2. Rathopamasuttavaººan±

239. Dutiye sukhasomanassabahuloti k±yikasukhañceva cetasikasomanassañca bahula½ ass±ti sukhasomanassabahulo. Yoni cassa ±raddh± hot²ti k±raºañcassa paripuººa½ hoti. ¾sav±na½ khay±y±ti idha ±savakkhayoti arahattamaggo adhippeto, tadatth±y±ti attho. Odhastapatodoti rathamajjhe tiriya½ µhapitapatodo. Yenicchakanti yena dis±bh±gena icchati. Yadicchakanti ya½ ya½ gamana½ icchati. S±reyy±ti peseyya. Pacc±s±reyy±ti paµivinivatteyya. ¾rakkh±y±ti rakkhaºatth±ya. Sa½yam±y±ti veganiggahaºatth±ya. Dam±y±ti nibbisevanatth±ya. Upasam±y±ti kiles³pasamatth±ya.
Evameva khoti ettha yath± akusalassa s±rathino adante sindhave yojetv± visamamaggena ratha½ pesentassa cakk±nipi bhijjanti, akkhopi sindhav±nañca khur±, attan±pi anayabyasana½ p±puº±ti, na ca icchiticchitena gamanena s±retu½ sakkoti eva½ chasu indriyesu aguttadv±ro bhikkhu na icchiticchita½ samaºarati½ anubhavitu½ sakkoti. Yath± pana cheko s±rathi dante sindhave yojetv±, same bh³mibh±ge ratha½ ot±retv± rasmiyo gahetv±, sindhav±na½ khuresu sati½ µhapetv±, patoda½ ±d±ya nibbisevane katv±, pesento icchiticchitena gamanena s±reti. Evameva chasu indriyesu guttadv±ro bhikkhu imasmi½ s±sane icchiticchita½ samaºarati½ anubhoti, sace anicc±nupassan±bhimukha½ ñ±ºa½ pesetuk±mo hoti, tadabhimukha½ ñ±ºa½ gacchati. Dukkh±nupassan±d²supi eseva nayo.
Bhojane mattaññ³ti bhojanamhi pam±ºaññ³. Tattha dve pam±º±ni– paµiggahaºapam±ºañca paribhogapam±ºañca. Tattha paµiggahaºapam±ºe d±yakassa vaso veditabbo, deyyadhammassa vaso veditabbo, attano th±mo j±nitabbo. Evar³po hi bhikkhu sace deyyadhammo bahuko hoti, d±yako appa½ d±tuk±mo, d±yakassa vasena appa½ gaºh±ti. Deyyadhammo appo, d±yako bahu½ d±tuk±mo, deyyadhammassa vasena appa½ gaºh±ti. Deyyadhammopi bahu, d±yakopi bahu½ d±tuk±mo, attano th±ma½ ñatv± pam±ºena gaºh±ti. So t±ya paµiggahaºe mattaññut±ya anuppannañca l±bha½ upp±deti, uppannañca th±vara½ karoti dhammikatissamah±r±jak±le sattavassiko s±maºero viya.
Rañño kira pañcahi sakaµasatehi gu¼a½ ±hari½su. R±j± “man±po paºº±k±ro, ayyehi vin± na kh±diss±m±”ti a¹¹hateyy±ni sakaµasat±ni mah±vih±ra½ pesetv± sayampi bhuttap±tar±so agam±si. Bheriy± pahaµ±ya dv±dasa bhikkhusahass±ni sannipati½su. R±j± ekamante µhito ±r±mika½ pakkos±petv± ±ha– “rañño n±ma d±ne pattap³rova pam±ºa½, gahitabh±jana½ p³retv±va dehi, sace koci mattapaµiggahaºe µhito na gaºh±ti, mayha½ ±roceyy±s²”ti.
Atheko mah±thero “mah±bodhimah±cetiy±ni vandiss±m²”ti cetiyapabbat± ±gantv±, vih±ra½ pavisanto mah±maº¹apaµµh±ne bhikkh³ gu¼a½ gaºhante disv± pacchato ±gacchanta½ s±maºera½ ±ha, “natthi te gu¼ena attho”ti. “¾ma, bhante, natth²”ti. S±maºera maya½ maggakilant±, ekena kapiµµhaphalamattena piº¹akena amh±ka½ atthoti. S±maºero th±laka½ n²haritv± therassa vassaggapaµip±µiya½ aµµh±si. ¾r±miko gahaºam±na½ p³retv± ukkhipi, s±maºero aªguli½ c±lesi. T±ta s±maºera, r±jakul±na½ d±ne bh±janap³rameva pam±ºa½, th±lakap³ra½ gaºh±h²ti. ¾ma, up±saka, r±j±no n±ma mahajjh±say± honti, amh±ka½ pana upajjh±yassa ettakeneva atthoti.
