10. Puººamasutta½

82. Eka½ samaya½ bhagav± s±vatthiya½ viharati pubb±r±me mig±ram±tup±s±de mahat± bhikkhusaªghena saddhi½. Tena kho pana samayena bhagav± tadahuposathe pannarase puºº±ya puººam±ya rattiy± bhikkhusaªghaparivuto ajjhok±se nisinno hoti.
Atha kho aññataro bhikkhu uµµh±y±san± eka½sa½ uttar±saªga½ karitv± yena bhagav± tenañjali½ paº±metv± bhagavanta½ etadavoca– “puccheyy±ha½, bhante, bhagavanta½ kiñcideva [kañcideva (?)] Desa½, sace me bhagav± ok±sa½ karoti pañhassa veyy±karaº±y±”ti? “Tena hi tva½, bhikkhu, sake ±sane nis²ditv± puccha yad±kaªkhas²”ti. “Eva½, bhante”ti kho so bhikkhu bhagavato paµissutv± sake ±sane nis²ditv± bhagavanta½ etadavoca “ime nu kho, bhante, pañcup±d±nakkhandh±, seyyathida½– r³pup±d±nakkhandho, vedanup±d±nakkhandho, saññup±d±nakkhandho, saªkh±rup±d±nakkhandho, viññ±ºup±d±nakkhandho”ti.
“Ime kho pana, bhikkhu, pañcup±d±nakkhandh±; seyyathida½– r³pup±d±nakkhandho…pe… viññ±ºup±d±nakkhandho”ti. “S±dhu, bhante”ti kho so bhikkhu bhagavato bh±sita½ abhinanditv± anumoditv± bhagavanta½ uttari½ pañha½ apucchi–
“Ime kho pana, bhante, pañcup±d±nakkhandh± ki½m³lak±”ti? “Ime kho, bhikkhu, pañcup±d±nakkhandh± chandam³lak±”ti…pe… taññeva nu kho, bhante, up±d±na½ te pañcup±d±nakkhandh± ud±hu aññatra pañcahi up±d±nakkhandhehi up±d±nanti? “Na kho, bhikkhu, taññeva up±d±na½ te pañcup±d±nakkhandh± n±pi aññatra pañcahi up±d±nakkhandhehi up±d±na½, api ca yo tattha chandar±go ta½ tattha up±d±nan”ti. “S±dhu, bhante”ti kho so bhikkhu…pe… uttari½ pañha½ apucchi–
“Siy± pana, bhante, pañcup±d±nakkhandhesu chandar±gavemattat±”ti? “Siy±, bhikkh³”ti bhagav± avoca– “idha, bhikkhu, ekaccassa eva½ hoti– ‘eva½r³po siya½ an±gatamaddh±na½, eva½vedano siya½ an±gatamaddh±na½, eva½sañño siya½ an±gatamaddh±na½, eva½saªkh±ro siya½ an±gatamaddh±na½ eva½viññ±ºo siya½ an±gatamaddh±nan’ti. Eva½ kho, bhikkhu, siy± pañcup±d±nakkhandhesu chandar±gavemattat±”ti? “S±dhu, bhante”ti kho so bhikkhu…pe… uttari½ pañha½ apucchi–
“Kitt±vat± nu kho, bhante, khandh±na½ khandh±dhivacanan”ti? “Ya½ kiñci, bhikkhu, r³pa½ at²t±n±gatapaccuppanna½ ajjhatta½ v± bahiddh± v± o¼±rika½ v± sukhuma½ v± h²na½ v± paº²ta½ v± ya½ d³re santike v±, aya½ vuccati r³pakkhandho. Y± k±ci vedan±… y± k±ci saññ± ye keci saªkh±r±… ya½ kiñci viññ±ºa½ at²t±n±gatapaccuppanna½ ajjhatta½ v± bahiddh± v± o¼±rika½ v± sukhuma½ v± h²na½ v± paº²ta½ v± ya½ d³re santike v±, aya½ vuccati viññ±ºakkhandho. Ett±vat± kho, bhikkhu, khandh±na½ khandh±dhivacanan”ti. “S±dhu, bhante”ti kho so bhikkhu…pe… apucchi–
