7. Acelakassapasuttavaººan±

17. Sattame acelo kassapoti liªgena acelo niccelo, n±mena kassapo. D³ratov±ti mahat± bhikkhusaªghena parivuta½ ±gacchanta½ d³rato eva addasa. Kiñcideva desanti kiñcideva k±raºa½. Ok±santi pañhaby±karaºassa khaºa½ k±la½. Antaragharanti “na pallatthik±ya antaraghare nis²diss±m²”ti ettha antonivesana½ antaraghara½. “Okkhittacakkhu antaraghare gamiss±m²”ti ettha indakh²lato paµµh±ya antog±mo. Idh±pi ayameva adhippeto. Yad±kaªkhas²ti ya½ icchasi.
Kasm± pana bhagav± kathetuk±mo y±vatatiya½ paµikkhip²ti? G±ravajananattha½. Diµµhigatik± hi khippa½ kathiyam±ne g±rava½ na karonti, “samaºa½ gotama½ upasaªkamitumpi pucchitumpi sukara½, pucchitamatteyeva kathet²”ti vacanampi na saddahanti. Dve tayo v±re paµikkhitte pana g±rava½ karonti, “samaºa½ gotama½ upasaªkamitumpi pañha½ pucchitumpi dukkaran”ti y±vatatiya½ y±cite kathiyam±na½ suss³santi saddahanti. Iti bhagav± “aya½ suss³sissati saddahissat²”ti y±vatatiya½ y±c±petv± kathesi. Apica yath± bhisakko tela½ v± ph±ºita½ v± pacanto mudup±kakharap±k±na½ p±kak±la½ ±gamayam±no p±kak±la½ anatikkamitv±va ot±reti. Eva½ bhagav± satt±na½ ñ±ºaparip±ka½ ±gamayam±no “ettakena k±lena imassa ñ±ºa½ parip±ka½ gamissat²”ti ñatv±va y±vatatiya½ y±c±pesi.
M± heva½, kassap±ti, kassapa, m± eva½ bhaºi. Saya½kata½ dukkhanti hi vattu½ na vaµµati, att± n±ma koci dukkhassa k±rako natth²ti d²peti. Paratopi eseva nayo. Adhiccasamuppannanti ak±raºena yadicch±ya uppanna½. Iti puµµho sam±noti kasm± evam±ha? Eva½ kirassa ahosi– “aya½ ‘saya½kata½ dukkhan’ti-±din± puµµho ‘m± hevan’ti vadati, ‘natth²’ti puµµho ‘atth²’ti vadati. ‘Bhava½ gotamo dukkha½ na j±n±ti na passat²’ti puµµho ‘j±n±mi khv±han’ti vadati. Kiñci nu kho may± virajjhitv± pucchito”ti m³lato paµµh±ya attano pucchameva sodhento evam±ha. ¾cikkhatu ca me, bhante, bhagav±ti idha satthari sañj±tag±ravo “bhavan”ti avatv± “bhagav±”ti vadati.
So karot²ti-±di, “saya½kata½ dukkhan”ti laddhiy± paµisedhanattha½ vutta½. Ettha ca satoti ida½ bhummatthe s±mivacana½, tasm± evamattho daµµhabbo– so karoti so paµisa½vedayat²ti kho, kassapa, ±dimhiyeva eva½ sati pacch± saya½kata½ dukkhanti aya½ laddhi hoti. Ettha ca dukkhanti vaµµadukkha½ adhippeta½. Iti vadanti etassa purimena ±disaddena anantarena ca sassatasaddena sambandho hoti. “D²peti gaºh±t²”ti aya½ panettha p±µhaseso. Idañhi vutta½ hoti– iti eva½ vadanto ±ditova sassata½ d²peti, sassata½ gaºh±ti. Kasm±? Tassa hi ta½ dassana½ eta½ pareti, k±rakañca vedakañca ekameva gaºhanta½ eta½ sassata½ upagacchat²ti attho.
