4. Catutthavaggo

1. Catudh±tusuttavaººan±

114. Catutthavaggassa paµhame pathav²dh±t³ti patiµµh±dh±tu. ¾podh±t³ti ±bandhanadh±tu. Tejodh±t³ti parip±canadh±tu. V±yodh±t³ti vitthambhanadh±tu. Ayamettha saªkhepo, vitth±rato pana v²satikoµµh±s±divasena et± kathetabb±. Paµhama½.

2. Pubbesambodhasuttavaººan±

115. Dutiye aya½ pathav²dh±tuy± ass±doti aya½ pathav²dh±tunissayo ass±do. Sv±ya½ k±ya½ abbhunn±metv± udara½ pas±retv±, “idha me aªgula½ pavesitu½ v±yamath±”ti v± hattha½ pas±retv±, “ima½ n±metu½ v±yamath±”ti v± vadati, eva½ pavatt±na½ vasena veditabbo. Anicc±ti-±d²su hutv± abh±v±k±rena anicc±, paµip²¼an±k±rena dukkh±, sabh±vavigam±k±rena vipariº±madhamm±. Aya½ pathav²dh±tuy± ±d²navoti yena ±k±rena s± anicc± dukkh± vipariº±madhamm±, ayam±k±ro pathav²dh±tuy± ±d²navoti attho. Chandar±gavinayo chandar±gappah±nanti nibb±na½ ±gamma pathav²dh±tuy± chandar±go vin²yati ceva pah²yati ca, tasm± nibb±namass± nissaraºa½.
Aya½ ±podh±tuy± ass±doti aya½ ±podh±tunissayo ass±do. Sv±ya½ añña½ ±podh±tuy± upadduta½ disv±, “ki½ aya½ nipannak±lato paµµh±ya pass±vaµµh±n±bhimukho nikkhamati ceva pavisati ca, appamattakampissa kamma½ karontassa sedatinta½ vattha½ p²¼etabbat±k±ra½ p±puº±ti, anumodanamattampi kathentassa t±lavaºµa½ gaºhitabba½ hoti, maya½ pana s±ya½ nipann± p±tova uµµhah±ma, m±sapuººaghaµo viya no sar²ra½, mah±kamma½ karont±na½ sedamattampi no na uppajjati, asanisaddena viya dhamma½ kathent±na½ sar²re usum±k±ramattampi no natth²”ti eva½ pavatt±na½ vasena veditabbo.
Aya½ tejodh±tuy± ass±doti aya½ tejodh±tunissayo ass±do. Sv±ya½ s²tagahaºike disv±, “ki½ ime kiñcideva y±gubhattakhajjamatta½ ajjhoharitv± thaddhakucchino nis²ditv± sabbaratti½ aªg±rakaµ±ha½ pariyesanti, phusitamattesupi sar²re patitesu aªg±rakaµ±ha½ ottharitv± p±rupitv±va nipajjanti? Maya½ pana atithaddhampi ma½sa½ v± p³va½ v± kh±d±ma, kucchip³ra½ bhatta½ bhuñj±ma, t±vadeva no sabba½ pheºapiº¹o viya vil²yati, satt±havaddalik±ya vattam±n±ya sar²re s²t±nudahanamattampi no natth²”ti eva½ pavatt±na½ vasena veditabbo.
Aya½ v±yodh±tuy± ass±doti aya½ v±yodh±tunissayo ass±do. Sv±ya½ aññe v±tabh²ruke disv±, “imesa½ appamattakampi kamma½ karont±na½ anumodanamattampi kathent±na½ sar²ra½ v±to vijjhati, g±vutamattampi addh±na½ gat±na½ hatthap±d± s²danti, piµµhi rujjati, kucchiv±tas²sav±takaººav±t±d²hi niccupaddut± telaph±ºit±d²ni v±tabhesajj±neva karont± atin±menti, amh±ka½ pana mah±kamma½ karont±nampi tiy±maratti½ dhamma½ kathent±nampi ekadivaseneva dasa yojan±ni gacchant±nampi hatthap±dasa½s²danamatta½ v± piµµhirujjanamatta½ v± na hot²”ti, eva½ pavatt±na½ vasena veditabbo. Eva½ pavatt± hi et± dh±tuyo ass±denti n±ma.
