6. Brahmasa½yutta½

1. Paµhamavaggo

1. Brahm±y±canasuttavaººan±

172. Parivitakko udap±d²ti dhammagambh²rat±paccavekkhaºahetuko dhammadesan±ya appossukko uppajji. Aya½ parivitakko kasm± udap±di? Kattha ca udap±d²ti ta½ sabba½ vibh±vetu½ “sabbabuddh±nan”ti-±di ±raddha½. Tattha ±ciººasam±ciººoti ±carito ceva ±carantehi ca sammadeva ±caritoti attho. Etena aya½ parivitakko sabbabuddh±na½ paµham±bhisambodhiya½ uppajjatev±ti ayamettha dhammat±ti dasseti. Tattha aµµhame satt±heti ida½ sattamasatt±hato para½ satt±habbhantare uppannatt± vutta½, na pana itaresa½ viya aµµhamassa n±ma satt±hassa pavattitassa sabbh±v±. Sapaccaggheti mahagghe. “Paccagghe”ti v± p±µho, abhinaveti attho. Selamayeti muggavaººasil±maye.
Paµividdhoti sayambhuñ±ºena “ida½ dukkhan”ti-±din± paµimukha½ nibbijjhanavasena patto, y±th±vato avabuddhoti attho. Dhammoti catusaccadhammo tabbinimuttassa paµivijjhitabbadhammassa abh±vato. Gambh²roti mah±samuddo viya makasatuº¹as³ciy± aññatra samupacitaparipakkañ±ºasambh±rehi aññesa½ ñ±ºena alabbhaneyyapatiµµho. Ten±ha “utt±napaµikkhepavacanametan”ti. Yo alabbhaneyyapatiµµho, so og±hitu½ asakkuºeyyat±ya sar³pato visesato ca passitu½ na sakk±ti ±ha “gambh²ratt±va duddaso”ti. Dukkhena daµµhabboti kicchena kenaci kad±cideva daµµhabbo. Ya½ pana daµµhumeva na sakk±, tassa og±hetv± anu anu bujjhanako kad±ci natth²ti ±ha “duddasatt±va duranubodho”ti. Dukkhena avabujjhitabbo avabodhassa dukkarabh±vato. Imasmi½ µh±ne “ta½ ki½ maññatha, bhikkhave, katama½ nu kho dukkaratara½ v± durabhisambhavatara½ v±”ti (sa½. ni. 5.1115) suttapada½ vattabba½. Sant±rammaºat±ya v± santo. Nibbutasabbapari¼±hat±ya nibbuto. Attano paccayehi padh±nabh±va½ n²toti v± paº²to Atittikaraºaµµhena atappako s±durasabhojana½ viya. Tattha ca nirodhasacca½ santa½ ±rammaºanti sant±rammaºa½, maggasacca½ santa½ sant±rammaºañc±ti sant±rammaºa½, anupasantasabh±v±na½ kiles±na½ saªkh±r±nañca abh±vato santo. Nibbutasabbapari¼±hatt± nibbuto. Santapaº²tabh±veneva tadatth±ya asecanakat±ya atappakat± daµµhabb±. Ten±ha “ida½ dvaya½ lokuttarameva sandh±ya vuttan”ti. Uttamañ±ºassa visayatt± na takkena avacaritabbo. Tato eva nipuºañ±ºagocarat±ya saºhasukhumasabh±vatt± ca nipuºo. B±l±na½ avisayatt± yath±vuttehi paº¹itehi eva veditabboti paº¹itavedan²yo. ¾l²yanti abhiramitabbaµµhena sev²yant²ti ±lay±, pañca k±maguº±. ¾layanti all²yanti abhiramaºavasena sevant²ti ±lay±, taºh±vicarit±ni. Ramant²ti rati½ vindanti k²¼anti la¼anti. ¾layarat±ti ±layanirat±.
