3. Cand³pamasuttavaŗŗan±

146. Tatiye cand³pam±ti candasadis± hutv±. Ki½ parimaŗ¹alat±ya? No, apica kho yath± cando gaganatala½ pakkhandam±no na kenaci saddhi½ santhava½ v± sineha½ v± ±laya½ v± nikanti½ v± patthana½ v± pariyuµµh±na½ v± karoti, na ca na hoti mah±janassa piyo man±po, tumhepi eva½ kenaci saddhi½ santhav±d²na½ akaraŗena bahujanassa piy± man±p± cand³pam± hutv± khattiyakul±d²ni catt±ri kul±ni upasaŖkamath±ti attho. Apica yath± cando andhak±ra½ vidhamati, ±loka½ pharati, eva½ kilesandhak±ravidhamanena ń±ŗ±lokapharaŗena c±pi cand³pam± hutv±ti evam±d²hipi nayehi ettha attho daµµhabbo.
Apakasseva k±ya½ apakassa cittanti teneva santhav±d²na½ akaraŗena k±yańca cittańca apakassitv±, apanetv±ti attho. Yo hi bhikkhu arańńepi na vasati, k±mavitakk±dayopi vitakketi, aya½ neva k±ya½ apakassati, na citta½. Yo hi arańńepi kho viharati, k±mavitakk±dayo pana vitakketi, aya½ k±yameva apakassati, na citta½. Yo g±mante vasati k±mavitakk±dayopi kho na ca vitakketi, aya½ cittameva apakassati, na k±ya½. Yo pana arańńe ceva vasati, k±mavitakk±dayo ca na vitakketi, aya½ ubhayampi apakassati. Evar³p± hutv± kul±ni upasaŖkamath±ti d²pento “apakasseva k±ya½ apakassa cittan”ti ±ha.
Niccanavak±ti nicca½ navak±va, ±gantukasadis± eva hutv±ti attho. ¾gantuko hi paµip±µiy± sampattageha½ pavisitv± sace na½ gharas±mik± disv±, “amh±ka½ puttabh±taro vippav±sa½ gat± eva½ vicari½s³”ti anukampam±n± nis²d±petv± bhojenti, bhuttamattoyeva “tumh±ka½ bh±jana½ gaŗhath±”ti uµµh±ya pakkamati, na tehi saddhi½ santhava½ v± karoti, na kiccakaraŗ²y±ni v± sa½vidahati, eva½ tumhepi paµip±µiy± sampattaghara½ pavisitv± ya½ iriy±pathesu pasann± manuss± denti, ta½ gahetv± chinnasanthav±, tesa½ kiccakaraŗ²ye aby±vaµ± hutv± nikkhamath±ti d²peti.
Imassa pana niccanavakabh±vassa ±vibh±vattha½ dvebh±tikavatthu kathetabba½– vas±¼anagarag±mato kira dve bh±tik± nikkhamitv± pabbajit±, te c³¼an±gatthero ca mah±n±gatthero c±ti pańń±yi½su. Te cittalapabbate ti½sa vass±ni vasitv± arahatta½ patt± “m±tara½ passiss±m±”ti ±gantv± vas±¼anagaravih±re vasitv± punadivase m±tug±ma½ piŗ¹±ya pavisi½su. M±t±pi tesa½ u¼uŖkena y±gu½ n²haritv± ekassa patte ±kiri. Tass± ta½ olokayam±n±ya puttasineho uppajji. Atha na½ ±ha– “tva½, t±ta, mayha½ putto mah±n±go”ti. Thero “pacchima½ thera½ puccha up±sike”ti vatv± pakk±mi. Pacchimatherassapi y±gu½ datv±, “t±ta, tva½ mayha½ putto c³¼an±go”ti pucchi? Thero “ki½, up±sike, purima½ thera½ na pucchas²”ti? Vatv± pakk±mi. Eva½ m±tar±pi saddhi½ chinnasanthavo bhikkhu niccanavako n±ma hoti.
