4. Paµhamad±rukkhandhopamasuttavaººan±

241. Catutthe addas±ti gaªg±t²re paññattavarabuddh±sane nisinno addasa. Vuyham±nanti caturassa½ tacchetv± pabbatantare µhapita½ v±t±tapena suparisukkha½ p±vussake meghe vassante udakena uplavitv± anupubbena gaªg±ya nadiy± sote patita½ tena sotena vuyham±na½. Bhikkh³ ±mantes²ti “imin± d±rukkhandhena sadisa½ katv± mama s±sane saddh±pabbajita½ kulaputta½ dassess±m²”ti dhamma½ desetuk±mat±ya ±mantesi. Amu½ mahanta½ d±rukkhandha½ gaªg±ya nadiy± sotena vuyham±nanti ida½ pana aµµhadosavimuttatt± sotapaµipannassa d±rukkhandhassa apare samuddapattiy± antar±yakare aµµha dose dassetu½ ±rabhi.
Tatrassa eva½ aµµhadosavimuttat± veditabb±– eko hi gaªg±ya nadiy± avid³re pabbatatale j±to n±n±vall²hi paliveµhito paº¹upal±sata½ ±pajjitv± upacik±d²hi khajjam±no tasmi½yeva µh±ne apaººattikabh±va½ gacchati, aya½ d±rukkhandho gaªga½ otaritv± vaªkaµµh±nesu vil±sam±no s±gara½ patv± maºivaººe ³mipiµµhe sobhitu½ na labhati.
Aparo gaªg±t²re bahim³lo antos±kho hutv± j±to, aya½ kiñc±pi k±lena k±la½ olambin²hi s±kh±hi udaka½ phusati, bahim³latt± pana gaªga½ otaritv± vaªkaµµh±nesu vil±sam±no s±gara½ patv± maºivaººe ³mipiµµhe sobhitu½ na labhati.
Aparo majjhe gaªg±ya j±to, da¼ham³lena pana suppatiµµhito, bahi cassa gat± vaªkas±kh± n±n±vall²hi ±baddh±, ayampi da¼ham³latt± bahiddh± vall²hi ±baddhatt± ca gaªga½ otaritv±…pe… sobhitu½ na labhati.
Aparo patitaµµh±neyeva v±lik±ya otthaµo p³tibh±va½ ±pajjati, ayampi gaªga½ otaritv±…pe… na labhati.
Aparo dvinna½ p±s±º±na½ antare j±tatt±, sunikh±to viya niccalo µhito, ±gat±gata½ udaka½ dvidh± ph±leti, aya½ p±s±ºantare suµµhu patiµµhitatt± gaªga½ otaritv±…pe… na labhati.
Aparo abbhok±saµµh±ne nabha½ p³retv± vall²hi ±baddho µhito. Eka½ dve sa½vacchare atikkamitv± ±gate mahoghe saki½ v± dvikkhattu½ v± temeti, ayampi nabha½ p³retv± µhitat±ya ceva ekassa v± dvinna½ v± sa½vacchar±na½ accayena saki½ v± dvikkhattu½ v± temanat±ya ca gaªga½ otaritv±…pe… na labhati.
Aparopi majjhe gaªg±ya d²pake j±to mudukkhandhas±kho oghe ±gate anusota½ nipajjitv±, udake gate s²sa½ ukkhipitv±, naccanto viya tiµµhati. Yassatth±ya s±garo gaªga½ eva½ viya vadati, “bhoti gaªge tva½ mayha½ candanas±rasala¼as±r±d²ni n±n±d±r³ni ±harasi, d±rukkhandha½ pana n±haras²”ti. Sulabho esa, deva, punav±re j±niss±m²ti. Punav±re tambavaººena udakena ±liªgam±n± viya ±gacchati. Sopi tatheva anusota½ nipajjitv±, udake gate s²sa½ ukkhipitv±, naccanto viya tiµµhati. Aya½ attano mudut±ya gaªga½ otaritv±…pe… na labhati.
