Namo tassa bhagavato arahato samm±sambuddhassa.

Sa½yuttanik±ye

Khandhavaggaµ²k±

1. Khandhasa½yutta½

1. Nakulapituvaggo

1. Nakulapitusuttavaººan±

1. Bhagg± n±ma j±napadino r±jakum±r±. Tesa½ niv±so ekopi janapado ru¼h²vasena “bhagg±”tveva vuccat²ti katv± vutta½ “eva½n±make janapade”ti, eva½ bahuvacanavasena laddhan±me”ti attho. Tasmi½ vanasaº¹eti yo pana vanasaº¹o pubbe mig±na½ abhayatth±ya dinno, tasmi½ vanasaº¹e. Yasm± so gahapati tasmi½ nagare “nakulapit±”ti puttassa vasena paññ±yittha, tasm± vutta½ “nakulapit±”ti nakulassa n±ma d±rakassa pit±ti attho. Bhariy±pissa “nakulam±t±”ti paññ±yittha.
Jar±jiººoti jar±vasena jiººo, na by±dhi-±d²na½ vasena jiººo. Vayovu¹¹hoti jiººatt± eva vayovu¹¹hippattiy± vu¹¹ho, na s²l±divu¹¹hiy±. J±tiy± mahantat±ya cirarattat±ya j±timahallako. Tiyaddhagatoti paµhamo majjhimo pacchimoti tayo addhe gato. Tattha paµhama½ dutiyañca atikkantatt± pacchima½ upagatatt± vayo-anuppatto. ¾turak±yoti dukkhavedan±pavisat±ya anass±dak±yo. Gelañña½ pana dukkhagatikanti “gil±nak±yo”ti vutta½. Tath± hi saccavibhaªge (vibha. 190 ±dayo) dukkhasaccaniddese dukkhaggahaºeneva gahitatt± by±dhi na niddiµµho. Niccapaggharaºaµµhen±ti sabbad± asucipaggharaºabh±vena. So panassa ±turabh±ven±ti ±ha– “±tura½yeva n±m±”ti. Visesen±ti adhikabh±vena. ¾turat²ti ±turo. Saªg±mappatto santattak±yo. Jar±ya ±turat± jar±turat±. Kusalapakkhava¹¹hanena mano bh±vent²ti manobh±van²y±. Manas± v± bh±van²y± sambh±van²y±ti manobh±van²y±. Anus±sat³ti anu anu s±sat³ti ayamettha atthoti ±ha– “punappuna½ s±sat³”ti. Apar±para½ pavattita½ hitavacana½. Anotiººe vatthusmi½ yo eva½ karoti, tassa aya½ guºo dosoti vacana½. Tantivasen±ti tantisannissayena aya½ anus±san² n±ma. Paveº²ti tantiy± eva vevacana½.
Aº¹a½ viya bh³toti adhikopam± k±yassa aº¹akosato abaladubbalabh±vato. Ten±ha “aº¹a½ h²”ti-±di. B±loyeva t±disattabh±vasamaªg² muhuttampi ±rogya½ paµij±nanto.
Vippasann±n²ti pakatim±k±ra½ atikkamitv± visesena pasann±ni. Ten±ha– “su-u pasann±n²”ti. Pasannacittasamuµµhitar³pasampad±hi t±hi tassa mukhavaººassa p±risuddh²ti ±ha– “parisuddhoti niddoso”ti. Tenev±ha “nirupakkilesat±y±”ti-±di. Etenevassindriyavippasannat±k±raºampi sa½vaººitanti daµµhabba½. Esa mukhavaººo. Nayagg±hapaññ± kires±ti ida½ an±vajjanavaseneva vuttabh±va½ sandh±y±ha.
Ya½ neva puttass±ti-±di “ovadatu no, bhante, bhagav± yath± maya½ paralokepi aññamañña½ sam±gaccheyy±m±”ti vuttavacana½ sandh±ya vuttameva. Madhuradhammadesan±yeva satthu sammukh± paµiladdh±, tassa attano pemag±ravagahitatt± “amat±bhiseko”ti veditabbo.
