1. Devat±sa½yutta½

1. Na¼avaggo

1. Oghataraºasuttavaººan±

Vibh±gavant±na½ sabh±vavibh±vana½ vibh±gadassanavaseneva hot²ti paµhama½ t±va sa½yuttavaggasutt±divasena sa½yutt±gamassa vibh±ga½ dassetu½ “tattha sa½yutt±gamo n±m±”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha tatth±ti ya½ vutta½– “sa½yutt±gamavarassa attha½ pak±sayiss±m²”ti, tasmi½ vacane. Tatth±ti v± “et±ya aµµhakath±ya vij±n±tha sa½yuttanissita½ atthan”ti ettha ya½ sa½yuttaggahaºa½ kata½, tattha. Pañca vagg± etass±ti pañcavaggo. Avayavena viggaho, samud±yo sam±sattho.
Id±ni ta½ ±dito paµµh±ya sa½vaººetuk±mo attano sa½vaººan±ya tassa paµhamamah±saªg²tiya½ nikkhitt±nukkameneva pavattabh±va½ dassetu½, “tassa vaggesu sag±th±vaggo ±d²”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha yath±paccaya½ tattha tattha desitatt± paññattatt± ca vippakiºº±na½ dhammavinay±na½ saªgahetv± g±yana½ kathana½ saªg²ti, mah±visayatt± p³janiyatt± ca mahat² saªg²ti mah±saªg²ti. Paµham± mah±saªg²ti paµhamamah±saªg²ti, tass± pavattitak±lo paµhamamah±saªg²tik±lo, tasmi½ paµhamamah±saªg²tik±le.
Nidad±ti desana½ desak±l±divasena avidita½ vidita½ katv± nidasset²ti nid±na½. Yo loke ganthassa upoggh±toti vuccati, sv±yamettha “eva½ me sutan”ti-±diko gantho veditabbo, na pana “sanid±n±ha½, bhikkhave, dhamma½ desem²”ti-±d²su (a. ni. 3.126) viya attajjh±say±didesanuppattihetu. Tenev±ha– “eva½ me sutanti-±dika½ ±yasmat± ±nandena paµhamamah±saªg²tik±le vutta½ nid±nam±d²”ti. K±mañcettha yassa½ paµhamamah±saªg²tiya½ nikkhitt±nukkamena sa½vaººana½ kattuk±mo, s± vitth±rato vattabb±, sumaªgalavil±siniya½ pana attan± vitth±ritatt± tattheva gahetabb±ti imiss± sa½vaººan±ya mahatta½ pariharanto “s± panes±”ti-±dim±ha.
1. Eva½ b±hiranid±ne vattabba½ atidisitv± id±ni abbhantaranid±na½ ±dito paµµh±ya sa½vaººetu½ “ya½ panetan”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha yasm± sa½vaººana½ karontena sa½vaººetabbe dhamme padavibh±ga½ padatthañca dassetv± tato para½ piº¹atth±didassanavasena sa½vaººan± k±tabb±, tasm± pad±ni t±va dassento “evanti nip±tapadan”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha padavibh±goti pad±na½ viseso, na padaviggaho. Atha v± pad±ni ca padavibh±go ca padavibh±go. Padaviggaho ca padavibh±go ca padavibh±goti v± ekasesavasena padapadaviggah± padavibh±gasaddena vutt±ti veditabba½. Tattha padaviggaho “jetassa vana½ jetavanan”ti-±din± sam±sapadesu daµµhabbo.
Atthatoti padatthato. Ta½ pana padattha½ atthuddh±rakkamena paµhama½ eva½saddassa dassento “eva½saddo t±v±”ti-±dim±ha. Avadh±raº±d²ti ettha ±di-saddena idamatthapucch±parim±º±di-atth±na½ saªgaho daµµhabbo. Tath± hi “eva½gat±ni puthusipp±yatan±ni (d². ni. 1.163, 165), eva½vidho evam±k±ro”ti ca ±d²su ida½-saddassa atthe eva½-saddo. Gata-saddo hi pak±rapariy±yo, tath± vidh±k±ra-saddo ca. Tath± hi gatavidha-±k±rasadde lokiy± pak±ratthe vadanti. “Eva½ su te sunh±t± suvilitt± kappitakesamass³ ±muttam±l±bharaº± od±tavatthavasan± pañcahi k±maguºehi samappit± samaªg²bh³t± paric±renti, seyyath±pi tva½ etarahi s±cariyakoti. No hida½, bho gotam±”ti-±d²su (d². ni. 1.286) pucch±ya½, “eva½ lahuparivatta½ (a. ni. 1.48), evam±yupariyanto”ti (p±r±. 12) ca ±d²su parim±ºe.
