3. Eva½ saªkhepeneva sabbadhammaguºehi saddhamma½ abhitthavitv± id±ni ariyasaªgha½ thometu½ “sugatass±”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha sugatass±ti sambandhaniddeso Tassa “putt±nan”ti etena sambandho Oras±nanti puttavisesana½. M±rasenamathan±nanti orasaputtabh±ve k±raºaniddeso. Tena kilesapah±nameva bhagavato orasaputtabh±ve k±raºa½ anuj±n±t²ti dasseti. Aµµhannanti gaºanaparicchedaniddeso. Tena ca satipi tesa½ sattavisesabh±vena anekasahassasaªkh±bh±ve ima½ gaºanapariccheda½ n±tivattant²ti dasseti maggaµµhaphalaµµhabh±v±nativattanato. Sam³hanti samud±yaniddeso. Ariyasaªghanti guºavisiµµhasaªgh±tabh±vaniddeso. Tena asatipi ariyapuggal±na½ k±yas±maggiya½ ariyasaªghabh±va½ dasseti diµµhis²las±maññena sa½hatabh±vato.
Tattha urasi bhav± j±t± sa½baddh± ca oras±. Yath± hi satt±na½ orasaputt± attaj±tat±ya pitu santakassa d±yajjassa visesena bh±gino honti, evametepi ariyapuggal± samm±sambuddhassa dhammassavanante ariy±ya j±tiy± j±tat±ya bhagavato santakassa vimuttisukhassa ariyadhammaratanassa ca ekantabh±ginoti oras± viya oras±. Atha v± bhagavato dhammadesan±nubh±veneva ariyabh³mi½ okkamam±n± okkant± ca ariyas±vak± bhagavato urena v±y±majanit±bhij±tit±ya nippariy±yena oras± putt±ti vattabbata½ arahanti. S±vakehi pavattiyam±n±pi hi dhammadesan± “bhagavato dhammadesan±”icceva vuccati tamm³likatt± lakkhaº±divises±bh±vato ca.
Yadipi ariyas±vak±na½ ariyamagg±dhigamasamaye bhagavato viya tadantar±yakaraºattha½ devaputtam±ro, m±rav±hin² v± na ekantena apas±deti, tehi pana apas±detabbat±ya k±raºe vimathite tepi vimathit± eva n±ma hont²ti ±ha “m±rasenamathan±nan”ti. Imasmi½ panatthe “m±ram±rasenamathan±nan”ti vattabbe m±rasenamathan±nanti ekadesasar³pekaseso katoti daµµhabba½. Atha v± khandh±bhisaªkh±ram±r±na½ viya devaputtam±rassapi guºam±raºe sah±yabh±v³pagamanato kilesabalak±yo “sen±”ti vuccati. Yath±ha “k±m± te paµham± sen±”ti-±di (su. ni. 438). S± ca tehi diya¹¹hasahassabhed±, anantabhed± v± kilesav±hin² satidhammavicayav²riyasamath±diguºapaharaºehi odhiso vimathit± vihat± viddhast± c±ti m±rasenamathan±, ariyas±vak±. Etena tesa½ bhagavato anuj±taputtata½ dasseti.
¾rakatt± kilesehi, anaye na iriyanato, aye ca iriyanato ariy± niruttinayena. Atha v± sadevakena lokena saraºanti araº²yato upagantabbato, upagat±nañca tadatthasiddhito ariy±. Ariy±na½ saªghoti ariyasaªgho. Ariyo ca so saªgho c±ti v± ariyasaªgho. Bhagavato aparabh±ge buddhadhammaratan±nampi samadhigamo saªgharatan±dh²noti assa ariyasaªghassa bah³pak±rata½ dassetu½ idheva “siras± vande”ti vuttanti daµµhabba½.
