3. Puttama½s³pamasuttavaººan±

63. Tatiye catt±rome, bhikkhave, ±h±r±ti-±di vuttanayameva. Yasm± panassa aµµhuppattiko nikkhepo, tasm± ta½ dassetv±vettha anupubbapadavaººana½ kariss±mi. Katar±ya pana ida½ aµµhuppattiy± nikkhittanti? L±bhasakk±rena. Bhagavato kira mah±l±bhasakk±ro uppajji, yath± ta½ catt±ro asaªkhyeyye p³ritad±nap±ram²sañcayassa. Sabbadis±su hissa yamakamah±megho vuµµhahitv± mahogha½ viya sabbap±ramiyo “ekasmi½ attabh±ve vip±ka½ dass±m±”ti sampiº¹it± viya l±bhasakk±ramahogha½ nibbattayi½su. Tato tato annap±nay±navattham±l±gandhavilepan±dihatth± khattiyabr±hmaº±dayo ±gantv±, “kaha½ buddho, kaha½ bhagav±, kaha½ devadevo nar±sabho purisas²ho”ti? Bhagavanta½ pariyesanti. Sakaµasatehipi paccaye ±haritv± ok±sa½ alabham±n± samant± g±vutappam±ºampi sakaµadhurena sakaµadhura½ ±hacca tiµµhanti ceva anuppavattanti ca andhakavindabr±hmaº±dayo viya. Sabba½ khandhake tesu tesu suttesu ca ±gatanayena veditabba½.
Yath± bhagavato, eva½ bhikkhusaªghass±pi. Vuttañceta½–
“Tena kho pana samayena bhagav± sakkato hoti garukato m±nito p³jito apacito l±bh² c²vara-piº¹ap±ta-sen±sana-gil±na-paccaya-bhesajja-parikkh±r±na½. Bhikkhusaªghopi kho sakkato hoti…pe… parikkh±r±nan”ti (ud±. 14; sa½. ni. 2.70).
Tath± “y±vat± kho, cunda, etarahi saªgho v± gaºo v± loke uppanno, n±ha½, cunda, añña½ ekasaªghampi samanupass±mi eva½ l±bhaggayasaggapatta½ yathariv±ya½, cunda, bhikkhusaªgho”ti (d². ni. 3.176).
Sv±ya½ bhagavato ca saªghassa ca uppanno l±bhasakk±ro ekato hutv± dvinna½ mah±nad²na½ udaka½ viya appameyyo ahosi. Atha satth± rahogato cintesi– “mah±l±bhasakk±ro at²tabuddh±nampi evar³po ahosi, an±gat±nampi evar³po bhavissati Ki½ nu kho bhikkh³ ±h±raparigg±hakena satisampajaññena samann±gat± majjhatt± nicchandar±g± hutv± ±h±ra½ paribhuñjitu½ sakkonti, na sakkont²”ti?
So addasa ekacce adhun± pabbajite kulaputte apaccavekkhitv± ±h±ra½ paribhuñjam±ne. Disv±nassa etadahosi– “may± kappasatasahass±dhik±ni catt±ri asaªkhyeyy±ni p±ramiyo p³rentena na c²var±dihetu p³rit±, uttamaphalassa pana arahattassatth±ya p³rit±. Imepi bhikkh³ mama santike pabbajant± na c²var±dihetu pabbajit±, arahattasseva pana atth±ya pabbajit±. Te id±ni as±rameva s±ra½ anatthameva ca attha½ karont²”ti evamassa dhammasa½vego udap±di. Tato cintesi– “sace pañcama½ p±r±jika½ paññapetu½ sakk± abhavissa, apaccavekkhit±h±raparibhogo pañcama½ p±r±jika½ katv± paññapetabbo bhaveyya. Na pana sakk± eva½ k±tu½, dhuvapaµisevanaµµh±nañheta½ satt±na½. Yath± pana kathite pañcama½ p±r±jika½ viya na½ passissanti. Eva½ dhamm±d±sa½ sa½vara½ mariy±da½ µhapess±mi, ya½ ±vajjitv± ±vajjitv± an±gate bhikkh³ catt±ro paccaye paccavekkhitv± paribhuñjissant²”ti. Im±ya aµµhuppattiy± ima½ puttama½s³pamasuttanta½ nikkhipi. Tattha catt±rome, bhikkhave, ±h±r±ti-±di heµµh± vuttatthameva.
