11. C²varasuttavaººan±

154. Ek±dasame dakkhiº±girisminti r±jagaha½ pariv±retv± µhitassa girino dakkhiºabh±ge janapado dakkhiº±giri n±ma, tasmi½ c±rika½ carat²ti attho. C±rik± ca n±ma duvidh± hoti turitac±rik± ca aturitac±rik± ca. Tattha ya½ ekacco eka½ k±s±va½ niv±setv± eka½ p±rupitv± pattac²vara½ a½se laggetv± chatta½ ±d±ya sar²rato sedehi paggharantehi divasena sattaµµhayojan±ni gacchati, ya½ v± pana buddh± kiñcideva bodhaneyyasatta½ disv± yojanasatampi yojanasahassampi khaºena gacchanti, es± turitac±rik± n±ma. Devasika½ pana g±vuta½ a¹¹hayojana½ tig±vuta½ yojananti ettaka½ addh±na½ ajjatan±ya nimantana½ adhiv±sayato janasaªgaha½ karoto gamana½, es± aturitac±rik± n±ma. Aya½ idha adhippet±.
Nanu ca thero pañcav²sati vass±ni ch±y± viya dasabalassa pacchato pacchato gacchantova ahosi, “kaha½ ±nando”ti vacanassa ok±sameva na ad±si, so kismi½ k±le bhikkhusaªghena saddhi½ c±rika½ caritu½ ok±sa½ labhat²ti? Satthu parinibb±nasa½vacchare. Parinibbute kira satthari mah±kassapatthero satthu parinibb±ne sannipatitassa bhikkhusaªghassa majjhe nis²ditv± dhammavinayasaªg±yanattha½ pañcasate bhikkh³ uccinitv±, “±vuso, maya½ r±jagahe vassa½ vasant± dhammavinaya½ saªg±yiss±ma, tumhe pure vass³pan±yik±ya attano palibodha½ ucchinditv± r±jagahe sannipatath±”ti vatv± attan± r±jagaha½ gato. ¾nandattheropi bhagavato pattac²vara½ ±d±ya mah±jana½ saññ±pento s±vatthi½ gantv± tato nikkhamma r±jagaha½ gacchanto dakkhiº±girismi½ c±rika½ cari. Ta½ sandh±yeta½ vutta½.
Yebhuyyena kum±rabh³t±ti ye te h²n±y±vatt± n±ma, te yebhuyyena kum±rak± dahar± taruº± ekavassikadvevassik± bhikkh³ ceva anupasampannakum±rak± ca. Kasm± panete pabbajit±, kasm± h²n±y±vatt±ti? Tesa½ kira m±t±pitaro cintesu½– “±nandatthero satthu viss±siko aµµha vare y±citv± upaµµhahati, icchiticchitaµµh±na½ satth±ra½ gahetv± gantu½ sakkoti, amh±ka½ d±rake etassa santike pabb±jema, so satth±ra½ gahetv± ±gamissati, tasmi½ ±gate maya½ mah±sakk±ra½ k±tu½ labhiss±m±”ti. Imin± t±va k±raºena nesa½ ñ±tak± te pabb±jesu½. Satthari pana parinibbute tesa½ s± patthan± upacchinn±, atha te ekadivaseneva uppabb±jesu½.
Yath±bhirantanti yath±ruciy± yath±-ajjh±sayena. Tikabhojana½ paññattanti, ida½ “gaºabhojane aññatra samay± p±cittiyan”ti (p±ci. 211). Ida½ sandh±ya vutta½. Tattha hi tiººa½ jan±na½ akappiyanimantana½ s±diyitv± ekato paµiggaºhant±nampi an±patti, tasm± “tikabhojanan”ti vutta½.
