Namo tassa bhagavato arahato samm±sambuddhassa.

Sa½yuttanik±ye

Nid±navagga-aµµhakath±

1. Nid±nasa½yutta½

1. Buddhavaggo

1. Paµiccasamupp±dasuttavaººan±

1. Eva½ me sutanti– nid±navagge paµhama½ paµiccasamupp±dasutta½. Tatr±ya½ anupubbapadavaººan±– tatra kho bhagav± bhikkh³ ±mantes²ti, ettha tatr±ti desak±laparid²pana½. Tañhi “ya½ samaya½ viharati, tatra samaye, yasmiñca jetavane viharati, tatra jetavane”ti d²peti. Bh±sitabbayutte v± desak±le d²peti. Na hi bhagav± ayutte dese k±le ca dhamma½ bh±sati. “Ak±lo kho t±va b±hiy±”ti-±di (ud±. 10) cettha s±dhaka½. Khoti padap³raºamatte, avadh±raºe ±dik±latthe v± nip±to. Bhagav±ti lokagarud²pana½. Bhikkh³ti kath±savanayuttapuggalavacana½. Apicettha “bhikkhakoti bhikkhu, bhikkh±cariya½ ajjh³pagatoti bhikkh³”ti-±din± (p±r±. 45; vibha. 510) nayena vacanattho veditabbo. ¾mantes²ti ±lapi, abh±si, sambodhesi, ayamettha attho. Aññatra pana ñ±panepi hoti. Yath±ha– “±mantay±mi vo, bhikkhave, paµiveday±mi vo, bhikkhave”ti. Pakkosanepi. Yath±ha– “ehi tva½, bhikkhu, mama vacanena s±riputta½ ±manteh²”ti (a. ni. 9.11). Bhikkhavoti ±mantan±k±rad²pana½. Tañca bhikkhanas²lat±diguºayogasiddhatt± vutta½. Bhikkhanas²lat±guºayuttopi hi bhikkhu, bhikkhanadhammat±guºayuttopi bhikkhane s±dhuk±rit±guºayuttop²ti saddavid³ maññanti. Tena ca tesa½ bhikkhanas²lat±diguºayogasiddhena vacanena h²n±dhikajanasevitavutti½ pak±sento uddhatad²nabh±vaniggaha½ karoti. “Bhikkhavo”ti imin± ca karuº±vipph±rasommahadayanayananip±tapubbaªgamena vacanena te attano abhimukhe karonto teneva kathetukamyat±d²pakena nesa½ vacanena sotukamyata½ janeti, teneva ca sambodhanatthena s±dhuka½ manasik±repi niyojeti. S±dhuka½ manasik±r±yatt± hi s±sanasampatti.
Aparesupi devamanussesu vijjam±nesu kasm± bhikkh³yeva ±mantes²ti ce? Jeµµhaseµµh±sannasad±sannihitabh±vato. Sabbaparisas±dh±raº± hi bhagavato dhammadesan±, paris±ya jeµµh± bhikkh³ paµhama½ uppannatt±, seµµh± anag±riyabh±va½ ±di½ katv± satthucariy±nuvidh±yakatt± sakalas±sanapaµigg±hakatt± ca, ±sann± tattha nisinnesu satthusantikatt±, sad±sannihit± satthusantik±vacaratt±ti. Apica te dhammadesan±ya bh±jana½ yath±nusiµµha½ paµipattisabbh±vato. Visesato ca ekacce bhikkh³yeva sandh±ya aya½ desan±p²ti eva½ ±mantesi.
Kimattha½ pana bhagav± dhamma½ desento paµhama½ bhikkh³ ±mantesi, na dhammameva deses²ti? Satijananattha½. Bhikkh³ añña½ cintent±pi vikkhittacitt±pi dhamma½ paccavekkhant±pi kammaµµh±na½ manasikaront±pi nisinn± honti. Te an±mantetv± dhamme desiyam±ne “aya½ desan± ki½nid±n± ki½paccay± katam±ya aµµhuppattiy± desit±”ti sallakkhetu½ asakkont± duggahita½ v± gaºheyyu½, na v± gaºheyyu½, tena nesa½ satijananattha½ bhagav± paµhama½ ±mantetv± pacch± dhamma½ deseti.
