10. Susimasutta½

70. Eva½ me suta½– eka½ samaya½ bhagav± r±jagahe viharati ve¼uvane kalandakaniv±pe. Tena kho pana samayena bhagav± sakkato hoti garukato m±nito p³jito apacito l±bh² c²vara-piº¹ap±ta-sen±sana-gil±nappaccaya-bhesajjaparikkh±r±na½. Bhikkhusaªghopi sakkato hoti garukato m±nito p³jito apacito l±bh² c²vara-piº¹ap±ta-sen±sanagil±nappaccaya-bhesajjaparikkh±r±na½. Aññatitthiy± pana paribb±jak± asakkat± honti agarukat± am±nit± ap³jit± anapacit±, na l±bhino c²vara-piº¹ap±ta-sen±sanagil±nappaccaya-bhesajjaparikkh±r±na½.
Tena kho pana samayena susimo [sus²mo (s². ka.)] paribb±jako r±jagahe paµivasati mahatiy± paribb±jakaparis±ya saddhi½. Atha kho susimassa paribb±jakassa paris± susima½ paribb±jaka½ etadavocu½– “ehi tva½, ±vuso susima, samaºe gotame brahmacariya½ cara. Tva½ dhamma½ pariy±puºitv± amhe v±ceyy±si [v±cessasi (p². ka.)]. Ta½ maya½ dhamma½ pariy±puºitv± gih²na½ bh±siss±ma. Eva½ mayampi sakkat± bhaviss±ma garukat± m±nit± p³jit± apacit± l±bhino c²vara-piº¹ap±tasen±sana-gil±nappaccaya-bhesajjaparikkh±r±nan”ti. “Evam±vuso”ti kho susimo paribb±jako sak±ya paris±ya paµissuºitv± yen±yasm± ±nando tenupasaªkami; upasaªkamitv± ±yasmat± ±nandena saddhi½ sammodi. Sammodan²ya½ katha½ s±raº²ya½ v²tis±retv± ekamanta½ nis²di. Ekamanta½ nisinno kho susimo paribb±jako ±yasmanta½ ±nanda½ etadavoca– “icch±maha½, ±vuso ±nanda, imasmi½ dhammavinaye brahmacariya½ caritun”ti.
Atha kho ±yasm± ±nando susima½ paribb±jaka½ ±d±ya yena bhagav± tenupasaªkami; upasaªkamitv± bhagavanta½ abhiv±detv± ekamanta½ nis²di. Ekamanta½ nisinno kho ±yasm± ±nando bhagavanta½ etadavoca– “aya½, bhante, susimo paribb±jako evam±ha– ‘icch±maha½, ±vuso ±nanda, imasmi½ dhammavinaye brahmacariya½ caritun”ti. “Tenah±nanda, susima½ pabb±jeth±”ti Alattha kho susimo paribb±jako bhagavato santike pabbajja½, alattha upasampada½.
Tena kho pana samayena sambahulehi bhikkh³hi bhagavato santike aññ± by±kat± hoti– “kh²º± j±ti, vusita½ brahmacariya½, kata½ karaº²ya½, n±para½ itthatt±y±ti paj±n±m±”ti. Assosi kho ±yasm± susimo– “sambahulehi kira bhikkh³hi bhagavato santike aññ± by±kat±– ‘kh²º± j±ti, vusita½ brahmacariya½, kata½ karaº²ya½, n±para½ itthatt±y±’ti paj±n±m±”ti. Atha kho ±yasm± susimo yena te bhikkh³ tenupasaªkami; upasaªkamitv± tehi bhikkh³hi saddhi½ sammodi. Sammodan²ya½ katha½ s±raº²ya½ v²tis±retv± ekamanta½ nis²di. Ekamanta½ nisinno kho ±yasm± susimo te bhikkh³ etadavoca– “sacca½ kir±yasmantehi bhagavato santike aññ± by±kat±– ‘kh²º± j±ti, vusita½ brahmacariya½, kata½ karaº²ya½, n±para½ itthatt±y±’ti paj±n±m±”ti? “Evam±vuso”ti.