Ettha ca “sugatassa oras±na½ putt±nan”ti etena ariyasaªghassa pabhavasampada½ dasseti, “m±rasenamathan±nan”ti etena pah±nasampada½ sakalasa½kilesapah±nad²panato, “aµµhannampi sam³han”ti etena ñ±ºasampada½ maggaµµhaphalaµµhabh±vad²panato. “Ariyasaªghan”ti etena pabhavasampada½ dasseti sabbasaªgh±na½ aggabh±vad²panato. Atha v± sugatassa oras±na½ putt±nanti ariyasaªghassa visuddhanissayabh±vad²pana½. M±rasenamathan±nanti samm±-ujuñ±yas±m²cippaµipannabh±vad²pana½. Aµµhannampi sam³hanti ±huneyy±dibh±vad²pana½. Ariyasaªghanti anuttarapuññakhettabh±vad²pana½. Tath± “sugatassa oras±na½ putt±nan”ti etena ariyasaªghassa lokuttarasaraºagamanasabh±va½ d²peti. Lokuttarasaraºagamanena hi te bhagavato orasaputt± j±t±. “M±rasenamathan±nan”ti etena abhin²h±rasampad±ya siddha½ pubbabh±ge samm±paµipatti½ dasseti. Kat±bhin²h±r± hi samm±paµipann± m±ra½ m±raparisa½ v± abhivijinanti. “Aµµhannampi sam³han”ti etena paµividdhastavipakkhe sekkh±sekkhadhamme dasseti puggal±dhiµµh±nena maggaphaladhamm±na½ pak±sitatt±. “Ariyasaªghan”ti aggadakkhiºeyyabh±va½ dasseti. Saraºagamanañca s±vak±na½ sabbaguº±na½ ±di, sapubbabh±gapaµipad± sekkh± s²lakkhandh±dayo majjhe, asekkh± s²lakkhandh±dayo pariyos±nanti ±dimajjhapariyos±nakaly±º± saªkhepato sabbe ariyasaªghaguº± pak±sit± honti.
4. Eva½ g±th±ttayena saªkhepato sakalaguºasa½kittanamukhena ratanattayassa paº±ma½ katv± id±ni ta½ nipaccak±ra½ yath±dhippete payojane pariº±mento “iti me”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha ratijananaµµhena ratana½, buddhadhammasaªgh±. Tesañhi “itipi so bhagav±”ti-±din± yath±bh³taguºe ±vajjentassa amat±dhigamahetubh³ta½ anappaka½ p²tip±mojja½ uppajjati. Yath±ha–
“Yasmi½, mah±n±ma, samaye ariyas±vako tath±gata½ anussarati, nevassa tasmi½ samaye r±gapariyuµµhita½ citta½ hoti, na dosapariyuµµhita½ citta½ hoti, na mohapariyuµµhita½ citta½ hoti, ujugatamevassa tasmi½ samaye citta½ hoti tath±gata½ ±rabbha. Ujugatacitto kho pana, mah±n±ma, ariyas±vako labhati atthaveda½, labhati dhammaveda½, labhati dhamm³pasa½hita½ p±mojja½, pamuditassa p²ti j±yat²”ti-±di (a. ni. 6.10; 11.11).
Citt²kat±dibh±vo v± ratanaµµho. Vuttañheta½–
“Citt²kata½ mahagghañca, atula½ dullabhadassana½;
anomasattaparibhoga½, ratana½ tena vuccat²”ti. (D². ni. aµµha. 2.33; khu. p±. aµµha. 6.3; su. ni. aµµha. 226; mah±ni. aµµha. 50)–

Citt²katabh±v±dayo ca anaññas±dh±raº± buddh±d²su eva labbhant²ti.

Vandan±va vandan±maya½ yath± “d±namaya½ s²lamayan”ti. Vandan± cettha k±yav±c±cittehi tiººa½ ratan±na½ guºaninnat±, thoman± v±. Pujjabhavaphalanibbattanato puñña½, attano sant±na½ pun±t²ti v±. Suvihatantar±yoti. Suµµhu vihatantar±yo. Etena attano pas±dasampattiy±, ratanattayassa ca khettabh±vasampattiy± ta½ puñña½ atthappak±sanassa upagh±taka-upaddav±na½ vihanane samatthanti dasseti. Hutv±ti pubbak±lakiriy±. Tassa “attha½ pak±sayiss±m²”ti etena sambandho. Tass±ti ya½ ratanattayavandan±maya½ puñña½, tassa. ¾nubh±ven±ti balena.