Dummaªk³na½ puggal±na½ niggah±y±ti duss²lapuggal±na½ niggaºhanattha½. Pesal±na½ bhikkh³na½ ph±suvih±r±y±ti dummaªk³na½ niggaheneva pesal±na½ uposathapav±raº± vattanti, samaggav±so hoti, aya½ tesa½ ph±suvih±ro hoti, imassa ph±suvih±rassa atth±ya. M± p±picch± pakkha½ niss±ya saªgha½ bhindeyyunti yath± devadatto sapariso kulesu viññ±petv± bhuñjanto p±picche niss±ya saªgha½ bhindi, eva½ aññepi p±picch± gaºabandhena kulesu viññ±petv± bhuñjam±n± gaºa½ va¹¹hetv± ta½ pakkha½ niss±ya m± saªgha½ bhindeyyunti, iti imin± k±raºena paññattanti attho. Kul±nuddayat±ya c±ti bhikkhusaªghe uposathapav±raºa½ katv± samaggav±sa½ vasante manuss± sal±kabhatt±d²ni datv± saggapar±yaº± bhavanti, iti im±ya kul±nuddayat±ya ca paññattanti attho.
Sassagh±ta½ maññe caras²ti sassa½ gh±tento viya ±hiº¹asi. Kul³pagh±ta½ maññe caras²ti kul±ni upagh±tento viya hananto viya ±hiº¹asi. Olujjat²ti visesena palujjati bhijjati. Palujjanti kho te, ±vuso, navapp±y±ti, ±vuso, ete tuyha½ p±yena yebhuyyena navak± ekavassikaduvassik± dahar± ceva s±maºer± ca palujjanti bhijjanti. Na v±ya½ kum±rako mattamaññ±s²ti aya½ kum±rako attano pam±ºa½ na j±n±t²ti thera½ tajjento ±ha.
Kum±rakav±d± na mucc±m±ti kum±rakav±dato na mucc±ma Tath± hi pana tvanti idamassa eva½ vattabbat±ya k±raºadassanattha½ vutta½. Ayañhettha adhipp±yo– yasm± tva½ imehi navehi bhikkh³hi indriyasa½vararahitehi saddhi½ vicarasi, tasm± kum±rakehi saddhi½ vicaranto kum±rakoti vattabbata½ arahas²ti.
Aññatitthiyapubbo sam±noti ida½ yasm± therassa imasmi½ s±sane neva ±cariyo na upajjh±yo paññ±yati, saya½ k±s±y±ni gahetv± nikkhanto, tasm± anattamanat±ya aññatitthiyapubbata½ ±ropayam±n± ±ha.
Sahas±ti ettha r±gamohac±ropi sahas±c±ro, ida½ pana dosac±ravasena vutta½. Appaµisaªkh±ti appaccavekkhitv±, id±ni attano pabbajja½ sodhento yatv±ha½, ±vusoti-±dim±ha. Tattha añña½ satth±ra½ uddisitunti µhapetv± bhagavanta½ añña½ mayha½ satth±ti eva½ uddisitu½ na j±n±mi. Samb±dho ghar±v±soti-±d²su sacepi saµµhihatthe ghare yojanasatantarepi v± dve j±yampatik± vasanti, tath±pi tesa½ sakiñcanasapalibodhaµµhena ghar±v±so samb±dhoyeva. Raj±pathoti r±garaj±d²na½ uµµh±naµµh±nanti mah±-aµµhakath±ya½ vutta½. “¾gamanapatho”tipi vattu½ vaµµati. Alagganaµµhena abbhok±so viy±ti abbhok±so. Pabbajito hi k³µ±g±raratanamayap±s±dadevavim±n±d²su pihitadv±rav±tap±nesu paµicchannesu vasantopi neva laggati na sajjati na bajjhati, tena vutta½ “abbhok±so pabbajj±”ti. Apica samb±dho ghar±v±so kusalakiriy±ya ok±s±bh±vato raj±patho asa½vutasaªk±raµµh±na½ viya raj±na½, kilesaraj±na½ sannip±taµµh±nato, abbhok±so pabbajj± kusalakiriy±ya yath± sukha½ ok±sasabbh±vato.
