10. Nid±nasuttavaººan±

60. Dasame kur³su viharat²ti kur³ti eva½ bahuvacanavasena laddhavoh±re janapade viharati. Kamm±sadhamma½ n±ma kur³na½ nigamoti eva½n±mako kur³na½ nigamo, ta½ gocarag±ma½ katv±ti attho. ¾yasm±ti piyavacanameta½ garuvacanameta½. ¾nandoti tassa therassa n±ma½. Ekamanta½ nis²d²ti cha nisajjadose vivajjento dakkhiºaj±ºumaº¹alassa abhimukhaµµh±ne chabbaºº±na½ buddharasm²na½ anto pavisitv± pasannal±kh±rasa½ vig±hanto viya suvaººapaµa½ p±rupanto viya rattakambalavit±namajjha½ pavisanto viya dhammabhaº¹±g±riko ±yasm± ±nando nis²di. Tena vutta½ “ekamanta½ nis²d²”ti.
K±ya pana vel±ya kena k±raºena ayam±yasm± bhagavanta½ upasaªkamantoti? S±yanhavel±ya paccay±k±rapañha½ pucchanak±raºena. Ta½ divasa½ kira ayam±yasm± kulasaªgahatth±ya gharadv±re gharadv±re sahassabhaº¹ika½ nikkhipanto viya kamm±sadhamma½ piº¹±ya caritv± piº¹ap±tapaµikkanto satthu vatta½ dassetv± satthari gandhakuµi½ paviµµhe satth±ra½ vanditv± attano div±µµh±na½ gantv± antev±sikesu vatta½ dassetv± paµikkantesu div±µµh±na½ paµisammajjitv± cammakkhaº¹a½ paññapetv± udakatumbato udakena hatthap±de s²tala½ katv± pallaªka½ ±bhujitv± nisinno sot±pattiphalasam±patti½ sam±pajjitv±. Atha paricchinnak±lavasena sam±pattito vuµµh±ya paccay±k±re ñ±ºa½ ot±resi. So “avijj±paccay± saªkh±r±”ti-±dito paµµh±ya anta½, antato paµµh±ya ±di½, ubhayantato paµµh±ya majjha½, majjhato paµµh±ya ubho ante p±pento tikkhattu½ dv±dasapada½ paccay±k±ra½ sammasi. Tasseva½ sammasantassa paccay±k±ro vibh³to hutv± utt±nakutt±nako viya upaµµh±si. Tato cintesi– “aya½ paccay±k±ro sabbabuddhehi gambh²ro ceva gambh²r±vabh±so c±ti kathito, mayha½ kho pana padesañ±ºe µhitassa s±vakassa sato utt±no viya vibh³to p±kaµo hutv± upaµµh±ti, mayha½yeva nu kho esa utt±nako viya upaµµh±ti, ud±hu aññesamp²ti attano upaµµh±nak±raºa½ satthu ±rocess±m²”ti nisinnaµµh±nato uµµh±ya cammakkhaº¹a½ papphoµetv± ±d±ya s±yanhasamaye bhagavanta½ upasaªkami. Tena vutta½– “s±yanhavel±ya½ paccay±k±rapañha½ pucchanak±raºena upasaªkamanto”ti.
Y±va gambh²roti ettha y±vasaddo pam±º±tikkame. Atikkamma pam±ºa½ gambh²ro, atigambh²roti attho. Gambh²r±vabh±soti gambh²rova hutv± avabh±sati, dissat²ti attho. Ekañhi utt±nameva gambh²r±vabh±sa½ hoti p³tipaººarasavasena k±¼avaººa½ pur±ºa-udaka½ viya. Tañhi j±ºuppam±ºampi sataporisa½ viya dissati. Eka½ gambh²ra½ utt±n±vabh±sa½ hoti maºibh±sa½ vippasanna-udaka½ viya. Tañhi sataporisampi j±ºuppam±ºa½ viya kh±yati. Eka½ utt±na½ utt±n±vabh±sa½ hoti p±ti-±d²su udaka½ viya. Eka½ gambh²ra½ gambh²r±vabh±sa½ hoti sinerup±dakamah±samudde udaka½ viya. Eva½ udakameva catt±ri n±m±ni labhati. Paµiccasamupp±de paneta½ natthi. Ayañhi gambh²ro ca gambh²r±vabh±so c±ti ekameva n±ma½ labhati Evar³po sam±nopi atha ca pana me utt±nakutt±nako viya kh±yati, tadida½ acchariya½, bhante, abbhuta½, bhanteti eva½ attano vimhaya½ pak±sento pañha½ pucchitv± tuºh²bh³to nis²di.
