Nettinayavaŗŗan±

Id±ni pakaraŗanayena p±¼iy± atthavaŗŗana½ kariss±ma. S± pana atthavaŗŗan± yasm± desan±ya samuµµh±nappayojanabh±janesu piŗ¹atthesu ca niddh±ritesu sukar± hoti suvińńeyy± ca, tasm± suttadesan±ya samuµµh±n±d²ni paµhama½ niddh±rayiss±ma. Tattha samuµµh±na½ t±va desan±nid±na½, ta½ s±dh±raŗa½ as±dh±raŗanti duvidha½. Tattha s±dh±raŗampi abbhantarab±hirabhedato duvidha½. Tattha s±dh±raŗa½ abbhantarasamuµµh±na½ n±ma lokan±thassa mah±karuŗ±. T±ya hi samuss±hitassa bhagavato veneyy±na½ dhammadesan±ya citta½ udap±di, ya½ sandh±ya vutta½– “sattesu ca k±ruńńata½ paµicca buddhacakkhun± loka½ volokes²”ti-±di (ma. ni. 1.283; sa½. ni. 1.172; mah±va. 9). Ettha ca hetu-avatth±yapi mah±karuŗ±ya saŖgaho daµµhabbo y±vadeva sa½s±ramahoghato saddhammadesan±hatthad±nehi sattasant±raŗattha½ taduppattito. Yath± ca mah±karuŗ±, eva½ sabbańńutańń±ŗa½ dasabalań±ŗ±d²ni ca desan±ya abbhantarasamuµµh±nabh±vena vattabb±ni. Sabbańhi ńeyyadhamma½ tesa½ desetabbappak±ra½ satt±nańca ±say±nusay±di½ y±th±vato j±nanto bhagav± µh±n±µµh±n±d²su kosallena veneyyajjh±say±nur³pa½ vicittanayadesana½ pavattes²ti. B±hira½ pana s±dh±raŗa½ samuµµh±na½ dasasahassamah±brahmapariv±ra-sahampatimah±brahmuno ajjhesana½. Tadajjhesanuttarak±lańhi dhammagambh²rat±paccavekkhaŗ±janita½ appossukkata½ paµippassambhetv± dhammass±m² dhammadesan±ya uss±haj±to ahosi. As±dh±raŗampi abbhantarab±hirabhedato duvidhameva. Tattha abbhantara½ y±ya mah±karuŗ±ya yena ca desan±ń±ŗena ida½ sutta½ pavattita½, tadubhaya½ veditabba½ b±hira½ pana tass± devat±ya pucch±, pucch±vasiko hesa suttanikkhepo. Tayida½ p±¼iya½ ±gatameva.
Payojanampi s±dh±raŗ±s±dh±raŗato duvidha½. Tattha s±dh±raŗa½ anukkamena y±va anup±d±parinibb±na½ vimuttirasatt± bhagavato desan±ya. Tenev±ha “etadatth± kath±, etadatth± mantan±”ti-±di (pari. 366). As±dh±raŗa½ pana tass± devat±ya dassanamaggasamadhigamo, ubhayampeta½ b±hirameva. Sace pana veneyyasant±nagatampi desan±balasiddhisaŖkh±ta½ payojana½ adhipp±yasamijjhanabh±vato yath±dhippetatthasiddhiy± mah±k±ruŗikassa bhagavatopi payojanamev±ti gaŗheyya, imin± pariy±yenassa abbhantarat±pi siy±.
