajjanto t±hi t±hi ±patt²hi paliveµhito “atthi nu kho assa abbhantare kiñci s²la½, ud±hu natth²”ti vattabbata½ ±pajjati. Tena vutta½ “asmim±nasseta½ adhivacanan”ti.
Pañcanneta½ k±maguº±na½ adhivacananti yath± hi ±vaµµe patitad±rukhandho antoyeva p±s±º±d²su ±hatasamabbh±hato bhijjitv± cuººavicuººa½ hoti, eva½ pañcak±maguº±vaµµe patitapuggalo cat³su ap±yesu kammak±raºakhuppip±s±didukkhehi ±hatasamabbh±hato d²gharatta½ cuººavicuººata½ ±pajjati. Tena vutta½ “pañcanneta½ k±maguº±na½ adhivacanan”ti.
Duss²loti niss²lo. P±padhammoti l±makadhammo. Asuc²ti na suci. Saªkassarasam±c±roti “imassa maññe imassa maññe ida½ kamman”ti eva½ parehi saªk±ya saritabbasam±c±ro. Saªk±ya v± paresa½ sam±c±ra½ sarat²tipi saªkassarasam±c±ro. Tassa hi dve tayo jane kathente disv±, “mama dosa½ maññe kathent²”ti tesa½ sam±c±ra½ saªkassarati dh±vat²ti saªkassarasam±c±ro.
Samaºapaµiññoti sal±kaggahaº±d²su “kittak± vih±re samaº±”ti gaºan±ya ±raddh±ya “ahampi samaºo, ahampi samaºo”ti paµiñña½ deti, sal±kaggahaº±d²ni karoti. Brahmac±ripaµiññoti uposathapav±raº±d²su “ahampi brahmac±r²”ti paµiññ±ya t±ni kamm±ni pavisati Antop³t²ti vakkahaday±d²su ap³tikassapi guº±na½ p³tibh±vena, antop³ti. Avassutoti r±gena tinto. Kasambuj±toti r±g±d²hi kilesehi kacavaraj±to.
Etadavoc±ti gogaºa½ gaªg±t²r±bhimukha½ katv± parisapariyante µhito ±dito paµµh±ya y±va pariyos±n± satthu dhammadesana½ sutv±, “satth± orimat²r±d²na½ anupagacchant±divasena sakk± paµipatti½ p³retunti vadati. Yadi eva½ p³retu½ sakk±, aha½ pabbajitv± p³ress±m²”ti cintetv± eta½ “aha½ kho, bhante”ti-±divacana½ avoca.
Vacchagiddhiniyoti vacchesu sasneh± thanehi kh²ra½ paggharantehi vacchakasnehena sayameva gamissant²ti. Niyy±tehev±ti niyy±tehiyeva. G±v²su hi aniyy±tit±su gos±mik± ±gantv±, “ek± g±v² na dissati, eko goºo, eko vacchako na dissat²”ti tuyha½ piµµhito piµµhito vicarissanti, iti te aph±suka½ bhavissati. Pabbajj± ca n±mes± sa-iºassa na ruhati, aºaº± pabbajj± ca buddh±d²hi sa½vaººit±ti dassanattha½ evam±ha. Niyy±t±ti niyy±tit±. Imasmi½ sutte vaµµavivaµµa½ kathita½.