R±j± tassa katha½ sutv±, “ki½ bho s±maºero bhaºat²”ti? Tassa santika½ gato. ¾r±miko ±ha– “s±mi, s±maºerassa bh±jana½ khuddaka½, bahu½ na gaºh±t²”ti. R±j± ±ha, “±n²tabh±jana½ p³retv± gaºhatha, bhante”ti. Mah±r±ja, r±j±no n±ma mahajjh±say± honti ukkhittabh±jana½ p³retv±va d±tuk±m±, amh±ka½ pana upajjh±yassa ettakeneva atthoti. R±j± cintesi– “aya½ sattavassikad±rako, ajj±pissa mukhato kh²ragandho na muccati, gahetv± kuµe v± kuµumbe v± p³retv± svepi punadivasepi kh±diss±m±ti na vadati, sakk± buddhas±sana½ pariggahetun”ti purise ±º±pesi, “bho, pasannomhi s±maºerassa, itar±nipi a¹¹hateyy±ni sakaµasat±ni ±netv± sagha½ssa deth±”ti.
Soyeva pana r±j± ekadivasa½ tittirama½sa½ kh±dituk±mo cintesi– “sace aha½ aªg±rapakka½ tittirama½sa½ kh±dituk±mosm²ti aññassa kathess±mi, samant± yojanaµµh±ne tittirasamuggh±ta½ karissant²”ti uppanna½ pip±sa½ adhiv±sento t²ºi sa½vacchar±ni v²tin±mesi. Athassa kaººesu pubbo saºµh±si, so adhiv±setu½ asakkonto “atthi nu kho, bho, amh±ka½ koci upaµµh±kup±sako s²larakkhako”ti pucchi ¾ma, deva, atthi, tisso n±ma so akhaº¹as²la½ rakkhat²ti. Atha na½ v²ma½situk±mo pakkos±pesi. So ±gantv± r±j±na½ vanditv± aµµh±si. Tato na½ ±ha– “tva½, t±ta, tisso n±m±”ti? “¾ma dev±”ti. Tena hi gacch±ti. Tasmi½ gate eka½ kukkuµa½ ±har±petv± eka½ purisa½ ±º±pesi, “gaccha tissa½ vad±hi, ima½ t²hi p±kehi pacitv± amh±ka½ upaµµh±peh²”ti. So gantv± tath± avoca. So ±ha– “sace, bho, aya½ matako assa, yath± j±n±mi, tath± pacitv± upaµµhaheyya½. P±º±tip±ta½ pan±ha½ na karom²”ti. So ±gantv± rañño ±rocesi.
R±j± puna “ekav±ra½ gacch±”ti pesesi. So gantv±, “bho, r±jupaµµh±na½ n±ma bh±riya½, m± eva½ kari, punapi s²la½ sakk± sam±d±tu½, pacetan”ti ±ha. Atha na½ tisso avoca, “bho, ekasmi½ n±ma attabh±ve dhuva½ eka½ maraºa½, n±ha½ p±º±tip±ta½ kariss±m²”ti. So punapi rañño ±rocesi. R±j± tatiyampi pesetv± asampaµicchanta½ pakkos±petv± attan± pucchi. Raññopi tatheva paµivacana½ ad±si. Atha r±j± purise ±º±pesi, “aya½ rañño ±ºa½ kopeti, gacchathetassa ±gh±tanabhaº¹ik±ya½ µhapetv±, s²sa½ chindath±”ti. Raho ca pana nesa½ saññamad±si– “ima½ santajjayam±n± netv± s²samassa ±gh±tanabhaº¹ik±ya½ µhapetv± ±gantv± mayha½ ±roceth±”ti.
Te ta½ ±gh±tanabhaº¹ik±ya½ nipajj±petv± tamassa kukkuµa½ hatthesu µhapayi½su. So ta½ hadaye µhapetv± “aha½, t±ta, mama j²vita½ tuyha½ demi, tava j²vita½ aha½ gaºh±mi, tva½ nibbhayo gacch±”ti vissajjesi. Kukkuµo pakkhe papphoµetv± ±k±sena gantv± vaµarukkhe nil²yi. Tassa kukkuµassa abhayadinnaµµh±na½ kukkuµagiri n±ma j±ta½.