Bhadanteti g±ravavacanameta½, satthuno paµivacanad±na½ v±. Apicettha “bhikkhavo”ti vadam±no bhagav± bhikkh³ ±lapati. “Bhadante”ti vadam±n± te bhagavanta½ pacc±lapanti. Tath± hi “bhikkhavo”ti bhagav± ±bh±sati, “bhadante”ti pacc±bh±santi. “Bhikkhavo”ti paµivacana½ d±peti, “bhadante”ti paµivacana½ denti. Te bhikkh³ti ye bhagav± ±mantesi, te. Bhagavato paccassosunti bhagavato ±mantana½ pati-assosu½, abhimukh± hutv± suºi½su sampaµicchi½su paµiggahesunti attho. Bhagav± etadavoc±ti, bhagav± eta½ id±ni vattabba½ sakalasutta½ avoca. Ett±vat± ya½ ±yasmat± ±nandena atthabyañjanasampannassa buddh±na½ desan±ñ±ºagambh²rabh±vasa½s³cakassa imassa suttassa sukh±vag±haºattha½ k±ladesadesakaparis±padesappaµimaº¹ita½ nid±na½ bh±sita½, tassa atthavaººan± samatt±.
Id±ni paµiccasamupp±da½ voti-±din± nayena bhagavat± nikkhittassa suttassa sa½vaººan±ya ok±so anuppatto. S± panes± suttavaººan± yasm± suttanikkhepa½ vic±retv± vuccam±n± p±kaµ± hoti, tasm± suttanikkhepa½ t±va vic±ress±ma. Catt±ro hi suttanikkhep±– attajjh±sayo, parajjh±sayo, pucch±vasiko, aµµhuppattikoti. Tattha y±ni sutt±ni bhagav± parehi anajjhiµµho kevala½ attano ajjh±sayeneva katheti, seyyathida½– dasabalasuttantah±rako candopama-v²ºopama-sammappadh±na-iddhip±da-indriyabala-bojjhaªgamaggaªga-suttantah±rakoti evam±d²ni, tesa½ attajjh±sayo nikkhepo.
Y±ni pana “paripakk± kho r±hulassa vimuttiparip±can²y± dhamm±. Ya½n³n±ha½ r±hula½ uttari½ ±sav±na½ khaye vineyyan”ti (sa½. ni. 4.121; ma. ni. 3.416) eva½ paresa½ ajjh±saya½ khanti½ nijjh±nakkhama½ mana½ abhin²h±ra½ bujjhanabh±vañca apekkhitv± parajjh±sayavasena kathit±ni, seyyathida½ c³¼ar±hulov±dasutta½, mah±r±hulov±dasutta½, dhammacakkappavattana½, anattalakkhaºasutta½, ±s²visopamasutta½, dh±tuvibhaªgasuttanti, evam±d²ni, tesa½ parajjh±sayo nikkhepo.
Bhagavanta½ pana upasaªkamitv± catasso paris± catt±ro vaºº± n±g± supaºº± gandhabb± asur± yakkh± mah±r±j±no t±vati½s±dayo dev± mah±brahm±ti evam±dayo “bojjhaªg± bojjhaªg±ti, bhante, vuccanti– (sa½. ni. 5.202) n²varaº± n²varaº±ti, bhante, vuccanti ime nu kho, bhante, pañcup±d±nakkhandh±, ki½s³dha vitta½ purisassa seµµhan”ti-±din± (sa½. ni. 1.246; su. ni. 183) nayena pañha½ pucchanti. Eva½ puµµhena bhagavat± y±ni kathit±ni bojjhaªgasa½yutt±d²ni, y±ni v± panaññ±nipi devat±sa½yutta, m±rasa½yutta, brahmasa½yutta, sakkapañha, c³¼avedalla, mah±vedalla, s±maññaphala-±¼avaka, s³ciloma, kharalomasutt±d²ni, tesa½ pucch±vasiko nikkhepo.
Y±ni pana t±ni uppanna½ k±raºa½ paµicca kathit±ni, seyyathida½– dhammad±y±da½. C³¼as²han±dasutta½ puttama½s³pama½ d±rukkhandh³pama½ aggikkhandh³pama½ pheºapiº¹³pama½ p±ricchattak³pamanti evam±d²ni, tesa½ aµµhuppattiko nikkhepo.