Ida½ padadvaya½. ¾rakatt± kilesehi maggena samucchinnatt±. Anayeti ava¹¹hiya½, anattheti attho. Anaye v± anup±ye. Na iriyanato avattanato. Ayeti va¹¹hiya½ atthe up±ye ca. Araº²yatoti payirup±sitabbato. Niruttinayena padasiddhi veditabb± purimesu atthavikappesu pacchime pana saddasatthavasenapi. Yadipi ariyasaddo “ye hi vo ariy± parisuddhak±yakammant±”ti-±d²su (ma. ni. 1.35) visuddh±sayapayogesu puthujjanesupi vaµµati, idha pana ariyamagg±dhigamena sabbalokuttarabh±vena ca ariyabh±vo adhippetoti dassento ±ha– “buddh± c±”ti-±di. Tattha paccekabuddh± tath±gatas±vak± ca sappuris±ti ida½ “ariy± sappuris±”ti idha vuttapad±na½ attha½ asaªkarato dassetu½ vutta½. Yasm± pana nippariy±yato ariyasappurisabh±v± abhinnasabh±v±, tasm± “sabbeva v±”ti-±di vutta½.
Ett±vat± hi buddhas±vako vutto, tassa hi ekantena kaly±ºamitto icchitabbo parato ghosamantarena paµhamamaggassa anuppajjanato. Visesato cassa bhagav±va “kaly±ºamitto”ti adhippeto. Vuttañheta½ “mamañhi, ±nanda, kaly±ºamitta½ ±gamma j±tidhamm± satt± j±tiy± parimuccant²”ti-±di (sa½. ni. 1.129; 5.2). So eva ca aveccapas±d±dhigamena da¼habhatti n±ma. Vuttampi ceta½ “ya½ may± s±vak±na½ sikkh±pada½ paññatta½, ta½ mama s±vak± j²vitahetupi n±tikkamant²”ti (ud±. 45; c³¼ava. 385). Kataññut±d²hi paccekabuddhabuddh±ti ettha kata½ j±n±t²ti kataññ³. Kata½ vidita½ p±kaµa½ karot²ti kataved². Paccekabuddh± hi anekesupi kappasatasahassesu kata½ upak±ra½ j±nanti, katañca p±kaµa½ karonti satijanana-±misapaµiggahaº±din±. Tath± sa½s±radukkhadukkhitassa sakkacca½ karonti kicca½, ya½ attan± k±tu½ sakk±. Samm±sambuddho pana kapp±na½ asaªkhyeyyasahassesupi kata½ upak±ra½ maggaphal±na½ upanissayañca j±nanti, p±kaµañca karonti. S²ho viya ca eva½ sabbattha sakkaccameva dhammadesana½ karontena buddhakicca½ karonti. Y±ya paµipattiy± ariy± diµµh± n±ma honti, tass± appaµipajjana½, tattha ca ±dar±bh±vo ariy±na½ adassanas²lat±, na ca dassane s±dhuk±rit±ti veditabb±. Cakkhun± adass±v²ti ettha cakkhu n±ma na ma½sacakkhu eva, atha kho dibbacakkhup²ti ±ha “dibbacakkhun± v±”ti. Ariyabh±voti yehi yogato “ariy±”ti vuccanti, te maggaphaladhamm± daµµhabb±.
Tatr±ti ñ±ºadassanasseva dassanabh±ve. Vatth³ti adhippetatthañ±panak±raºa½. Eva½ vuttep²ti eva½ aññ±padesena attupan±yika½ katv± vuttepi. Dhammanti lokuttaradhamma½, catusaccadhamma½ v±. Ariyakaradhamm± anicc±nupassan±dayo, vipassiyam±n± v± anicc±dayo, catt±ri v± ariyasacc±ni.
