11. C²varasuttavaººan±

154. R±jagahassa dakkhiºabh±ge giri dakkhiº±giri ºa-k±re a-k±rassa d²gha½ katv±, tassa dakkhiºabh±ge janapadopi “dakkhiº±gir²”ti vuccati, “girito dakkhiºabh±go”ti katv±. Ekadivasen±ti ekena divasena uppabb±jesu½ tesa½ saddh±pabbajit±bh±vato.
Yattha catt±ro v± uttari v± bhikkh³ akappiyanimantana½ s±diyitv± pañcanna½ bhojan±na½ aññatara½ bhojana½ ekato paµiggaºhitv± bhuñjanti, eta½ gaºabhojana½ n±ma, ta½ tiººa½ bhikkh³na½ bhuñjitu½ vaµµat²ti “tikabhojana½ paññattan”ti vacanena gaºabhojana½ paµikkhittanti vutta½ hoti. Tayo atthavase paµicca anuññ±tatt±pi “tikabhojanan”ti vadanti.
“Dummaªk³na½ niggaho eva pesal±na½ ph±suvih±ro”ti ida½ eka½ aªga½. Tenev±ha “dummaªk³na½ niggahenev±”ti-±di. “Yath± devadatto…pe… saªgha½ bhindeyyun”ti imin± k±raºena tikabhojana½ paññatta½.
Atha kiñcarah²ti atha kasm± tva½ asampannagaºa½ bandhitv± caras²ti adhipp±yo. Asampann±ya paris±ya c±rik±caraºa½ kul±nudday±ya na hoti, kul±na½ gh±titatt±ti adhipp±yena thero “sassagh±ta½ maññe caras²”ti-±dimavoca.
Sodhento tass± ativiya parisuddhabh±vadassanena. Uddisitu½ na j±n±mi tath± cittasseva anuppannapubbatt±. Kiñcana½ kilesavatthu. Saªgahetabbakhettavatthu palibodho, ±layo apekkh±. Ok±s±bh±vatoti bahukiccakaraº²yat±ya kusalakiriy±ya ok±s±bh±vato. Sannip±taµµh±natoti saªketa½ katv± viya kilesaraj±na½ tattha sannijjhapavattanato.
Sikkhattayabrahmacariyanti adhis²lasikkh±disikkhattayasaªgaha½ brahma½ seµµha½ cariya½. Khaº¹±dibh±v±p±danena akhaº¹a½ katv±. Lakkhaºavacanañheta½. Kiñci sikkhekadesa½ asesetv± ekanteneva parip³retabbat±ya ekantaparipuººa½. Cittupp±damattampi sa½kilesamala½ anupp±detv± accantameva visuddha½ katv± pariharitabbat±ya ekantaparisuddha½. Tato eva saªkha½ viya likhitanti saªkhalikhita½. Ten±ha “likhitasaªkhasadisan”ti. D±µhik±pi taggahaºeneva gahetv± “massu”tveva vutta½, na ettha kevala½ massuyev±ti attho. Kas±yena ratt±ni k±s±y±ni.
Vaªgas±µakoti vaªgadese uppannas±µako. Es±ti mah±kassapatthero. Abhin²h±rato paµµh±ya paºidh±nato pabhuti, aya½ id±ni vuccam±n±. Aggas±vakadvaya½ up±d±ya tatiyatt± “tatiyas±vakan”ti vutta½. Aµµhasaµµhibhikkhusatasahassanti bhikkh³na½ satasahassañceva saµµhisahass±ni ca aµµha ca sahass±ni.
Ayañca ayañca guºoti s²lato paµµh±ya y±va aggaphal± guºoti kittento mah±samudda½ p³rayam±no viya kathesi.
Kol±halanti devat±hi nibbattito kol±halo.
Khuddak±divasena pañcavaºº±. Taraºa½ v± hotu maraºa½ v±ti mahogha½ og±hanto puriso viya maccherasamudda½ uttaranto pacch±pi…pe… p±dam³le µhapesi bhagavato dhammadesan±ya maccherapah±nassa kathitatt±.
Satthu guº± kathit± n±ma hont²ti vutta½ “satthu guºe kathentass±”ti. Tato paµµh±y±ti tad± satthu sammukh± dhammassavanato paµµh±ya.
Tath±gatamañcass±ti tath±gatassa paribhogamañcassa. D±na½ datv± br±hmaºassa purohitaµµh±ne µhapesi. T±disasseva seµµhino dh²t± hutv±.
Adinnavip±kass±ti pubbe kat³pacitassa sabbaso na dinnavip±kassa. Tassa kammass±ti tassa paccekabuddhassa patte piº¹ap±ta½ chinditv± kalalap³raºakammassa. Tasmi½yeva attabh±ve sattasu µh±nesu duggandhasar²rat±ya paµinivattit±. Iµµhakapant²ti suvaººiµµhakapanti. Ghaµaniµµhak±y±ti tassa pantiya½ paµhama½ µhapita-iµµhak±ya saddhi½ ghaµetabba-iµµhak±ya ³n± hoti. Bhaddake k±leti ²disiy± iµµhak±ya icchitak±leyeva ±gat±si. Tena bandhanen±ti tena silesasambandhena.