Apica tass± devat±ya oghataraŗ±k±rassa y±th±vato anavabodho imiss± desan±ya samuµµh±na½, tadavabodho payojana½. So hi im±ya desan±ya bhagavanta½ payojeti tannipph±danapar±ya½ desan±ti katv±. Yańhi desan±ya s±dhetabba½ phala½, ta½ ±kaŖkhitabbatt± desaka½ desan±ya payojet²ti payojananti vuccati. Tath± devat±ya tadańńesańca vineyy±na½ patiµµh±n±y³hanavissajjanańcettha payojana½ Tath± sa½s±racakkanivatti-saddhammacakkappavattisassat±dimicch±c±ra-nir±karaŗa½ samm±v±dapurekkh±ro akusalam³lasam³hanana½ kusalam³lasam±ropana½ ap±yadv±rapidahana½ saggamokkhadv±ravivaraŗa½ pariyuµµh±nav³pasamana½ anusayasamuggh±tana½ “mutto mocess±m²”ti purimapaµińń±-avisa½v±dana½ tappaµipakkham±ramanorathavisa½v±dana½ titthiyasamayanimmathana½ buddhadhammapatiµµh±pananti evam±d²nipi payojan±ni idha veditabb±ni.
Yath± devat± oghataraŗe sa½sayapakkhand±, t±dis± ańńe ca saŖkh±tadhamm±na½ samm±sambuddhassa ca paµipatti½ aj±nant± asaddhammassavana-dh±raŗa-paricaya-manasik±ravipallatthabuddhik± saddhammassavana-dh±raŗa-paricayavimukh± ca bhavavimokkhesino vineyy± imiss± desan±ya bh±jana½.
Piŗ¹atth± pana “appatiµµha½ an±y³han”ti padadvaye catusaccakammaµµh±n±nuyogavasena yonisomanasik±rabahul²k±ro kusalam³lasam±yogo ol²yan±tidh±van±vissajjana½ up±yavinibandhavidhamana½ micch±bhinivesad³r²bh±vo taŗh±vijj±visodhana½ vaµµattayavicchedanup±yo ±savogha-yoga-ganth±gati-taŗhupp±dup±d±naviyogo cetokhilavivecana½ abhinandananiv±raŗa½ sa½sagg±tikkamo viv±dam³laparicc±go akusalakammapathaviddha½sana½ micchatt±tivattana½ anusayam³lacchedo. Sabbakilesa-darathapari¼±ha-s±rambhapaµippassambhana½ dassanasavananiddeso vijj³pamavajir³pamadhamm±padeso apacayag±midhammavibh±van± pah±nattayad²pan± sikkhattay±nuyogo samathavipassan±nuµµh±na½ bh±van±sacchikiriy±siddhi s²lakkhandh±dip±risuddh²ti evam±dayo veditabb±.
Tattha yesa½ kiles±d²na½ vasena patiµµh±ti sa½s²dati, yesańca abhisaŖkh±r±d²na½ vasena ±y³hati nibbuyhati, ubhayameta½ samudayasacca½, tappabh±vit± tadubhayanissit± ca khandh± dukkhasacca½, tadubhayamattho, “appatiµµha½ an±y³han”ti adhippetassa atthassa paµicchanna½ katv± desan± up±yo m±naniggaŗhanavasena tass± devat±ya sacc±bhisamayak±raŗabh±vato patiµµh±n±y³hanapaµikkhepopadesena caturoghanirattharaŗatthikehi antadvayarahit± majjhim± paµipatti paµipajjitabb±ti ayamettha bhagavato ±ŗatt²ti aya½ desan±h±ro.
