3. Jaµ±suttavaŗŗan±

23. Yena atthena taŗh± “jaµ±”ti vutt±, tamevattha½ dassetu½ “j±liniy±”ti vutta½. S± hi aµµhasatataŗh±vicaritapabhed± attano avayavabh³t± eva j±l± etiss± atth²ti j±lin²ti vuccati. Id±niss± jaµ±k±rena pavatti½ dassetu½ “s± h²”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha r³p±d²su ±rammaŗes³ti tass± pavattiµµh±nam±ha r³p±dicha¼±rammaŗavinimuttassa taŗh±visayassa abh±vato. Heµµhupariyavasen±ti kad±ci r³p±rammaŗe kad±ci y±va dhamm±rammaŗ±, kad±ci dhamm±rammaŗe kad±ci y±va r³p±rammaŗ±ti eva½ heµµh± ca upari ca pavattivasena. Desan±kkamena cettha heµµhupariyat± veditabb±, k±mar±g±divasenapi ayamattho veditabbo. SaŖkh±r±na½ khaŗikabh±vato apar±paruppatti ettha sa½sibbananti ±ha “punappuna½ uppajjanato sa½sibbanaµµhen±”ti. Ida½ yena sambandhena jaµ± viy±ti jaµ±ti jaµ±taŗh±na½ upam³pameyyat±, ta½dassana½. Ayańhettha attho– yath± j±lin² ve¼ugumbassa s±kh±, t±sa½ sańcay±dayo ca attano avayavehi sa½sibbit± vinaddh± “jaµ±”ti vuccanti, eva½ taŗh±pi sa½sibbanasabh±ven±ti.
Ime satt± “mama idan”ti pariggahita½ attanibbisesa½ mańńam±n± abbhantarima½ karonti. Abbhantaraµµho ca anto-saddoti sakaparikkh±resu uppajjanam±n±pi taŗh± “antojaµ±”ti vutt±. Pabbajitassa patt±di, gahaµµhassa hatthi-±di sakaparikkh±ro. Att±ti bhavati ettha abhim±noti attabh±vo, up±d±nakkhandhapańcaka½. Sar²ranti keci. “Mama attabh±vo sundaro, asukassa viya mama attabh±vo bhaveyy±”ti-±din± saka-attabh±v±d²su taŗh±ya uppajjan±k±ro veditabbo. Attano cakkh±d²ni ajjhattik±yatan±ni, attano ca paresańca r³p±d²ni b±hir±yatan±ni, paresa½ sabb±ni v±. Saparasantatipariy±pann±ni v± cakkh±d²ni ajjhattik±yatan±ni, tath± r³p±d²ni b±hir±yatan±ni. Parittamahaggatabhavesu pavattiy±pi taŗh±ya antojaµ±bahijaµ±bh±vo veditabbo. K±mabhavo hi kassacipi kilesassa avikkhambhitatt± katthacipi avimutto ajjhattaggahaŗassa visesapaccayoti “ajjhatta½ anto”ti ca vuccati, tabbipariy±yato r³p±r³pabhavo “bahiddh± bah²”ti ca. Ten±ha bhagav±– “ajjhattasa½yojano puggalo, bahiddh±sa½yojano puggalo”ti (a. ni. 2.37).
Visayabhedena pavatti-±k±rabhedena anekabhedabhinnampi taŗha½ jaµ±bh±vas±mańńena ekanti gahetv± “t±ya eva½ uppajjam±n±ya jaµ±y±”ti vutta½. S± pana paj±ti vuttasattasant±napariy±pann± eva hutv± punappuna½ ta½ jaµent² vinandhant² pavattat²ti ±ha “jaµ±ya jaµit± paj±”ti. Tath± hi paramatthato yadipi avayavabyatirekena samud±yo natthi, ekadeso pana samud±yo n±ma na hot²ti avayavato samud±ya½ bhinna½ katv± upam³pameyya½ dassento “yath± n±ma ve¼ujaµ±d²hi…pe… sa½sibbit±”ti ±ha. Ima½ jaµanti sambandho. T²su dh±t³su ekampi asesetv± sa½sibbanena tedh±tuka½ jaµetv± µhita½. Tenass± mah±visayata½ vijaµanassa ca sudukkarabh±vam±ha. Vijaµetu½ ko samatthoti imin± “vijaµaye”ti pada½ satti-attha½, na vidhi-atthanti dasseti.
Eva½ “antojaµ±”ti-±din± puµµho athassa bhagav± tamattha½ vissajjento “s²le patiµµh±y±”ti-±dim±ha. Ettha s²leti kusalas²le. Ta½ pana p±timokkhasa½var±dibhedesu parisuddhameva icchitabbanti ±ha “catup±risuddhis²le”ti.
