9-10. Paµhamahatthap±dopamasutt±divaŗŗan±

236-237. Navame hatthesu, bhikkhave, sat²ti hatthesu vijjam±nesu. Dasame na hot²ti vuccam±ne bujjhanak±na½ ajjh±sayavasena vutta½. Dv²supi cetesu vip±kasukhadukkhameva dassetv± vaµµavivaµµa½ kathitanti.

Samuddavaggo niµµhito.

19. ¾s²visavaggo

1. ¾s²visopamasuttavaŗŗan±

238. ¾s²visavaggassa paµhame bhikkh³ ±mantes²ti ekac±rikadvic±rikatic±rikacatuc±rikapańcac±rike sabh±gavuttino k±rake yuttapayutte sabbepi dukkhalakkhaŗakammaµµh±nike pariv±retv± nisinne yog±vacare bhikkh³ ±mantesi. Idańhi sutta½ puggalajjh±sayena vutta½. Puggalesupi vipańcitańń³na½ dis±v±sik±na½ dukkhalakkhaŗakammaµµh±nik±na½ upaµµh±navel±ya ±gantv± satth±ra½ pariv±retv± nisinn±na½ vasena vutta½. Eva½ santepi ugghaµitańń³-±d²na½ catunnampi puggal±na½ paccayabh³tameveta½. Ugghaµitańń³ puggalo hi imassa suttassa m±tik±nikkhepeneva arahatta½ p±puŗissati, vipańcitańń³ m±tik±ya vitth±rabh±janena, neyyapuggalo imameva sutta½ sajjh±yanto paripucchanto yoniso manasikaronto kaly±ŗamitte sevanto bhajanto payirup±santo arahatta½ p±puŗissati. Padaparamasseta½ sutta½ an±gate v±san± bhavissat²ti eva½ sabbesampi upak±rabh±va½ ńatv± bhagav± sineru½ ukkhipanto viya ±k±sa½ vitth±rento viya cakkav±¼apabbata½ kampento viya ca mahantena uss±hena seyyath±pi, bhikkhaveti ima½ ±s²visopamasutta½ ±rabhi.
Tattha catt±ro ±s²vis±ti kaµµhamukho, p³timukho, aggimukho, satthamukhoti ime catt±ro. Tesu kaµµhamukhena daµµhassa sakalasar²ra½ sukkhakaµµha½ viya thaddha½ hoti, sandhipabbesu adhimatta½ ayas³lasamappita½ viya tiµµhati. P³timukhena daµµhassa pakkap³tipanasa½ viya vipubbakabh±va½ ±pajjitv± paggharati caŖgav±re pakkhitta-udaka½ viya hoti. Aggimukhena daµµhassa sakalasar²ra½ jh±yitv± bhasmamuµµhi viya thusamuµµhi viya ca vippakir²yati. Sattamukhena daµµhassa sakalasar²ra½ bhijjati, asanip±taµµh±na½ viya mah±nikh±danena khatasandhimukha½ viya ca hoti. Eva½ visavasena vibhatt± catt±ro ±s²vis±.
Visavegavik±rena panete so¼asa honti. Kaµµhamukho hi daµµhaviso, diµµhaviso, phuµµhaviso, v±tavisoti catubbidho hoti. Tena hi daµµhampi diµµhampi phuµµhampi tassa v±tena pahaµampi sar²ra½ vuttappak±rena thaddha½ hoti. Sesesupi eseva nayoti. Eva½ visavegavik±ravasena so¼asa honti.
