1-2. Asam±hitasutt±divaººan±

107-108. Ito paresu paµhama½ assaddh±dipañcakavasena vutta½, tath± dutiya½. Paµhame pana asam±hitapada½ catuttha½, dutiye duss²lapada½. Eva½ vuccam±ne bujjhanakapuggal±na½ ajjh±sayena hi et±ni vutt±ni. Ettha asam±hit±ti upac±rappan±sam±dhirahit±. Duss²l±ti niss²l±. Paµhamadutiy±ni.

3-5. Pañcasikkh±padasutt±divaººan±

109-111. Tatiya½ pañcakammapathavasena bujjhanak±na½ ajjh±sayavasena vutta½, catuttha½ sattakammapathavasena, pañcama½ dasakammapathavasena. Tattha tatiye sur±merayamajjappam±daµµh±yinoti sur±merayasaªkh±ta½ majja½ y±ya pam±dacetan±ya pivanti, s± “sur±merayamajjappam±do”ti vuccati, tasmi½ tiµµhant²ti sur±merayamajjappam±daµµh±yino. Aya½ t±vettha as±dh±raºapadassa attho.
Pañcame p±ºa½ atip±tent²ti p±º±tip±tino, p±ºagh±tik±ti attho. Adinna½ ±diyant²ti adinn±d±yino, parassah±rinoti attho. Vatthuk±mesu kilesak±mena micch± carant²ti k±mesumicch±c±rino. Mus± vadant²ti mus±v±dino paresa½ atthabhañjaka½ tuccha½ alika½ v±ca½ bh±sit±roti attho. Pisuº± v±c± etesanti pisuºav±c±. Mammacchedik± pharus± v±c± etesanti pharusav±c±. Sampha½ niratthaka½ vacana½ palapant²ti samphappal±pino. Abhijjh±yant²ti abhijjh±luno, parabhaº¹e lubbhanas²l±ti attho. By±panna½ p³tibh³ta½ cittametesanti by±pannacitt±. Micch± p±pik± viññugarahit± etesa½ diµµh²ti micch±diµµhik±, kammapathapariy±pann±ya “natthi dinnan”ti-±divatthuk±ya micchattapariy±pann±ya aniyy±nikadiµµhiy± samann±gat±ti attho. Samm± sobhan± viññupasatth± etesa½ diµµh²ti samm±diµµhik±, kammapathapariy±pann±ya “atthi dinnan”ti-±dik±ya kammassakatadiµµhiy± sammattapariy±pann±ya maggadiµµhiy± ca samann±gat±ti attho. Ida½ t±vettha anutt±n±na½ pad±na½ padavaººan±matta½.
Yo pana tesa½ p±º±tip±to adinn±d±na½ k±mesumicch±c±ro mus±v±do pisuºav±c± pharusav±c± samphappal±po abhijjh± by±p±do micch±diµµh²ti kaºhapakkhe dasavidho attho hoti. Tattha p±ºassa atip±to p±º±tip±to, p±ºavadho p±ºagh±toti vutta½ hoti. P±ºoti cettha voh±rato satto, paramatthato j²vitindriya½. Tasmi½ pana p±ºe p±ºasaññino j²vitindriyupacchedaka-upakkamasamuµµh±pik± k±yavac²dv±r±na½ aññataradv±rappavatt± vadhakacetan± p±º±tip±to. So guºavirahitesu tiracch±nagat±d²su p±ºesu khuddake p±ºe appas±vajjo, mah±sar²re mah±s±vajjo. Kasm±? Payogamahantat±ya payogasamattepi vatthumahantat±ya. Guºavantesu manuss±d²su appaguºe appas±vajjo, mah±guºe mah±s±vajjo. Sar²raguº±na½ pana samabh±ve sati kiles±na½ upakkam±nañca mudut±ya appas±vajjo, tibbat±ya mah±s±vajjoti veditabbo.
Tassa pañca sambh±r± honti– p±ºo, p±ºasaññit±, vadhakacitta½, upakkamo, tena maraºanti. Cha payog± s±hatthiko, ±ºattiko, nissaggiyo, th±varo, vijj±mayo, iddhimayoti. Imasmi½ panatthe vitth±riyam±ne atippapañco hoti, tasm± ta½ na vitth±ray±ma, aññañca evar³pa½. Atthikehi pana samantap±s±dika½ vinayaµµhakatha½ (p±r±. aµµha. 172) oloketv± gahetabbo.