Nayida½ sukara½…pe… pabbajeyyanti ettha aya½ saªkhepakath±– yadeta½ sikkhattayabrahmacariya½ ekampi divasa½ akhaº¹a½ katv± carimakacitta½ p±petabbat±ya ekantaparipuººa½ caritabba½, ekadivasampi ca kilesamalena amal²na½ katv± carimakacitta½ p±petabbat±ya ekantaparisuddha½, saªkhalikhita½ likhitasaªkhasadisa½ dhotasaªkhasappaµibh±ga½ caritabba½, ida½ na sukara½ ag±ra½ ajjh±vasat± ag±ramajjhe vasantena ekantaparipuººa½…pe… caritu½, ya½n³n±ha½ kesamassu½ oh±retv± kas±yarasap²tat±ya k±s±y±ni brahmacariya½ carant±na½ anucchavik±ni vatth±ni acch±detv± paridahitv± ag±rasm± nikkhamitv± anag±riya½ pabbajjeyyanti. Ettha ca yasm± ag±rassa hita½ kasivaºijj±dikamma½ ag±riyanti vuccati, ta½ pabbajj±ya natthi, tasm± pabbajj± anag±riy±ti ñ±tabb±, ta½ anag±riya½. Pabbajeyyanti paµipajjeyya½.
Paµapilotik±nanti jiººapilotik±na½ terasahatthopi hi navas±µako das±na½ chinnak±lato paµµh±ya pilotik±ti vuccati. Iti mah±rah±ni vatth±ni chinditv± kata½ saªgh±µi½ sandh±ya “paµapilotik±na½ saªgh±µin”ti vutta½. Addh±namaggappaµipannoti a¹¹hayojanato paµµh±ya maggo addh±nanti vuccati, ta½ addh±namagga½ paµipanno, d²ghamagga½ paµipannoti attho.
Id±ni yath± esa pabbajito, yath± ca addh±namagga½ paµipanno, imassatthassa ±vibh±vattha½ abhin²h±rato paµµh±ya anupubbikath± kathetabb±– at²te kira kappasatasahassamatthake padumuttaro n±ma satth± udap±di, tasmi½ ha½savat²nagara½ upaniss±ya kheme migad±ye viharante vedeho n±ma kuµumbiko as²tikoµidhanavibhavo p±tova subhojana½ bhuñjitv± uposathaªg±ni adhiµµh±ya gandhapupph±d²ni gahetv± vih±ra½ gantv± satth±ra½ p³jetv± vanditv± ekamanta½ nis²di. Tasmi½ khaºe satth± mah±nisabhatthera½ n±ma tatiyas±vaka½ “etadagga½, bhikkhave, mama s±vak±na½ bhikkh³na½ dhutav±d±na½ yadida½ nisabho”ti etadagge µhapesi. Up±sako ta½ sutv± pasanno dhammakath±vas±ne mah±jane uµµh±ya gate satth±ra½ vanditv±, “bhante, sve mayha½ bhikkha½ adhiv±seth±”ti ±ha. Mah± kho, up±saka, bhikkhusaªghoti. Kittako bhagav±ti. Aµµhasaµµhibhikkhusatasahassanti. Bhante, eka½ s±maºerampi vih±re asesetv± bhikkha½ adhiv±seth±ti. Satth± adhiv±sesi. Up±sako satthu adhiv±sana½ viditv± geha½ gantv± mah±d±na½ sajjetv± punadivase satthu k±la½ ±roc±pesi. Satth± pattac²varam±d±ya bhikkhusaªghaparivuto up±sakassa ghara½ gantv± paññatt±sane nisinno dakkhiºodak±vas±ne y±gubhatt±d²ni sampaµicchanto bhattavissagga½ ak±si. Up±sakopi satthu santike nis²di.