Aparo gaªg±ya nadiy± tiriya½ patito v±lik±ya ottharito antarasetu viya bah³na½ paccayo j±to, ubhosu t²resu ve¼una¼akarañjakakudh±dayo uplavitv± tattheva lagganti. Tath± n±n±vidh± gacch± vuyham±n± bhinnamusalabhinnasuppa-ahikukkurahatthi-ass±dikuºap±nipi tattheva lagganti. Mah±gaªg±pi na½ ±sajja bhijjitv± dvidh± gacchati, macchakacchapakumbh²lamakar±dayopi tattheva v±sa½ kappenti. Ayampi tiriya½ patitv± mah±janassa paccayattakatabh±vena gaªga½ otaritv± vaªkaµµh±nesu vil±sam±no s±gara½ patv± maºivaººe ³mipiµµhe sobhitu½ na labhati.
Iti bhagav± imehi aµµhahi dosehi vimuttatt± sotapaµipannassa d±rukkhandhassa apare samuddapattiy± antar±yakare aµµha dose dassetu½ amu½ mahanta½ d±rukkhandha½ gaªg±ya nadiy± sotena vuyham±nanti-±dim±ha. Tattha na thale uss²dissat²ti thala½ n±bhiruhissati. Na manussagg±ho gahessat²ti “mah± vat±ya½ d±rukkhandho”ti disv±, u¼umpena taram±n± gantv±, gop±nas²-±d²na½ atth±ya manuss± na gaºhissanti. Na amanussagg±ho gahessat²ti “mahaggho aya½ candanas±ro, vim±nadv±re na½ µhapess±m±”ti maññam±n± na amanuss± gaºhissanti.
Evameva khoti ettha saddhi½ b±hirehi aµµhahi dosehi eva½ opammasa½sandana½ veditabba½– gaªg±ya avid³re pabbatatale j±to tattheva upacik±d²hi khajjam±no apaººattikabh±va½ gatad±rukkhandho viya hi “natthi dinnan”ti-±dik±ya micch±diµµhiy± samann±gato puggalo veditabbo. Ayañhi s±sanassa d³r²bh³tatt± ariyamagga½ oruyha sam±dhikulle nisinno nibb±nas±gara½ p±puºitu½ na sakkoti.
Gaªg±t²re bahim³lo antos±kho hutv± j±to viya acchinnagihibandhano samaºakuµimbikapuggalo daµµhabbo. Ayañhi “citta½ n±meta½ anibaddha½, ‘samaºomh²’ti vadantova gih² hoti, ‘gih²mh²’ti vadantova samaºo hoti. Ko j±nissati, ki½ bhavissat²”ti? Mahallakak±le pabbajantopi gihibandhana½ na vissajjeti. Mahallakapabbajit±nañca sampatti n±ma natthi. Tassa sace c²vara½ p±puº±ti, antacchinnaka½ v± jiººadubbaººa½ v± p±puº±ti. Sen±sanampi vih±rapaccante paººas±l± v± maº¹apo v± p±puº±ti. Piº¹±ya caranten±pi puttanattak±na½ d±rak±na½ pacchato caritabba½ hoti, pariyante nis²ditabba½ hoti. Tena so dukkh² dummano ass³ni muñcanto, “atthi me kulasantaka½ dhana½, kappati nu kho ta½ kh±dantena j²vitun”ti cintetv± eka½ vinayadhara½ pucchati– “ki½, bhante ±cariya, attano santaka½ vic±retv± kh±ditu½ kappati, no kappat²”ti? “Natthettha doso, kappatetan”ti. So attano bhajam±nake katipaye dubbace dur±c±re bhikkh³ gahetv±, s±yanhasamaye antog±ma½ gantv±, g±mamajjhe µhito g±mike pakkos±petv±, “amh±ka½ payogato uµµhita½ ±ya½ kassa deth±”ti ±ha. Bhante, tumhe pabbajit±, maya½ kassa dass±m±ti? Ki½ pabbajit±na½ attano santaka½ na vaµµat²ti? Kudd±la-piµaka½ gahetv±, khettamariy±dabandhan±d²ni karonto n±n±ppak±ra½ pubbaºº±paraººañceva phal±phale ca saªgaºhitv±, hemantagimhavass±nesu ya½ ya½ icchati, ta½ ta½ pac±petv± kh±danto samaºakuµumbiko hutv± j²vati. Kevalamassa pañcac³¼akena d±rakena saddhi½ p±daparic±rik±va ek± natthi. Aya½ puggalo kiñc±pi olambin²hi s±kh±hi udaka½ phusam±no antos±kho rukkho viya cetiyaªgaºabodhiyaªgaº±d²su bhikkh³na½ k±yas±maggi½ deti, gihibandhanassa pana acchinnat±ya bahim³latt± ariyamagga½ otaritv± sam±dhikulle nisinno nibb±nas±gara½ p±puºitu½ na sakkoti.
