9. Ariyas±vakasuttavaººan±

49. Navame ki½ nu khoti sa½sayuppatti-±k±radassana½. Samudayat²ti uppajjati. Navama½.

10. Dutiya-ariyas±vakasuttavaººan±

50. Dasame dvepi nay± ekato vutt±. Idameva purimena n±natta½, sesa½ t±disamev±ti. Dasama½.

Gahapativaggo pañcamo.

6. Dukkhavaggo

1. Pariv²ma½sanasuttavaººan±

51. Dukkhavaggassa paµhame pariv²ma½sam±noti upaparikkham±no. Jar±maraºanti kasm± jar±maraºa½ ekameva “anekavidha½ n±nappak±rakan”ti vatv± gahitanti ce? Tasmi½ gahite sabbadukkhassa gahitatt±. Yath± hi c³¼±ya gahite purise so puriso gahitova hoti, eva½ jar±maraºe gahite sabbadukkha½ gahitameva hoti. Tasm± “ya½ kho ida½ anekavidha½ n±nappak±raka½ dukkha½ loke uppajjat²”ti nhatv± µhita½ purisa½ viya sabbadukkha½ dassetv± ta½ c³¼±ya gaºhanto viya jar±maraºa½ gaºhi.
Jar±maraºanirodhas±ruppag±min²ti jar±maraºanirodhassa s±ruppabh±vena nikkilesat±ya parisuddhat±ya sadis±va hutv± g±min²ti attho. Tath± paµipanno ca hot²ti yath± ta½ paµipannoti vuccati, eva½ paµipanno hoti. Anudhammac±r²ti nibb±nadhamma½ anugata½ paµipattidhamma½ carati, p³ret²ti attho. Dukkhakkhay±ya paµipannoti s²la½ ±di½ katv± jar±maraºadukkhassa nirodhatth±ya paµipanno. Saªkh±ranirodh±y±ti saªkh±radukkhassa nirodhatth±ya. Ett±vat± y±va arahatt± desan± kathit±.
Id±ni arahattaphalapaccavekkhaºa½ satatavih±rañca dassetv± desan± nivattetabb± siy±, tath± akatv± avijj±gatoti ida½ kasm± gaºh±t²ti? Kh²º±savassa samatikkantavaµµadukkhadassanattha½ Apica puna vaµµa½ ±rabhitv± vivaµµe kathiyam±ne bujjhanakasatto cettha atthi, tassa ajjh±sayavasen±pi ida½ gaºh±t²ti veditabbo. Tattha avijj±gatoti avijj±ya gato upagato samann±gato. Purisapuggaloti purisoyeva puggalo. Ubhayen±pi sammutikatha½ katheti. Buddh±nañhi sammutikath± paramatthakath±ti dve kath± honti. Tattha “satto naro puriso puggalo tisso n±go”ti eva½ pavatt± sammutikath± n±ma. “Khandh± dh±tuyo ±yatan±n²”ti eva½ pavatt± paramatthakath± n±ma. Paramattha½ kathent±pi sammuti½ amuñcitv± kathenti. Te sammuti½ kathent±pi paramattha½ kathent±pi saccameva kathenti. Teneva vutta½–
“Duve sacc±ni akkh±si, sambuddho vadata½ varo;
sammuti½ paramatthañca, tatiya½ n³palabbhati;
saªketavacana½ sacca½, lokasammutik±raºa½;
paramatthavacana½ sacca½, dhamm±na½ bh³talakkhaºan”ti.
Puñña½ ce saªkh±ranti terasacetan±bheda½ puññ±bhisaªkh±ra½. Abhisaªkharot²ti karoti. Puññ³paga½ hoti viññ±ºanti kammaviññ±ºa½ kammapuññena upagata½ sampayutta½ hoti, vip±kaviññ±ºa½ vip±kapuññena. Apuñña½ ce saªkh±ranti dv±dasacetan±bheda½ apuññ±bhisaªkh±ra½ abhisaªkharoti. ¾neñja½ ce saªkh±ranti catucetan±bheda½ ±neñj±bhisaªkh±ra½. ¾neñj³paga½ hoti viññ±ºanti kamm±neñjena kammaviññ±ºa½, vip±k±neñjena vip±kaviññ±ºa½ upagata½ hoti. Ettha ca tividhassa kamm±bhisaªkh±rassa gahitatt± dv±dasapadiko paccay±k±ro gahitova hoti. Ett±vat± vaµµa½ dassita½.
