5. Nagarasuttavaººan±

65. Pañcame n±mar³pe kho sati viññ±ºanti ettha “saªkh±resu sati viññ±ºan”ti ca “avijj±ya sati saªkh±r±”ti ca vattabba½ bhaveyya, tadubhayampi na vutta½. Kasm±? Avijj±saªkh±r± hi tatiyo bhavo, tehi saddhi½ aya½ vipassan± na ghaµ²yati. Mah±puriso hi paccuppannapañcavok±ravasena abhiniviµµhoti.
Nanu ca avijj±saªkh±resu adiµµhesu na sakk± buddhena bhavitunti. Sacca½ na sakk±, imin± pana te bhava-up±d±nataºh±vasena diµµh±va. Tasm± yath± n±ma godha½ anubandhanto puriso ta½ k³pa½ paviµµha½ disv± otaritv± paviµµhaµµh±na½ khaºitv± godha½ gahetv± pakkameyya, na parabh±ga½ khaneyya kasm±? Kassaci natthit±ya. Eva½ mah±purisopi godha½ anubandhanto puriso viya bodhipallaªke nisinno jar±maraºato paµµh±ya “imassa aya½ paccayo, imassa aya½ paccayo”ti pariyesanto y±va n±mar³padhamm±na½ paccaya½ disv± tassapi paccaya½ pariyesanto viññ±ºameva addasa. Tato “ettako pañcavok±rabhavavasena sammasanac±ro”ti vipassana½ paµinivattesi, parato tucchak³passa abhinnaµµh±na½ viya avijj±saªkh±radvaya½ atthi, tadeta½ heµµh± vipassan±ya gahitatt± p±µiyekka½ sammasan³paga½ na hot²ti na aggahesi.
Paccud±vattat²ti paµinivattati. Katama½ panettha viññ±ºa½ paccud±vattat²ti? Paµisandhiviññ±ºampi vipassan±viññ±ºampi. Tattha paµisandhiviññ±ºa½ paccayato paµinivattati, vipassan±viññ±ºa½ ±rammaºato. Ubhayampi n±mar³pa½ n±tikkamati, n±mar³pato para½ na gacchati. Ett±vat± j±yetha v±ti-±d²su viññ±ºe n±mar³passa paccaye honte, n±mar³pe viññ±ºassa paccaye honte, dv²supi aññamaññapaccayesu hontesu ettakena j±yetha v± upapajjetha v±. Ito hi para½ kimañña½ j±yetha v± upapajjetha v±, nanu etadeva j±yati ca upapajjati c±ti?
Eva½ saddhi½ apar±paracutipaµisandh²hi pañca pad±ni dassetv± puna ta½ ett±vat±ti vuttamattha½ niyy±tento yadida½ n±mar³papaccay± viññ±ºa½, viññ±ºapaccay± n±mar³panti vatv± tato para½ anulomapaccay±k±ravasena viññ±ºapaccay± n±mar³pam³laka½ ±yatijar±maraºa½ dassetu½ n±mar³papaccay± sa¼±yatananti-±dim±ha.
Añjasanti maggasseva vevacana½. Uddh±pavantanti ±pato uggatatt± uddh±panti laddhavoh±rena p±k±ravatthun± samann±gata½. Ramaº²yanti samant± catunna½ dv±r±na½ abbhantare ca n±n±bhaº¹±na½ sampattiy± ramaº²ya½. M±peh²ti mah±jana½ pesetv± v±sa½ k±rehi. M±peyy±ti v±sa½ k±reyya. K±rento ca paµhama½ aµµh±rasa manussakoµiyo pesetv± “sampuººan”ti pucchitv± “na t±va sampuººan”ti vutte apar±ni pañcakul±ni peseyya. Puna pucchitv± “na t±va sampuººan”ti vutte apar±ni pañcapaññ±sakul±ni peseyya. Puna pucchitv± “na t±va sampuººan”ti vutte apar±ni ti½sa kul±ni peseyya. Puna pucchitv± “na t±va sampuººan”ti vutte apara½ kulasahassa½ peseyya. Puna pucchitv± “na t±va sampuººan”ti vutte apar±ni ek±dasanahut±ni kul±ni peseyya. Puna pucchitv± “na t±va sampuººan”ti vutte apar±ni catur±s²tikulasahass±ni peseyya. Puna “sampuººan”ti pucchite, “mah±r±ja, ki½ vadesi? Mahanta½ nagara½ asamb±dha½, imin± nayena kul±ni pesetv± na sakk± p³retu½, bheri½ pana car±petv± ‘amh±ka½ nagara½ im±ya ca im±ya ca sampattiy± sampanna½, ye tattha vasituk±m±, yath±sukha½ gacchantu, imañcimañca parih±ra½ labhissant²’ti nagarassa ceva vaººa½ lokassa ca parih±ral±bha½ ghos±peth±”ti vadeyya. So eva½ kareyya. Tato manuss± nagaraguºañceva parih±ral±bhañca sutv± sabbadis±hi samosaritv± nagara½ p³reyyu½. Ta½ aparena samayena iddhañceva assa ph²tañca. Ta½ sandh±ya tadassa nagara½ aparena samayena iddhañceva ph²tañc±ti-±di vutta½.