Evametesu cat³su nikkhepesu imassa paµiccasamupp±dasuttassa parajjh±sayo nikkhepo. Parapuggalajjh±sayavasena hida½ bhagavat± nikkhitta½. Katamesa½ puggal±na½ ajjh±sayavasen±ti? Ugghaµitaññ³na½. Catt±ro hi puggal± ugghaµitaññ³ vipañcitaññ³ neyyo padaparamoti. Tattha yassa puggalassa saha ud±haµavel±ya dhamm±bhisamayo hoti, aya½ vuccati puggalo ugghaµitaññ³. Yassa puggalassa sa½khittena bh±sitassa vitth±rena atthe vibhajiyam±ne dhamm±bhisamayo hoti, aya½ vuccati puggalo vipañcitaññ³. Yassa puggalassa uddesato paripucchato yoniso manasikaroto, kaly±ºamitte sevato, bhajato, payirup±sato, anupubbena dhamm±bhisamayo hoti, aya½ vuccati puggalo neyyo. Yassa puggalassa bahumpi suºato, bahumpi dh±rayato, bahumpi v±cayato na t±ya j±tiy± dhamm±bhisamayo hoti, aya½ vuccati puggalo padaparamo. Iti imesu cat³su puggalesu ugghaµitaññ³puggal±na½ ajjh±sayavasena ida½ sutta½ nikkhitta½.
Tad± kira pañcasat± janapadav±sik± bhikkh³ sabbeva ekacar± dvicar± ticar± catucar± pañcacar± sabh±gavuttino dhutaªgadhar± ±raddhav²riy± yuttayog± vipassak± saºha½ sukhuma½ suññata½ paccay±k±radesana½ patthayam±n± s±yanhasamaye bhagavanta½ upasaªkamitv±, vanditv±, rattakambalas±ºiy± parikkhipam±n± viya desana½ pacc±s²sam±n± pariv±retv± nis²di½su. Tesa½ ajjh±sayavasena bhagav± ida½ sutta½ ±rabhi. Yath± hi cheko cittak±ro aparikammakatabhitti½ labhitv±, na ±ditova r³pa½ samuµµh±pesi, mah±mattikalep±d²hi pana bhittiparikamma½ t±va katv± kataparikamm±ya bhittiy± r³pa½ samuµµh±peti, kataparikamma½ pana bhitti½ labhitv±, bhittiparikammaby±p±ra½ akatv±, raªgaj±t±ni yojetv±, vaµµika½ v± t³lika½ v± ±d±ya r³pameva samuµµh±peti, evameva bhagav± akat±bhinivesa½ ±dikammikakulaputta½ labhitv± n±ssa ±ditova arahattapadaµµh±na½ saºha½ sukhuma½ suññata½ vipassan±lakkhaºa½ ±cikkhati, s²lasam±dhikammassakat±diµµhisampad±ya pana yojento pubbabh±gapaµipada½ t±va ±cikkhati. Ya½ sandh±ya vutta½–
“Tasm±tiha tva½, bhikkhu, ±dimeva visodhehi kusalesu dhammesu. Ko c±di kusal±na½ dhamm±na½? S²lañca suvisuddha½ diµµhi ca ujuk±. Yato kho te, bhikkhu, s²lañca suvisuddha½ bhavissati diµµhi ca ujuk±. Tato tva½, bhikkhu, s²la½ niss±ya s²le patiµµh±ya catt±ro satipaµµh±ne tividhena bh±veyy±si. Katame catt±ro? Idha tva½, bhikkhu, ajjhatta½ v± k±ye k±y±nupass² vihar±hi ±t±p² sampaj±no satim± vineyya loke abhijjh±domanassa½. Bahiddh± v± k±ye…pe… ajjhattabahiddh± v± k±ye…pe… dhammesu dhamm±nupass² vihar±hi ±t±p² sampaj±no satim± vineyya loke abhijjh±domanassa½. Yato kho tva½, bhikkhu, s²la½ niss±ya s²le patiµµh±ya ime catt±ro satipaµµh±ne eva½ tividhena bh±vessasi, tato tuyha½, bhikkhu, y± ratti v± divaso v± ±gamissati, vuddhiyeva p±µikaªkh± kusalesu dhammesu, no parih±n²”ti (sa½. ni. 5.369).
Eva½ ±dikammikakulaputtassa s²lakath±ya parikamma½ kathetv±, arahattapadaµµh±na½ saºha½ sukhuma½ suññata½ vipassan±lakkhaºa½ ±cikkhati.