Adinnassa ±d±na½ adinn±d±na½, parassaharaºa½ theyya½ corik±ti vutta½ hoti. Tattha adinnanti parapariggahita½, yattha paro yath±k±mak±rita½ ±pajjanto adaº¹±raho anupavajjo hoti. Tasmi½ pana parapariggahite parapariggahitasaññino tad±d±yaka-upakkamasamuµµh±pik± theyyacetan± adinn±d±na½. Ta½ h²ne parasantake appas±vajja½, paº²te mah±s±vajja½. Kasm±? Vatthupaº²tat±ya. Vatthusamatte sati guº±dhik±na½ santake vatthusmi½ mah±s±vajja½, ta½ ta½ guº±dhika½ up±d±ya tato tato h²naguºassa santake vatthusmi½ appas±vajja½.
Tassa pañca sambh±r± honti– parapariggahita½, parapariggahitasaññit±, theyyacitta½, upakkamo, tena haraºanti. Cha payog± s±hatthik±dayova. Te ca kho yath±nur³pa½ theyy±vah±ro, pasayh±vah±ro, paµicchann±vah±ro, parikapp±vah±ro, kus±vah±roti imesa½ avah±r±na½ vasena pavatt±ti ayamettha saªkhepo, vitth±ro pana samantap±s±dik±ya½ (p±r±. aµµha. 92) vutto.
K±mesumicch±c±roti ettha pana k±mes³ti methunasam±c±resu. Micch±c±roti ekantanindito l±mak±c±ro. Lakkhaºato pana asaddhamm±dhipp±yena k±yadv±rappavatt± agaman²yaµµh±nav²tikkamacetan± k±mesumicch±c±ro. Tattha agaman²yaµµh±na½ n±ma puris±na½ t±va m±turakkhit± piturakkhit± m±t±piturakkhit± bh±turakkhit± bhaginirakkhit± ñ±tirakkhit± gottarakkhit± dhammarakkhit± s±rakkh± saparidaº¹±ti m±turakkhit±dayo dasa, dhanakk²t± chandav±sin² bhogav±sin² paµav±sin² odapattakin² obhatacumbaµ± d±s² ca bhariy± ca kammak±r² ca bhariy± ca dhaj±haµ± muhuttik±ti et± dhanakk²t±dayo das±ti v²sati itthiyo. Itth²su pana dvinna½ s±rakkhasaparidaº¹±na½, dasannañca dhanakk²t±d²nanti dv±dasanna½ itth²na½ aññe puris±. Ida½ agaman²yaµµh±na½ n±ma. So panesa micch±c±ro s²l±diguºarahite agaman²yaµµh±ne appas±vajjo, s²l±diguºasampanne mah±s±vajjo. Tassa catt±ro sambh±r±– agaman²yavatthu, tasmi½ sevanacitta½, sevanappayogo, maggenamaggapaµipatti-adhiv±sananti. Eko payogo s±hatthiko eva.
Mus±ti visa½v±danapurekkh±rassa atthabhañjanako vac²payogo k±yappayogo v±, visa½v±dan±dhipp±yena panassa paravisa½v±danak±yavac²payogasamuµµh±pik± cetan±, mus±v±do. Aparo nayo– mus±ti abh³ta½ ataccha½ vatthu. V±doti tassa bh³tato tacchato viññ±pana½. Lakkhaºato pana atatha½ vatthu½ tathato para½ viññ±petuk±massa tath±viññattisamuµµh±pik± cetan± mus±v±do. So yamattha½ bhañjati, tassa appat±ya appas±vajjo, mahantat±ya mah±s±vajjo. Api ca gahaµµh±na½ attano santaka½ ad±tuk±mat±ya natth²ti-±dinayappavatto appas±vajjo, sakkhin± hutv± atthabhañjanattha½ vutto mah±s±vajjo. Pabbajit±na½ appakampi tela½ v± sappi½ v± labhitv± has±dhipp±yena “ajja g±me tela½ nad² maññe sandat²”ti p³raºakath±nayena pavatto appas±vajjo, adiµµha½yeva pana “diµµhan”ti-±din± nayena vadant±na½ mah±s±vajjo. Tassa catt±ro sambh±r± honti– atatha½ vatthu, visa½v±danacitta½, tajjo v±y±mo, parassa tadatthavij±nananti. Eko payogo s±hatthikova. So k±yena v± k±yapaµibaddhena v± v±c±ya v± paravisa½v±dakakiriy±karaºe daµµhabbo. T±ya ce kiriy±ya paro tamattha½ j±n±ti, aya½ kiriy±samuµµh±pikacetan±kkhaºeyeva mus±v±dakammun± bajjhati.