Bhagav± tassa vacana½ sutv± “±nando bhavaggagahaº±ya hattha½ pas±rento viya sineru½ bhinditv± miñja½ n²haritu½ v±yamam±no viya vin± n±v±ya mah±samudda½ tarituk±mo viya pathavi½ parivattetv± pathavoja½ gahetu½ v±yamam±no viya buddhavisaya½ pañha½ attano utt±nutt±nanti vadati, handassa gambh²rabh±va½ ±cikkh±m²”ti cintetv± m± hevanti-±dim±ha.
Tattha m± hevanti ha-k±ro nip±tamatta½, eva½ m± bhaº²ti attho. “M± hevan”ti ca ida½ vacana½ bhagav± ±yasmanta½ ±nanda½ uss±dentopi bhaºati apas±dentopi. Tattha uss±dentop²ti, ±nanda, tva½ mah±pañño visadañ±ºo, tena te gambh²ropi paµiccasamupp±do utt±nako viya kh±yati, aññesa½ panesa utt±nakoti na sallakkhetabbo, gambh²royeva ca so gambh²r±vabh±so ca.
Tattha catasso upam± vadanti– cha m±se subhojanarasapuµµhassa kira katayogassa mah±mallassa samajjasamaye katamallap±s±ºaparicayassa yuddhabh³mi½ gacchantassa antar± mallap±s±ºa½ dassesu½. So “ki½ etan”ti ±ha. Mallap±s±ºoti. ¾haratha nanti. “Ukkhipitu½ na sakkom±”ti vutte saya½ gantv± “kuhi½ imassa bh±riyaµµh±nan”ti vatv± dv²hi hatthehi dve p±s±ºe ukkhipitv± k²¼±gu¼e viya khipitv± agam±si. Tattha mallassa mallap±s±ºo lahukoti na aññesampi lahukoti vattabbo. Cha m±se subhojanarasapuµµho mallo viya hi kappasatasahassa½ abhin²h±rasampanno ±yasm± ±nando. Yath± mallassa mah±balat±ya mallap±s±ºo lahuko, eva½ therassa mah±paññat±ya paµiccasamupp±do utt±noti vattabbo, so aññesa½ utt±noti na vattabbo.
Mah±samudde ca timi n±ma mah±maccho dviyojanasatiko, timiªgalo tiyojanasatiko, timirapiªgalo pañcayojanasatiko, ±nando timinando ajjh±roho mah±tim²ti ime catt±ro yojanasahassik±. Tattha timirapiªgaleneva d²penti. Tassa kira dakkhiºakaººa½ c±lentassa pañcayojanasate padese udaka½ calati, tath± v±makaººa½, tath± naªguµµha½, tath± s²sa½. Dve pana kaººe c±letv± naªguµµhena paharitv± s²sa½ apar±para½ katv± k²¼itu½ ±raddhassa sattaµµhayojanasate µh±ne bh±jane pakkhipitv± uddhane ±ropita½ viya udaka½ pakkuthati. Yojanasatamatte padese udaka½ piµµhi½ ch±detu½ na sakkoti. So eva½ vadeyya– “aya½ mah±samuddo gambh²roti vadanti, kutassa gambh²rat±, maya½ piµµhimattacch±danampi udaka½ na labh±m±”ti. Tattha k±y³papannassa timirapiªgalassa mah±samuddo utt±noti aññesañca khuddakamacch±na½ utt±noti na vattabbo, evameva ñ±º³papannassa therassa paµiccasamupp±do utt±noti aññesampi utt±noti na vattabbo. Supaººar±j± ca diya¹¹hayojanasatiko hoti. Tassa dakkhiºapakkho paññ±sayojaniko hoti, tath± v±mapakkho, piñchavaµµi ca saµµhiyojanik±, g²v± ti½sayojanik±, mukha½ navayojana½, p±d± dv±dasayojanik±, tasmi½ supaººav±ta½ dassetu½ ±raddhe sattaµµhayojanasata½ µh±na½ nappahoti. So eva½ vadeyya– “aya½ ±k±so anantoti vadanti, kutassa anantat±, maya½ pakkhav±tappattharaºok±sampi na labh±m±”ti. Tattha k±y³papannassa supaººarañño ±k±so parittoti aññesañca khuddakapakkh²na½ parittoti na vattabbo, evameva ñ±º³papannassa therassa paµiccasamupp±do utt±noti aññesampi utt±noti na vattabbo.