“Api pana [api nu (s². sy±. ka½.) evamuparipi] tumhe ±yasmanto eva½ j±nant± eva½ passant± anekavihita½ iddhividha½ paccanubhotha– ekopi hutv± bahudh± hotha, bahudh±pi hutv± eko hotha; ±vibh±va½, tirobh±va½, tirokuµµa½ tirop±k±ra½ tiropabbata½ asajjam±n± gacchatha, seyyath±pi ±k±se; pathaviy±pi ummujjanimujja½ karotha, seyyath±pi udake; udakepi abhijjam±ne gacchatha, seyyath±pi pathaviya½; ±k±sepi pallaªkena kamatha, seyyath±pi pakkh² sakuºo; imepi candimas³riye eva½mahiddhike eva½mah±nubh±ve p±ºin± parimasatha parimajjatha, y±va brahmalok±pi k±yena vasa½ vatteth±”ti? “No heta½, ±vuso”.
“Api pana tumhe ±yasmanto eva½ j±nant± eva½ passant± dibb±ya sotadh±tuy± visuddh±ya atikkantam±nusik±ya ubho sadde suº±tha dibbe ca m±nuse ca ye d³re santike c±”ti? “No heta½, ±vuso”.
“Api pana tumhe ±yasmanto eva½ j±nant± eva½ passant± parasatt±na½ parapuggal±na½ cetas± ceto paricca paj±n±tha– sar±ga½ v± citta½ sar±ga½ cittanti paj±n±tha; v²tar±ga½ v± citta½ v²tar±ga½ cittanti paj±n±tha; sadosa½ v± citta½ sadosa½ cittanti paj±n±tha; v²tadosa½ v± citta½ v²tadosa½ cittanti paj±n±tha; samoha½ v± citta½ samoha½ cittanti paj±n±tha; v²tamoha½ v± citta½ v²tamoha½ cittanti paj±n±tha; sa½khitta½ v± citta½ sa½khitta½ cittanti paj±n±tha; vikkhitta½ v± citta½ vikkhitta½ cittanti paj±n±tha; mahaggata½ v± citta½ mahaggata½ cittanti paj±n±tha; amahaggata½ v± citta½ amahaggata½ cittanti paj±n±tha sa-uttara½ v± citta½ sa-uttara½ cittanti paj±n±tha; anuttara½ v± citta½ anuttara½ cittanti paj±n±tha; sam±hita½ v± citta½ sam±hita½ cittanti paj±n±tha; asam±hita½ v± citta½ asam±hita½ cittanti paj±n±tha; vimutta½ v± citta½ vimutta½ cittanti paj±n±tha avimutta½ v± citta½ avimutta½ cittanti paj±n±th±”ti? “No heta½, ±vuso”.
“Api pana tumhe ±yasmanto eva½ j±nant± eva½ passant± anekavihita½ pubbeniv±sa½ anussaratha, seyyathida½– ekampi j±ti½ dvepi j±tiyo tissopi j±tiyo catassopi j±tiyo pañcapi j±tiyo dasapi j±tiyo v²sampi j±tiyo ti½sampi j±tiyo catt±r²sampi j±tiyo paññ±sampi j±tiyo j±tisatampi j±tisahassampi j±tisatasahassampi, anekepi sa½vaµµakappe anekepi vivaµµakappe anekepi sa½vaµµavivaµµakappe– ‘amutr±si½ eva½n±mo eva½gotto eva½vaººo evam±h±ro eva½sukhadukkhapaµisa½ved² evam±yupariyanto, so tato cuto amutra udap±di½; tatr±p±si½ eva½n±mo eva½gotto eva½vaººo evam±h±ro eva½sukhadukkhapaµisa½ved² evam±yupariyanto, so tato cuto idh³papanno’ti. Iti s±k±ra½ sa-uddesa½ anekavihita½ pubbeniv±sa½ anussarath±”ti? “No heta½, ±vuso”.
“Api pana tumhe ±yasmanto eva½ j±nant± eva½ passant± dibbena cakkhun± visuddhena atikkantam±nusakena satte passatha cavam±ne upapajjam±ne h²ne paº²te suvaººe dubbaººe, sugate duggate yath±kamm³page satte paj±n±tha– ‘ime vata bhonto satt± k±yaduccaritena samann±gat± vac²duccaritena samann±gat± manoduccaritena samann±gat±, ariy±na½ upav±dak± micch±diµµhik± micch±diµµhikammasam±d±n±, te k±yassa bhed± para½ maraº± ap±ya½ duggati½ vinip±ta½ niraya½ upapann±; ime v± pana bhonto satt± k±yasucaritena samann±gat± vac²sucaritena samann±gat± manosucaritena samann±gat±, ariy±na½ anupav±dak± samm±diµµhik± samm±diµµhikammasam±d±n± te k±yassa bhed± para½ maraº± sugati½ sagga½ loka½ upapann±’ti, iti dibbena cakkhun± visuddhena atikkantam±nusakena satte passatha cavam±ne upapajjam±ne h²ne paº²te suvaººe dubbaººe, sugate duggate yath±kamm³page satte paj±n±th±”ti? “No heta½, ±vuso”.