Pisuºav±c±ti-±d²su y±ya v±c±ya, yassa ta½ v±ca½ bh±sati, tassa hadaye attano piyabh±va½, parassa ca suññabh±va½ karoti, s± pisuºav±c± Y±ya pana att±nampi parampi pharusa½ karoti, y± v±c± sayampi pharus±, neva kaººasukh± na hadayaªgam±, aya½ pharusav±c±. Yena pana sampha½ palapati niratthaka½, so samphappal±po. Tesa½ m³labh³t± cetan±pi pisuºav±c±din±mameva labhati. S± eva ca idha adhippet±ti.
Tattha sa½kiliµµhacittassa paresa½ v± bhed±ya, attano piyakamyat±ya v± k±yavac²payogasamuµµh±pik± cetan± pisuºav±c±. S± yassa bheda½ karoti, tassa appaguºat±ya appas±vajj±, mah±guºat±ya mah±s±vajj±. Tass± catt±ro sambh±r±– bhinditabbo paro, iti ime n±n± bhavissanti, vin± bhavissant²ti bhedapurekkh±rat±, iti aha½ piyo bhaviss±mi viss±sikoti piyakamyat± v±, tajjo v±y±mo, tassa tadatthavij±nananti.
Parassa mammacchedakak±yavac²payogasamuµµh±pik± ekantapharusacetan± pharusav±c±. Tass± ±vibh±vatthamida½ vatthu– eko kira d±rako m±tu vacana½ an±diyitv± arañña½ gacchati. M±t± ta½ nivattetu½ asakkont², “caº¹± ta½ mahi½s² anubandhat³”ti akkosi. Athassa tatheva araññe mahi½s² uµµh±si. D±rako, “ya½ mama m±t± mukhena kathesi, ta½ m± hotu, ya½ cittena cintesi, ta½ hot³”ti saccakiriya½ ak±si. Mahi½s² tattheva baddh± viya aµµh±si. Eva½ mammacchedakopi payogo cittasaºhat±ya pharusav±c± na hoti. M±t±pitaro hi kad±ci puttake eva½ vadanti– “cor± vo khaº¹±khaº¹ika½ karont³”ti, uppalapattampi ca nesa½ upari patanta½ na icchanti. ¾cariyupajjh±y± ca kad±ci nissitake eva½ vadanti– “ki½ ime ahirik± anottappino caranti, niddhamatha ne”ti. Atha ca nesa½ ±gam±dhigamasampatti½ icchanti. Yath± ca cittasaºhat±ya pharusav±c± na hoti, eva½ vacanasaºhat±ya apharusav±c±pi na hoti. Na hi m±r±petuk±massa “ima½ sukha½ say±peth±”ti vacana½ apharusav±c± hoti. Cittapharusat±ya panes± pharusav±c±va. S± ya½ sandh±ya pavattit±, tassa appaguºat±ya appas±vajj±, mah±guºat±ya mah±s±vajj±. Tass± tayo sambh±r±– akkositabbo paro, kupitacitta½, akkosan±ti.
Anatthaviññ±pik± k±yavac²payogasamuµµh±pik± akusalacetan± samphappal±po. So ±sevanamandat±ya appas±vajjo, ±sevanamahantat±ya mah±s±vajjo. Tassa dve sambh±r±– bh±ratayuddha-s²t±haraº±di-niratthakakath±-purekkh±rat±, tath±r³p²kath±kathanañc±ti.
Abhijjh±yat²ti abhijjh±. Parabhaº¹±bhimukh² hutv± tanninnat±ya pavattat²ti attho. S± “aho vatida½ mamass±”ti eva½ parabhaº¹±bhijjh±yanalakkhaº± adinn±d±na½ viya appas±vajj± mah±s±vajj± ca. Tass± dve sambh±r± parabhaº¹a½ attano pariº±manañca. Parabhaº¹avatthuke hi lobhe uppannepi na t±va kammapathabhedo hoti, y±va na “aho vatida½ mamass±”ti attano pariº±met²ti.