Gaªg±ya majjhe j±to bahiddh± vall²hi ±baddhavaªkas±kh± viya saªghasantaka½ niss±ya j²vam±no bhinn±j²vapuggalo daµµhabbo. Ekacco gihibandhana½ pah±ya pabbajantopi s±ruppaµµh±ne pabbajja½ na labhati. Pabbajj± hi n±mes± paµisandhiggahaºasadis±. Yath± manuss± yattha paµisandhi½ gaºhanti, tesa½yeva kul±na½ ±c±ra½ sikkhanti, eva½ bhikkh³pi yesa½ santike pabbajanti, tesa½yeva ±c±ra½ gaºhanti. Tasm± ekacco as±ruppaµµh±ne pabbajitv± ov±d±nus±san²-uddesaparipucch±d²hi parib±hiro hutv± p±tova muº¹aghaµa½ gahetv± udakatittha½ gacchati, ±cariyupajjh±y±na½ bhattatth±ya khandhe patta½ katv± bhattas±la½ gacchati, dubbacas±maºerehi saddhi½ n±n±k²¼a½ k²¼ati, ±r±mikad±rakehi sa½saµµho viharati.
So daharabhikkhuk±le attano anur³pehi daharabhikkh³hi ceva ±r±mikehi ca saddhi½ saªghabhoga½ gantv±, “aya½ kh²º±savehi asukarañño santik± paµiggahitasaªghabhogo, tumhe saªghassa idañcidañca na detha, na hi tumh±ka½ pavatti½ sutv± r±j± v± r±jamah±matt± v± attaman± bhavissanti, etha d±ni idañcidañca karoth±”ti kudd±la-piµak±ni g±h±petv± heµµh± ta¼±kam±tik±su kattabbakicc±ni k±r±petv± bahu½ pubbaºº±paraººa½ vih±ra½ pavesetv± ±r±mikehi attano upak±rabh±va½ saªghassa ±roc±peti. Saªgho “aya½ daharo bah³pak±ro, imassa sata½ v± dvisata½ v± deth±”ti d±peti. Iti so ito cito ca saªghasantakeneva va¹¹hanto bahiddh± ekav²satividh±hi anesan±hi baddho ariyamagga½ otaritv± sam±dhikulle nisinno nibb±nas±gara½ p±puºitu½ na sakkoti.
Patitaµµh±neyeva v±lik±ya ottharitv± p³tibh±va½ ±p±ditarukkho viya ±lasiyamahagghaso veditabbo. Evar³pañhi puggala½ ±misacakkhu½ paccayalola½ vissaµµha-±cariyupajjh±yavatta½ uddesaparipucch±yonisomanasik±ravajjita½ sandh±ya pañca n²varaº±ni atthato eva½ vadanti– “bho, kassa santika½ gacch±m±”ti? Atha thinamiddha½ uµµh±ya evam±ha– “ki½ na passatha? Eso asukavih±rav±s² kus²tapuggalo asuka½ n±ma g±ma½ gantv± y±gumatthake y±gu½, p³vamatthake p³va½, bhattamatthake bhatta½ ajjhoharitv± vih±ra½ ±gamma vissaµµhasabbavatto uddes±divirahito mañca½ upagacchanto mayha½ ok±sa½ karot²”ti.