Olambak±ti mutt±maºimay± olambak±. Puññanti natthi no puñña½ ta½, ya½ nimitta½ ya½ k±raº± ito sukhumatarassa paµil±bho siy±ti attho. Puññaniy±men±ti puññ±nubh±vasiddhena niy±mena. So ca assa b±r±ºasirajja½ d±tu½ katok±so.
Phussarathanti maªgalaratha½. Uºh²sa½ v±lab²jan² khaggo maºip±duk± setacchattanti pañcavidha½ r±jakakudhabhaº¹a½ Setacchatta½ visu½ gahita½. Dibbavattha½ s±diyitu½ puññ±nubh±vacodito “nanu t±t± th³lan”ti-±dim±ha.
Pañca caªkamanasat±n²ti ettha iti-saddena ±di-atthena aggis±l±d²ni pabbajitas±ruppaµµh±n±ni saªgaºh±ti.
S±dhuk²¼itanti ariy±na½ parinibbutaµµh±ne k±tabbasakk±ra½ vadati.
Nappamajji nirog± ayy±ti pucchit±k±radassana½. Parinibbut± dev±ti dev² paµivacana½ ad±si. Paµiy±detv±ti niyy±tetv±. Samaºakapabbajjanti samitap±pehi ariyehi anuµµh±tabbapabbajja½. So hi r±j± paccekabuddh±na½ vesassa diµµhatt± “idameva bhaddakan”ti t±disa½yeva liªga½ gaºhi.
Tatthev±ti brahmalokeyeva. V²satime vasse sampatteti ±haritv± sambandho. Brahmalokato ±gantv± nibbattatt± brahmacariy±dhik±rassa cirak±la½ saªgahitatt± “evar³pa½ katha½ m± katheth±”ti-±dim±ha.
V²sati dharaº±ni “nikkhan”ti vadanti. Alabhanto na vas±m²ti saññ±pess±m²ti sambandho.
Itth±karoti itthiratanassa uppattiµµh±na½. Ayyadh²t±ti amh±ka½ ayyassa dh²t±, bhaddak±pil±n²ti attho. Pas±dar³pena nibbisiµµhat±ya “mah±g²van”ti paµim±ya sadisabh±vam±ha. Ten±ha “ayyadh²t±y±”ti-±di.
Sam±napaººanti sadisapaººa½, kum±rassa kum±riy± ca vuttantapaººa½. Ito ca etto c±ti te puris± sam±gamaµµh±nato magadharaµµhe mah±titthag±ma½ maddaraµµhe s±galanagarañca uddissa pakkamant± aññamañña½ vissajjent± n±ma hont²ti “ito ca etto ca pesesun”ti vutt±.
Pupphad±manti hatthihatthappam±ºa½ pupphad±ma½. T±ni pupphad±m±ni. Teti ubho bhadd± ceva pippalikum±ro ca. Lok±misen±ti gehassitapemena, k±mass±den±ti attho. Asa½saµµh±ti na sa½saµµh± Vic±rayi½su ghaµe jalantena viya pad²pena ajjh±sayena samujjalantena vimokkhab²jena samuss±hitacitt±. Yantabaddh±n²ti sassasamp±danattha½ tattha tattha iµµhakadv±rakav±µayojanavasena yantabaddha-udakanikkhamanatumb±ni. Kammantoti kasikammakaraºaµµh±na½. D±sag±m±ti d±s±na½ vasanag±m±.
Os±petv±ti pakkhipitv±. ¾kappakuttavasen±ti ±k±ravasena kiriy±vasena ca. Ananucchavikanti pabbajitavesassa ananur³pa½. Tassa matthaketi dvedh±pathassa dvidh±bh³taµµh±ne.
Etesa½ saªgaha½ k±tu½ vaµµat²ti nis²d²ti sambandho. S± pana satthu tattha nisajj± edis²ti dassetu½ “nis²danto pan±”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha y± buddh±na½ aparimitak±lasaªgahit± acinteyy±parimeyyapuññasambh±r³pacayanibbatt± nir³pitasabh±vabuddhaguºavijjotit± lakkhaº±nubyañjanasamujjal± by±mappabh±ketum±l±laªkat± sabh±vasiddhat±ya akittim± r³pak±yasir², ta½yeva mah±kassapassa adiµµhapubba½ pas±dasa½va¹¹hanattha½ aniggahetv± nisinno bhagav± “buddhavesa½ gahetv±…pe… nis²d²”ti vutto. As²tihattha½ padesa½ by±petv± pavattiy± “as²tihatth±”ti vutt±. Satas±khoti bahus±kho anekas±kho. Suvaººavaººo ahosi nirantara½ buddharasm²hi samantato samokiººatt±. Eva½ vuttappak±rena veditabb±.