Añño karot²ti-±di pana “para½kata½ dukkhan”ti laddhiy± paµisedhanattha½ vutta½. “¾dito sato”ti ida½ pana idh±pi ±haritabba½. Ayañhettha attho– añño karoti añño paµisa½vediyat²ti kho pana, kassapa, ±dimhiyeva eva½ sati, pacch± “k±rako idheva ucchijjati, tena kata½ añño paµisa½vediyat²”ti eva½ uppann±ya ucchedadiµµhiy± saddhi½ sampayutt±ya vedan±ya abhitunnassa viddhassa sato “para½kata½ dukkhan”ti aya½ laddhi hot²ti. Iti vadanti-±di vuttanayeneva yojetabba½. Tatr±ya½ yojan±– evañca vadanto ±ditova uccheda½ d²peti, uccheda½ gaºh±ti. Kasm±? Tassa hi ta½ dassana½ eta½ pareti, eta½ uccheda½ upagacchat²ti attho.
Ete teti ye sassatucchedasaªkh±te ubho ante (anupagamma tath±gato dhamma½ deseti, ete te, kassapa, ubho ante) anupagamma pah±ya anall²yitv± majjhena tath±gato dhamma½ deseti, majjhim±ya paµipad±ya µhito deset²ti attho. Katara½ dhammanti ce? Yadida½ avijj±paccay± saªkh±r±ti. Ettha hi k±raºato phala½, k±raºanirodhena cassa nirodho d²pito, na koci k±rako v± vedako v± niddiµµho. Ett±vat± sesapañh± paµisedhit± honti. Ubho ante anupagamm±ti imin± hi tatiyapañho paµikkhitto. Avijj±paccay± saªkh±r±ti imin± adhiccasamuppannat± ceva aj±nanañca paµikkhittanti veditabba½.
Labheyyanti ida½ so bhagavato santike bhikkhubh±va½ patthayam±no ±ha. Atha bhagav± yonena khandhake titthiyapariv±so (mah±va. 86) paññatto, ya½ aññatitthiyapubbo s±maºerabh³miya½ µhito “aha½, bhante, itthann±mo aññatitthiyapubbo imasmi½ dhammavinaye ±kaªkh±mi upasampada½. Sv±ha½, bhante, saªgha½ catt±ro m±se pariv±sa½ y±c±m²”ti-±din± nayena sam±diyitv± parivasati, ta½ sandh±ya yo kho, kassapa, aññatitthiyapubboti-±dim±ha. Tattha pabbajjanti vacanasiliµµhat±vasena vutta½. Aparivasitv±yeva hi pabbajja½ labhati. Upasampadatthikena pana n±tik±lena g±mappavesan±d²ni aµµha vatt±ni p³rentena parivasitabba½. ¾raddhacitt±ti aµµhavattap³raºena tuµµhacitt±. Ayamettha saªkhepo, vitth±rato panesa titthiyapariv±so samantap±s±dik±ya vinayaµµhakath±ya pabbajjakkhandhakavaººan±ya½ (mah±va. aµµha. 86) vuttanayeneva veditabbo.
Apica may±ti ayamettha p±µho, aññattha pana “apica metth±”ti. Puggalavemattat± vidit±ti puggalan±natta½ vidita½. “Aya½ puggalo pariv±s±raho, aya½ na pariv±s±raho”ti ida½ mayha½ p±kaµanti dasseti. Tato kassapo cintesi– “aho acchariya½ buddhas±sana½, yattha eva½ gha½sitv± koµµetv± yuttameva gaºhanti, ayutta½ cha¹¹ent²”ti. Tato suµµhutara½ pabbajj±ya sañj±tuss±ho sace, bhanteti-±dim±ha. Atha bhagav± tassa tibbacchandata½ viditv± “na kassapo pariv±sa½ arahat²”ti aññatara½ bhikkhu½ ±mantesi– “gaccha, bhikkhu, kassapa½ nah±petv± pabb±jetv± ±neh²”ti. So tath± katv± ta½ pabb±jetv± bhagavato santika½ agam±si. Bhagav± gaºe nis²ditv± upasamp±desi. Tena vutta½ alattha kho acelo kassapo bhagavato santike pabbajja½, alattha upasampadanti. Acir³pasampannoti-±di sesa½ br±hmaºasa½yutte (sa½. ni. 1.187) vuttamev±ti. Sattama½.