Id±ni vivaµµa½ dassento yato kho, bhikkhaveti-±dim±ha. Tattha avijj±ti cat³su saccesu aññ±ºa½. Vijj±ti arahattamaggañ±ºa½. Ettha ca paµhamameva avijj±ya pah²n±ya vijj± uppajjati. Yath± pana caturaªgepi tame ratti½ pad²pujjalena andhak±ro pah²yati, eva½ vijjupp±d± avijj±ya pah±na½ veditabba½. Na kiñci loke up±diyat²ti loke kiñci dhamma½ na gaºh±ti na par±masati. Anup±diya½ na paritassat²ti anup±diyanto agaºhanto neva taºh±paritassan±ya, na bhayaparitassan±ya paritassati, na taºh±yati na bh±yat²ti attho. Paccattaññev±ti sayameva attan±va parinibb±yati, na aññassa ±nubh±vena.
So sukha½ ce vedananti ida½ kasm± ±rabhi? Kh²º±savassa paccavekkhaºañ±ºa½ dassetv± satatavih±ra½ dassetu½ ±rabhi. Anajjhosit±ti taºh±ya gilitv± pariniµµhapetv± agahit±. Atha dukkhavedan± kasm± vutt±, ki½ tampi abhinandanto atth²ti? ¾ma atthi. Sukha½ abhinandantoyeva hi dukkha½ abhinandati n±ma dukkha½ patv± sukha½ patthanato sukhassa ca vipariº±madukkhatoti. K±yapariyantikanti k±yaparicchinna½, y±va pañcadv±rak±yo pavattati, t±va pavatta½ pañcadv±rikavedananti attho. J²vitapariyantikanti j²vitaparicchinna½ Y±va j²vita½ pavattati, t±va pavatta½ manodv±rikavedananti attho.
Tattha pañcadv±rikavedan± pacch± uppajjitv± paµhama½ nirujjhati, manodv±rikavedan± paµhama½ uppajjitv± pacch± nirujjhati. S± hi paµisandhikkhaºe vatthur³pasmi½yeva patiµµh±ti. Pañcadv±rik± pavatte pañcadv±ravasena pavattam±n± paµhamavaye v²sativassak±le rajjanadussanamuyhanavasena adhimatt± balavat² hoti, paºº±savassak±le µhit± hoti, saµµhivassak±lato paµµh±ya parih±yam±n± as²tinavutivassak±le mand± hoti. Tad± hi satt± “ciraratta½ ekato nis²dimh± nipajjimh±”ti vadantepi “na sañj±n±m±”ti vadanti. Adhimatt±nipi r³p±di-±rammaº±ni “na pass±ma na suº±ma”, “sugandha½ duggandha½ v± s±du½ as±du½ v± thaddha½ mudukanti v± na j±n±m±”ti vadanti. Iti nesa½ pañcadv±rikavedan± bhagg± hoti, manodv±rik±va pavattati. S±pi anupubbena parih±yam±n± maraºasamaye hadayakoµi½yeva niss±ya pavattati. Y±va panes± pavattati, t±va satto j²vat²ti vuccati. Yad± nappavattati, tad± mato niruddhoti vuccati.
Sv±yamattho v±piy± d²petabbo–
Yath± hi puriso pañca-udakamaggasampanna½ v±pi½ kareyya, paµhama½ deve vuµµhe pañcahi udakamaggehi udaka½ pavisitv± antov±piya½ ±v±µe p³reyya, punappuna½ deve vassante udakamagge p³retv± g±vuta¹¹hayojanamatta½ ottharitv± udaka½ tiµµheyya tato tato vissandam±na½, atha niddhamanatumbe vivaritv± khettesu kamme kariyam±ne udaka½ nikkhamanta½, sassap±kak±le (udaka½ nikkhamanta½,) udaka½ parih²na½ “macche gaºh±m±”ti vattabbata½ ±pajjeyya, tato katip±hena ±v±µesuyeva udaka½ saºµhaheyya. Y±va pana ta½ ±v±µesu hoti, t±va “mah±v±piya½ udaka½ atth²”ti saªkha½ gacchati. Yad± pana tattha chijjati, tad± “v±piya½ udaka½ natth²”ti vuccati, eva½sampadamida½ veditabba½.