Hitasukha½ by±p±dayat²ti, by±p±do. So paravin±s±ya manopadosalakkhaºo. Pharusav±c± viya appas±vajjo mah±s±vajjo ca. Tassa dve sambh±r± parasatto ca, tassa ca vin±sacint±. Parasattavatthuke hi kodhe uppannepi na t±va kammapathabhedo hoti, y±va na “aho vat±ya½ ucchijjeyya vinasseyy±”ti tassa vin±sa½ cinteti.
Yath±bhuccagahaº±bh±vena micch± passat²ti micch±diµµhi. S± “natthi dinnan”ti-±din± nayena vipar²tadassanalakkhaº± samphappal±po viya appas±vajj± mah±s±vajj± ca. Api ca aniyat± appas±vajj±, niyat± mah±s±vajj±. Tass± dve sambh±r±– vatthuno ca gahit±k±ravipar²tat± yath± ca na½ gaºh±ti, tath±bh±vena tass± upaµµh±nanti.
Imesa½ pana dasanna½ akusalakammapath±na½ dhammato koµµh±sato ±rammaºato vedan±to m³latoti pañcah±k±rehi vinicchayo veditabbo. Tattha dhammatoti etesu hi paµip±µiy± satta cetan±dhamm±va honti, abhijjh±dayo tisso cetan±sampayutt±. Koµµh±satoti paµip±µiy± satta, micch±diµµhi c±ti ime aµµha kammapath± eva honti, no m³l±ni, abhijjh±by±p±d± kammapath± ceva m³l±ni ca. Abhijjh± hi m³la½ patv± lobho akusalam³la½ hoti, by±p±do doso akusalam³la½.
¾rammaºatoti p±º±tip±to j²vitindriy±rammaºato saªkh±r±rammaºo hoti, adinn±d±na½ satt±rammaºa½ v± saªkh±r±rammaºa½ v±, micch±c±ro phoµµhabbavasena saªkh±r±rammaºova, satt±rammaºotipi eke. Mus±v±do satt±rammaºo v± saªkh±r±rammaºo v±, tath± pisuºav±c±. Pharusav±c± satt±rammaº±va. Samphappal±po diµµhasutamutaviññ±tavasena satt±rammaºo v± saªkh±r±rammaºo v±, tath± abhijjh±. By±p±do satt±rammaºova. Micch±diµµhi tebh³makadhammavasena saªkh±r±rammaº±.
Vedan±toti p±º±tip±to dukkhavedano hoti. Kiñc±pi hi r±j±no cora½ disv± hasam±n±pi “gacchatha na½ gh±teth±”ti vadanti, sanniµµh±pakacetan± pana nesa½ dukkhasampayutt±va hoti. Adinn±d±na½ tivedana½, micch±c±ro sukhamajjhattavasena dvivedano, sanniµµh±pakacitte pana majjhattavedano na hoti. Mus±v±do tivedano, tath± pisuºav±c± pharusav±c± dukkhavedan±, samphappal±po tivedano, abhijjh± sukhamajjhattavasena dvivedan±, tath± micch±diµµhi. By±p±do dukkhavedano.
M³latoti p±º±tip±to dosamohavasena dvim³lako hoti, adinn±d±na½ dosamohavasena v± lobhamohavasena v±, micch±c±ro lobhamohavasena. Mus±v±do dosamohavasena v± lobhamohavasena v±, tath± pisuºav±c± samphappal±po ca. Pharusav±c± dosamohavasena, abhijjh± mohavasena ekam³l±, tath± by±p±do. Micch±diµµhi lobhamohavasena dvim³l±ti.