Abbhaññ±sinti abhivisiµµhena ñ±ºena aññ±si½. Anuttara½ samm±sambodhinti uttaravirahita½ sabbaseµµha½ samm± s±mañca bodhi½, atha v± pasattha½ sundarañca bodhi½. Bodh²ti rukkhopi maggopi sabbaññutaññ±ºampi nibb±nampi. “Bodhirukkham³le paµham±bhisambuddho”ti (mah±va. 1; ud±. 1) ca “antar± ca bodhi½ antar± ca gayan”ti (mah±va. 11; ma.ni. 1.285) ca ±gataµµh±nesu hi rukkho bodh²ti vuccati. “Bodhi vuccati cat³su maggesu ñ±ºan”ti (c³¼ani. khaggavis±ºasuttaniddesa 121) ±gataµµh±ne maggo. “Pappoti bodhi½ varabh³rimedhaso”ti (d². ni. 3.217) ±gataµµh±ne sabbaññutaññ±ºa½. “Patv±na bodhi½ amata½ asaªkhatan”ti ±gataµµh±ne nibb±na½. Idha pana bhagavato arahattamaggo adhippeto.
S±vak±na½ arahattamaggo anuttar± bodhi hoti, na hot²ti? Na hoti. Kasm±? Asabbaguºad±yakatt±. Tesañhi kassaci arahattamaggo arahattaphalameva deti, kassaci tisso vijj±, kassaci cha abhiññ±, kassaci catasso paµisambhid±, kassaci s±vakap±ram²ñ±ºa½. Paccekabuddh±nampi paccekabodhiñ±ºameva deti. Buddh±na½ pana sabbaguºasampatti½ deti abhiseko viya rañño sabbalokissariyabh±va½. Tasm± aññassa kassacipi anuttar± bodhi na hoti.
Abhisambuddhoti paccaññ±sinti “abhisambuddho aha½ patto paµivijjhitv± µhito”ti eva½ paµij±ni½. ѱºañca pana me dassana½ udap±d²ti adhigataguºadassanasamattha½ paccavekkhaºañ±ºañca me udap±di. Akupp± me vimutt²ti “aya½ mayha½ arahattaphalavimutti akupp±”ti eva½ ñ±ºa½ udap±di. Tattha dv²h±k±rehi akuppat± veditabb± k±raºato ca ±rammaºato ca. S± hi cat³hi maggehi samucchinnakiles±na½ puna anivattanat±ya k±raºatopi akupp±, akuppadhamma½ nibb±na½ ±rammaºa½ katv± pavattat±ya ±rammaºatopi akupp±. Antim±ti pacchim±. Natthi d±ni punabbhavoti id±ni puna añño bhavo n±ma natth²ti.
Imasmi½ sutte catt±ri sacc±ni kathit±ni. Katha½? Cat³su hi dh±t³su ass±do samudayasacca½, ±d²navo dukkhasacca½, nissaraºa½ nirodhasacca½, nirodhappaj±nano maggo maggasacca½. Vitth±ravasenapi kathetu½ vaµµatiyeva. Ettha hi ya½ pathav²dh±tu½ paµicca uppajjati sukha½ somanassa½, aya½ pathav²dh±tuy± ass±doti pah±napaµivedho samudayasacca½. Y± pathav²dh±tu anicc± dukkh± vipariº±madhamm±, aya½ pathav²dh±tuy±, ±d²navoti pariññ±paµivedho dukkhasacca½. Yo pathav²dh±tuy± chandar±gavinayo chandar±gappah±na½, ida½ pathav²dh±tuy± nissaraºanti sacchikiriy±paµivedho nirodhasacca½. Y± imesu t²su µh±nesu diµµhi saªkappo v±c± kammanto ±j²vo v±y±mo sati sam±dhi, aya½ bh±van±paµivedho maggasaccanti. Dutiya½.