2. Ka¼±rasuttavaººan±

32. Dutiye ka¼±rakhattiyoti tassa therassa n±ma½. Dant± panassa ka¼±r± visamasaºµh±n±, tasm± “ka¼±ro”ti vuccati. H²n±y±vattoti h²nassa gihibh±vassa atth±ya nivatto. Ass±samalatth±ti ass±sa½ avassaya½ patiµµha½ na hi n³na alattha, tayo magge t²ºi ca phal±ni n³na n±latth±ti d²peti. Yadi hi t±ni labheyya, na sikkha½ paccakkh±ya h²n±y±vatteyy±ti aya½ therassa adhipp±yo. Na khv±ha½, ±vusoti aha½ kho, ±vuso, “ass±sa½ patto, na patto”ti na kaªkh±mi. Therassa hi s±vakap±ram²ñ±ºa½ avassayo, tasm± so na kaªkhati. ¾yati½ pan±vusoti imin± “±yati½ paµisandhi tumh±ka½ uggh±µit±, na uggh±µit±”ti arahattappatti½ pucchati. Na khv±ha½, ±vuso, vicikicch±m²ti imin± thero tattha vicikicch±bh±va½ d²peti.
Yena bhagav± tenupasaªkam²ti “ima½ sutak±raºa½ bhagavato ±rocess±m²”ti upasaªkami. Aññ± by±kat±ti arahatta½ by±kata½. Kh²º± j±t²ti na therena eva½ by±kat±, aya½ pana thero tuµµho pasanno eva½ padabyañjan±ni ±ropetv± ±ha. Aññatara½ bhikkhu½ ±mantes²ti ta½ sutv± satth± cintesi– “s±riputto dh²ro gambh²ro. Na so kenaci k±raºena eva½ by±karissati. Sa½khittena pana pañho by±kato bhavissati. Pakkos±petv± na½ pañha½ by±kar±pess±m²”ti aññatara½ bhikkhu½ ±mantesi.
Sace ta½ s±riputt±ti ida½ bhagav± “na esa attano dhammat±ya añña½ by±karissati, pañhameta½ pucchiss±mi, ta½ kathentova añña½ by±karissat²”ti añña½ by±kar±petu½ eva½ pucchi. Ya½nid±n±vuso, j±t²ti, ±vuso, aya½ j±ti n±ma ya½paccay±, tassa paccayassa khay± kh²ºasmi½ j±tiy± paccaye j±tisaªkh±ta½ phala½ kh²ºanti vidita½. Idh±pi ca thero pañhe akaªkhitv± ajjh±saye kaªkhati. Eva½ kirassa ahosi– “aññ± n±ma taºh± kh²º±, up±d±na½ kh²ºa½, bhavo kh²ºo, paccayo kh²ºo, kiles± kh²º±ti-±d²hi bah³hi k±raºehi sakk± by±k±tu½, katha½ kathento pana satthu ajjh±saya½ gahetu½ sakkhiss±m²”ti.
Kiñc±pi eva½ ajjh±saye kaªkhati, pañha½ pana aµµhapetv±va paccay±k±ravasena by±k±si. Satth±pi paccay±k±ravaseneva by±kar±petuk±mo, tasm± esa by±karontova ajjh±saya½ gaºhi. T±vadeva “gahito me satthu ajjh±sayo”ti aññ±si. Athassa nayasatena nayasahassena pañhaby±karaºa½ upaµµh±si. Yasm± pana bhagav± uttari pañha½ pucchati, tasm± tena ta½ by±karaºa½ anumoditanti veditabba½.
Katha½ j±nato pana teti ida½ kasm± ±rabhi? Savisaye s²han±da½ nad±petu½. Thero kira s³karanikh±taleºadv±re d²ghanakhaparibb±jakassa vedan±pariggahasutte kathiyam±ne t±lavaºµa½ gahetv± satth±ra½ b²jayam±no µhito tisso vedan± pariggahetv± s±vakap±ram²ñ±ºa½ adhigato, ayamassa savisayo. Imasmi½ savisaye µhito s²han±da½ nadissat²ti na½ sandh±ya satth± ida½ pañha½ pucchi. Anicc±ti hutv± abh±vaµµhena anicc±. Yadanicca½ ta½ dukkhanti ettha kiñc±pi sukh± vedan± µhitisukh± vipariº±madukkh±, dukkh± vedan± µhitidukkh± vipariº±masukh±, adukkhamasukh± ñ±ºasukh± aññ±ºadukkh±, vipariº±makoµiy± pana sabb±va dukkh± n±ma j±t±. Viditanti yasm± eva½ vedan±ttaya½ dukkhanti vidita½, tasm± y± tattha taºh±, s± na upaµµh±s²ti dasseti.