R±hu asurindo pana p±dantato y±va kesant± yojan±na½ catt±ri sahass±ni aµµha ca sat±ni honti. Tassa dvinna½ b±h±na½ antare dv±dasayojanasatika½, bahalattena chayojanasatika½, hatthap±datal±ni tiyojanasatik±ni, tath± mukha½, ekaªgulipabba½ paññ±sayojana½, tath± bhamukantara½, nal±µa½ tiyojanasatika½, s²sa½ navayojanasatika½. Tassa mah±samudda½ otiººassa gambh²ra½ udaka½ j±ºuppam±ºa½ hoti. So eva½ vadeyya– “aya½ mah±samuddo gambh²roti vadanti. Kutassa gambh²rat±? Maya½ j±ºuppaµicch±danamattampi udaka½ na labh±m±”ti. Tattha k±y³papannassa r±huno mah±samuddo utt±noti aññesañca utt±noti na vattabbo. Evameva ñ±º³papannassa therassa paµiccasamupp±do utt±noti aññesampi utt±noti na vattabbo. Etamattha½ sandh±ya bhagav± m± heva½, ±nanda, m± heva½, ±nand±ti ±ha.
Therassa hi cat³hi k±raºehi gambh²ro paµiccasamupp±do utt±noti upaµµh±si. Katamehi cat³hi? Pubb³panissayasampattiy± titthav±sena sot±pannat±ya bahussutabh±ven±ti.
Ito kira satasahassime kappe padumuttaro n±ma satth± loke uppajji. Tassa ha½savat² n±ma nagara½ ahosi, ±nando n±ma r±j± pit±, sumedh± n±ma dev² m±t±, bodhisatto uttarakum±ro n±ma ahosi. So puttassa j±tadivase mah±bhinikkhamana½ nikkhamma pabbajitv± padh±namanuyutto anukkamena sabbaññuta½ patv±, “anekaj±tisa½s±ran”ti ud±na½ ud±netv± satt±ha½ bodhipallaªke v²tin±metv± “pathaviya½ p±da½ µhapess±m²”ti p±da½ abhin²hari. Atha pathavi½ bhinditv± mahanta½ paduma½ uµµh±si. Tassa dhurapatt±ni navutihatth±ni, kesara½ ti½sahattha½, kaººik± dv±dasahatth±, navaghaµappam±º± reºu ahosi.
Satth± pana ubbedhato aµµhapaññ±sahattho ahosi, tassa ubhinna½ b±h±namantara½ aµµh±rasahattha½, nal±µa½ pañcahattha½, hatthap±d± ek±dasahatth±. Tassa ek±dasahatthena p±dena dv±dasahatth±ya kaººik±ya akkantamatt±ya navaghaµappam±º± reºu uµµh±ya aµµhapaññ±sahattha½ padesa½ uggantv± okiººamanosil±cuººa½ viya paccokiººa½. Tadup±d±ya bhagav± “padumuttaro”tveva paññ±yittha. Tassa devilo ca suj±to ca dve aggas±vak± ahesu½, amit± ca asam± ca dve aggas±vik±, sumano n±ma upaµµh±ko. Padumuttaro bhagav± pitusaªgaha½ kurum±no bhikkhusatasahassapariv±ro ha½savatiy± r±jadh±niy± vasati.
Kaniµµhabh±t± panassa sumanakum±ro n±ma. Tassa r±j± ha½savatito v²sayojanasate bhoga½ ad±si. So kad±ci ±gantv± pitarañca satth±rañca passati. Athekadivasa½ paccanto kupito. Sumano rañño s±sana½ pesesi. R±j± “tva½ may±, t±ta, kasm± µhapito”ti paµipesesi. So core v³pasametv± “upasanto, deva, janapado”ti rañño pesesi. R±j± tuµµho “s²gha½ mama putto ±gacchat³”ti ±ha. Tassa sahassamatt± amacc± honti. So tehi saddhi½ antar±magge mantesi– “mayha½ pit± tuµµho sace me vara½ deti, ki½ gaºh±m²”ti? Atha na½ ekacce “hatthi½ gaºhatha, assa½ gaºhatha, janapada½ gaºhatha, sattaratan±ni gaºhath±”ti ±ha½su. Apare “tumhe pathavissarassa putt±, na tumh±ka½ dhana½ dullabha½, laddhampi ceta½ sabba½ pah±ya gaman²ya½, puññameva eka½ ±d±ya gaman²ya½, tasm± deve vara½ dadam±ne tem±sa½ padumuttara½ bhagavanta½ upaµµh±tu½ vara½ gaºhath±”ti. So “tumhe mayha½ kaly±ºamitt± n±ma, mameta½ citta½ natthi, tumhehi pana upp±dita½, eva½ kariss±m²”ti, gantv± pitara½ vanditv± pitar± ±liªgetv±, matthake cumbitv± “vara½ te, putta, dem²”ti vutte “icch±maha½, mah±r±ja, bhagavanta½ tem±sa½ cat³hi paccayehi upaµµhahanto j²vita½ avañjha½ k±tu½, ida½ me vara½ deh²”ti ±ha. Na sakk±, t±ta, añña½ vareh²ti. Deva, khattiy±na½ n±ma dvekath± natthi, etameva me dehi, na mamaññena atthoti. T±ta, buddh±na½ n±ma citta½ dujj±na½, sace bhagav± na icchissati, may± dinnampi ki½ bhavissat²ti? “S±dhu, deva, aha½ bhagavato citta½ j±niss±m²”ti vih±ra½ gato.