R±jagaha½ n±¼andanti ca s±mi-atthe upayogavacana½ antar±saddayogatoti ±ha “r±jagahassa n±¼and±ya c±”ti. Na hi me ito aññena satth±r± bhavitu½ sakk± diµµhadhammikasampar±yikaparamatthehi satt±na½ yath±raha½ anus±sanasamatthassa aññassa sadevake abh±vato. Na hi me ito aññena sugatena bhavitu½ sakk± sobhanagamanaguºagaºayuttassa aññassa abh±vato. Na hi me ito aññena samm±sambuddhena bhavitu½ sakk± samm± sabbadhamm±na½ sayambhuñ±ºena abhisambuddhassa abh±vato. Imin±ti “satth± me, bhante”ti imin± vacanena.
Aj±nam±nova sabbaññeyyanti adhipp±yo. Sabbacetas±ti sabba-ajjhattikaªgaparipuººacetas±. Samann±gatanti sampanna½ sammadeva anu anu ±gata½ upagata½. Phaleyy±ti vid±leyya. Vilayanti vin±sa½.
Eva½ sikkhitabbanti id±ni vuccam±n±k±rena. Hirottappassa bahalat± n±ma vipulat±ti ±ha “mahantan”ti. Paµhamataramev±ti pageva upasaªkamanato. Tath± atim±napah²no assa, hiri-ottappa½ yath± saºµh±ti. Kusalasannissitanti anavajjadhammanissita½. Aµµhikanti tena dhammena aµµhika½. ¾dito paµµh±ya y±va pariyos±n± savanacitta½ “sabbaceto”ti adhippetanti ±ha “cittassa thokampi bahi gantu½ adento”ti. Tena samodh±na½ dasseti. Sabbena…pe… samann±haritv± ±rambhato pabhuti y±va desan± nipphann±, t±va antarantar± pavattena sabbena samann±h±racittena dhamma½yeva samann±haritv±. Ýhapitasototi dhamme nihitasoto. Odahitv±ti apihita½ katv±. Paµhamajjh±navasen±ti ida½ asubhesu tasseva ijjhato, itaratthañca sukhasampayuttat± vutt±.
Sa½s±ras±gare paribbhamantassa iºaµµh±ne tiµµhanti kiles± ±savasabh±v±p±danatoti ±ha “saraºoti sakileso”ti. Catt±ro hi paribhog±ti-±d²su ya½ vattabba½, ta½ visuddhimaggatta½ sa½vaººan±su vuttanayeneva veditabba½. Ettha ca bhagav± paµhama½ ov±da½ therassa br±hmaºaj±tikatt± j±tim±napah±natthamabh±si, dutiya½ b±husacca½ niss±ya uppajjanaka-aha½k±rapah±nattha½, tatiya½ upadhisampatti½ niss±ya uppajjanaka-attasinehapah±nattha½. Aµµhame divaseti bhagavat± sam±gatadivasato aµµhame divase.
Maggato okkamana½ paµhamatara½ bhagavat± sam±gatadivaseyeva ahosi. Yadi arahatt±dhigamo pacch±, atha kasm± p±¼iya½ pageva siddha½ viya vuttanti ±ha “desan±v±rass±”ti-±di. “Satt±hameva khv±ha½, ±vuso saraºo, raµµhapiº¹a½ bhuñjin”ti vatv± avasarappatta½ arahatta½ pavedento “aµµhamiy± aññ± udap±d²”ti ±ha. Ayamettha desan±v±rassa ±gamo. Tato para½ bhagavat± attano kata½ anuggaha½ c²varaparivattana½ dassento “atha kho, ±vuso”ti-±dim±ha.
Antanten±ti catugguºa½ katv± paññatt±ya saªgh±µiy± antantena. J±tipa½suk³likena…pe… bhavitu½ vaµµat²ti etena pubbe j±ti-±raññakaggahaºena ca terasa dhutaªg± gahit± ev±ti daµµhabba½. Anucchavika½ k±tunti anur³pa½ paµipatti½ paµipajjitu½. Thero p±rup²ti sambandho.
Bhagavato ov±da½ bhagavato v± dhammak±ya½ niss±ya urassa vasena j±toti oraso. Bhagavato v± dhammasar²rassa mukhato sattati½sabodhipakkhiyato j±to. Teneva dhammaj±tadhammanimmitabh±vopi sa½vaººitoti daµµhabbo. Ov±dadhammo eva satth±r± d±tabbato therena ±d±tabbato ov±dadhammad±y±do, ov±dadhammad±yajjoti attho, ta½ arahat²ti. Esa nayo sesapadesupi.
“Pabbajj± ca parisodhit±”ti vatv± tass± sammadeva sodhitabh±va½ byatirekamukhena dassetu½, “±vuso, yass±”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha evanti yath± aha½ labhi½, eva½ so satthu santik± labhat²ti yojan±. S²han±da½ naditunti etth±pi s²han±danadan± n±ma desan±va, thero satth±r± attano kat±nuggahameva anantarasutte vuttanayena ulliªgeti, na aññath±. Na hi mah±thero kevala½ attano guº±nubh±va½ vibh±veti. Sesanti ya½ idha asa½vaººita½. Purimanayenev±ti anantarasutte vuttanayeneva.

C²varasuttavaººan± niµµhit±.