Parasa½sayapakkhandanat±ya ń±tuk±mat±ya ca katha½ n³ti pucch±vasena vutta½? Abhimukhabh±vato ekapuggalabh±vato ca “tvan”ti vutta½. Paramukka½sagatassa garubh±vassa anańńayogyassa saddhammadhurassa parid²panato s±dh³ti marisas²l±diguŗat±ya “m±ris±”ti vutta½ Avahananato r±sibh±vato ca “oghan”ti vutta½. ѱtu½ icchitassa atthassa katatt± pariyos±pitatt± “it²”ti vutta½. Sa½s²danalakkhaŗassa patiµµh±nassa ak±tabbato sabbaso ca akatatt±. “Appatiµµhan”ti vutta½. Tayida½ akaraŗa½ eka½sikanti khoti avadh±raŗavasena vutta½. Tassa ca appatiµµh±nassa sasantatigatatt± “tvan”ti ca pucchitatt± “ahan”ti vutta½. Devat±ya sambodhanato piy±lapanato ca, “±vuso”ti vutta½. Nibbuyhanalakkhaŗassa ±y³hanassa ak±tabbato sabbaso ca akatatt± an±y³hanti vutta½. Tiŗŗ±k±rassa ogh±na½ anicchitabh±vato eva tattha sa½sayassa anapagatatt± oghataraŗassa ca avisesatt± “yath± katha½ pan±”ti vutta½. Tath± sa½s²danalakkhaŗa½ patiµµh±na½ sa½s±re ca saŗµh±nanti anatthantaratt± abhinnak±lika½. Tath± nibbuyhanalakkhaŗa½ ±y³hana½ samm±paµipattiy± ativattananti anatthantaratt± abhinnak±likanti vutta½ “yad± sv±ha½…pe… tad±ssu nibbuyh±m²”ti. Tadubhayassa paµipakkhabh±vato paµib±hanato ca ogh±tiŗŗ±ti vutta½ “eva½ khv±ha½…pe… oghamatarin”ti.
Ekabuddhantarantarikatt± sud³rak±likat±ya “cirassan”ti vutta½. Antar± adiµµhapubbat±ya vimhayan²yat±ya ca “vat±”ti vutta½. Tad± upalabbham±nat±ya attapaccakkhat±ya ca “pass±m²”ti vutta½. B±hitap±pato brahmassa ca ariyamaggassa aŗanato paµivijjhanato “br±hmaŗan”ti vutta½. Kilesasant±pav³pasamanato dukkhasant±pav³pasamanato ca sabbaso nibbutatt± “parinibbutan”ti vutta½. Taraŗapayogassa nibbattitatt± upari taritabb±bh±vato ca “tiŗŗan”ti vutta½. ѱŗacakkhun± oloketabbato lujjanato palujjanato ca “loke”ti vutta½. Visayesu sańjanato j±tabh±vato “visattikan”ti vutta½. ѱŗassa paccakkhabh±vato nigamanato ca “idan”ti vutta½. Bh±sitatt± parisamattatt± ca “avoc±”ti vutta½. Paµhama½ gahitatt± pacc±masanato ca “s± devat±”ti vutta½. Paµikkhepassa abh±vato atthassa anumoditabbato “samanuńńo”ti vutta½. Vineyy±na½ s±sanato paramatthasampattito ca “satth±”ti vutta½. Cakkhupath±tikkamena tirobh±v³pagamanato “antaradh±y²”ti vuttanti aya½ anupadavicayato vicayah±ro.
Appatiµµh±n±n±y³hanehi oghataraŗa½ yujjati kiles±bhisaŖkh±ravijahanena p±rasampattisamijjhanato. Sabbakilesa-taŗh±diµµhi-taŗh±yatana-sassat±divasena santiµµhato sa½s±re sa½s²dana½ hot²ti yujjati k±raŗassa suppatiµµhitabh±vato. AbhisaŖkharaŗakicce kiles±bhisaŖkh±re vijjam±ne sabbadiµµh±bhinivesa-atidh±van±bhinives±d²na½ vasena ±y³hantassa sa½s±ramahoghena nibbuyhana½ hot²ti yujjati samm±paµipattiy± ativattanato. Brahmassa ariyamaggassa aŗanato paµivijjhanato br±hmaŗabh±vo yujjjati b±hitap±patt±. Sammadeva santadhammasamadhigamato parinibbutabh±vo yujjati sabbaso sav±sanapah²nakilesatt±. Tath± ca visattik±ya tiŗŗabh±vo yujjati yath± y±ya lesopi na dissati, eva½ aggamaggena tass± samucchinnatt±ti aya½ yuttih±ro.
Kilesavaµµavasena patiµµh±na½ visesato kammavaµµassa padaµµh±na½. AbhisaŖkh±ravasena ±y³hanańca vip±kavaµµassa padaµµh±na½. Appatiµµh±n±n±y³han±ni oghataraŗassa padaµµh±na½, oghataraŗa½ anup±disesanibb±nassa. Taŗh±vasena patiµµh±nassa ass±d±nupassit± padaµµh±na½. Ten±ha bhagav±– “sa½yojaniyesu, bhikkhave, dhammesu ass±d±nupassino taŗh± pava¹¹hat²”ti (sa½. ni. 2.52, 56).