Appagabbh±ti na pagabbh±, aµµhaµµh±nena k±yap±gabbhiyena, catuµµh±nena vac²p±gabbhiyena, anekaµµh±nena manop±gabbhiyena ca virahit±ti attho. Aµµhaµµh±na½ k±yap±gabbhiya½ n±ma saŖghagaŗapuggala-bhojanas±l±-jant±gharanah±natittha-bhikkh±c±ramagga-antaragharappavesanesu k±yena appatir³pakaraŗa½. Seyyathida½– idhekacco saŖghamajjhe pallatthik±ya v± nis²dati p±de p±da½ ±dh±yitv± v±ti evam±di (mah±ni. 165). Tath± gaŗamajjhe. Gaŗamajjheti catuparisasannip±te v± suttantikagaŗ±disannip±te v±. Tath± vu¹¹hatare puggale. Bhojanas±l±ya pana vu¹¹h±na½ ±sana½ na deti, nav±na½ ±sana½ paµib±hati. Tath± jant±ghare. Vu¹¹he cettha an±pucch± aggijalan±d²ni karoti. Nh±natitthe ca yadida½ “daharo vu¹¹hoti pam±ŗa½ akatv± ±gatapaµip±µiy± nh±yitabban”ti vutta½, tampi an±diyanto pacch± ±gantv± udaka½ otaritv± vu¹¹he ca nave ca b±dhati. Bhikkh±c±ramagge pana agg±sana-aggodaka-aggapiŗ¹±na½ atth±ya purato gacchati b±h±ya b±ha½ paharanto. Antaragharappavesane vu¹¹hehi paµhamatara½ pavisati, daharehi saddhi½ k±yak²¼anaka½ karot²ti evam±di.
Catuµµh±na½ vac²p±gabbhiya½ n±ma saŖghagaŗapuggala-antaragharesu appatir³pav±c±nicch±raŗa½. Seyyathida½– idhekacco saŖghamajjhe an±pucch± dhamma½ bh±sati. Tath± pubbe vuttappak±rassa gaŗassa majjhe puggalassa ca santike, tattheva manussehi pańha½ puµµho vu¹¹hatara½ an±pucch± vissajjeti. Antaraghare pana “itthann±me ki½ atthi? Ki½ y±gu, ud±hu kh±dan²ya½ bhojan²ya½? Ki½ me dassasi? Ki½ ajja kh±diss±ma? Ki½ bhuńjiss±ma? Ki½ piviss±m±”ti-±d²ni bh±sati.
Anekaµµh±na½ manop±gabbhiya½ n±ma tesu tesu µh±nesu k±yav±c±hi ajjh±c±ra½ an±pajjitv±pi manas±va k±mavitakk±d²na½ vitakkana½. Apica duss²lasseva sato “s²lav±ti ma½ jano j±n±t³”ti eva½ pavatt± p±picchat±pi manop±gabbhiya½. Iti sabbesampi imesa½ p±gabbhiy±na½ abh±vena appagabbh± hutv± upasaŖkamath±ti vadati.
Jarudap±nanti jiŗŗak³pa½. Pabbatavisamanti pabbate visama½ pap±taµµh±na½. Nad²vidugganti nadiy± vidugga½ chinnataµaµµh±na½. Apakasseva k±yanti t±dis±ni µh±n±ni yo khi¹¹±dipasuto k±ya½ anapakassa ekatobh±riya½ akatv±va v±yupatthambhaka½ agg±h±petv± cittampi anapakassa “ettha patito hatthap±dabhańjan±d²ni p±puŗ±t²”ti an±d²navadass±vit±ya anubbejetv± sampiy±yam±no oloketi, so patitv± hatthap±dabhańjan±di-anattha½ p±puŗ±ti. Yo pana udakatthiko v± ańńena v± kenaci kiccena oloketuk±mo k±ya½ apakassa ekato bh±riya½ katv± v±yupatthambhaka½ g±h±petv±, cittampi apakassa ±d²navadassanena sa½vejetv± oloketi, so na patati, yath±ruci½ oloketv± sukh² yenak±ma½ pakkamati.