“Ko nu kho, bhante, hetu ko paccayo r³pakkhandhassa paññ±pan±ya; ko hetu ko paccayo vedan±kkhandhassa paññ±pan±ya; ko hetu ko paccayo saññ±kkhandhassa paññ±pan±ya; ko hetu ko paccayo saªkh±rakkhandhassa paññ±pan±ya; ko hetu ko paccayo viññ±ºakkhandhassa paññ±pan±y±”ti? “Catt±ro kho, bhikkhu, mah±bh³t± hetu, catt±ro mah±bh³t± paccayo r³pakkhandhassa paññ±pan±ya. Phasso hetu phasso paccayo vedan±kkhandhassa paññ±pan±ya. Phasso hetu phasso paccayo saññ±kkhandhassa paññ±pan±ya. Phasso hetu phasso paccayo saªkh±rakkhandhassa paññ±pan±ya. N±mar³pa½ hetu, n±mar³pa½ paccayo viññ±ºakkhandhassa paññ±pan±y±”ti. “S±dhu, bhante”ti kho so bhikkhu…pe… apucchi–
“Katha½ nu kho, bhante, sakk±yadiµµhi hot²”ti? “Idha, bhikkhu, assutav± puthujjano ariy±na½ adass±v² ariyadhammassa akovido ariyadhamme avin²to, sappuris±na½ adass±v² sappurisadhammassa akovido sappurisadhamme avin²to r³pa½ attato samanupassati, r³pavanta½ v± att±na½; attani v± r³pa½, r³pasmi½ v± att±na½; vedana½… sañña½… saªkh±re… viññ±ºa½… attato samanupassati, viññ±ºavanta½ v± att±na½; attani v± viññ±ºa½, viññ±ºasmi½ v± att±na½. Eva½ kho, bhikkhu, sakk±yadiµµhi hot²”ti. “S±dhu, bhante”ti kho so bhikkhu…pe… apucchi–
“Katha½ pana, bhante, sakk±yadiµµhi na hot²”ti? “Idha, bhikkhu, sutav± ariyas±vako ariy±na½ dass±v² ariyadhammassa kovido ariyadhamme suvin²to, sappuris±na½ dass±v² sappurisadhammassa kovido sappurisadhamme suvin²to na r³pa½ attato samanupassati, na r³pavanta½ v± att±na½; na attani v± r³pa½, na r³pasmi½ v± att±na½; na vedana½… na sañña½… na saªkh±re… na viññ±ºa½ attato samanupassati, na viññ±ºavanta½ v± att±na½; na attani v± viññ±ºa½, na viññ±ºasmi½ v± att±na½. Eva½ kho, bhikkhu, sakk±yadiµµhi na hot²”ti. “S±dhu bhante”ti kho so bhikkhu…pe… apucchi–
“Ko nu kho, bhante, r³passa ass±do, ko ±d²navo, ki½ nissaraºa½; ko vedan±ya… ko saññ±ya… ko saªkh±r±na½… ko viññ±ºassa ass±do, ko ±d²navo, ki½ nissaraºan”ti? “Ya½ kho, bhikkhu, r³pa½ paµicc uppajjati sukha½ somanassa½– aya½ r³passa ass±do. Ya½ r³pa½ anicca½ dukkha½ vipariº±madhamma½– aya½ r³passa ±d²navo. Yo r³pasmi½ chandar±gavinayo chandar±gappah±na½– ida½ r³passa nissaraºa½. Ya½ vedana½ paµicca… ya½ sañña½ paµicca… ye saªkh±re paµicca… ya½ viññ±ºa½ paµicc uppajjati sukha½ somanassa½– aya½ viññ±ºassa ass±do. Ya½ viññ±ºa½ anicca½ dukkha½ vipariº±madhamma½– aya½ viññ±ºassa ±d²navo. Yo viññ±ºasmi½ chandar±gavinayo chandar±gappah±na½– ida½ viññ±ºassa nissaraºan”ti. “S±dhu, bhante”ti kho so bhikkhu bhagavato bh±sita½ abhinanditv± anumoditv± bhagavanta½ uttari½ pañha½ apucchi–