Avin²toti na vin²to adhis²lasikkh±d²na½ vasena na sikkhito. Yesa½ sa½varavinay±d²na½ abh±vena aya½ “avin²to”ti vuccati, te t±va dassetu½ “duvidho vinayo n±m±”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha s²lasa½varoti p±timokkhasa½varo veditabbo, so ca atthato k±yikav±casiko av²tikkamo. Satisa½varoti indriy±rakkh±, s± ca tath±pavatt± satiyeva. ѱºasa½varoti “sot±na½ sa½vara½ br³m²”ti (su. ni. 1041) vatv± “paññ±yete pidh²yare”ti (su. ni. 1041) vacanato sotasaªkh±t±na½ taºh±diµµhiduccarita-avijj±-avasiµµhakiles±na½ sa½varo pidahana½ samucchedañ±ºanti veditabba½. Khantisa½varoti adhiv±san±, s± ca tath±pavatt± khandh±, adoso v±, “paññ±”ti keci vadanti. V²riyasa½varo k±mavitakk±d²na½ vinodanavasena pavatta½ v²riyameva. Tena tena aªgena tassa tassa aªgassa pah±na½ tadaªgappah±na½. Vikkhambhanavasena pah±na½ vikkhambhanappah±na½. Sesapadattayepi eseva nayo.
Imin± p±timokkhasa½varen±ti-±di s²lasa½var±d²na½ vivaraºa½. Tattha samupetoti iti-saddo ±di-attho. Tena “upagato”ti-±din± vibhaªge (vibha. 511) ±gata½ sa½varavibhaªga½ dasseti. K±yaduccarit±d²nanti duss²lyasaªkh±t±na½ k±yavac²duccarit±d²na½ muµµhasaccasaªkh±tassa pam±dassa, abhijjh±d²na½ v± akkhanti-aññ±ºakosajj±nañca. Sa½varaºatoti pidahanato, vinayanatoti k±yav±c±citt±na½ vir³papavattiy± vinayanato, k±yaduccarit±d²na½ v± apanayanato, k±y±d²na½ v± jimhapavatti½ vicchinditv± ujukanayanatoti attho. Paccayasamav±ye uppajjan±rah±na½ k±yaduccarit±d²na½ tath± tath± anupp±danameva sa½varaºa½ vinayanañca veditabba½.
Ya½ pah±nanti sambandho. “N±mar³paparicched±d²su vipassan±ñ±ºes³”ti kasm± vutta½? Nanu n±mar³paparicchedapaccayapariggahakaªkh±vitaraº±ni na vipassan±ñ±º±ni sammasan±k±rena appavattanato? Saccameta½, vipassan±ñ±ºassa pana adhiµµh±nabh±vato eva½ vutta½. N±mar³pamattamida½, “natthi ettha att± v± attaniya½ v±”ti eva½ pavattañ±ºa½ n±mar³pavavatth±na½. Sati vijjam±ne khandhapañcakasaªkh±te k±ye, saya½ v± sat² tasmi½ k±ye diµµhi sakk±yadiµµhi, s± ca “r³pa½ attato samanupassat²”ti eva½ pavatt± attadiµµhi. Tassa n±mar³passa kamm±vijj±dipaccayapariggaºhanañ±ºa½ paccayapariggaho. “Natthi hetu, natthi paccayo satt±na½ sa½kiles±y±”ti-±dinayappavatt± ahetudiµµhi. “Issarapurisapaj±patipakati-aºuk±l±d²hi loko pavattati nivattati c±”ti tath± tath± pavatt± diµµhi visamahetudiµµhi. Tassev±ti paccayapariggahasseva. Kaªkh±vitaraºen±ti yath± etarahi n±mar³passa kamm±dipaccayato uppatti, eva½ at²te an±gatep²ti t²su k±lesu vicikicch±panayanañ±ºena. Katha½kath²bh±vass±ti “ahosi½ nu kho aha½ at²tamaddh±nan”ti-±dinayapavatt±ya (ma. ni. 1.18; sa½. ni. 2.20) sa½sayappavattiy±. Kal±pasammasanen±ti “ya½ kiñci r³pa½ at²t±n±gatapaccuppannan”ti-±din± (sa½. ni. 3.48-49) khandhapañcaka½ ek±dasasu ok±sesu pakkhipitv± sammasanavasena pavattena vipassan±ñ±ºena. Aha½ mam±ti g±hass±ti “att± attaniyan”ti gahaºassa. Magg±maggavavatth±nen±ti magg±maggañ±ºavisuddhiy±. Amagge maggasaññ±y±ti amagge obh±s±dike “maggo”ti uppannasaññ±ya. Yasm± sammadeva saªkh±r±na½ udaya½ passanto “evamete saªkh±r± anur³pak±raºato uppajjanti, na pana ucchijjant²”ti gaºh±ti, tasm± vutta½ “udayadassanena ucchedadiµµhiy±”ti. Yasm± pana saªkh±r±na½ vaya½ “yadipime saªkh±r± avicchinn± vattanti, uppannuppann± pana appaµisandhik± nirujjhantev±”ti passato kuto sassatagg±ho. Tasm± vutta½ “vayadassanena sassatadiµµhiy±”ti. Bhayadassanen±ti bhayat³paµµh±nañ±ºena. Sabhayeti sabbabhay±na½ ±karabh±vato sakaladukkhav³pasamasaªkh±tassa paramass±sassa paµipakkhabh±vato ca sabhaye khandhapañcake. Abhayasaññ±y±ti “abhaya½ kheman”ti uppannasaññ±ya. Ass±dasaññ± n±ma pañcup±d±nakkhandhesu ass±danavasena pavattasaññ±, yo “±lay±bhiniveso”tipi vuccati. Abhiratisaññ± tattheva abhiramaºavasena pavattasaññ±, y± “nand²”tipi vuccati. Amuccituk±mat± ±d±na½. Anupekkh± saªkh±rehi anibbindana½, s±layat±ti attho. Dhammaµµhitiya½ paµiccasamupp±de. Paµilomabh±vo sassatucchedagg±ho, paccay±k±rapaµicch±dakamoho v±. Nibb±ne ca paµilomabh±vo saªkh±resu nati, nibb±napaµicch±dakamoho v±. Saªkh±ranimittagg±hoti y±disassa kilesassa appah²nat± vipassan± saªkh±ranimitta½ na muñcati, so kileso, yo “sa½yog±bhiniveso”tipi vuccati, saªkh±ranimittagg±hassa, atikkamanameva v± pah±na½.
Pavatti eva pavattibh±vo, pariyuµµh±nanti attho. N²varaº±didhamm±nanti ±di-saddena n²varaºapakkhiy± kiles± vitakkavic±r±dayo ca gayhanti. Catunna½ ariyamagg±na½ bh±vitatt± accanta½ appavattibh±vena ya½ pah±nanti sambandho. Kena pana pah±nanti? “Ariyamaggehev±”ti viññ±yam±noyamattho tesa½ bh±vitatt± appavattivacanato. “Samudayapakkhikass±”ti ettha catt±ropi magg± catusacc±bhisamay±ti katv± tehi pah±tabbena tena tena samudayasaªkh±tena lobhena saha pah±tabbatt± samudayasabh±vatt± ca. Saccavibhaªge ca sabbakiles±na½ samudayabh±vassa vuttatt± “samudayapakkhik±”ti diµµhi-±dayo vuccanti. Paµipassaddhatta½ v³pasantat±.
Saªkhatanissaµat± saªkh±rasabh±v±bh±vo. Pah²nasabbasaªkhatanti virahitasabbasaªkhata½, visaªkh±ranti attho. Pah±nañca ta½ vinayo c±ti pah±navinayo purimena atthena. Dutiyena pana pah²yat²ti pah±na½, tassa vinayoti yojetabbo.