Puna puggalapaŗŗattivasena catusaµµhi honti. Katha½? Kaµµhamukhesu t±va daµµhaviso ca ±gataviso no ghoraviso, ghoraviso no ±gataviso, ±gataviso ceva ghoraviso ca, nev±gataviso na ghoravisoti catubbidho hoti. Tattha yassa visa½ sampajjalitatiŗukk±ya aggi viya s²gha½ abhiruhitv± akkh²ni gahetv± khandha½ gahetv± s²sa½ gahetv± µhitanti vattabbata½ ±pajjati maŗisapp±d²na½ visa½ viya, manta½ pana parivattetv± kaŗŗav±ta½ datv± daŗ¹akena pahaµamatte otaritv± daµµhaµµh±neyeva tiµµhati, aya½ ±gataviso no ghoraviso n±ma. Yassa pana visa½ saŗika½ abhiruhati, ±ru¼h±ru¼haµµh±ne pana aya½ s²ta-udaka½ viya hoti udakasapp±d²na½ visa½ viya, dv±dasavassaccayen±pi kaŗŗapiµµhikhandhapiµµhik±d²su gaŗ¹api¼ak±divasena pańń±yati, mantaparivattan±d²su ca kayiram±n±su s²gha½ na otarati, aya½ ghoraviso no ±gataviso n±ma. Yassa pana visa½ s²gha½ abhiruhati, na s²gha½ otarati ane¼akasapp±d²na½ visa½ viya, aya½ ±gataviso ceva ghoraviso ca. Yassa pana visa½ manda½ hoti, ot±riyam±nampi sukheneva otarati n²lasappadhammanisapp±d²na½ visa½ viya, aya½ nev±gataviso na ghoraviso n±ma. Imin± up±yena kaµµhamukhe daµµhavis±dayo p³timukh±d²su ca daµµhavis±dayo veditabb±ti. Eva½ puggalapaŗŗattivasena catusaµµhi.
Tesu “aŗ¹aj± n±g±”ti-±din± (sa½. ni. 3.342-344) yonivasena ekeka½ catudh± vibhajitv± chapaŗŗ±s±dhik±ni dve sat±ni honti. Te jalaj±thalaj±ti dviguŗit± dv±das±dhik±ni pańcasat±ni honti, te k±mar³pa-ak±mar³p±na½ vasena dviguŗit± catuv²s±dhikasahassasaŖkh± honti. Puna gatamaggassa paµilomato sa½khippam±n± kaµµhamukh±divasena catt±rova hont²ti. Te sandh±ya bhagav± “seyyath±pi, bhikkhave, catt±ro ±s²vis±”ti ±ha. Kulavasena hi ete gahit±.
Tattha ±s²vis±ti ±sittavis±tipi ±s²vis±, asitavis±tipi ±s²vis±, asisadisavis±tipi ±s²vis±. ¾sittavis±ti sakalak±ye ±sińcitv± viya µhapitavis±, parassa ca attano sar²re ca ±sińcanavis±ti attho. Asitavis±ti ya½ ya½ etehi asita½ hoti paribhutta½, ta½ ta½ visameva sampajjati, tasm± asita½ visa½ hoti etesanti ±s²vis±. Asisadisavis±ti asiviya tikhiŗa½ paramammacchedanasamattha½ visa½ etesanti ±s²vis±ti evamettha vacanattho veditabbo. Uggatej±ti uggatatej± balavatej±. Ghoravis±ti dunnimmaddanavis±.
Eva½ vadeyyunti paµijagg±panattha½ eva½ vadeyyu½. R±j±no hi ±s²vise g±h±petv±– “tath±r³pe core v± etehi ¹a½s±petv± m±ress±ma, nagar³parodhak±le parasen±ya v± ta½ khipiss±ma, parabala½ nimmaddetu½ asakkont± subhojana½ bhuńjitv± varasayana½ ±ruyha etehi att±na½ ¹a½s±petv± satt³na½ vasa½ an±gacchant± attano ruciy± mariss±m±”ti ±s²vise jagg±penti. Te ya½ cora½ sahas±va m±retu½ na icchanti, “evamete d²gharatta½ dukkhappatto hutv± marissant²”ti icchant± ta½ purisa½ eva½ vadanti ime te ambho purisa catt±ro ±s²vis±ti.