Evameva khoti ettha ida½ opammasa½sandana½– jarudap±n±dayo viya hi catt±ri kul±ni, olokanapuriso viya bhikkhu. Yath± anapakaµµhak±yacitto t±ni olokento puriso tattha patati, eva½ arakkhitehi k±y±d²hi kul±ni upasaŖkamanto bhikkhu kulesu bajjhati, tato n±nappak±ra½ s²lap±dabhańjan±di-anattha½ p±puŗ±ti. Yath± pana apakaµµhak±yacitto puriso tattha na patati, eva½ rakkhiteneva k±yena rakkhitehi cittehi rakkhit±ya v±c±ya suppaµµhit±ya satiy± apakaµµhak±yacitto hutv± kul±ni upasaŖkamanto bhikkhu kulesu na bajjhati. Athassa yath± tattha apatitassa purisassa, na p±d± bhańjanti, eva½ s²lap±do na bhijjati. Yath± hatth± na bhańjanti, eva½ saddh±hattho na bhijjati. Yath± kucchi na bhijjati, eva½ sam±dhikucchi na bhijjati. Yath± s²sa½ na bhijjati, eva½ ń±ŗas²sa½ na bhijjati, yath± ca ta½ kh±ŗukaŗµak±dayo na vijjhanti, evamima½ r±gakaŗµak±dayo na vijjhanti. Yath± so nirupaddavo yath±ruci oloketv± sukh² yenak±ma½ pakkamati, eva½ bhikkhu kul±ni niss±ya c²var±dayo paccaye paµisevanto kammaµµh±na½ va¹¹hetv± saŖkh±re sammasanto arahatta½ patv± lokuttarasukhena sukhito yenak±ma½ agatapubba½ nibb±nadisa½ gacchati.
Id±ni yo h²n±dhimuttiko micch±paµipanno eva½ vadeyya “samm±sambuddho ‘tividha½ p±gabbhiya½ pah±ya niccanavakattena cand³pam± kul±ni upasaŖkamath±’ti vadanto aµµh±ne µhapeti, asayha½ bh±ra½ ±ropeti, ya½ na sakk± k±tu½ ta½ k±ret²”ti, tassa v±dapatha½ pacchinditv±, “sakk± eva½ k±tu½, atthi evar³po bhikkh³”ti dassento kassapo, bhikkhaveti-±dim±ha.
¾k±se p±ŗi½ c±les²ti n²le gaganantare yamakavijjuta½ c±rayam±no viya heµµh±bh±ga½ uparibh±ga½ ubhatopassesu p±ŗi½ sańc±resi. Idańca pana tepiµake buddhavacane asambhinnapada½ n±ma. Attamanoti tuµµhacitto sakamano, na domanassena pacchinditv± gahitamano. Kassapassa, bhikkhaveti idampi purimanayeneva parav±da½ pacchinditv± atthi evar³po bhikkh³ti dassanattha½ vutta½.
Pasann±k±ra½ kareyyunti c²var±dayo paccaye dadeyyu½. Tathatt±ya paµipajjeyyunti s²lassa ±gataµµh±ne s²la½ p³rayam±n±, sam±dhivipassan± maggaphal±na½ ±gataµµh±ne t±ni t±ni samp±dayam±n± tath±bh±v±ya paµipajjeyyu½. Anudayanti rakkhaŗabh±va½. Anukampanti muducittata½. Ubhayańceta½ k±ruńńasseva vevacana½. Kassapo, bhikkhaveti idampi purimanayeneva parav±da½ pacchinditv± atthi evar³po bhikkh³ti dassanattha½ vutta½. Kassapena v±ti ettha candopam±divasena yojana½ katv± purimanayeneva attho veditabbo. Tatiya½.