Bhinnasa½varatt±ti naµµhasa½varatt±, sa½var±bh±vatoti attho. Tena asam±dinnasa½varopi saªgahitova hoti. Sam±d±nena hi samp±detabbo sa½varo, tadabh±ve na hot²ti. Ariyeti ariyo. Paccattavacanañheta½. Eseseti eso eso, atthato anaññoti attho. Tajj±teti atthato ta½sabh±vo, sappuriso ariyasabh±vo, ariyo ca sappurisabh±voti attho.
So ahanti attan± parikappita½ att±na½ diµµhigatiko vadati. “Aha½buddhinibandhano att±”ti hi attav±dino laddhi. Advayanti dvayat±rahita½. Abhinna½ vaººameva “acc²”ti gahetv± “acc²ti vaººo ev±”ti tesa½ ekatta½ passanto viya yath±parikappita½ att±na½ “r³pan”ti, yath±diµµha½ v± r³pa½, “att±”ti gahetv± tesa½ ekatta½ passanto daµµhabbo. Ettha ca “r³pa½ att±”ti imiss± pavattiy± abh±vepi r³pe attaggahaºa½ pavattam±na½ acciya½ vaººaggahaºa½ viya “advayadassanan”ti vutta½. Upam±yo ca anaññatt±digahaºanidassanavaseneva vutt±, na vaºº±d²na½ viya attano vijjam±nadassanattha½. Na hi attani s±mibh±vena r³pañca sakiñcanabh±vena samanupassati. Attani v± r³panti att±na½ r³passa sabh±vato ±dh±raºabh±vena. R³pasmi½ v± att±nanti r³passa attano ±dh±raºabh±vena diµµhipassan±ya passati. Pariyuµµhaµµh±y²ti pariyuµµh±nappatt±hi diµµhitaºh±hi “r³pa½ att±, r³pav± att±”ti-±din± khandhapañcaka½ micch± gahetv± tiµµhanato. Ten±ha “pariyuµµh±n±k±ren±”ti-±di. Eseva nayoti yo “idhekacco r³pa½ attato samanupassat²”ti-±din± r³pakkhandhe vutto sa½vaººan±nayo, vedan±kkhandh±d²supi eso eva nayo veditabbo.
Suddhar³pamev±ti ar³pena amissita½ kevala½ r³pameva. Ar³panti suddha-ar³pa½ r³passa aggahitatt±. Cat³su khandhesu tiººa½ tiººa½ vasen±ti cat³su khandhesu tiººa½ tiººa½ gahaºavasena r³p±r³pamissako att± kathito tasmi½ tasmi½ gahaºe vedan±divinimutta-ar³padhamme kasiºar³pena saddhi½ sabbar³padhamme ca ekajjha½ gahaºasiddhito. Pañcasu µh±nesu ucchedadiµµhi kathit±, te te eva dhamme “att±”ti gahaºato tesañca ucchedabh±vato. Avasesesu pana pannarasasu µh±nesu r³pa½ “att±”ti gahetv±pi diµµhigatiko tattha niccasañña½ na vissajjeti kasiºar³pena ta½ missetv± tassa ca upp±d±d²na½ adassanato, tasm±ssa tatthapi hotiyeva sassatadiµµhi ekaccasassatag±havasenapi. Magg±varaº± vipar²tadassanato. Na sagg±varaº± akammapathappattat±ya. Akiriy±hetukanatthikadiµµhiyo eva hi kammapathadiµµhiyo.
K±yoti r³pak±yo. So ±turoyeva asavasabh±vato. R±gadosamoh±nugatanti appah²nar±gadosamohasant±ne pavatta½. Idh±ti imasmi½ sutte. Dassita½ ±turabh±vena. Nikkilesat±y±ti saya½ pah²nakilesasant±nagatat±ya. Sekh± neva ±turacitt± pah²nakilese up±d±ya, appah²ne pana up±d±ya ±turacitt±. An±turacittata½yeva bhajanti vaµµ±nus±rimah±janassa viya tesa½ cittassa kilesavasena ±turatt±bh±vato.

Nakulapitusuttavaººan± niµµhit±.