Tattha k±lena k±lanti k±le k±le. Sa½vesetabb±ti nipajj±petabb±. Ańńataro v± ańńataro v±ti kaµµhamukh±d²su yo koci. Ya½ te ambho purisa karaŗ²ya½, ta½ karoh²ti ida½ atthacarakassa vacana½ veditabba½. Tassa kira purisassa eva½ ±s²vise paµip±detv± ‘aya½ vo upaµµh±ko’ti cat³su pe¼±su µhapit±na½ ±s²vis±na½ ±rocenti. Atheko nikkhamitv± ±gamma tassa purisassa dakkhiŗap±d±nus±rena abhiruhitv± dakkhiŗahattha½ maŗibandhato paµµh±ya veµhetv± dakkhiŗakaŗŗasotam³le phaŗa½ katv± sus³ti karonto nipajji. Aparo v±map±d±nus±rena abhiruhitv± tatheva v±mahattha½ veµhetv± v±makaŗŗasotam³le phaŗa½ katv± sus³ti karonto nipajji, tatiyo nikkhamitv± abhimukha½ abhiruhitv± kucchi½ veµhetv± galav±µakam³le phaŗa½ katv± sus³ti karonto nipajji, catuttho piµµhibh±gena abhiruhitv± g²va½ veµhetv± uparimuddhani phaŗa½ µhapetv± sus³ti karonto nipajji.
Eva½ cat³su ±s²visesu sar²raµµhakesuyeva j±tesu eko tassa purisassa atthacarakapuriso ta½ disv± “ki½ te, bho purisa, laddhan”ti, pucchi. Tato tena “ime me, bho, hatthesu hatthakaµaka½ viya b±h±su key³ra½ viya kucchimhi kucchiveµhanas±µako viya kaŗŗesu kaŗŗac³¼ik± viya gale mutt±valiyo viya s²se s²sapas±dhana½ viya keci alaŖk±ravises± rańń± dinn±”ti vutte so ±ha– “bho andhab±la, m± eva½ mańńittha ‘rańń± me tuµµheneta½ pas±dhana½ dinnan’ti. Tva½ rańńo ±guc±r² coro, ime ca catt±ro ±s²vis± durupaµµh±h± duppaµijaggiy±, ekasmi½ uµµh±tuk±me eko nh±yituk±mo hoti, ekasmi½ nh±yituk±me eko bhuńjituk±mo, ekasmi½ bhuńjituk±me eko nipajjituk±mo. Tesu yasseva icch± na p³rati, so tattheva ¹a½sitv± m±ret²”ti. Atthi pana, bho, eva½ sante koci sotthimaggoti? ¾ma, r±japuris±na½ vikkhittabh±va½ ńatv± pal±yana½ sotthibh±voti vatv± “ya½ te karaŗ²ya½, ta½ karoh²”ti vadeyya.
Ta½ sutv± itaro catunna½ ±s²vis±na½ pam±dakkhaŗa½ r±japurisehi ca pavivitta½ disv±, v±mahatthena dakkhiŗahattha½ veµhetv±, dakkhiŗakaŗŗac³¼ik±ya phaŗa½ µhapetv±, sayit±s²visassa sar²ra½ parimajjanto viya saŗika½ ta½ apanetv±, eteneva up±yena sesepi apanetv± tesa½ bh²to pal±yeyya. Atha na½ te ±s²vis± “aya½ amh±ka½ rańń± upaµµh±ko dinno”ti anubandham±n± ±gaccheyyu½. Ida½ sandh±ya atha kho so, bhikkhave, puriso bh²to catunna½ ±s²vis±na½…pe… pal±yeth±ti vutta½.
Tasmi½ pana purise eva½ ±gatamagga½ oloketv± oloketv± pal±yante r±j± “pal±to so puriso”ti sutv± “ko nu kho ta½ anubandhitv± gh±tetu½ sakkhissat²”ti vicinanto tasseva paccatthike pańca jane labhitv± “gacchatha na½ anubandhitv± gh±teth±”ti peseyya. Athassa atthacar± puris± ta½ pavatti½ ńatv± ±roceyyu½. So bhiyyosomatt±ya bh²to pal±yetha. Imamattha½ sandh±ya tamena½ eva½ vadeyyunti-±di vutta½.