5. Eva½ ratanattayassa nipaccak±re payojana½ dassetv± id±ni yass± dhammadesan±ya attha½ sa½vaººetuk±mo, tass± t±va guº±bhitthavanavasena upaññ±panattha½ “sa½yuttavaggapaµimaº¹itass±”ti-±di vutta½, devat±sa½yutt±disa½yuttehi ceva na¼avagg±divaggehi ca vibh³sitass±ti attho. Tattha “sa½yuttan”ti “sa½yogo”ti ca atthato eka½. Kesa½ sa½yutta½? Suttavagg±na½. Yath± hi byañjanasamud±yo pada½, eva½ atthesu ca kat±vadhiko padasamud±yo v±kya½, v±kyasamud±yo sutta½, suttasamud±ye vaggoti samaññ±, tath± suttavaggasamud±ye sa½yuttasamaññ±. Sa½yujjant²ti ettha suttavagg±ti sa½yutta½. Yadipi avayavavinimutto samud±yo n±ma paramatthato natthi, avayave eva ta½ta½sannivesavisiµµhe up±d±ya pad±disamaññ± viya suttavaggasamaññ± sa½yuttasamaññ± ±gamasamaññ± ca, tath±pi paramatthato avijjam±nopi samud±yo buddhiparikappitar³pena vijjam±no viya gayham±no avayav±na½ adhiµµh±nabh±vena vohar²yati yath± “rukkhe s±kh±”ti, tasm± vutta½ “sa½yuttavaggapaµimaº¹itass±”ti.
Nanu sa½yuttavaggo eva ±gamo, tassa pana kehi maº¹ananti? Na codetabbameta½. Bhavati hi abhinnepi vatthusmi½ yath±dhippetavises±vabodhanato bhedakasamud±c±ro yath± “sil±puttakassa sar²ran”ti. ¾gamissanti ettha, etena, etasm± v± attatthaparatth±dayoti ±gamo, ±dikaly±º±diguºasampattiy± uttamaµµhena ta½ta½abhipatthitasamiddhihetut±ya paº¹itehi varitabbato varo, ±gamo ca so varo c±ti ±gamavaro. ¾gamasammatehi v± varoti ±gamavaro, sa½yutto ca so ±gamavaro c±ti sa½yutt±gamavaro, tassa. Buddh±na½ anubuddh± buddh±nubuddh±, buddh±na½ saccapaµivedha½ anugamma paµividdhasacc± aggas±vak±dayo ariy±. Tehi atthasa½vaººan±guºasa½vaººan±na½ vasena sa½vaººitassa.
Atha v± buddh± ca anubuddh± ca buddh±nubuddh±ti yojetabba½. Samm±sambuddheneva hi vinayasutta-abhidhamm±na½ pakiººakadesan±divasena yo paµhama½ attho vibhatto, so eva pacch± tesa½ atthavaººan±vasena saªg²tik±rehi saªgaha½ ±ropitoti. Ettha ca sa½yutt±na½ vagg± sam³h±ti sa½yuttavagg±, sag±th±vagg±dayo. Tappariy±pannat±ya sa½yuttesu vagg± sa½yuttavagg±, na¼avagg±dayo. Sa½yutt±va vagg± sa½yuttavagg±. Tividhepi te ekasesanayena gahetv± vutta½ “sa½yuttavaggapaµimaº¹itass±”ti.
Tattha sag±th±vagge t±va ek±dasa sa½yutt±ni aµµhati½sa vagg±. Nid±navagge nava sa½yutt±ni ek³nacatt±l²sa vagg±. Khandhavagge ek±dasa sa½yutt±ni ek³nasaµµhi vagg±. Sa¼±yatanavagge nava sa½yutt±ni aµµhati½sa vagg±. Mah±vagge dv±dasa sa½yutt±ni aµµhacatt±l²sa vagg±. Idamettha sa½yuttantaravagg±na½ parim±ºa½.
ѱºappabhedajananass±ti paµiccasamupp±dakhandh±yatan±dikath±bahulat±ya gambh²rañ±ºacariy±vibh±vanato paññ±vibh±gasamupp±dakassa. Idha pana “paññ±ppabhedajananass±”ti sv±yam±gamo thomito, sa½vaººan±su c±ya½ ±cariyassa pakati, yadida½ ta½ta½sa½vaººan±na½ ±dito tassa tassa sa½vaººetabbassa dhammassa visesaguºakittanena thoman±. Tath± hi sumaªgalavil±sin²papañcas³dan²manorathap³raº²-aµµhas±lin²-±d²su ca yath±kkama½ “saddh±vahaguºassa, parav±damathanassa, dhammakathikapuªgav±na½ vicittapaµibh±najananassa, tassa gambh²rañ±ºehi og±¼hassa abhiºhaso n±n±nayavicittassa abhidhammass±”ti-±din± thoman± kat±.