Nanu ca “eva½ su te sunh±t± suvilitt±, evam±yupariyanto”ti ettha eva½-saddena pucchan±k±raparim±º±k±r±na½ vuttatt± ±k±rattho eva eva½-saddoti? Na, visesasabbh±vato. ¾k±ramattav±cako hi eva½-saddo, ±k±ratthoti adhippeto yath± “eva½ by±kho”ti-±d²su, na pana ±k±ravisesav±cako. Evañca katv±, “eva½ j±tena maccen±”ti-±d²ni (dha. pa. 53) upam±d²su ud±haraº±ni upapann±ni honti. Tath± hi “yath±pi…pe… bahun”ti (dha. pa. 53)? Ettha pupphar±siµµh±niyato manuss³papattisappuris³panissaya-saddhammassavana- yonisomanasik±ra-bhogasampatti-±did±n±dipuññakiriyahetusamud±yato sobh±sugandhat±diguºayogato m±l±gu¼asadisiyo pah³t± puññakiriy± maritabbasabh±vat±ya maccena sattena kattabb±ti jotitatt± pupphar±sim±l±gu¼±va upam±, tesa½ upam±k±ro yath±-saddena aniyamato vuttoti “eva½-saddo upam±k±ranigamanattho”ti vatthu½ yutta½, so pana upam±k±ro niyamiyam±no atthato upam±va hot²ti ±ha “upam±ya½ ±gato”ti. Tath± “eva½ imin± ±k±rena abhikkamitabban”ti-±din± upadisiyam±n±ya samaºas±rupp±ya ±kappasampattiy± yo tattha upadisan±k±ro, so atthato upadeso ev±ti vutta½, “eva½ te…pe… upadese”ti. Tath± “evameta½ bhagav±, evameta½ sugat±”ti ettha ca bhagavat± yath±vuttamattha½ avipar²tato j±nantehi kata½ tattha sa½vijjam±naguº±na½ pak±rehi ha½sana½ udaggat±karaºa½ sampaha½sana½. Yo tattha sampaha½san±k±roti yojetabba½.
Evameva½ pan±yanti ettha garahaº±k±roti yojetabba½, so ca garahaº±k±ro vasal²ti-±dikhu½sanasaddasannidh±nato idha eva½-saddena pak±sitoti viññ±yati. Yath± cettha, eva½ upam±k±r±dayopi upam±divasena vutt±na½ pupphar±si-±disadd±na½ sannidh±natoti daµµhabba½. Eva½, bhanteti pana dhammassa s±dhuka½ savanamanasik±re sanniyojitehi bhikkh³hi attano tattha µhitabh±vassa paµij±nanavasena vuttatt± ettha eva½-saddo “vacanasampaµicchanattho”ti vutto. Tena eva½, bhanteti s±dhu, bhante, suµµhu, bhanteti vutta½ hoti. Evañca vadeh²ti yath±ha½ vad±mi, eva½ samaºa½ ±nanda½ vadeh²ti yo eva½ vadan±k±ro id±ni vattabbo, so eva½-saddena nidass²yat²ti “nidassanattho”ti vuttoti. Eva½ noti etth±pi nesa½ yath±vuttadhamm±na½ ahitadukkh±vahabh±ve sanniµµh±najananattha½ anumatigahaºavasena “sa½vattanti v± no v±, katha½ vo ettha hot²”ti pucch±ya kat±ya “eva½ no ettha hot²”ti vuttatt± tad±k±rasanniµµh±na½ eva½-saddena vibh±vitanti viññ±yati. So pana tesa½ dhamm±na½ ahit±ya dukkh±ya sa½vattan±k±ro niyamiyam±no avadh±raºattho hot²ti ±ha– “eva½ no ettha hot²ti-±d²su avadh±raºe”ti.
N±n±nayanipuºanti ekattan±natta-aby±p±ra-eva½dhammat±saªkh±t±, nandiy±vaµµatipukkhalas²havikk²¼ita-aªkusadis±locanasaªkh±t± v± ±dh±r±dibhedavasena n±n±vidh± nay± n±n±nay±. Nay± v± p±¼igatiyo t± ca paññatti-anupaññatti-±divasena sa½kilesabh±giy±dilokiy±ditadubhayavomissak±divasena kusal±divasena khandh±divasena saªgah±divasena samayavimutt±divasena µhapan±divasena kusalam³l±divasena tikappaµµh±n±divasena ca n±nappak±r±ti n±n±nay±, tehi nipuºa½ saºha½ sukhumanti n±n±nayanipuºa½. ¾sayova ajjh±sayo, te ca sassat±dibhedena tattha ca apparajakkhat±dibhedena aneke, attajjh±say±dayo eva v± samuµµh±na½ uppattihetu etass±ti anekajjh±sayasamuµµh±na½ Atthabyañjanasampannanti atthabyañjanaparipuººa½ upanetabb±bh±vato, saªk±sanapak±sanavivaraºavibhajana-utt±n²karaºapaññattivasena chahi atthapadehi akkharapadabyañjan±k±raniruttiniddesavasena chahi byañjanapadehi ca samann±gatanti v± attho daµµhabbo.