R±j± ta½ pavatti½ sutv± amaccaputta½ pakkos±petv± sabb±bharaºehi alaªkaritv± ±ha– “t±ta, may± tva½ etadatthameva v²ma½sito, mayha½ tittirama½sa½ kh±dituk±massa t²ºi sa½vacchar±ni atikkant±ni, sakkhissasi me tikoµiparisuddha½ katv± upaµµh±petun”ti. “Eta½ n±ma, deva, mayha½ kamman”ti nikkhamitv± dv±rantare µhito eka½ purisa½ p±tova tayo tittire gahetv± pavisanta½ disv±, dve kah±paºe datv± tittire ±d±ya parisodhetv±, j²rak±d²hi v±setv±, aªg±resu supakke pacitv± rañño upaµµh±pesi. R±j± mah±tale sir²pallaªke nisinnova eka½ gahetv± thoka½ chinditv± mukhe pakkhipi, t±vadevassa sattarasaharaº²sahass±ni pharitv± aµµh±si.
Tasmi½ samaye bhikkhusaªgha½ saritv±, “m±diso n±ma pathavissaro r±j± tittirama½sa½ kh±dituk±mo t²ºi sa½vacchar±ni na labhi, apaccam±no bhikkhusaªgho kuto labhissat²”ti? Mukhe pakkhittakkhaº¹a½ bh³miya½ cha¹¹esi. Amaccaputto jaººukehi patitv± mukhena gaºhi. R±j± “apehi, t±ta, j±n±maha½ tava niddosabh±va½, imin± n±ma k±raºena may± eta½ cha¹¹itan”ti kathetv±, “sesaka½ tatheva saªgopetv± µhapeh²”ti ±ha.
Punadivase r±jakul³pako thero piº¹±ya p±visi. Amaccaputto ta½ disv± patta½ gahetv± r±jageha½ pavesesi. Aññataro vu¹¹hapabbajitopi therassa pacch±samaºo viya hutv± anubandhanto p±visi. Thero “raññ± pakkos±pitabhikkhu bhavissat²”ti pamajji. Amaccaputtopi “therassa upaµµh±ko bhavissat²”ti pam±da½ ±pajji. Tesa½ nis²d±petv± y±gu½ ada½su. Y±guy± p²t±ya r±j± tittire upanesi. Thero eka½ gaºhi, itaropi eka½ gaºhi. R±j± “anubh±go atthi, an±pucchitv± kh±ditu½ na yuttan”ti mah±thera½ ±pucchi. Thero hattha½ pidahi, mahallakatthero sampaµicchi. R±j± anattamano hutv± katabhattakicca½ thera½ patta½ ±d±ya anugacchanto ±ha– “bhante, kulageha½ ±gacchantehi uggahitavatta½ bhikkhu½ gahetv± ±gantu½ vaµµat²”ti. Thero tasmi½ khaºe aññ±si “na esa raññ± pakkos±pito”ti.
Punadivase upaµµh±kas±maºera½ gahetv± p±visi. R±j± tad±pi y±guy± p²t±ya tittire upan±mesi. Thero eka½ aggahesi, s±maºero aªguli½ c±letv± majjhe chind±petv± ekakoµµh±sameva aggahesi. R±j± ta½ koµµh±sa½ mah±therassa upan±mesi. Mah±thero hattha½ pidahi, s±maºeropi pidahi. R±j± avid³re nis²ditv± khaº¹±khaº¹a½ chinditv± kh±danto “uggahitavatte niss±ya diya¹¹hatittire kh±ditu½ labhimh±”ti ±ha. Tassa ma½se kh±ditamatteva kaººehi pubbo nikkhami. Tato mukha½ vikkh±letv± s±maºera½ upasaªkamitv±, “pasannosmi, t±ta, aµµha te dhuvabhatt±ni dem²”ti ±ha. Aha½, mah±r±ja, upajjh±yassa damm²ti. Apar±ni aµµha dem²ti. T±ni amh±ka½ ±cariyassa damm²ti. Apar±nipi aµµha dem²ti. T±ni sam±nupajjh±y±na½ damm²ti. Apar±nipi aµµha dem²ti. T±ni bhikkhusaªghassa damm²ti. Apar±nipi aµµha dem²ti. S±maºero adhiv±sesi. Eva½ paµiggahaºamatta½ j±nanto anuppannañceva l±bha½ upp±deti, uppannañca th±vara½ karoti. Ida½ paµiggahaºapam±ºa½ n±ma. Tattha paribhogapam±ºa½ paccavekkhaºapayojana½, “idamatthiya½ bhojana½ bhuñj±m²”ti pana paccavekkhitaparibhogasseva payojanatt± paribhogapam±ºa½yeva n±ma, ta½ idha adhippeta½. Teneva paµisaªkh± yonisoti-±dim±ha, itarampi pana vaµµatiyeva.