Parisuddhas²la½ pana ±raddhav²riya½ yuttayoga½ vipassaka½ labhitv±, n±ssa pubbabh±gapaµipada½ ±cikkhati, ujukameva pana arahattapadaµµh±na½ saºha½ sukhuma½ suññata½ vipassan±lakkhaºa½ ±cikkhati. Ime pañcasat± bhikkh³ pubbabh±gapaµipada½ parisodhetv± µhit± sudhantasuvaººasadis± suparimajjitamaºikkhandhasannibh±, eko lokuttaramaggova nesa½ an±gato. Iti tass±gamanatth±ya satth± tesa½ ajjh±saya½ apekkham±no ida½ sutta½ ±rabhi.
Tattha paµiccasamupp±danti paccay±k±ra½. Paccay±k±ro hi aññamañña½ paµicca sahite dhamme upp±deti. Tasm± paµiccasamupp±doti vuccati. Ayamettha saªkhepo, vitth±ro pana visuddhimaggato gahetabbo.
Voti aya½ vo-saddo paccatta-upayogakaraºa-sampad±na-s±mivacana-padap³raºesu dissati. “Kacci pana vo anuruddh± samagg± sammodam±n±”ti-±d²su (ma. ni. 1.326; mah±va. 466) hi paccatte dissati. “Gacchatha, bhikkhave, paº±memi vo”ti-±d²su (ma. ni. 2.157) upayoge. “Na vo mama santike vatthabban”ti-±d²su (ma. ni. 2.157) karaºe. “Vanapatthapariy±ya½ vo, bhikkhave, desess±m²”ti-±d²su (ma. ni. 1.190) sampad±ne. “Sabbesa½ vo, s±riputta, subh±sitan”ti-±d²su (ma. ni. 1.345) s±mivacane. “Ye hi vo ariy± parisuddhak±yakammant±”ti-±d²su (ma. ni. 1.35) padap³raºamatte. Idha pan±ya½ sampad±ne daµµhabbo. Bhikkhaveti patissavena abhimukh²bh³t±na½ puna ±lapana½. Desess±m²ti desan±paµij±nana½. Ta½ suº±th±ti ta½ paµiccasamupp±da½ ta½ desana½ may± vuccam±na½ suº±tha.
S±dhuka½ manasi karoth±ti ettha pana s±dhuka½ s±dh³ti ekatthameta½. Ayañca s±dhusaddo ±y±cana-sampaµicchana-sampaha½sana-sundara-da¼h²kamm±d²su dissati. “S±dhu me, bhante, bhagav± sa½khittena dhamma½ deset³”ti-±d²su (a. ni. 4.257; sa½. ni. 4.65; 5.381) hi ±y±cane dissati. “S±dhu, bhanteti kho so bhikkhu bhagavato bh±sita½ abhinanditv± anumoditv±”ti-±d²su (ma. ni. 3.86) sampaµicchane. “S±dhu s±dhu, s±riputt±”ti-±d²su (d². ni. 3.349) sampaha½sane.
“S±dhu dhammaruc² r±j±, s±dhu paññ±ºav± naro;
s±dhu mitt±namaddubbho, p±passa akaraºa½ sukhan”ti.–

¾d²su (j±. 2.18.101) sundare. “Tena hi, br±hmaºa, s±dhuka½ suº±h²”ti-±d²su (a. ni. 5.192) s±dhukasaddoyeva da¼h²kamme ±ºattiyantipi vuccati. Idha pan±ya½ ettheva da¼h²kamme ±ºattiy± ca attho veditabbo, sundaratthepi vaµµati. Da¼h²karaºatthena hi “da¼ha½ ima½ dhamma½ suº±tha, suggahita½ gaºhant±”, ±ºatti-atthena “mama ±ºattiy± suº±tha” sundaratthena “sundaramima½ bhaddaka½ dhamma½ suº±th±”ti eta½ d²pita½ hoti. Manasi karoth±ti ±vajjetha. Samann±harath±ti attho. Avikkhittacitt± hutv± nis±metha, citte karoth±ti adhipp±yo.