Khandh±vijj±-phassa-sańń±-vitakk±yonisomanasik±ra-p±pamittaparatoghos± diµµhivasena patiµµh±nassa padaµµh±na½. Yath±ha– paµisambhid±magge (paµi. ma. 1.124) “khandh±pi diµµhiµµh±na½, avijj±pi diµµhiµµh±nan”ti-±di. Taŗh±diµµh±bhinandana-avasesakiles±bhisaŖkh±ravasena ±y³hanassa padaµµh±na½. Imin± nayena yath±raha½ taŗh±diµµh±divasena patiµµh±n±y³han±na½ padaµµh±nabh±vo vattabbo. Sesamettha p±¼ito eva suniddh±riya½. Aya½ padaµµh±nah±ro.
Appatiµµha½ an±y³hanti patiµµh±n±y³hanapaµikkhepena vissajjentena niyy±n±vah± samm±paµipatti gahit± ekantato oghanittharaŗ³p±yabh±vato. Taggahaŗena ca sabbepi sattati½sa bodhipakkhiyadhamm± gahit± honti niyy±nalakkhaŗena ekalakkhaŗatt±ti aya½ lakkhaŗah±ro.
Nid±namass± devat±ya oghataraŗ±k±rassa y±th±vato anavabodhoti vuttov±yamattho. Ańńepi ye ima½ desana½ niss±ya oghataraŗ³p±ya½ paµivijjhanti, tepi imiss± desan±ya nid±nanti daµµhabb±. “Katha½ nu kho ima½ desana½ niss±ya sammadeva paµivijjhant± catubbidhampi ogha½ tarant± sakalasa½s±ramahoghato nitthareyyu½, pare ca tattha patiµµhapeyyun”ti ayamettha bhagavato adhipp±yo. Padanibbacana½ nirutta½, ta½ “evan”ti-±dinid±napad±na½ “kathan”ti-±dip±¼ipad±nańca aµµhakath±ya tass± l²natthavaŗŗan±ya ca vuttanay±nus±rena sukaratt± ativitth±rabhayena na vitth±rayimha.
Pada-padattha-desan±-nikkhepa-suttasandhi-vasena pańcavidh± sandhi. Tattha padassa padantarena sambandho padasandhi. Tath± padatthassa padatthantarena sambandho padatthasandhi, yo “kiriy±k±rakasambandho”ti vutto. N±n±nusandhikassa ta½ta½anusandh²ti sambandho, ek±nusandhikassa pana pubb±parasambandho desan±sandhi, y± aµµhakath±ya½ “pucch±nusandhi ajjh±say±nusandhi yath±nusandh²”ti tidh± vibhatt±. Ajjh±sayo cettha attajjh±sayo parajjh±sayoti dvidh± veditabbo. Nikkhepasandhi catunna½ suttanikkhep±na½ vasena veditabb±. Ya½ panettha vattabba½, ta½ papańcas³dan²µ²k±ya½ vuttanayena gahetabba½. Suttasandhi idha paµhamanikkhepavasena veditabb±.
“Kasm± panettha oghataraŗasuttameva paµhama½ nikkhittan”ti n±yamanuyogo katthaci na pavattati? Apica “appatiµµha½ an±y³ha½ oghamatarin”ti patiµµh±n±y³hanapaµikkhepavasena antadvayavivajjanamukhena v± majjhim±ya paµipad±ya vibh±vanato sabbapaµhamamida½ sutta½ idha nikkhitta½. Antadvaya½ anupagamma majjhim±ya paµipattiy± saŖk±sanaparańhi buddh±na½ s±sananti. Ya½ pana ekiss± desan±ya desanantarena saddhi½ sa½sandana½, ayampi desan±sandhi. S± idha eva½ veditabb±–