3-5. Pañcasikkh±padasutt±divaººan±

109-111. Sur±merayasaªkh±tanti piµµhasur±disur±saªkh±ta½ pupph±sav±dimerayasaªkh±tañca. Majjanaµµhena majja½. Sur±merayamajjappam±doti vuccati “majjati ten±”ti katv±. Tasmi½ tiµµhant²ti tasmi½ pam±de pamajjanavasena tiµµhant²ti attho. Sesa½ tatiyacatutthesu suviññeyyamev±ti.
Pañcame t±ni pad±ni sa½vaººetu½ “pañcame”ti-±di ±raddha½. Tattha p±ºo n±ma voh±rato satto, paramatthato j²vitindriya½, ta½ p±ºa½ atip±tenti aticca antareyeva, atikkamma v± satth±d²hi abhibhavitv± p±tenti saºika½ patitu½ adatv± s²gha½ p±tent²ti attho. K±yena v±c±ya v± adinna½ parasantaka½. ¾diyant²ti gaºhanti. Micch±ti na samm±, g±rayhavasena. Mus±ti atatha½ vatthu. Vadant²ti visa½v±danavasena vadanti. Piyasuññakaraºato pisuº±, pisati v± pare satte, hi½sat²ti attho. Mammacchedik±ti etena parassa mammacchedavasena ekantapharusasañcetan± pharusav±c± n±m±ti dasseti. Abhijjh±saddo lubbhane niru¼hoti ±ha “parabhaº¹e lubbhanas²l±ti attho”ti. By±pannanti dosavasena vipanna½. Pakativijahanena p³tibh³ta½. S±dh³hi garahitabbata½ patt± “natthi dinnan”ti-±dinayappavatt± natthik±hetuka-akiriyadiµµhi kammapathapariy±pann± n±ma. Micchattapariy±pann± sabb±pi lokuttaramaggapaµipakkh± vipar²tadiµµhi.
Tesanti kammapath±na½. Voh±ratoti indriyabaddha½ up±d±ya paññattimattato. Tiracch±nagat±d²s³ti ±di-saddena pet±na½ saªgaho. Payogavatthumahantat±d²hi mah±s±vajjat± tehi paccayehi uppajjam±n±ya cetan±ya balavabh±vato. Yath±vuttapaccayavipariy±yepi ta½ta½paccayehi cetan±ya balavabh±vavasena appas±vajjamah±s±vajjat± v± veditabb±. Iddhimayoti kammavip±kiddhimayo d±µh±koµan±d²na½ viya.
Methunasam±c±res³ti sad±raparad±ragamanavasena duvidhesu methunasam±c±resu. Tepi h²n±dhimuttikehi kattabbato k±m± n±ma. Micch±c±roti g±rayh±c±ro. G±rayhat± cassa ekantanih²nat±y±ti ±ha “ekantanindito l±mak±c±ro”ti asaddhamm±dhipp±yen±ti asaddhammasevan±dhipp±yena. Gottarakkhit±ti sagottehi rakkhit±. Dhammarakkhit±ti sahadhammehi rakkhit±. Sass±mik± n±ma s±rakkh±. Yass± gamane daº¹o µhapito, s± saparidaº¹±. Bhariyabh±v±ya dhanena k²t± dhanakk²t±. Chandena vasat²ti chandav±sin². Bhogattha½ vasat²ti bhogav±sin². Paµattha½ vasat²ti paµav±sin². Udakapatta½ ±masitv± gahit± odapattakin². Cumbaµa½ apanetv± gahit± obhaµacumbaµ±. Karamar±n²t± dhaj±haµ±. Taªkhaºika½ gahit± muhuttik±. Abhibhavitv± v²tikkamo micch±c±ro mah±s±vajjo, na tath± dvinna½ sam±nacchandat±ya. Abhibhavitv± v²tikkamane satipi maggenamaggapaµipatti-adhiv±sane purimuppannasevan±bhisandhipayog±bh±vato micch±c±ro na hoti abhibhuyyam±nass±ti vadanti. Sevan±citte sati payog±bh±vo appam±ºa½ yebhuyyena itthiy± sevan±payogassa abh±vato. Tath± sati puretara½ sevan±cittassa upaµµh±nepi tass± micch±c±ro na siy±, tath± purisassapi sevan±payog±bh±ve. Tasm± attano ruciy± pavattitassa vasena tayo, balakk±rena pavattitassa vasena tayoti sabbepi aggahitaggahaºena “catt±ro sambh±r±”ti vutta½.