Id±nettha ta½ suº±th±ti sotindriyavikkhepaniv±raºameta½. S±dhuka½ manasi karoth±ti manasik±re da¼h²kammaniyojanena manindriyavikkhepaniv±raºa½. Purimañcettha byañjanavipall±sag±haniv±raºa½, pacchima½ atthavipall±sag±haniv±raºa½. Purimena ca dhammassavane niyojeti, pacchimena sut±na½ dhamm±na½ dh±raº³paparikkh±su. Purimena ca “sabyañjano aya½ dhammo, tasm± savan²yo”ti d²peti, pacchimena “s±ttho, tasm± manasi k±tabbo”ti. S±dhukapada½ v± ubhayapadehi yojetv±, “yasm± aya½ dhammo dhammagambh²ro ca desan±gambh²ro ca, tasm± suº±tha s±dhuka½. Yasm± atthagambh²ro ca paµivedhagambh²ro ca, tasm± s±dhuka½ manasi karoth±”ti eva½ yojan± veditabb±. Bh±siss±m²ti desess±mi. “Ta½ suº±th±”ti ettha paµiññ±ta½ desana½ sa½khittatova na desess±mi, apica kho vitth±ratopi na½ bh±siss±m²ti vutta½ hoti. Saªkhepavitth±rav±cak±ni hi et±ni pad±ni. Yath±ha vaªg²satthero–
“Sa½khittenapi deseti, vitth±renapi bh±sati;
s±¼ik±yiva nigghoso, paµibh±na½ ud²ray²”ti. (Sa½. ni. 1.214; therag±. 1241).
Eva½ vutte uss±haj±t± hutv± eva½, bhanteti kho te bhikkh³ bhagavato paccassosu½ satthu vacana½ sampaµicchi½su, paµiggahesunti vutta½ hoti.
Atha nesa½ bhagav± etadavoca– eta½ id±ni vattabba½ “katamo ca, bhikkhave, paµiccasamupp±do”ti-±di½ sakala½ sutta½ avoca. Tattha katamo ca, bhikkhave, paµiccasamupp±doti kathetukamyat±pucch±. Pañcavidh± hi pucch± adiµµhajotan±pucch± diµµhasa½sandan±pucch± vimaticchedan±pucch± anumatipucch± kathetukamyat±pucch±ti, t±sa½ ida½ n±natta½–
Katam± adiµµhajotan± pucch± (mah±ni. 150; c³¼ani. puººakam±ºavapucch±niddesa 12)? Pakatiy± lakkhaºa½ aññ±ta½ hoti adiµµha½ atulita½ at²rita½ avibh³ta½ avibh±vita½. Tassa ñ±º±ya dassan±ya tulan±ya t²raº±ya vibh³t±ya vibh±vanatth±ya pañha½ pucchati. Aya½ adiµµhajotan±pucch±.
Katam± diµµhasa½sandan±pucch±? Pakatiy± lakkhaºa½ ñ±ta½ hoti diµµha½ tulita½ t²rita½ vibh³ta½ vibh±vita½. So aññehi paº¹itehi saddhi½ sa½sandanatth±ya pañha½ pucchati. Aya½ diµµhasa½sandan±pucch±.
Katam± vimaticchedan±pucch±? Pakatiy± sa½sayapakkhando hoti vimatipakkhando dve¼hakaj±to– “eva½ nu kho, na nu kho, katha½ nu kho”ti, so vimaticchedanatth±ya pañha½ pucchati, aya½ vimaticchedan±pucch±.
Katam± anumatipucch±? Bhagav± bhikkh³na½ anumatiy± pañha½ pucchati– “ta½ ki½ maññatha, bhikkhave, r³pa½ nicca½ v± anicca½ v±”ti, anicca½, bhante. Ya½ pan±nicca½ dukkha½ v± ta½ sukha½ v±ti, dukkha½, bhante. Ya½ pan±nicca½ dukkha½ vipariº±madhamma½, kalla½ nu ta½ samanupassitu½– “eta½ mama esohamasmi eso me att±”ti, no heta½ bhanteti (sa½. ni. 3.79). Aya½ anumatipucch±.
Katam± kathetukamyat±pucch±? Bhagav± bhikkh³na½ kathetukamyat±ya pañha½ pucchati– “catt±rome, bhikkhave, satipaµµh±n±. Katame catt±ro”ti? Aya½ kathetukamyat±pucch±ti.