“Api pana tumhe ±yasmanto eva½ j±nant± eva½ passant± ye te sant± vimokkh± atikkamma r³pe ±rupp±, te k±yena phusitv± viharath±”ti? “No heta½, ±vuso”.
“Ettha d±ni ±yasmanto idañca veyy±karaºa½ imesañca dhamm±na½ asam±patti; ida½ no, ±vuso, kathan”ti? “Paññ±vimutt± kho maya½, ±vuso susim±”ti.
“Na khv±ha½ imassa ±yasmant±na½ sa½khittena bh±sitassa vitth±rena attha½ ±j±n±mi. S±dhu me ±yasmanto tath± bh±santu yath±ha½ imassa ±yasmant±na½ sa½khittena bh±sitassa vitth±rena attha½ ±j±neyyan”ti. “¾j±neyy±si v± tva½, ±vuso susima, na v± tva½ ±j±neyy±si atha kho paññ±vimutt± mayan”ti.
Atha kho ±yasm± susimo uµµh±y±san± yena bhagav± tenupasaªkami; upasaªkamitv± bhagavanta½ abhiv±detv± ekamanta½ nis²di. Ekamanta½ nisinno kho ±yasm± susimo y±vatako tehi bhikkh³hi saddhi½ ahosi kath±sall±po ta½ sabba½ bhagavato ±rocesi. “Pubbe kho, susima, dhammaµµhitiñ±ºa½, pacch± nibb±ne ñ±ºan”ti.
“Na khv±ha½, bhante, imassa bhagavat± [bhagavato (p².)] sa½khittena bh±sitassa vitth±rena attha½ ±j±n±mi. S±dhu me, bhante, bhagav± tath± bh±satu yath±ha½ imassa bhagavat± sa½khittena bh±sitassa vitth±rena attha½ ±j±neyyan”ti. “¾j±neyy±si v± tva½, susima, na v± tva½ ±j±neyy±si, atha kho dhammaµµhitiñ±ºa½ pubbe, pacch± nibb±ne ñ±ºa½”.
“Ta½ ki½ maññasi, susima, r³pa½ nicca½ v± anicca½ v±”ti? “Anicca½, bhante”. “Ya½ pan±nicca½ dukkha½ v± ta½ sukha½ v±”ti? “Dukkha½, bhante”. “Ya½ pan±nicca½ dukkha½ vipariº±madhamma½, kalla½ nu ta½ samanupassitu½– ‘eta½ mama, esohamasmi, eso me att±”’ti? “No heta½, bhante”. “Vedan± nicc± v± anicc± v±”ti? “Anicc±, bhante” “Ya½ pan±nicca½, dukkha½ v± ta½ sukha½ v±”ti? “Dukkha½, bhante”. “Ya½ pan±nicca½ dukkha½ vipariº±madhamma½, kalla½ nu ta½ samanupassitu½– ‘eta½ mama, esohamasmi, eso me att±”’ti? “No heta½, bhante”. “Saññ± nicc± v± anicc± v±”ti? “Anicc±, bhante”…pe… “saªkh±r± nicc± v± anicc± v±”ti? “Anicc±, bhante”. “Ya½ pan±nicca½ dukkha½ v± ta½ sukha½ v±”ti? “Dukkha½, bhante”. “Ya½ pan±nicca½ dukkha½ vipariº±madhamma½, kalla½ nu ta½ samanupassitu½– ‘eta½ mama, esohamasmi, eso me att±”’ti? “No heta½, bhante”. “Viññ±ºa½ nicca½ v± anicca½ v±”ti? “Anicca½ bhante”. “Ya½ pan±nicca½ dukkha½ v± ta½ sukha½ v±”ti? “Dukkha½, bhante”. “Ya½ pan±nicca½ dukkha½ vipariº±madhamma½, kalla½ nu ta½ samanupassitu½– ‘eta½ mama, esohamasmi, eso me att±”’ti? “No heta½, bhante”.