Tato k±macchandan²varaºa½ uµµh±y±ha– “bho, tava ok±se kate mayha½ katova hoti, id±neva so nidd±yitv± kiles±nurañjitova pabujjhitv± k±mavitakka½ vitakkessat²”ti. Tato by±p±dan²varaºa½ uµµh±y±ha– “tumh±ka½ ok±se kate mayha½ katova hoti. Id±neva nidd±yitv± vuµµhito ‘vattapaµivatta½ karoh²’ti vuccam±no, ‘bho, ime attano kamma½ akatv± amhesu by±vaµ±’ti n±nappak±ra½ pharusavacana½ vadanto akkh²ni n²haritv± vicarissat²”ti. Tato uddhaccan²varaºa½ uµµh±y±ha– “tumh±ka½ ok±se kate mayha½ katova hoti, kus²to n±ma v±t±hato aggikkhandho viya uddhato hot²”ti. Atha kukuccan²varaºa½ uµµh±y±ha– “tumh±ka½ ok±se kate mayha½ katova hoti, kus²to n±ma kukkuccapakatova hoti, akappiye kappiyasañña½ kappiye ca akappiyasañña½ upp±det²”ti. Atha vicikicch±n²varaºa½ uµµh±y±ha– “tumh±ka½ ok±se kate mayha½ katova hoti. Evar³po hi aµµhasu µh±nesu mah±vicikiccha½ upp±des²”ti. Eva½ ±lasiyamahagghasa½ pañca n²varaº±ni caº¹asunakh±dayo viya siªgacchinna½ jaraggava½ ajjhottharitv± gaºhanti. Sopi ariyamaggasota½ otaritv± sam±dhikulle nisinno nibb±nas±gara½ p±puºitu½ na sakkoti.
Dvinna½ p±s±º±na½ antare nikh±tam³l±k±rena µhitarukkho viya diµµhi½ upp±detv± µhito diµµhigatiko veditabbo. So hi “ar³pabhave r³pa½ atthi, asaññ²bhave citta½ pavattati, bahucittakkhaºiko lokuttaramaggo, anusayo cittavippayutto, te ca satt± sandh±vanti sa½sarant²”ti vadanto ariµµho viya kaºµakas±maºero viya ca vicarati. Pisuºav±co pana hoti, upajjh±y±dayo saddhivih±rik±d²hi bhindanto vicarati. Sopi ariyamaggasota½ otaritv± sam±dhikulle nisinno nibb±nas±gara½ p±puºitu½ na sakkoti.
Abbhok±se nabha½ p³retv± vall²hi ±baddho µhito eka½ dve sa½vacchare atikkamitv± ±gate mahoghe saki½ v± dvikkhattu½ v± temanarukkho viya mahallakak±le pabbajitv± paccante vasam±no dullabhasaªghadassano ceva dullabhadhammassavano ca puggalo veditabbo. Ekacco hi vu¹¹hak±le pabbajito katip±hena upasampada½ labhitv± pañcavassak±le p±timokkha½ paguºa½ katv± dasavassak±le vinayadharattherassa santike vinayakath±k±le marica½ v± har²takakhaº¹a½ v± mukhe µhapetv± b²janena mukha½ pidh±ya nidd±yanto nis²ditv± lesakappena katavinayo n±ma hutv± pattac²vara½ ±d±ya paccanta½ gacchati. Tatra na½ manuss± sakkaritv± bhikkhudassanassa dullabhat±ya “idheva, bhante, vasath±”ti vih±ra½ k±retv± pupph³pagaphal³pagarukkhe ropetv± tattha v±senti.