Catt±ro pana ±h±re vitth±retv± id±ni tesu ±d²nava½ dassetu½ kathañca, bhikkhave, kaba¼²k±ro ±h±ro daµµhabboti-±dim±ha? Tattha j±yampatik±ti j±y± ceva pati ca. Paritta½ sambalanti puµabhattasattumodak±d²na½ aññatara½ appamattaka½ p±theyya½. Kant±ramagganti kant±rabh³ta½ magga½, kant±re v± magga½. Kant±ranti corakant±ra½ v±¼akant±ra½ amanussakant±ra½ nirudakakant±ra½ appabhakkhakant±ranti pañcavidha½. Tesu yattha corabhaya½ atthi ta½ corakant±ra½. Yattha s²habyaggh±dayo v±¼± atthi, ta½ v±¼akant±ra½. Yattha balav±mukhayakkhini-±d²na½ amanuss±na½ vasena bhaya½ atthi, ta½ amanussakant±ra½. Yattha p±tu½ v± nh±yitu½ v± udaka½ natthi, ta½ nirudakakant±ra½. Yattha kh±ditabba½ v± bhuñjitabba½ v± antamaso kandam³l±dimattampi natthi, ta½ appabhakkhakant±ra½ n±ma. Yattha paneta½ pañcavidhampi bhaya½ atthi, ta½ kant±rameva. Ta½ paneta½ ek±hadv²hat²h±divasena nittharitabbampi atthi, na ta½ idha adhippeta½. Idha pana nirudaka½ appabhakkha½ yojanasatikakant±ra½ adhippeta½. Evar³pe kant±re magga½. Paµipajjeyyunti ch±takabhayena ceva rogabhayena ca r±jabhayena ca upaddut± paµipajjeyyu½ “eta½ kant±ra½ nittharitv± dhammikassa rañño nirupaddave raµµhe sukha½ vasiss±m±”ti maññam±n±.
Ekaputtakoti ukkhipitv± gahito anukampitabbayutto athirasar²ro ekaputtako. Vall³rañca soº¹ikañc±ti ghanaghanaµµh±nato gahetv± vall³ra½, aµµhinissitasir±nissitaµµh±n±ni gahetv± s³lama½sañc±ti attho. Paµipiseyyunti pahareyyu½. Kaha½ ekaputtak±ti aya½ tesa½ paridevan±k±ro.
Aya½ panettha bh³tamattha½ katv± ±dito paµµh±ya saªkhepato atthavaººan±– dve kira j±yampatik± putta½ gahetv± parittena p±theyyena yojanasatika½ kant±ramagga½ paµipajji½su. Tesa½ paññ±sayojan±ni gantv± p±theyya½ niµµh±si, te khuppip±s±tur± vira¼acch±y±ya½ nis²di½su. Tato puriso bhariya½ ±ha– “bhadde ito samant± paññ±sayojan±ni g±mo v± nigamo v± natthi. Tasm± ya½ ta½ purisena k±tabba½ bahumpi kasigorakkh±dikamma½, na d±ni sakk± ta½ may± k±tu½, ehi ma½ m±retv± upa¹¹hama½sa½ kh±ditv± upa¹¹ha½ p±theyya½ katv± puttena saddhi½ kant±ra½ nitthar±h²”ti. Puna s±pi ta½ ±ha– “s±mi may± d±ni ya½ ta½ itthiy± k±tabba½ bahumpi suttakantan±dikamma½, ta½ k±tu½ na sakk±, ehi ma½ m±retv± upa¹¹hama½sa½ kh±ditv± upa¹¹ha½ p±theyya½ katv± puttena saddhi½ kant±ra½ nitthar±h²”ti. Puna sopi ta½ ±ha– “bhadde m±tug±mamaraºena dvinna½ maraºa½ paññ±yati Na hi mando kum±ro m±tar± vin± j²vitu½ sakkoti. Yadi pana maya½ j²v±ma. Puna d±raka½ labheyy±ma. Handa d±ni puttaka½ m±retv±, ma½sa½ gahetv± kant±ra½ nitthar±m±”ti. Tato m±t± puttam±ha– “t±ta, pitusantika½ gacch±”ti, so agam±si. Athassa pit±, “may± ‘puttaka½ posess±m²’ti kasigorakkh±d²hi anappaka½ dukkhamanubh³ta½, na sakkomi aha½ putta½ m±retu½, tva½yeva tava putta½ m±reh²”ti vatv±, “t±ta m±tusantika½ gacch±”ti ±ha. So agam±si. Athassa m±t±pi, “may± putta½ patthentiy± govatakukkuravatadevat±y±can±d²hipi t±va anappaka½ dukkhamanubh³ta½, ko pana v±do kucchin± pariharantiy±? Na sakkomi aha½ putta½ m±retun”ti vatv± “t±ta, pitusantikameva gacch±”ti ±ha. Eva½ so dvinnamantar± gacchantoyeva mato. Te ta½ disv± paridevitv± vuttanayena ma½s±ni gahetv± kh±dant± pakkami½su.