Tasmi½ antare mah±nisabhatthero piº¹±ya caranto tameva v²thi½ paµipajji. Up±sako disv± uµµh±ya gantv± thera½ vanditv± “patta½, bhante, no deth±”ti ±ha. Thero patta½ ad±si. Bhante, idheva pavisatha, satth±pi gehe nisinnoti. Na vaµµissati up±sak±ti. Up±sako therassa patta½ gahetv± piº¹ap±tassa p³retv± n²haritv± ad±si. Tato thera½ anugantv± nivatto satthu santike nis²ditv± evam±ha– “bhante, mah±nisabhatthero ‘satth± gehe nisinno’ti vuttepi pavisitu½ na icchi, atthi nu kho etassa tumh±ka½ guºehi atireko guºo”ti. Buddh±nañca vaººamacchera½ n±ma natthi. Atha satth± evam±ha– “up±saka, maya½ bhikkha½ ±gamayam±n± gehe nis²d±ma, so bhikkhu na eva½ nis²ditv± bhikkha½ udikkhati. Maya½ g±mantasen±sane vas±ma, so araññasmi½yeva vasati. Maya½ channe vas±ma, so abbhok±samhiyeva vasati. Iti tassa ayañca ayañca guºo”ti mah±samudda½ p³rayam±nova kathesi. Up±sako pakatiy±pi jalam±nad²po telena ±sitto viya suµµhutara½ pasanno hutv± cintesi– “ki½ mayha½ aññ±ya sampattiy±, an±gate ekassa buddhassa santike dhutav±d±na½ aggabh±vatth±ya patthana½ kariss±m²”ti?
So punapi satth±ra½ nimantetv± teneva niy±mena satta divas±ni d±na½ datv± sattame divase aµµhasaµµhibhikkhusatasahassassa tic²var±ni datv± satthu p±dam³le nipajjitv± evam±ha– “ya½ me, bhante, satta divas±ni d±na½ dentassa metta½ k±yakamma½ metta½ vac²kamma½ metta½ manokamma½, imin±ha½ na añña½ devasampatti½ v± sakkam±rabrahmasampatti½ v± patthemi, ida½ pana me kamma½ an±gate ekassa buddhassa santike mah±nisabhattherena pattaµµh±nantara½ p±puºanatth±ya terasadhutaªgadhar±na½ aggabh±vassa paccayo hot³”ti. Satth± “mahanta½ µh±na½ imin± patthita½, samijjhissati nu kho”ti olokento samijjhanabh±va½ disv± ±ha– “man±pa½ te µh±na½ patthita½, an±gate satasahassakappamatthake gotamo n±ma buddho uppajjissati, tassa tva½ tatiyas±vako mah±kassapatthero n±ma bhavissas²”ti. Ta½ sutv± up±sako “buddh±na½ dve kath± n±ma natth²”ti punadivase pattabba½ viya ta½ sampatti½ amaññittha. So y±vat±yuka½ s²la½ rakkhitv± tattha k±laªkato sagge nibbatti.
Tato paµµh±ya devamanussesu sampatti½ anubhavanto ito ekanavutikappe vipassimhi samm±sambuddhe bandhumat²nagara½ niss±ya kheme migad±ye viharante devalok± cavitv± aññatarasmi½ parijiººe br±hmaºakule nibbatti. Tasmiñca k±le “vipass² bhagav± sattame sattame sa½vacchare dhamma½ kathet²”ti mahanta½ kol±hala½ hoti. Sakalajambud²pe devat± “satth± dhamma½ kathessat²”ti ±rocenti, br±hmaºo ta½ s±sana½ assosi. Tassa ca niv±sanas±µako eko hoti, tath± br±hmaºiy±, p±rupana½ pana dvinnampi ekameva. Sakalanagare “ekas±µakabr±hmaºo”ti paññ±yati. Br±hmaº±na½ kenacideva kiccena sannip±te sati br±hmaºi½ gehe µhapetv± saya½ gacchati br±hmaº²na½ sannip±te sati saya½ gehe tiµµhati, br±hmaº² ta½ vattha½ p±rupitv± gacchati. Tasmi½ pana divase br±hmaºo br±hmaºi½ ±ha– “bhoti, ki½ ratti½ dhammassavana½ suºissasi div±”ti? “Maya½ m±tug±maj±tik± n±ma ratti½ sotu½ na sakkoma, div± soss±m²”ti br±hmaºa½ gehe µhapetv± vattha½ p±rupitv± up±sik±hi saddhi½ div± gantv± satth±ra½ vanditv± ekamante nisinn± dhamma½ sutv± up±sik±hiyeva saddhi½ ±gam±si. Atha br±hmaºo br±hmaºi½ gehe µhapetv± vattha½ p±rupitv± vih±ra½ gato.