¾sevanamandat±y±ti y±ya akusalacetan±ya sampha½ palapati, tass± ittarak±lat±ya pavattiy± an±sevan±ti paridubbal± hoti cetan±.
Upasaggavasena atthavisesav±cino dh±tusadd±ti abhijjh±yat²ti padassa parabhaº¹±bhimukh²ti-±di-attho vutto. Tanninnat±y±ti tasmi½ parabhaº¹e lubbhanavasena ninnat±ya. Abhipubbo jhe-saddo lubbhane niru¼hoti daµµhabbo. Yassa bhaº¹a½ abhijjh±yati, tassa appaguºat±ya appas±vajj±, mah±guºat±ya mah±s±vajj±ti-±din± nayena tattha appas±vajjamah±s±vajjavibh±go veditabbo. Ten±ha “adinn±d±na½ viy±”ti-±di. Attano pariº±mana½ cittenev±ti daµµhabba½.
Hitasukha½ by±p±dayat²ti yo na½ upp±deti, yassa upp±deti, tassa sati samav±ye hitasukha½ vin±seti. Aho vat±ti imin± yath± abhijjh±ne vatthuno ekantato attano pariº±mana½ dassita½ evamidh±pi vatthuno “aho vat±”ti imin± parassa vin±sacint±ya ekantato niyamitabh±va½ dasseti. Evañhi nesa½ d±ruºappavattiy± kammapathappavatti.
Yath±bhuccagahaº±bh±ven±ti yath±tacchagahaºassa abh±vena anicc±disabh±vassa nicc±dito gahaºena. Micch± passat²ti vitatha½ passati. Samphappal±po viy±ti imin± ±sevanassa appamahantat±hi micch±diµµhiy± appas±vajjamah±s±vajjat±. Vatthunoti gahitavatthuno. Gahit±k±ravipar²tat±ti micch±diµµhiy± gahit±k±rassa vipar²tat±. Tath±bh±ven±ti attano gahit±k±reneva tass± diµµhiy±, gahitassa v± vatthuno upaµµh±na½ “evameta½, na ito aññath±”ti.
Dhammatoti sabh±vato. Koµµh±satoti cittaªgakoµµh±sato, ya½koµµh±s± honti, tatoti attho. Cetan±dhamm±v±ti cetan±sabh±v± eva. Paµip±µiy± satt±ti ettha nanu cetan± abhidhamme kammapathesu na vutt±ti paµip±µiy± sattanna½ kammapathabh±vo na yuttoti? Na, avacanassa aññahetukatt±. Na hi tattha cetan±ya akammapathatt± kammapathar±simhi avacana½, kad±ci pana kammapatho hoti, na sabbad±ti kammapathabh±vassa aniyatatt± avacana½. Yad±, panassa kammapathabh±vo hoti, tad± kammapathar±sisaªgaho na niv±rito. Etth±ha– yadi cetan±ya sabbad± kammapathabh±v±bh±vato aniyato kammapathabh±voti kammapathar±simhi avacana½, nanu abhijjh±d²nampi kammapathabh±va½ appatt±na½ atthit±ya aniyato kammapathabh±voti tesampi kammapathar±simhi avacana½ ±pajjat²ti? N±pajjati, kammapathat±ta½sabh±gat±hi tesa½ tattha vuttatt±. Yadi eva½ cetan±pi tattha vattabb± siy±? Saccameta½. S± pana p±º±tip±t±dik±ti p±kaµo tass± kammapathabh±voti na vutt± siy±. Cetan±ya hi “cetan±ha½, bhikkhave, kamma½ vad±mi (a. ni. 6.63; kath±. 539) tividh±, bhikkhave, k±yasañcetan± akusala½ k±yakamman”ti-±divacanato (kath±. 539) kammabh±vo p±kaµo. Kamma½yeva ca sugatiduggat²na½ tatthuppajjanakasukhadukkh±nañca pathabh±vena pavatta½ kammapathoti vuccat²ti p±kaµo, tass± kammapathabh±vo. Abhijjh±d²na½ pana cetan±sam²hanabh±vena sucaritaduccaritabh±vo, cetan±janitapiµµhivaµµakabh±vena sugatiduggatitaduppajjanakasukhadukkh±na½ pathabh±vo c±ti, na tath± p±kaµo kammapathabh±voti, te eva tena sabh±vena dassetu½ abhidhamme kammapathar±sibh±vena vutt±. Atath±j±tiyakatt± v± cetan± tehi saddhi½ na vutt±ti daµµhabba½. M³la½ patv±ti m³ladesana½ patv±, m³lasabh±vesu dhammesu desiyam±nes³ti attho.