6. Attho kath²yati et±y±ti atthakath±, atthakath±va aµµhakath± ttha-k±rassa µµha-k±ra½ katv± yath± “dukkhassa p²¼anaµµho”ti. ¾ditoti ±dimhi paµhamasaªg²tiya½. Cha¼abhiññat±ya paramena cittavasibh±vena samann±gatatt± jh±n±d²su pañcavidhavasit±sambh±vato ca vasino, ther± mah±kassap±dayo Tesa½ satehi pañcahi. ti y± aµµhakath±. Saªg²t±ti attha½ kathetu½ yuttaµµh±ne “aya½ etassa attho, aya½ etassa attho”ti saªgahetv± vutt±. Anusaªg²t± ca yasatther±d²hi pacch±pi dutiyatatiyasaªg²t²su. Imin± attano sa½vaººan±ya ±gamanavisuddhi½ dasseti.
7. S²hassa l±nato gahaºato s²ha¼o, s²hakum±ro, tabba½saj±tat±ya tambapaººid²pe khattiy±, tesa½ niv±sat±ya tambapaººid²passa ca s²ha¼abh±vo veditabbo. ¾bhat±ti jambud²pato ±n²t±. Ath±ti pacch±. Aparabh±ge hi nik±yantaraladdh²hi asaªkarattha½ s²ha¼abh±s±ya aµµhakath± µhapit±ti. Tena m³laµµhakath± sabbas±dh±raº± na hot²ti ida½ atthappak±sana½ ekantena karaº²yanti dasseti. Tenev±ha “d²pav±s²namatth±y±”ti. Ettha d²pav±s²nanti jambud²pav±s²na½, s²ha¼ad²pav±s²na½ v± atth±ya s²ha¼abh±s±ya µhapit±ti yojan±.
8. Apanetv±ti kañcukasadisa½ s²ha¼abh±sa½ apanetv±. Tatoti aµµhakath±to. Ahanti att±na½ niddisati. Manorama½ bh±santi m±gadhabh±sa½. S± hi sabh±vaniruttibh³t± paº¹itamana½ ramayati. Tenev±ha “tantinay±nucchavikan”ti, p±¼igatiy± anulomika½ p±¼ich±y±nuvidh±yininti attho. Vigatadosanti asabh±vaniruttibh±santararahita½.
9. Samaya½ avilomentoti siddhanta½ avirodhento. Etena atthados±bh±vam±ha. Aviruddhatt± eva hi therav±d±pi idha pak±s²yissanti. Therava½sad²p±nanti thirehi s²lakkhandh±d²hi samann±gatatt± ther±, mah±kassap±dayo. Tehi ±gat± ±cariyaparampar± therava½so, tappariy±pann± hutv± ±gam±dhigamasampannatt± paññ±pajjotena tassa samujjalanato therava½sad²p±, mah±vih±rav±sino, tesa½. Vividhehi ±k±rehi nicch²yat²ti vinicchayo, gaºµhiµµh±nesu khilamaddan±k±rena pavatt± vimaticchedan² kath±. Suµµhunipuºo saºho vinicchayo etesanti sunipuºavinicchay±. Atha v± vinicchinot²ti vinicchayo vuttappak±ravisaya½ ñ±ºa½. Suµµhu nipuºo cheko vinicchayo etesanti yojetabba½. Etena mah±kassap±ditheraparampar±gato, tato eva ca avipar²to saºho sukhumo mah±vih±rav±s²na½ vinicchayo, tassa pam±ºabh³tata½ dasseti.
10. Sujanassa c±ti ca-saddo sampiº¹anattho. Tena “na kevala½ jambud²pav±s²nameva atth±ya atha kho s±dhujanatosanatthañc±”ti dasseti. Tena ca “tambapaººid²pav±s²nampi atth±y±”ti ayamattho siddho hoti uggahaº±disukarat±ya tesampi bahuk±ratt±. Ciraµµhitatthanti ciraµµhiti-attha½, cirak±lappavattan±y±ti attho. Idañhi atthappak±sana½ avipar²tapadabyañjanasunikkhepassa atthasunayassa ca up±yabh±vato saddhammassa ciraµµhitiy± pavattati. Vuttañheta½ bhagavat± “dveme, bhikkhave, dhamm± saddhammassa µhitiy± asammos±ya anantaradh±n±ya sa½vattanti. Katame dve? Sunikkhittañca padabyañjana½ attho ca sun²to”ti (a. ni. 2.20).