Tena ca samayena bhattakicca½ niµµh±petv± bhagav± gandhakuµi½ paviµµho hoti. So maº¹alam±¼e sannisinn±na½ bhikkh³na½ santika½ agam±si. Te na½ ±ha½su– “r±japutta kasm± ±gatos²”ti? Bhagavanta½ dassan±ya, dassetha me bhagavantanti. “Na maya½, r±japutta, icchiticchitakkhaºe satth±ra½ daµµhu½ labh±m±”ti. Ko pana, bhante, labhat²ti? Sumanatthero n±ma r±japutt±ti. So “kuhi½ bhante thero”ti? Therassa nisinnaµµh±na½ pucchitv± gantv± vanditv±– “icch±maha½, bhante, bhagavanta½ passitu½, dassetha me bhagavantan”ti ±ha. Thero “ehi, r±japutt±”ti ta½ gahetv± gandhakuµipariveºe µhapetv± gandhakuµi½ ±ruhi. Atha na½ bhagav± “sumana, kasm± ±gatos²”ti ±ha. R±japutto, bhante, bhagavanta½ dassan±ya ±gatoti. Tena hi bhikkhu ±sana½ paññapeh²ti. Thero ±sana½ paññapesi. Nis²di bhagav± paññatte ±sane. R±japutto bhagavanta½ vanditv± paµisanth±ra½ ak±si, “kad± ±gatosi r±japutt±”ti? Bhante, tumhesu gandhakuµi½ paviµµhesu, bhikkh³ pana “na maya½ icchiticchitakkhaºe bhagavanta½ daµµhu½ labh±m±”ti ma½ therassa santika½ p±hesu½, thero pana ekavacaneneva dassesi, thero, bhante, tumh±ka½ s±sane vallabho maññeti. ¾ma, r±jakum±ra, vallabho esa bhikkhu mayha½ s±saneti. Bhante, buddh±na½ s±sane ki½ katv± vallabho hot²ti? D±na½ datv± s²la½ sam±diyitv± uposathakamma½ katv±, kum±r±ti. Bhagav± ahampi thero viya buddhas±sane vallabho hotuk±mo, tem±sa½ me vass±v±sa½ adhiv±seth±ti. Bhagav±, “atthi nu kho gatena attho”ti oloketv± “atth²”ti disv± “suññ±g±re kho, r±jakum±ra, tath±gat± abhiramant²”ti ±ha. Kum±ro “aññ±ta½ bhagav±, aññ±ta½ sugat±”ti vatv±– “aha½, bhante, purimatara½ gantv± vih±ra½ k±remi, may± pesite bhikkhusatasahassena saddhi½ ±gacchath±”ti paµiñña½ gahetv± pitu santika½ gantv±, “dinn± me, deva, bhagavat± paµiññ±, may± pahite tumhe bhagavanta½ peseyy±th±”ti pitara½ vanditv± nikkhamitv± yojane yojane vih±ra½ k±retv± v²sayojanasata½ addh±na½ gato. Gantv± attano nagare vih±raµµh±na½ vicinanto sobhanassa n±ma kuµumbikassa uyy±na½ disv± satasahassena kiºitv± satasahassa½ vissajjetv± vih±ra½ k±resi. Tattha bhagavato gandhakuµi½, sesabhikkh³nañca rattiµµh±nadiv±µµh±natth±ya kuµileºamaº¹ape k±r±petv± p±k±raparikkhepa½ dv±rakoµµhakañca niµµh±petv± pitu santika½ pesesi “niµµhita½ mayha½ kicca½, satth±ra½ pahiºath±”ti.