Chaµµho antaracaro vadhakoti “paµhama½ ±s²visehi anubaddho ito cito ca te vańcento pal±yi, id±ni pańcahi paccatthikehi anubaddho suµµhutara½ pal±yati, na sakk± so eva½ gahetu½, upal±¼an±ya pana sakk±, tasm± daharak±lato paµµh±ya ekato kh±ditv± ca pivitv± ca santhava½ antaracara½ vadhakamassa peseth±”ti amaccehi vuttena rańń± pariyesitv± pesito antaracaro vadhako.
So passeyya suńńa½ g±manti nivattitv± olokento pada½ gh±yitv± gh±yitv± vegen±gacchante catt±ro ±s²vise pańca vadhake paccatthike chaµµhańca antaracara½ vadhaka½ “nivatta bho, m± pal±yi, puttad±rena saddhi½ k±me paribhuńjanto sukha½ vasissas²”ti vatv± ±gacchanta½ disv±, bhiyyosomatt±ya yena v± tena v± pal±yanto paccantaraµµhe abhimukhagata½ eka½ chakuµika½ suńńa½ g±ma½ passeyya. Rittakańńeva paviseyy±ti dhanadhańńamańcap²µh±d²hi virahitatt± rittakańńeva paviseyya. Tucchaka½ suńńakanti etasseva vevacana½. Parimaseyy±ti “sace p±n²ya½ bhavissati, piviss±mi, sace bhatta½ bhavissati, bhuńjiss±m²”ti bh±jana½ vivaritv± hattha½ anto pavesetv± parimaseyya.
Tamena½ eva½ vadeyyunti channa½ ghar±na½ ekagharepi kińci alabhitv± g±mamajjhe eko sandacch±yo rukkho atthi, tattha vaŖkaphalaka½ atthata½ disv±, “idha t±va nis²diss±m²”ti gantv±, tattha nisinna½ mandamandena v±tena b²jiyam±na½ tattakamattampi sukha½ santato ass±dayam±na½, tamena½ purisa½ kecideva atthacarak± bahi pavatti½ ńatv± ±gat± eva½ vadeyyu½. Id±ni ambho puris±ti ambho, purisa, id±ni. Cor± g±magh±tak±ti “yadevettha labhiss±ma, ta½ gaŗhiss±ma v± gh±tess±ma v±”ti ±gat± cha g±magh±takacor±.
Udakaŗŗavanti gambh²ra½ puthula½ udaka½. Gambh²rampi hi aputhula½, puthula½ v± agambh²ra½, na aŗŗavoti vuccati, yampana gambh²rańca puthulańca, tasseveta½ n±ma½. S±saŖka½ sappaµibhayanti catunna½ ±s²vis±na½ pańcanna½ vadhak±na½ chaµµhassa antaracarassa channańca g±magh±takacor±na½ vasena s±saŖka½ sappaµibhaya½. Khema½ appaµibhayanti tesa½yeva ±s²vis±d²na½ abh±vena khemańca nibbhayańca vicitra-uyy±navara½ bahvannap±na½ devanagarasadisa½. Na cassa n±v± sant±raŗ²ti “im±ya n±v±ya orimat²rato parat²ra½ gamissant²”ti eva½ µhapit± ca sant±raŗ² n±v± na bhaveyya. Uttarasetu v±ti rukkhasetu-jaŖghasetu-sakaµaset³na½ ańńataro uttarasetu v± na bhaveyya. Tiµµhati br±hmaŗoti na kho esa br±hmaŗo. Kasm± na½ br±hmaŗoti ±ha? Ettak±na½ paccatthik±na½ b±hitatt±, desana½ v± vinivattento eka½ kh²ŗ±savabr±hmaŗa½ dassetumpi evam±ha.