S±dhu s±dh³ti therassa vedan±paricchedaj±nane sampaha½sana½. Thero hi vedan± ek±ti v± dve tisso catassoti v± avuttepi vuttanayena t±sa½ tissoti pariccheda½ aññ±si, tena ta½ bhagav± sampaha½santo evam±ha. Dukkhasminti ida½ bhagav± imin± adhipp±yena ±ha– “s±riputta, ya½ tay± ‘imin± k±raºena vedan±su taºh± na upaµµh±s²’ti by±kata½, ta½ suby±kata½. ‘Tisso vedan±’ti vibhajantena pana te atippapañco kato, ta½ ‘dukkhasmin’ti by±karontenapi hi te suby±katameva bhaveyya. Ya½kiñci vedayita½, ta½ dukkhanti ñ±tamattepi hi vedan±su taºh± na tiµµhati”.
Katha½ vimokkh±ti katar± vimokkh±, katarena vimokkhena tay± aññ± by±kat±ti attho? Ajjhatta½ vimokkh±ti ajjhattavimokkhena, ajjhattasaªkh±re pariggahetv± patta-arahatten±ti attho. Tattha catukka½ veditabba½– ajjhatta½ abhiniveso ajjhatta½ vuµµh±na½, ajjhatta½ abhiniveso bahiddh± vuµµh±na½, bahiddh± abhiniveso bahiddh± vuµµh±na½, bahiddh± abhiniveso ajjhatta½ vuµµh±nanti. Ajjhattañhi abhinivesitv± bahiddh±dhamm±pi daµµhabb±yeva, bahiddh± abhinivesitv± ajjhattadhamm±pi. Tasm± koci bhikkhu ajjhatta½ saªkh±resu ñ±ºa½ ot±retv± te vavatthapetv± bahiddh± ot±reti, bahiddh±pi pariggahetv± puna ajjhatta½ ot±reti, tassa ajjhatta saªkh±re sammasanak±le maggavuµµh±na½ hoti. Iti ajjhatta½ abhiniveso ajjhatta½ vuµµh±na½ n±ma. Koci ajjhatta½ saªkh±resu ñ±ºa½ ot±retv± te vavatthapetv± bahiddh± ot±reti, tassa bahiddh± saªkh±re sammasanak±le maggavuµµh±na½ hoti. Iti ajjhatta½ abhiniveso bahiddh± vuµµh±na½ n±ma. Koci bahiddh± saªkh±resu ñ±ºa½ ot±retv±, te vavatthapetv± ajjhatta½ ot±reti, ajjhattampi pariggahetv± puna bahiddh± ot±reti, tassa bahiddh± saªkh±re sammasanak±le maggavuµµh±na½ hoti. Iti bahiddh± abhiniveso bahiddh± vuµµh±na½ n±ma. Koci bahiddh± saªkh±resu ñ±ºa½ ot±retv± te vavatthapetv± ajjhatta½ ot±reti, tassa ajjhattasaªkh±re sammasanak±le maggavuµµh±na½ hoti. Iti bahiddh± abhiniveso ajjhatta½ vuµµh±na½ n±ma. Tatra thero “ajjhattasaªkh±re pariggahetv± tesa½ vavatth±nak±le maggavuµµh±nena arahatta½ pattosm²”ti dassento ajjhatta½ vimokkh± khv±ha½, ±vusoti ±ha.
Sabbup±d±nakkhay±ti sabbesa½ catunnampi up±d±n±na½ khayena. Tath± sato vihar±m²ti ten±k±rena satiy± samann±gato vihar±mi. Yath± sata½ viharantanti yen±k±rena ma½ satiy± samann±gata½ viharanta½. ¾sav± n±nussavant²ti cakkhuto r³pe savanti ±savanti sandanti pavattant²ti eva½ chahi dv±rehi chasu ±rammaºesu savanadhamm± k±m±sav±dayo ±sav± n±nussavanti n±nuppava¹¹hanti, yath± me na uppajjant²ti attho. Att±nañca n±vaj±n±m²ti att±nañca na avaj±n±mi. Imin± om±napah±na½ kathita½. Evañhi sati paj±nan± pasann± hoti.
Samaºen±ti buddhasamaºena. Tesv±ha½ na kaªkh±m²ti tesu aha½ “kataro k±m±savo, kataro bhav±savo, kataro diµµh±savo, kataro avijj±savo”ti eva½ sar³pabhedatopi, “catt±ro ±sav±”ti eva½ gaºanaparicchedatopi na kaªkh±mi. Te me pah²n±ti na vicikicch±m²ti te mayha½ pah²n±ti vicikiccha½ na upp±demi. Ida½ bhagav± “eva½ by±karontenapi tay± suby±kata½ bhaveyya ‘ajjhatta½ vimokkh± khv±ha½, ±vuso’ti-±d²ni pana te vadantena atippapañco kato”ti dassento ±ha.