Narati net²ti naro, puriso. K±ma½ itth²pi taŗh±jaµ±vijaµane samatth± atthi, padh±nameva pana satta½ dassento “naro”ti ±ha yath± “satth± devamanuss±nan”ti, aµµhakath±ya½ pana avibh±gena puggalapariy±yo ayanti dassetu½ “naroti satto”ti vutta½. Vip±kabh³t±ya saha pańń±ya bhavat²ti sapańńo. T±ya hi ±dito paµµh±ya sant±navasena bahula½ pavattam±n±ya aya½ satto savisesa½ sapańńoti vattabbata½ arahati. Vip±kapańń±pi hi sant±navisesena bh±van±pańńuppattiy± upanissayapaccayo hoti ahetukadvihetuk±na½ tadabh±vato. Kammajatihetukapaµisandhipańń±y±ti kammaj±ya tihetukapaµisandhiya½ pańń±y±ti eva½ tihetukasaddo paµisandhisaddena sambandhitabbo, na pańń±saddena. Na hi pańń± tihetuk± atthi. Paµisandhito pabhuti pavattam±n± pańń± “paµisandhiya½ pańń±”ti vutt± ta½m³lakatt±, na paµisandhikkhaŗe pavatt± eva.
Cinteti ±rammaŗa½ upanijjh±yat²ti citta½, sam±dhi. So hi s±tisaya½ upanijjh±nakicco. Na hi vitakk±dayo vin± sam±dhin± tamattha½ s±dhenti, sam±dhi pana tehi vin±pi s±dhet²ti. Paguŗabalavabh±v±p±danena paccayehi citta½, attasant±na½ cinot²tipi citta½, sam±dhi. Paµhamajjh±n±divasena cittavicittat±ya iddhividh±dicittakaraŗena ca sam±dhi cittanti vin±pi paropadesenassa cittapariy±yo labbhateva. Aµµhakath±ya½ pana citta-saddo vińń±ŗe niru¼hoti katv± vutta½ “cittas²sena hettha aµµha sam±pattiyo kathit±”ti. Yath±sabh±va½ pak±rehi j±n±t²ti pańń±. S± yadipi kusal±dibhedato bahuvidh±, “bh±vayan”ti pana vacanato bh±vetabb± idh±dhippet±ti ta½ dassento “pańń±n±mena vipassan± kathit±”ti. Yadipi kiles±na½ pah±na½ ±t±pana½, ta½ samm±diµµhi-±d²nampi attheva, ±tappasaddo viya pana ±t±pa-saddo v²riye eva niru¼hoti ±ha “±t±p²ti v²riyav±”ti. Yath± kammaµµh±na½ t±ya pańń±ya parito har²yati pavatt²yati, eva½ s±pi tadattha½ yogin±ti ±ha “p±rih±riyapańń±”ti. Abhikkam±d²ni sabbakicc±ni s±tthakasampajańń±divasena paricchijja net²ti sabbakiccapariŗ±yik±.
Yasm± puggal±dhiµµh±nena g±th± bh±sit±, tasm± puggal±dhiµµh±nameva upama½ dassento “yath± n±ma puriso”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha sunisitanti suµµhu nisita½, ativiya tikhiŗanti attho. Satthassa nisitatarabh±vakaraŗa½ nis±nasil±ya½, b±hubalena cassa ukkhipananti ubhayampeta½ atth±panna½ katv± upam± vutt±ti tadubhaya½ upameyya½ dassento “sam±dhisil±ya½ sunisita½…pe… pańń±hatthena ukkhipitv±”ti ±ha. Sam±dhiguŗena hi pańń±ya tikkhabh±vo. Yath±ha “sam±hito yath±bh³ta½ paj±n±t²”ti (sa½. ni. 3.5; 4.99; 5.1071). V²riyańcass± upatthambhaka½ paggaŗhanato. Vijaµeyy±ti vijaµetu½ sakkuŗeyya. Vuµµh±nag±minivipassan±ya hi vattam±n±ya yog±vacaro taŗh±jaµa½ vijaµetu½ samattho n±ma. Vijaµanańcettha samucchedavasena pah±nanti ±ha– “sańchindeyya sampad±leyy±”ti.
Maggakkhaŗe panesa vijaµeti n±ma, aggaphalakkhaŗe sabbaso vijaµitajaµo n±ma. Ten±ha “id±n²”ti-±di. Yasm± jaµ±ya vijaµana½ ariyamaggena, tańca kho nibb±na½ ±gamma, tasm± ta½ sandh±y±ha “jaµ±ya vijaµanok±san”ti. Yattha pana s± vijaµ²yati, ta½ dassetu½ “yattha n±mańc±”ti-±di vutta½. “Paµigha½ r³pasańń± c±”ti g±th±sukhattha½ s±nun±sika½ katv± niddeso, “paµighar³pasańń±”ti vutta½ hoti. Paµighasańń±vasena k±mabhavo gahito k±mabhavapariy±pannatt± t±ya. Pathav²kasiŗ±dir³pe sańń± r³pasańń±. Ubhayatth±pi sańń±s²sena cittupp±dasseva gahaŗa½. BhavasaŖkhepen±ti bhavabh±vena saŖkhipitabbat±ya, bhavalakkhaŗena ekalakkhaŗatt±ti attho. R³pe v± virajjanavasena ca vattu½ sakkuŗeyy± idha r³pasańń±ti vutt± evampettha ar³pabhavassa ca gahitat± veditabb±. “N±mańca r³pańc±”ti anavasesato n±mar³pa½ gahitanti ar³pabhava-asańńabhav±nampettha gahaŗa½ siddhanti apare. Pariy±diyanaµµh±neti pariy±diyanak±raŗe sabbaso khepananimitte nibb±ne. Ten±ha “nibb±na½…pe… dassito hot²”ti.

Jaµ±suttavaŗŗan± niµµhit±.