“Tasm±tiha, susima, ya½ kiñci r³pa½ at²t±n±gatapaccuppanna½ ajjhatta½ v± bahiddh± v± o¼±rika½ v± sukhuma½ v± h²na½ v± paº²ta½ v± ya½ d³re santike v±, sabba½ r³pa½ neta½ mama nesohamasmi na meso att±ti; evameta½ yath±bh³ta½ sammappaññ±ya daµµhabba½. Y± k±ci vedan± at²t±n±gatapaccuppann± ajjhatta½ v± bahiddh± v± o¼±rik± v± sukhum± v± h²n± v± paº²t± v± y± d³re santike v±, sabb± vedan± neta½ mama nesohamasmi na meso att±ti; evameta½ yath±bh³ta½ sammappaññ±ya daµµhabba½. Y± k±ci saññ±…pe… ye keci saªkh±r± at²t±n±gatapaccuppann± ajjhatta½ v± bahiddh± v± o¼±rik± v± sukhum± v± h²n± v± paº²t± v± ye d³re santike v±, sabbe saªkh±r± neta½ mama nesohamasmi na meso att±ti; evameta½ yath±bh³ta½ sammappaññ±ya daµµhabba½. Ya½ kiñci viññ±ºa½ at²t±n±gatapaccuppanna½ ajjhatta½ v± bahiddh± v± o¼±rika½ v± sukhuma½ v± h²na½ v± paº²ta½ v± ya½ d³re santike v±, sabba½ viññ±ºa½ neta½ mama nesohamasmi na meso att±ti; evameta½ yath±bh³ta½ sammappaññ±ya daµµhabba½.
“Eva½ passa½, susima, sutav± ariyas±vako r³pasmimpi nibbindati, vedan±yapi nibbindati, saññ±yapi nibbindati, saªkh±resupi nibbindati, viññ±ºasmimpi nibbindati. Nibbinda½ virajjati, vir±g± vimuccati, vimuttasmi½ vimuttamiti ñ±ºa½ hoti. ‘Kh²º± j±ti, vusita½ brahmacariya½, kata½ karaº²ya½, n±para½ itthatt±y±’ti paj±n±ti.
“‘J±tipaccay± jar±maraºan’ti, susima, passas²”ti? “Eva½, bhante”. “‘Bhavapaccay± j±t²’ti, susima, passas²”ti? “Eva½, bhante”. “‘Up±d±napaccay± bhavo’ti, susima, passas²”ti? “Eva½, bhante”. “‘Taºh±paccay± up±d±nan’ti, susima, passas²”ti? “Eva½, bhante”. “Vedan±paccay± taºh±ti… phassapaccay± vedan±ti… sa¼±yatanapaccay± phassoti… n±mar³papaccay± sa¼±yatananti… viññ±ºapaccay± n±mar³panti… saªkh±rapaccay± viññ±ºanti… avijj±paccay± saªkh±r±ti, susima, passas²”ti? “Eva½, bhante”.
“‘J±tinirodh± jar±maraºanirodho’ti, susima, passas²”ti? “Eva½, bhante” “‘Bhavanirodh± j±tinirodho’ti susima, passas²”ti? “Eva½, bhante”. “Up±d±nanirodh± bhavanirodhoti… taºh±nirodh± up±d±nanirodhoti… vedan±nirodh± taºh±nirodhoti… phassanirodh± vedan±nirodhoti… sa¼±yatananirodh± phassanirodhoti… n±mar³panirodh± sa¼±yatananirodhoti… viññ±ºanirodh± n±mar³panirodhoti… saªkh±ranirodh± viññ±ºanirodhoti… avijj±nirodh± saªkh±ranirodhoti, susima, passas²”ti? “Eva½, bhante”.
“Api pana tva½, susima, eva½ j±nanto eva½ passanto anekavihita½ iddhividha½ paccanubhosi– ekopi hutv± bahudh± hosi, bahudh±pi hutv± eko hosi; ±vibh±va½, tirobh±va½, tirokuµµa½ tirop±k±ra½ tiropabbata½ asajjam±no gacchasi, seyyath±pi ±k±se; pathaviy±pi ummujjanimujja½ karosi, seyyath±pi udake; udakepi abhijjam±no gacchasi, seyyath±pi pathaviya½; ±k±sepi pallaªkena kamasi, seyyath±pi pakkh² sakuºo; imepi candimas³riye eva½mahiddhike eva½mah±nubh±ve p±ºin± parimasasi parimajjasi, y±va brahmalok±pi k±yena vasa½ vattes²”ti? “No heta½, bhante”.
“Api pana tva½, susima, eva½ j±nanto eva½ passanto dibb±ya sotadh±tuy± visuddh±ya atikkantam±nusik±ya ubho sadde suºasi dibbe ca m±nuse ca ye d³re santike c±”ti? “No heta½, bhante”.