Tesa½ so puttama½s±h±ro navahi k±raºehi paµik³latt± neva dav±ya hoti, na mad±ya, na maº¹an±ya, na vibh³san±ya, kevala½ kant±ranittharaºatth±yeva hoti. Katamehi navahi k±raºehi paµik³loti ce? Saj±tima½sat±ya ñ±tima½sat±ya puttama½sat±ya piyaputtama½sat±ya taruºama½sat±ya ±makama½sat±ya abhogama½sat±ya aloºat±ya adh³pitat±y±ti. Evañhi te navahi k±raºehi paµik³la½ ta½ puttama½sa½ kh±dant± na s±ratt± giddham±nas± hutv± kh±di½su, majjhattabh±veyeva pana nicchandar±gaparibhoge µhit± kh±di½su. Na aµµhinh±rucammanissitaµµh±n±ni apanetv± th³lath³la½ varama½sameva kh±di½su, hatthasampatta½ ma½sameva pana kh±di½su. Na y±vadattha½ kaºµhappam±ºa½ katv± kh±di½su, thoka½ thoka½ pana ekadivasa½ y±panamattameva kh±di½su. Na aññamañña½ macchar±yant± kh±di½su, vigatamaccheramalena pana parisuddheneva cetas± kh±di½su. Na añña½ kiñci migama½sa½ v± morama½s±d²na½ v± aññatara½ kh±d±m±ti samm³¼h± kh±di½su, piyaputtama½sabh±va½ pana j±nant±va kh±di½su. Na “aho vata maya½ punapi evar³pa½ puttama½sa½ kh±deyy±m±”ti patthana½ katv± kh±di½su, patthana½ pana v²tivatt±va hutv± kh±di½su. Na “ettaka½ kant±re kh±ditv± avasiµµha½ kant±ra½ atikkamma loºambil±d²hi yojetv± kh±diss±m±”ti sannidhi½ aka½su, kant±rapariyos±ne pana “pure mah±jano passat²”ti bh³miya½ v± nikhaºi½su, aggin± v± jh±payi½su. Na “koci añño amhe viya evar³pa½ puttama½sa½ kh±ditu½ na labhat²”ti m±na½ v± dappa½ v± aka½su, nihatam±n± pana nihatadapp± hutv± kh±di½su. “Ki½ imin± aloºena anambilena adh³pitena duggandhen±”ti na h²¼etv± kh±di½su, h²¼ana½ pana v²tivatt± hutv± kh±di½su Na “tuyha½ bh±go mayha½ bh±go tava putto mama putto”ti aññamañña½ atimaññi½su. Samagg± pana sammodam±n± hutv± kh±di½su. Ima½ nesa½ evar³pa½ nicchandar±g±diparibhoga½ sampassam±no satth± bhikkhusaªghampi ta½ k±raºa½ anuj±n±pento ta½ ki½ maññatha, bhikkhave, api nu te dav±ya v± ±h±ra½ ±h±reyyunti-±dim±ha. Tattha dav±ya v±ti-±d²ni visuddhimagge (visuddhi. 1.18) vitth±rit±neva. Kant±rass±ti nittiºº±vasesassa kant±rassa.