Uµµh±y±san± vih±ra½ p±vis²ti paññattavarabuddh±sanato uµµhahitv± vih±ra½ antomah±gandhakuµi½ p±visi asambhinn±ya eva paris±ya. Kasm±? Buddh± hi aniµµhit±ya desan±ya asambhinn±ya paris±ya uµµh±y±san± gandhakuµi½ pavisant± puggalathomanattha½ v± pavisanti dhammathomanattha½ v±. Tattha puggalathomanattha½ pavisanto satth± eva½ cintesi– “ima½ may± sa½khittena uddesa½ uddiµµha½ vitth±rena ca avibhatta½ dhammapaµigg±hak± bhikkh³ uggahetv± ±nanda½ v± kacc±yana½ v± upasaªkamitv± pucchissanti, te mayha½ ñ±ºena sa½sandetv± kathessanti, tatopi dhammapaµigg±hak± puna ma½ pucchissanti. Tesamaha½ ‘sukathita½, bhikkhave, ±nandena, sukathita½ kacc±yanena, ma½ cepi tumhe etamattha½ puccheyy±tha, ahampi na½ evameva by±kareyyan’ti eva½ te puggale thomess±mi. Tato tesu g±rava½ janetv± bhikkh³ upasaªkamissanti, tepi bhikkh³ atthe ca dhamme ca niyojessanti, te tehi niyojit± tisso sikkh± parip³retv± dukkhassanta½ karissant²”ti.
Atha v± panassa eva½ hoti– “esa mayi pakkante attano ±nubh±va½ karissati, atha na½ ahampi tatheva thomess±mi, ta½ mama thomana½ sutv± g±ravaj±t± bhikkh³ ima½ upasaªkamitabba½, vacanañcassa sotabba½ saddh±tabba½ maññissanti, ta½ tesa½ bhavissati d²gharatta½ hit±ya sukh±y±”ti dhammathomanattha½ pavisanto eva½ cintesi yath± dhammad±y±dasutte cintesi. Tatra hissa eva½ ahosi– “mayi vih±ra½ paviµµhe ±misad±y±da½ garahanto dhammad±y±dañca thomento imissa½yeva parisati nisinno s±riputto dhamma½ desessati, eva½ dvinnampi amh±ka½ ekajjh±say±ya matiy± desit± aya½ desan± agg± ca garuk± ca bhavissati p±s±ºacchattasadis±”ti.
Idha pana ±yasmanta½ s±riputta½ ukka½setv± pak±setv± µhapetuk±mo puggalathomanattha½ uµµh±y±san± vih±ra½ p±visi. ¿disesu µh±nesu bhagav± nisinn±saneyeva antarahito cittagatiy± vih±ra½ pavisat²ti veditabbo. Yadi hi k±yagatiy± gaccheyya, sabb± paris± bhagavanta½ pariv±retv± gaccheyya, s± ekav±ra½ bhinn± puna dussannip±t± bhaveyy±ti bhagav± adissam±nena k±yena cittagatiy± eva p±visi.
Eva½ paviµµhe pana bhagavati bhagavato adhipp±y±nur³pameva s²han±da½ nadituk±mo tatra kho ±yasm± s±riputto acirapakkantassa bhagavato bhikkh³ ±mantesi. Pubbe appaµisa½viditanti ida½ n±ma pucchissat²ti pubbe may± avidita½ aññ±ta½. Paµhama½ pañhanti, “sace ta½, s±riputta, eva½ puccheyyu½ katha½ j±nat± pana tay±, ±vuso s±riputta, katha½ passat± aññ± by±kat± kh²º± j±t²”ti ima½ paµhama½ pañha½. Dandh±yitattanti satthu ±sayaj±nanattha½ dandhabh±vo as²ghat±. Paµhama½ pañha½ anumod²ti, “j±ti pan±vuso s±riputta, ki½nid±n±”ti ima½ dutiya½ pañha½ pucchanto, “ya½nid±n±vuso, j±t²”ti eva½ vissajjita½ paµhama½ pañha½ anumodi.
Etadahos²ti bhagavat± anumodite nayasatena nayasahassena pañhassa ekaªgaºikabh±vena p±kaµ²bh³tatt± eta½ ahosi. Divasamp±ha½ bhagavato etamattha½ by±kareyyanti sakaladivasampi aha½ bhagavato eta½ paµiccasamupp±dattha½ puµµho sakaladivasampi aññamaññehi padabyañjanehi by±kareyya½. Yena bhagav± tenupasaªkam²ti eva½ kirassa ahosi– “thero u¼±ras²han±da½ nadati, suk±raºa½ eta½, dasabalassa na½ ±rocess±m²”ti. Tasm± yena bhagav± tenupasaªkami.
S± hi bhikkhu s±riputtassa dhammadh±t³ti ettha dhammadh±t³ti paccay±k±rassa vivaµabh±vadassanasamattha½ s±vakap±ram²ñ±ºa½. S±vak±nañhi s±vakap±ram²ñ±ºa½ sabbaññutaññ±ºagatikameva hoti. Yath± buddh±na½ at²t±n±gatapaccuppann± dhamm± sabbaññutaññ±ºassa p±kaµ± honti, eva½ therassa s±vakap±ram²ñ±ºa½ sabbepi s±vakañ±ºassa gocaradhamme j±n±t²ti. Dutiya½.