11-12. Ya½ atthavaººana½ kattuk±mo, tass± mahatta½ pariharitu½ “s±vatthipabh³t²nan”ti-±di vutta½. Tenev±ha– “na idha bhiyyo vitth±rakatha½ kariss±mi, na ta½ idha vic±rayiss±m²”ti ca. Saªg²t²na½ dvinnanti d²ghamajjhimanik±y±na½.
13. “Na idha bhiyyo vitth±rakatha½ kariss±m²”ti s±maññato vuttassa atthassa avassaya½ dassetu½ “sutt±na½ pan±”ti-±di vutta½.
14. Ya½ aµµhakatha½ kattuk±mo, tadekadesabh±vena visuddhimaggo gahetabboti kathik±na½ upadesa½ karonto tatta vic±ritadhamme uddesavasena dasseti “s²lakath±”ti-±din±. Tattha s²lakath±ti c±rittav±ritt±divasena s²lassa vitth±rakath±. Dhutadhamm±ti piº¹ap±tikaªg±dayo terasa kilesadhunanakadhamm±. Kammaµµh±n±ni sabb±n²ti p±¼iya½ ±gat±ni aµµhatti½sa, aµµhakath±ya½ dveti niravases±ni yogakammassa bh±van±ya pavattiµµh±n±ni. Cariy±vidh±nasahitoti r±gacariy±d²na½ sabh±g±dividh±nena sahito. Jh±n±ni catt±ri r³p±vacarajjh±n±ni, sam±pattiyo catasso ar³pasam±pattiyo. Aµµhapi v± paµiladdhamatt±ni jh±n±ni, sam±pajjanavasibh±vappattiy± sam±pattiyo. Jh±n±ni v± r³p±r³p±vacarajjh±n±ni, sam±pattiyo phalasam±pattinirodhasam±pattiyo.
15. Lokiyalokuttarabhed± cha abhiññ±yo sabb± abhiññ±yo. ѱºavibhaªg±d²su ±gatanayena ekavidh±din± paññ±ya saªkaletv± sampiº¹etv± nicchayo paññ±saªkalananicchayo.
16. Paccayadhamm±na½ hetu-±d²na½ paccayuppannadhamm±na½ hetupaccay±dibh±vo paccay±k±ro, tassa desan± paccay±k±radesan±, paµiccasamupp±dakath±ti attho. S± pana nik±yantaraladdhisaªkararahitat±ya suµµhuparisuddh±, ghanavinibbhogassa ca sudukkarat±ya nipuº± saºhasukhum±, ekattanay±disahit± ca tattha vic±rit±ti ±ha “suparisuddhanipuºanay±”ti. Paµisambhid±d²su ±gatanaya½ avisajjetv±va vic±ritatt± avimuttatantimagg±.
17. Iti pana sabbanti iti-saddo parisam±pane, pana-saddo vacan±laªk±re, eta½ sabbanti attho. Idh±ti imiss± aµµhakath±ya. Na ta½ vic±rayiss±mi punaruttibh±vatoti adhipp±yo.
18. Id±ni tasseva avic±raºassa ekantak±raºa½ niddh±rento “majjhe visuddhimaggo”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha “majjhe µhatv±”ti etena majjhaµµhabh±vad²panena visesato catunna½ ±gam±na½ s±dh±raºaµµhakath± visuddhimaggo, na sumaªgalavil±sini-±dayo viya as±dh±raºaµµhakath±ti dasseti. “Visesato”ti ca ida½ vinay±bhidhamm±nampi visuddhimaggo yath±raha½ atthavaººan± hoti ev±ti katv± vutta½.
19. Iccev±ti iti eva. Tamp²ti visuddhimaggampi. Et±y±ti s±ratthappak±siniy±.
Ettha ca “s²ha¼ad²pa½ ±bhat±”ti-±din± aµµhakath±karaºassa nimitta½ dasseti, “d²pav±s²namatth±ya sujanassa ca tuµµhattha½ ciraµµhitatthañca dhammass±”ti etehi payojana½, “sa½yutt±gamavarassa attha½ pak±sayiss±m²”ti etena piº¹attha½, “apanetv±na tatoha½ s²ha¼abh±san”ti-±din± “s±vatthipabh³t²nan”ti-±din± “s²lakath±”ti-±din± ca karaºappak±ra½. Heµµhimanik±yesu visuddhimagge ca vic±rit±na½ atth±na½ avic±raºampi hi idha karaºappak±ro ev±ti.

Ganth±rambhakath±vaººan± niµµhit±.