Tattha buddh±na½ purim± tisso pucch± natthi. Kasm±? Buddh±nañhi t²su addh±su kiñci saªkhata½ addh±vimutta½ v± asaªkhata½ adiµµha½ ajotita½ atulita½ at²rita½ avibh³ta½ avibh±vita½ n±ma natthi. Tena nesa½ adiµµhajotan±pucch± natthi. Ya½ pana bhagavat± attano ñ±ºena paµividdha½, tassa aññena samaºena v± br±hmaºena v± devena v± m±rena v± brahmun± v± saddhi½ sa½sandanakicca½ natthi. Tenassa diµµhasa½sandan±pucch± natthi. Yasm± panesa akatha½kath² tiººavicikiccho sabbadhammesu vihatasa½sayo. Tenassa vimaticchedan±pucch± natthi. Itar± pana dve pucch± bhagavato atthi. T±su aya½ kathetukamyat± pucch±ti veditabb±.
Id±ni t±va pucch±ya puµµha½ paccay±k±ra½ vibhajanto avijj±paccay±, bhikkhave, saªkh±r±ti-±dim±ha. Ettha ca yath± n±ma “pitara½ kathess±m²”ti ±raddho “tissassa pit± soºassa pit±”ti paµhamatara½ puttampi katheti, evameva bhagav± paccaya½ kathetu½ ±raddho “avijj±paccay± saªkh±r±”ti-±din± nayena saªkh±r±d²na½ paccaye avijj±didhamme kathento paccayuppannampi kathesi. ¾h±ravaggassa pana pariyos±ne “paµiccasamupp±dañca vo, bhikkhave, desess±mi paµiccasamuppanne ca dhamme”ti (sa½. ni. 2.20) ubhaya½ ±rabhitv± ubhayampi kathesi. Id±ni avijj±paccay± saªkh±r±ti-±d²su pana avijj± ca s± paccayo c±ti avijj±paccayo. Tasm± avijj±paccay± saªkh±r± sambhavant²ti imin± nayena attho veditabbo. Ayamettha saªkhepo, vitth±rena pana sabb±k±rasampann± anulomapaµiccasamupp±dakath± visuddhimagge kathit±, tasm± s± tattha kathitavaseneva gahetabb±.
Paµilomakath±ya½ pana avijj±ya tvev±ti avijj±ya tu eva. Asesavir±ganirodh±ti vir±gasaªkh±tena maggena asesanirodh±. Saªkh±ranirodhoti saªkh±r±na½ anupp±danirodho hoti. Eva½nirodh±na½ pana saªkh±r±na½ nirodh± viññ±º±d²nañca nirodh± n±mar³p±d²ni niruddh±niyeva hont²ti dassetu½ saªkh±ranirodh± viññ±ºanirodhoti-±d²ni vatv±, evametassa kevalassa dukkhakkhandhassa nirodho hot²ti ±ha. Tattha kevalass±ti sakalassa, suddhassa v±, sattavirahitass±ti attho. Dukkhakkhandhass±ti dukkhar±sissa. Nirodho hot²ti anupp±do hoti. Iti bhagav± anulomato dv±dasahi padehi vaµµakatha½ kathetv± tameva vaµµa½ vinivaµµetv± paµilomato dv±dasahi padehi vivaµµa½ kathento arahattena desan±ya k³µa½ gaºhi. Desan±pariyos±ne te pañcasat± ±raddhavipassak± ugghaµitaññ³puggal± s³riyarasmisamphuµµh±ni parip±kagat±ni padum±ni viya sacc±ni bujjhitv± arahattaphale patiµµhahi½su.
Idamavoca bhagav±ti ida½ vaµµavivaµµavasena sakalasutta½ bhagav± avoca. Attaman± te bhikkh³ti tuµµhacitt± te pañcasat± kh²º±sav± bhikkh³. Bhagavato bh±sita½ abhinandunti karav²karutamañjun± kaººasukhena paº¹itajanahaday±na½ amat±bhisekasadisena brahmassarena bh±sato bhagavato vacana½ abhinandi½su, anumodi½su ceva sampaµicchi½su c±ti attho. Teneta½ vuccati–
“Subh±sita½ sulapita½, s±dhu s±dh³ti t±dino;
anumodam±n± siras±, sampaµicchi½su bhikkhavo”ti.

Paµhamapaµiccasamupp±dasuttavaººan± niµµhit±.