S²haseyyanti ettha k±mabhogiseyy±, petaseyy±, s²haseyy±, tath±gataseyy±ti catasso seyy±. Tattha “yebhuyyena, bhikkhave, k±mabhog² v±mena passena sent²”ti (a. ni. 4.246) aya½ k±mabhogiseyy±. Tesañhi yebhuyyena dakkhiºapassena say±no n±ma natthi.
“Yebhuyyena bhikkhave, pet± utt±n± sent²”ti (a. ni. 4.246) aya½ petaseyy±. Pet± hi appama½salohitatt± aµµhisaªgh±µajaµit± ekena passena sayitu½ na sakkonti, utt±n±va sayanti.
“Yebhuyyena, bhikkhave, s²ho migar±j± naªguµµha½ antarasatthimhi anupakkhipitv± dakkhiºena passena sayat²”ti aya½ s²haseyy±. Tejussadatt± hi s²ho migar±j± dve purimap±de ekasmi½, pacchimap±de ekasmi½ µh±ne µhapetv± naªguµµha½ antarasatthimhi pakkhipitv± purimap±dapacchimap±danaªguµµh±na½ µhitok±sa½ sallakkhetv± dvinna½ purimap±d±na½ matthake s²sa½ µhapetv± sayati divasampi sayitv± pabujjham±no na utrasanto pabujjhati, s²sa½ pana ukkhipitv± purimap±d±d²na½ µhitok±sa½ sallakkheti. Sace kiñci µh±na½ vijahitv± µhita½ hoti, “nayida½ tuyha½ j±tiy± s³rabh±vassa ca anur³pan”ti anattamano hutv± tattheva sayati, na gocar±ya pakkamati. Avijahitv± µhite pana “tuyha½ j±tiy± ca s³rabh±vassa ca anur³pamidan”ti haµµhatuµµho uµµh±ya s²havijambhita½ vijambhitv± kesarabh±ra½ vidhunitv± tikkhattu½ s²han±da½ naditv± gocar±ya pakkamati.
Catutthajjh±naseyy± pana tath±gataseyy±ti vuccati. T±su idha s²haseyy± ±gat±. Ayañhi tejussada-iriy±pathatt± uttamaseyy± n±ma.
P±de p±danti dakkhiºap±de v±map±da½. Acc±dh±y±ti ati-±dh±ya, ²saka½ atikkamma µhapetv±. Gopphakena hi gopphake, j±ºun± v± j±ºumhi saªghaµµiyam±ne abhiºha½ vedan± uppajjati, citta½ ekagga½ na hoti, seyy± aph±suk± hoti. Yath± pana na saªgha½µµeti, eva½ atikkamma µhapite vedan± nuppajjati, citta½ ekagga½ hoti, seyy± ph±suk± hoti. Tasm± eva½ seyya½ kappeti.
Sato sampaj±noti satiy± ceva sampajaññena ca samann±gato. Katha½ nidd±yanto sato sampaj±no hot²ti? Satisampajaññassa appah±nena. Ayañhi divasañceva sakalay±mañca ±varaº²yehi dhammehi citta½ parisodhetv± paµhamay±m±vas±ne caªkam± oruyha p±de dhovantopi m³lakammaµµh±na½ avijahantova dhovati, ta½ avijahantova dv±ra½ vivarati, mañce nis²dati, avijahantova nidda½ okkamati. Pabujjhanto pana m³lakammaµµh±na½ gahetv±va pabujjhati. Eva½ nidda½ okkamantopi sato sampaj±no hoti. Eva½ pana ñ±ºadh±tukanti na rocayi½su.
Vuttanayena panesa citta½ parisodhetv± paµhamay±m±vas±ne “up±dinnaka½ sar²ra½ nidd±ya samass±sess±m²”ti caªkam± oruyha m³lakammaµµh±na½ avijahantova p±de dhovati, dv±ra½ vivarati, mañce pana nis²ditv± m³lakammaµµh±na½ pah±ya, “khandh±va khandhesu, dh±tuyova dh±t³su paµihaññant²”ti sen±sana½ paccavekkhanto kamena nidda½ okkamati, pabujjhanto pana m³lakammaµµh±na½ gahetv±va pabujjhati. Eva½ nidda½ okkamantopi sato sampaj±no n±ma hot²ti veditabbo.
Iti imasmi½ sutte tivaªgik± pubbabh±gavipassan±va kathit±. Ettakeneva pana vos±na½ an±pajjitv± t±neva indriyabalabojjhaªg±ni samodh±netv± vipassana½ va¹¹hetv± bhikkhu arahatta½ p±puº±t²ti. Eva½ y±va arahatt± desan± kathetabb±.