“Katha½ nu kho, bhante, j±nato, katha½ passato imasmiñca saviññ±ºake k±ye bahiddh± ca sabbanimittesu ahaªk±ramamaªk±ram±n±nusay± na hont²”ti? “Ya½ kiñci, bhikkhu, r³pa½ at²t±n±gatapaccuppanna½ ajjhatta½ v± bahiddh± v± o¼±rika½ v± sukhuma½ v± h²na½ v± paº²ta½ v± ya½ d³re santike v±, sabba½ r³pa½– ‘neta½ mama, nesohamasmi, na meso att±’ti evameta½ yath±bh³ta½ sammappaññ±ya passati. Y± k±ci vedan±… y± k±ci saññ±… ye keci saªkh±r±… ya½ kiñci viññ±ºa½ at²t±n±gatapaccuppanna½ ajjhatta½ v± bahiddh± v± o¼±rika½ v± sukhuma½ v± h²na½ v± paº²ta½ v± ya½ d³re santike v±, sabba½ viññ±ºa½– ‘neta½ mama, nesohamasmi, na meso att±’ti evameta½ yath±bh³ta½ sammappaññ±ya passati. Eva½ kho, bhikkhu, j±nato eva½ passato imasmiñca saviññ±ºake k±ye bahiddh± ca sabbanimittesu ahaªk±ramamaªk±ram±n±nusay± na hont²”ti.
Tena kho pana samayena aññatarassa bhikkhuno eva½ cetaso parivitakko udap±di– “iti kira bho r³pa½ anatt±, vedan±… saññ±… saªkh±r±… viññ±ºa½ anatt±; anattakat±ni kamm±ni kathamatt±na½ [katamatt±na½ (p².), kammatt±na½ (sy±. ka½. ka.)] phusissant²”ti. Atha kho bhagav± tassa bhikkhuno cetas± ceto parivitakkamaññ±ya bhikkh³ ±mantesi–
“Ýh±na½ kho paneta½, bhikkhave, vijjati ya½ idhekacco moghapuriso avidv± avijj±gato taºh±dhipateyyena cetas± satthus±sana½ atidh±vitabba½ maññeyya. Iti kira, bho, r³pa½ anatt±, vedan±… saññ±… saªkh±r±… viññ±ºa½ anatt±. Anattakat±ni kamm±ni kathamatt±na½ phusissant²ti? Paµipucch±vin²t± kho me tumhe, bhikkhave, tatra tatra tesu tesu dhammesu.
“Ta½ ki½ maññatha, bhikkhave, r³pa½ nicca½ v± anicca½ v±”ti? “Anicca½, bhante”. “Vedan±… saññ±… saªkh±r±… viññ±ºa½ nicca½ v± anicca½ v±”ti “Anicca½, bhante”. “Ya½ pan±nicca½ dukkha½ v± ta½ sukha½ v±”ti? “Dukkha½, bhante”. “Ya½ pan±nicca½ dukkha½ vipariº±madhamma½, kalla½ nu ta½ samanupassitu½– ‘eta½ mama, esohamasmi, eso me att±”’ti? “No heta½, bhante”. Tasm±tiha…pe… eva½ passa½…pe… n±para½ itthatt±y±ti paj±n±t²”ti.
“Dve khandh± taññeva siya½, adhivacanañca hetun±;
sakk±yena duve vutt±, ass±daviññ±ºakena ca;
ete dasavidh± vutt±, hoti bhikkhu pucch±y±”ti. Dasama½.

Khajjan²yavaggo aµµhamo.

Tassudd±na½–
Ass±do dve samuday±, arahantehi apare dve;
s²ho khajjan² piº¹olya½, p±lileyyena puººam±ti.