P±º±tip±t± paµivirat±ti-±d²su p±º±tip±t±dayo vuttatth± eva. Y±ya pana viratiy± ete paµivirat± n±ma honti, s± bhedato tividh± hoti sampattavirati sam±d±navirati samucchedavirat²ti. Tattha asam±dinnasikkh±pad±na½ attano j±tivayab±husacc±d²ni paccavekkhitv± “ayutta½ amh±ka½ evar³pa½ k±tun”ti sampatta½ vatthu½ av²tikkamant±na½ uppajjam±n± virati sampattavirat²ti veditabb± s²ha¼ad²pe cakkana-up±sakassa viya. Tassa kira daharak±leyeva m±tu rogo uppajji. Vejjena ca “allasasakama½sa½ laddhu½ vaµµat²”ti vutta½. Tato cakkanassa bh±t± “gaccha t±ta khetta½ ±hiº¹±h²”ti cakkana½ pesesi. So tattha gato. Tasmiñca samaye eko saso taruºasassa½ kh±ditu½ ±gato hoti. So ta½ disv± vegena dh±vanto valliy± baddho “kiri kir²”ti saddamak±si Cakkano tena saddena gantv± ta½ gahetv± cintesi “m±tu bhesajja½ karom²”ti. Puna cintesi– “na meta½ patir³pa½, yv±ha½ m±tu j²vitak±raº± para½ j²vit± voropeyyan”ti. Atha na½ “gaccha araññe sasehi saddhi½ tiºodaka½ paribhuñj±”ti muñci. Bh±tar± ca “ki½ t±ta saso laddho”ti? Pucchito ta½ pavatti½ ±cikkhi. Tato na½ bh±t± paribh±si. So m±tu santika½ gantv±, “yatoha½ j±to n±bhij±n±mi sañcicca p±ºa½ j²vit± voropet±”ti sacca½ vatv± aµµh±si, t±vadeva cassa m±t± arog± ahosi.
Sam±dinnasikkh±pad±na½ pana sikkh±padasam±d±ne ca tatuttari ca attano j²vita½ pariccajitv± vatthu½ av²tikkamant±na½ uppajjam±n± virati sam±d±navirat²ti veditabb±, uttarava¹¹ham±napabbatav±s²-up±sakassa viya. So kira ambariyavih±rav±s²piªgalabuddharakkhitattherassa santike sikkh±pad±ni gahetv± khetta½ kasati. Athassa goºo naµµho, so ta½ gavesanto uttarava¹¹ham±napabbata½ ±ruhi, tatra na½ mah±sappo aggahesi. So cintesi– “im±ya tikhiº±ya v±siy± s²sa½ chind±m²”ti. Puna cintesi– “na meta½ patir³pa½, yv±ha½ bh±van²yassa garuno santike sikkh±pada½ gahetv± bhindeyyan”ti. Eva½ y±vatatiya½ cintetv±– “j²vita½ pariccaj±mi, na sikkh±padan”ti a½se µhapita½ tikhiºadaº¹av±si½ araññe cha¹¹esi. T±vadeva mah±v±¼o na½ muñcitv± agam±s²ti.
Ariyamaggasampayutt± pana virati samucchedavirat²ti veditabb±, yass± uppattito pabhuti p±ºa½ gh±tess±m²ti ariyapuggal±na½ cittampi na uppajjat²ti.
Yath± ca akusal±na½, eva½ imesampi kusalakammapath±na½ dhammato koµµh±sato ±rammaºato vedan±to m³latoti pañcah±k±rehi vinicchayo veditabbo. Tattha dhammatoti etesu hi paµip±µiy± satta cetan±pi vaµµanti viratiyopi, ante tayo cetan±sampayutt±va.
Koµµh±satoti paµip±µiy± satta kammapath± eva, na m³l±ni, ante tayo kammapath± ceva m³l±ni ca. Anabhijjh± hi m³la½ patv± alobho kusalam³la½ hoti, aby±p±do adoso kusalam³la½, samm±diµµhi amoho kusalam³la½.
¾rammaºatoti p±º±tip±t±d²na½. ¾rammaº±neva etesa½ ±rammaº±ni. V²tikkamitabbavatthutoyeva hi virati n±ma hoti. Yath± pana nibb±n±rammaºo ariyamaggo kilese pajahati, eva½ j²vitindriy±di-±rammaº±pete kammapath± p±º±tip±t±d²ni duss²ly±ni pajahant²ti veditabb±.
Vedan±toti sabbe sukhavedan± v± honti majjhattavedan± v±. Kusala½ patv± hi dukkhavedan± n±ma natthi.
M³latoti paµip±µiy± satta ñ±ºasampayuttacittena viramantassa alobha-adosa-amohavasena tim³l± honti, ñ±ºavippayuttacittena viramantassa dvim³l±. Anabhijjh± ñ±ºasampayuttacittena viramantassa dvim³l± hoti, ñ±ºavippayuttacittena ekam³l±. Alobho pana attan±va attano m³la½ na hoti. Aby±p±depi eseva nayo. Samm±diµµhi alobha-adosavasena dvim³l±v±ti. Tatiy±d²ni.