Paµhama½ deve vassante pañcahi maggehi udake pavisante ±v±µ±na½ p³raºak±lo viya hi paµhamameva paµisandhikkhaºe manodv±rikavedan±ya vatthur³pe patiµµhitak±lo, punappuna½ deve vassante pañcanna½ magg±na½ p³ritak±lo viya pavatte pañcadv±rikavedan±ya pavattik±lo, g±vuta¹¹hayojanamatta½ ajjhottharaºa½ viya paµhamavaye v²sativassak±le rajjan±divasena tass± adhimattabalavabh±vo, y±va v±pito udaka½ na niggacchati, t±va p³r±ya v±piy± µhitak±lo viya paññ±savassak±le tass± µhitak±lo, niddhamanatumbesu vivaµesu kammante kariyam±ne udakassa nikkhamanak±lo viya saµµhivassak±lato paµµh±ya tass± parih±ni, udake bhaµµhe udakamaggesu parittodakassa µhitak±lo viya as²tinavutivassak±le pañcadv±rikavedan±ya mandak±lo, ±v±µesuyeva udakassa patiµµh±nak±lo viya hadayavatthukoµi½ niss±ya manodv±rikavedan±ya pavattik±lo, ±v±µesu parittepi udake sati “v±piya½ udaka½ atth²”ti vattabbak±lo viya y±va s± pavattati, t±va “satto j²vat²”ti vuccati. Yath± pana ±v±µesu udake chinne “natthi v±piya½ udakan”ti vuccati, eva½ manodv±rikavedan±ya appavattam±n±ya “satto mato”ti vuccati. Ima½ vedana½ sandh±ya vutta½ “j²vitapariyantika½ vedana½ vediyam±no”ti.
K±yassa bhed±ti k±yassa bhedena. J²vitapariy±d±n± uddhanti j²vitakkhayato uddha½. Idhev±ti paµisandhivasena parato agantv± idheva. S²t²bhavissant²ti pavattivipphandadaratharahit±ni s²t±ni appavattanadhamm±ni bhavissanti. Sar²r±n²ti dh±tusar²r±ni. Avasissant²ti avasiµµh±ni bhavissanti.
Kumbhak±rap±k±ti kumbhak±rassa bh±janapacanaµµh±nato. Paµisisseyy±ti µhapeyya. Kapall±n²ti saha mukhavaµµiy± ek±baddh±ni kumbhakapall±ni. Avasisseyyunti tiµµheyyu½. Evameva khoti ettha ida½ opammasa½sandana½– ±dittakumbhak±rap±ko viya hi tayo bhav± daµµhabb±, kumbhak±ro viya yog±vacaro, p±kato kumbhak±rabh±jan±na½ n²haraºadaº¹ako viya arahattamaggañ±ºa½, samo bh³mibh±go viya asaªkhata½ nibb±natala½, daº¹akena uºhakumbha½ ±ka¹¹hitv± same bh³mibh±ge kumbhassa µhapitak±lo viya ±raddhavipassakassa r³pasattaka½ ar³pasattaka½ vipassantassa kammaµµh±ne ca paguºe vibh³te upaµµhaham±ne tath±r³pa½ utusapp±y±di½ labhitv± ek±sane nisinnassa vipassana½ va¹¹hetv± aggaphala½ arahatta½ patv± cat³hi ap±yehi attabh±va½ uddharitv± phalasam±pattivasena asaªkhate nibb±natale µhitak±lo daµµhabbo. Kh²º±savo pana uºhakumbho viya arahattappattadivaseyeva na parinibb±ti, s±sanappaveºi½ pana ghaµayam±no paºº±sasaµµhivass±ni µhatv± carimakacittappattiy± up±diººakakkhandhabhed± anup±dises±ya nibb±nadh±tuy± parinibb±ti. Athassa kumbhassa viya kapall±ni anup±diººakasar²r±neva avasissant²ti. Sar²r±ni avasissant²ti paj±n±t²ti ida½ pana kh²º±savassa anuyog±ropanattha½ vutta½.
Viññ±ºa½ paññ±yeth±ti paµisandhiviññ±ºa½ paññ±yetha. S±dhu s±dh³ti ther±na½ by±karaºa½ sampaha½sati. Evametanti yadeta½ tividhe abhisaªkh±re asati paµisandhiviññ±ºassa appaññ±ºanti-±di, evameva eta½. Adhimuccath±ti sanniµµh±nasaªkh±ta½ adhimokkha½ paµilabhatha. Esevanto dukkhass±ti ayameva vaµµadukkhassa anto aya½ paricchedo, yadida½ nibb±nanti. Paµhama½.