“Api pana tva½, susima, eva½ j±nanto eva½ passanto parasatt±na½ parapuggal±na½ cetas± ceto paricca paj±n±si– sar±ga½ v± citta½ sar±ga½ cittanti paj±n±si…pe… vimutta½ v± citta½ vimutta½ cittanti paj±n±s²”ti? “No heta½, bhante”.
“Api pana tva½, susima, eva½ j±nanto eva½ passanto anekavihita½ pubbeniv±sa½ anussarasi, seyyathida½– ekampi j±ti½…pe… iti s±k±ra½ sa-uddesa½ anekavihita½ pubbeniv±sa½ anussaras²”ti? “No heta½, bhante”.
“Api pana tva½, susima, eva½ j±nanto eva½ passanto dibbena cakkhun± visuddhena atikkantam±nusakena satte passasi cavam±ne…pe… yath±kamm³page satte paj±n±s²”ti? “No heta½, bhante”.
“Api pana tva½, susima, eva½ j±nanto eva½ passanto ye te sant± vimokkh± atikkamma r³pe, ±rupp± te k±yena phusitv± viharas²”ti? “No heta½, bhante”.
“Ettha d±ni, susima, idañca veyy±karaºa½ imesañca dhamm±na½ asam±patti, ida½ no, susima, kathan”ti?
Atha kho ±yasm± susimo bhagavato p±desu siras± nipatitv± bhagavanta½ etadavoca– “accayo ma½, bhante, accagam± yath±b±la½ yath±m³¼ha½ yath±-akusala½, yv±ha½ eva½ sv±kkh±te dhammavinaye dhammatthenako pabbajito. Tassa me, bhante, bhagav± accaya½ accayato paµiggaºh±tu ±yati½ sa½var±y±”ti.
“Taggha tva½, susima, accayo accagam± yath±b±la½ yath±m³¼ha½ yath±-akusala½, yo tva½ eva½ sv±kkh±te dhammavinaye dhammatthenako pabbajito. Seyyath±pi susima, cora½ ±guc±ri½ gahetv± rañño dasseyyu½– ‘aya½ te, deva, coro ±guc±r², imassa ya½ icchasi ta½ daº¹a½ paºeh²’ti. Tamena½ r±j± eva½ vadeyya– ‘gacchatha, bho, ima½ purisa½ da¼h±ya rajjuy± pacch±b±ha½ g±¼habandhana½ bandhitv± khuramuº¹a½ karitv± kharassarena paºavena rathiy±ya rathiya½ siªgh±µakena siªgh±µaka½ parinetv± dakkhiºena dv±rena nikkh±metv± dakkhiºato nagarassa s²sa½ chindath±’ti Tamena½ rañño puris± da¼h±ya rajjuy± pacch±b±ha½ g±¼habandhana½ bandhitv± khuramuº¹a½ karitv± kharassarena paºavena rathiy±ya rathiya½ siªgh±µakena siªgh±µaka½ parinetv± dakkhiºena dv±rena nikkh±metv± dakkhiºato nagarassa s²sa½ chindeyyu½. Ta½ ki½ maññasi, susima, api nu so puriso tatonid±na½ dukkha½ domanassa½ paµisa½vediyeth±”ti? “Eva½, bhante”.
“Ya½ kho so, susima, puriso tatonid±na½ dukkha½ domanassa½ paµisa½vediyetha [paµisa½vediyetha v±, na v± paµisa½vediyetha (ka.)]. Y± eva½ sv±kkh±te dhammavinaye dhammatthenakassa pabbajj±, aya½ tato dukkhavip±katar± ca kaµukavip±katar± ca, api ca vinip±t±ya sa½vattati. Yato ca kho tva½, susima, accaya½ accayato disv± yath±dhamma½ paµikarosi ta½ te maya½ paµiggaºh±ma. Vuddhi hes±, susima, ariyassa vinaye yo accaya½ accayato disv± yath±dhamma½ paµikaroti, ±yatiñca [±yati½ (sy±. ka½.)] sa½vara½ ±pajjat²”ti. Dasama½.

Mah±vaggo sattamo.

Tassudd±na½–
Dve assutavat± vutt±, puttama½sena c±para½;
atthir±go ca nagara½, sammasa½ na¼akal±piya½;
kosamb² upayanti ca, dasamo susimena c±ti [dasamo vutto sus²men±ti (s².)].