Evameva khoti navanna½ p±µikuly±na½ vasena piyaputtama½sasadiso katv± daµµhabboti attho. Katamesa½ navanna½? Gamanap±µikulyat±d²na½. Gamanap±µikulyata½ paccavekkhantopi kaba¼²k±r±h±ra½ pariggaºh±ti, pariyesanap±µikulyata½ paccavekkhantopi, paribhoganidh±na-±sayaparipakk±paripakkasammakkhaºanissandap±µikulyata½ paccavekkhantopi, t±ni panet±ni gamanap±µikulyat±d²ni visuddhimagge (visuddhi. 1.294) ±h±rap±µikulyat±niddese vitth±rit±neva. Iti imesa½ navanna½ p±µikuly±na½ vasena puttama½s³pama½ katv± ±h±ro paribhuñjitabbo.
Yath± te j±yampatik± p±µikulya½ piyaputtama½sa½ kh±dant± na s±ratt± giddham±nas± hutv± kh±di½su, majjhattabh±veyeva nicchandar±gaparibhoge µhit± kh±di½su, eva½ nicchandar±gaparibhoga½ katv± paribhuñjitabbo. Yath± ca te na aµµhinh±rucammanissita½ apanetv± th³lath³la½ varama½sameva kh±di½su, hatthasampattameva pana kh±di½su, eva½ sukkhabhattamandabyañjan±d²ni piµµhihatthena apaµikkhipitv± vaµµakena viya kukkuµena viya ca odhi½ adassetv± tato tato sappima½s±disa½saµµhavarabhojana½yeva vicinitv± abhuñjantena s²hena viya sapad±na½ paribhuñjitabbo.
Yath± ca te na y±vadattha½ kaºµhappam±ºa½ kh±di½su, thoka½ thoka½ pana ekekadivasa½ y±panamattameva kh±di½su, evameva ±harahatthak±dibr±hmaº±na½ aññatarena viya y±vadattha½ udar±vadehaka½ abhuñjantena catunna½ pañcanna½ v± ±lop±na½ ok±sa½ µhapetv±va dhammasen±patin± viya paribhuñjitabbo. So kira pañcacatt±l²sa vass±ni tiµµham±no “pacch±bhatte ambilugg±rasamuµµh±paka½ katv± ekadivasampi ±h±ra½ na ±h±resin”ti vatv± s²han±da½ nadanto ima½ g±tham±ha–
“Catt±ro pañca ±lope, abhutv± udaka½ pive;
ala½ ph±suvih±r±ya, pahitattassa bhikkhuno”ti. (Therag±. 983).
Yath± ca te na aññamañña½ macchar±yant± kh±di½su, vigatamalamaccherena pana parisuddheneva cetas± kh±di½su, evameva piº¹ap±ta½ labhitv± amacchar±yitv± “ima½ sabba½ gaºhantassa sabba½ dass±mi, upa¹¹ha½ gaºhantassa upa¹¹ha½, sace gahit±vaseso bhavissati, attan± paribhuñjiss±m²”ti s±raº²yadhamme µhiteneva paribhuñjitabbo. Yath± ca te na “añña½ kiñci maya½ migama½sa½ v± morama½s±d²na½ v± aññatara½ kh±d±m±”ti samm³¼h± kh±di½su, piyaputtama½sabh±va½ pana j±nant±va kh±di½su, evameva piº¹ap±ta½ labhitv± “aha½ kh±d±mi bhuñj±m²”ti att³paladdhisammoha½ anupp±detv± “kaba¼²k±r±h±ro na j±n±ti ‘c±tumah±bh³tikak±ya½ va¹¹hem²’ti, k±yopi na j±n±ti ‘kaba¼²k±r±h±ro ma½ va¹¹het²”’ti, eva½ sammoha½ pah±ya paribhuñjitabbo. Satisampajaññavasen±pi cesa asamm³¼heneva hutv± paribhuñjitabbo.