Vividhap±µih±riyanti ettha p±µih±riyapadassa vacanattha½ (ud±. aµµha. 1; itivu. aµµha. nid±navaººan±; dha. sa. m³laµ². 2) “paµipakkhaharaºato r±g±dikiles±panayanato p±µih±riyan”ti vadanti. Bhagavato pana paµipakkh± r±g±dayo na santi ye haritabb±, puthujjan±nampi vigat³pakkilese aµµhaguºasamann±gate citte hatapaµipakkhe iddhividha½ pavattati, tasm± tattha pavattavoh±rena ca na sakk± idha “p±µih±riyan”ti vattu½. Sace pana mah±k±ruºikassa bhagavato veneyyagat± ca kiles± paµipakkh±, tesa½ haraºato “p±µih±riyan”ti vutta½, eva½ sati yuttameta½. Atha v± bhagavato ca s±sanassa ca paµipakkh± titthiy±, tesa½ haraºato p±µih±riya½. Te hi diµµhiharaºavasena diµµhippak±sane asamatthabh±vena ca iddhi-±desan±nus±san²hi harit± apan²t± hont²ti. Paµ²ti v± aya½ saddo “pacch±”ti etassa attha½ bodheti “tasmi½ paµipaviµµhamhi, añño ±gañchi br±hmaºo”ti-±d²su (su. ni. 985; c³¼ani. vatthug±th± 4) viya, tasm± sam±hite citte vigat³pakkilese katakiccena pacch±haritabba½ pavattetabbanti paµih±riya½, attano v± upakkilesesu catutthajjh±namaggehi haritesu pacch± haraºa½ paµih±riya½, iddhi-±desan±nus±saniyo ca vigat³pakkilesena katakiccena ca sattahitattha½ puna pavattetabb±, haritesu ca attano upattilesesu parasatt±na½ upakkilesaharaº±ni hont²ti paµih±riy±ni bhavanti, paµih±riyameva p±µih±riya½. Paµih±riye v± iddhi-±desan±nus±sanisamud±ye bhava½ ekeka½ p±µih±riyanti vuccati. Paµih±riya½ v± catutthajjh±na½ maggo ca paµipakkhaharaºato, tattha j±ta½, tasmi½ v± nimittabh³te, tato v± ±gatanti p±µih±riya½. Tassa pana iddhi-±dibhedena visayabhedena ca bahuvidhassa bhagavato desan±ya½ labbham±natt± ±ha “vividhap±µih±riyan”ti.
Na aññath±ti bhagavato sammukh± sut±k±rato na aññath±ti attho, na pana bhagavato desit±k±rato. Acinteyy±nubh±v± hi bhagavato desan±. Evañca katv± “sabbappak±rena ko samattho viññ±tun”ti ida½ vacana½ samatthita½ bhavati, dh±raºabaladassanañca na virujjhati sut±k±ra-avirajjhanassa adhippetatt±. Na hettha atthantarat±parih±ro dvinnampi atth±na½ ekavisayatt±. Itarath± thero bhagavato desan±ya sabbath± paµiggahaºe samattho asamattho c±ti ±pajjeyy±ti.
“Yo paro na hoti, so att±”ti eva½ vutt±ya niyakajjhattasaªkh±t±ya sasantatiy± vattanato tividhopi me-saddo kiñc±pi ekasmi½ eva atthe dissati, karaºasampad±nas±miniddesavasena pana vijjam±na½ bheda½ sandh±y±ha, “me-saddo t²su atthesu dissat²”ti.
Kiñc±pi upasaggo kiriya½ viseseti, jotakabh±vato pana satipi tasmi½ suta-saddo eva ta½ ta½ atta½ vadat²ti anupasaggassa suta-saddassa atthuddh±re sa-upasaggassa gahaºa½ na virujjhat²ti dassento “sa-upasaggo anupasaggo c±”ti-±dim±ha. Ass±ti suta-saddassa. Kammabh±vas±dhan±ni idha sutasadde sambhavant²ti vutta½ “upadh±ritanti v± upadh±raºanti v± attho”ti. May±ti atthe sat²ti yad± me-saddassa kattuvasena karaºaniddeso, tad±ti attho. Mam±ti atthe sat²ti yad± sambandhavasena s±miniddeso, tad±.
Suta-saddasannidh±ne payuttena eva½-saddena savanakiriy±jotakena bhavitabbanti vutta½ “evanti sotaviññ±º±diviññ±ºakiccanidassanan”ti. ¾di-saddena sampaµicchan±d²na½ pañcadv±rikaviññ±º±na½ tadabhin²haµ±nañca manodv±rikaviññ±º±na½ gahaºa½ veditabba½. Sabbesampi v±ky±na½ evak±ratthasahitatt± “sutan”ti etassa sutamev±ti ayamattho labbhat²ti ±ha “assavanabh±vapaµikkhepato”ti. Etena avadh±raºena nir±saªkata½ dasseti. Yath± ca suta½ sutamev±ti niyametabba½, ta½ samm± suta½ hot²ti ±ha “an³n±nadhik±vipar²taggahaºanidassanan”ti. Atha v± saddantaratth±pohanavasena saddo attha½ vadat²ti sutanti asuta½ na hot²ti ayametassa atthoti vutta½ “assavanabh±vapaµikkhepato”ti. Imin± diµµh±divinivattana½ karoti.