Tattha iddhanti samiddha½ subhikkha½. Ph²tanti sabbasampatt²hi pupphita½. B±hujaññanti bah³hi ñ±tabba½, bahujan±na½ hita½ v±. “Bahujanan”tipi p±µho. ¾kiººamanussanti manussehi ±kiººa½ nirantara½ phuµµha½. Vu¹¹hivepullappattanti vu¹¹hippattañceva vepullappattañca, seµµhabh±vañceva vipulabh±vañca patta½, dasasahassacakkav±¼e agganagara½ j±tanti attho.
Evameva khoti ettha ida½ opammasa½sandana½– araññapavane caram±napuriso viya hi d²paªkarap±dam³lato paµµh±ya p±ramiyo p³rayam±no mah±puriso daµµhabbo, tassa purisassa pubbakehi manussehi anuy±tamaggadassana½ viya mah±sattassa anupubbena bodhipallaªke nisinnassa pubbabh±ge aµµhaªgikassa vipassan±maggassa dassana½, purisassa ta½ ekapadikamagga½ anugacchato aparabh±ge mah±maggadassana½ viya mah±sattassa uparivipassan±ya ciººante lokuttaramaggadassana½, purisassa teneva maggena gacchato purato nagaradassana½ viya tath±gatassa nibb±nanagaradassana½, bahinagara½ panettha aññena diµµha½, aññena manussav±sa½ kata½, nibb±nanagara½ satth± sayameva passi, saya½ v±samak±si. Tassa purisassa catunna½ dv±r±na½ diµµhak±lo viya tath±gatassa catunna½ magg±na½ diµµhak±lo, tassa cat³hi dv±rehi nagara½ paviµµhak±lo viya tath±gatassa cat³hi maggehi nibb±na½ paviµµhak±lo, tassa nagarabbhantare bhaº¹avavatth±nak±lo viya tath±gatassa paccavekkhaºañ±ºena paropaºº±sakusaladhammavavatth±nak±lo. Nagarassa ag±rakaraºattha½ kulapariyesanak±lo viya satthu phalasam±pattito vuµµh±ya veneyyasatte volokanak±lo, tena purisena y±citassa rañño eka½ mah±kuµumbika½ diµµhak±lo viya mah±brahmun± y±citassa bhagavato aññ±sikoº¹aññatthera½ diµµhak±lo, rañño mah±kuµumbika½ pakkos±petv± “nagarav±sa½ karoh²”ti pahitak±lo viya bhagavato ekasmi½ pacch±bhatte aµµh±rasayojanamagga½ gantv± ±s±¼hipuººamadivase b±r±ºasiya½ isipatana½ pavisitv± thera½ k±yasakkhi½ katv± dhamma½ desitak±lo, mah±kuµumbikena aµµh±rasa purisakoµiyo gahetv± nagara½ ajjh±vuµµhak±lo viya tath±gatena dhammacakke pavattite therassa aµµh±rasahi brahmakoµ²hi saddhi½ sot±pattiphale patiµµhitak±lo, eva½ nibb±nanagara½ paµhama½ ±v±sita½, tato sampuººa½ nagaranti pucchitv± na t±v±ti vutte pañca kul±ni ±di½ katv± y±va catur±s²tikulasahassapesana½ viya tath±gatassa pañcamadivasato paµµh±ya anattalakkhaºasutt±d²ni desetv± pañcavaggiye ±di½ katv± yasapamukh± pañcapaºº±sa kulaputt±, ti½sa bhaddavaggiy±, sahassapur±ºajaµil±, bimbis±rapamukh±ni ek±dasapurisanahut±ni, tirokuµµ±numodane catur±s²tisahass±n²ti ettakassa janassa ariyamagga½ ot±retv± nibb±nanagara½ pesitak±lo, atha tena nayena nagare ap³riyam±ne bheri½ car±petv± nagarassa vaººaghosana½ kul±na½ parih±ral±bhaghosana½ viya ca m±sassa aµµha divase tattha tattha nis²ditv± dhammakathik±na½ nibb±navaººassa ceva nibb±nappatt±na½ j±tikant±r±dinittharaº±nisa½sassa ca ghosana½, tato sabbadis±hi ±gantv± manuss±na½ nagarasamosaraºa½ viya tattha tattha dhammakatha½ sutv± tato tato nikkhamitv± pabbajja½ ±di½ katv± anulomapaµipada½ paµipann±na½ aparim±º±na½ kulaputt±na½ nibb±nasamosaraºa½ daµµhabba½.
Pur±ºa½ magganti ariya½ aµµhaªgika½ magga½. Ayañhi ariyamaggo pav±raºasutte (sa½. ni. 1.215) avattam±nakaµµhena “anuppannamaggo”ti vutto, imasmi½ sutte ava¼añjanaµµhena “pur±ºamaggo”ti. Brahmacariyanti sikkhattayasaªgaha½ sakalas±sana½. Iddhanti jh±nass±dena samiddha½ subhikkha½. Ph²tanti abhiññ±bharaºehi pupphita½. Vitth±rikanti vitthiººa½. B±hujaññanti bahujanaviññeyya½. Y±va devamanussehi suppak±sitanti y±va dasasahassacakkav±¼e devamanussehi paricchedo atthi, etasmi½ antare suppak±sita½ sudesita½ tath±gaten±ti. Pañcama½.