Adinn±d±na½ satt±rammaºanti ida½ “pañca sikkh±pad± paritt±rammaº± ev±”ti im±ya p±¼iy± virujjhati. Yañhi p±º±tip±t±diduss²lyassa ±rammaºa½, tadeva ta½ veramaºiy± ±rammaºa½. V²tikkamitabbavatthuto eva hi virat²ti. “Satt±rammaºan”ti v± sattasaªkh±ta½ saªkh±r±rammaºameva up±d±ya vuttatt± na koci virodho. Tath± hi vutta½ sammohavinodaniya½ (vibha. aµµha. 714) “y±ni sikkh±pad±ni ettha ‘satt±rammaº±n²’ti vutt±ni, t±ni yasm± ‘sattoti’ti saªkha½ gate saªkh±reyeva ±rammaºa½ karont²”ti. Ito paresupi eseva nayo. Visabh±gavatthuno “itthipuris±”ti gahetabbato satt±rammaºotipi eke. “Eko diµµho, dve sut±”ti-±din± samphappalapane diµµhasutamutaviññ±tavasena. Tath± abhijjh±ti ettha tath±-saddo “diµµhasutamutaviññ±tavasen±”ti idampi upasa½harati, na sattasaªkh±r±rammaºata½ eva dassan±divasena abhijjh±yanato. “Natthi satt± opap±tik±”ti pavattam±n±pi micch±diµµhi tebh³makadhamm±rammaº± ev±ti adhipp±yena tass± saªkh±r±rammaºat± vutt±. Katha½ pana micch±diµµhiy± mahaggatappatt± dhamm± ±rammaºa½ hont²ti? S±dh±raºato. Natthi sukaµadukkaµ±na½ kamm±na½ phala½ vip±koti hi pavattam±n±ya atthato r³p±r³p±vacaradhamm±pi gahit±va hont²ti.
Sukhabahulat±ya r±j±no hasam±n±pi “cora½ gh±teth±”ti vadanti, h±so pana tesa½ aññavisayoti ±ha “sanniµµh±pakacetan± pana nesa½ dukkhasampayutt±va hot²”ti. Majjhattavedano na hoti, sukhavedanova. Tattha “k±m±na½ samuday±”ti-±din± vedan±bhedo veditabbo. Lobhasamuµµh±no mus±v±do sukhavedano v± siy± majjhattavedano v±, dosasamuµµh±no dukkhavedano v±ti mus±v±do tivedano siy±. Imin± nayena sesesupi yath±raha½ vedan±na½ “lobho nid±na½ kamm±na½ samuday±y±”ti-±din± bhedo veditabbo.
P±º±tip±to dosamohavasena dvim³lakoti sampayuttam³lameva sandh±ya vutta½. Tassa hi m³laµµhena upak±rabh±vo dosaviseso, nid±nam³le pana gayham±ne lobhamohavasenapi vaµµati. Samm³¼ho ±misakiñjakkhak±mopi hi p±ºa½ hanati. Tenev±ha “lobho nid±na½ kamm±na½ samuday±y±”ti-±di (a. ni. 3.34). Sesesupi eseva nayo.
Asam±dinnas²lassa sampattato yath±-upaµµhitav²tikkamitabbavatthuto virati sampattavirati. Sam±d±nena uppann± virati sam±d±navirati. Kiles±na½ samucchindanavasena pavatt± maggasampayutt± virati samucchedavirati. K±mañcettha p±¼iya½ viratiyova ±gat±, sikkh±padavibhaªge pana cetan±pi ±haritv± dassit±ti tadubhayampi gaºhanto “cetan±pi vaµµanti viratiyop²”ti ±ha.
Aduss²ly±rammaº± j²vitindriy±di-±rammaº± katha½ duss²ly±ni pajahant²ti dassetu½ “yath± pan±”ti-±di vutta½. P±º±tip±t±d²hi viramaºavasena pavattanato tad±rammaºabh±veneva t±ni pajahanti. Na hi tadeva ±rabbha ta½ pajahitu½ sakk± tato anissaµabh±vato.
Anabhijjh±…pe… viramantass±ti abhijjha½ pajahantass±ti attho. Na hi manoduccaritato virati atthi anabhijjh±d²heva tappah±nasiddhito.

Pañcasikkh±padasutt±divaººan± niµµhit±.