Ýh±na½ sandh±y±ti µh±nasadda½ sandh±ya, atthako pana µh±nanti ca paµiccasamupp±do eva adhippeto. Tiµµhati phala½ tad±yattavuttit±y±ti hi µh±na½, saªkh±r±d²na½ paccayabh³t± avijj±dayo. Imesa½ saªkh±r±d²na½ paccay± idappaccay±, avijj±dayo. Idappaccay± eva idappaccayat± yath± “devo eva devat±”. Idappaccay±na½ v± avijj±d²na½ attano phala½ pati paccayabh±vo upp±danasamatthat± idappaccayat±. Tena paramatthapaccayalakkhaºo paµiccasamupp±do dassito hoti. Paµicca samuppajjati phala½ etasm±ti paµiccasamupp±do. Padadvayenapi dhamm±na½ paccayaµµho eva vibh±vito. Ten±ha “saªkh±r±dipaccay±na½ eta½ adhivacanan”ti. Saªkh±r±d²na½ paccay± saªkh±r±dipaccay±, avijj±dayo. Tesa½ saªkh±r±dipaccay±na½. Ayamettha saªkhepo, vitth±ro pana visuddhimaggasa½vaººan±ya½ (visuddhi. mah±µ². 2.572-573) vuttanayena veditabbo. Sabbasaªkh±rasamathoti-±di sabbanti sabbasaªkh±rasamath±di-abhidheyya½ sabba½ atthato nibb±nameva. Id±ni assa nibb±nabh±va½ dassetu½ “yasm± h²”ti-±di vutta½. Tanti nibb±na½. ¾gamm±ti paµicca ariyamaggassa ±rammaºapaccayahetu. Sammant²ti paµippassaddhiv³pasamavasena sammanti. Tath± sant± ca savisesa½ upasant± n±ma hont²ti ±ha “v³pasammant²”ti. Etena sabbe saªkh±r± sammanti etth±ti sabbasaªkh±rasamatho, nibb±nanti dasseti. Sabbasaªkh±ravisa½yutte hi nibb±ne sabbasaªkh±rav³pasamapariy±yo aµµhakath±ya½ vutto eva. Sesapadesupi eseva nayo.
Upadh²yati ettha dukkhanti upadhi, khandh±dayo. Paµinissaµµh±ti samucchedavasena pariccatt± honti. Sabb± taºh±ti aµµhasatappabhed± sabb±pi taºh±. Sabbe kilesar±g±ti k±mar±gar³par±g±dibhed± sabbepi kilesabh³t± r±g±, sabbepi v± kiles± idha “kilesar±g±”ti adhippet±, na lobhavises± eva cittassa pari¼±habh±v±p±danato. Yath±ha “rattampi citta½ vipariºata½ duµµhampi citta½ vipariºata½, m³¼hampi citta½ vipariºatan”ti (p±r±. 271). Virajjant²ti palujjanti vikkhambhanato sabbaso tena visa½yuttabh±vato. Sabba½ dukkhanti jar±maraº±dibheda½ sabba½ vaµµadukkha½. Bhavena bhavanti tena tena bhavena bhavantara½ bhavanikantibh±vena sa½sibbati. Phalena v± saddhi½ kamma½ sataºhasseva ±yati½ punabbhavabh±vato. Tato v±nato nikkhanta½ tattha tassa sabbaso abh±vato. Ciranisajj±cirabh±sanehi piµµhi-±gil±yanat±lugalasos±divasena k±yakilamatho ceva k±yavihes± ca veditabb±. S± ca kho desan±ya atthamaj±nant±na½ apaµipajjant±nañca vasena, j±nant±na½ pana paµipajjant±nañca desan±ya k±yaparissamopi satthu aparissamoyeva. Ten±ha bhagav±– “na ca ma½ dhamm±dhikaraºa½ viheses²”ti (ud±. 10). Tenev±ha– “y± aj±nant±na½ desan± n±ma, so mama kilamatho ass±”ti. Ubhayanti cittakilamatho cittavihes± c±ti ubhayampeta½ buddh±na½ natthi bodhim³le eva samucchinnatt±. Anubr³hana½ sampiº¹ana½. Soti apiss³ti nip±to. Vuddhippatt± v± acchariy± anacchariy±, vuddhi-atthopi hi -k±ro hoti yath± “asekkh± dhamm±”ti. Kapp±na½ satasahassa½ catt±ri ca asaªkhyeyy±ni sadevakassa lokassa dhammasa½vibh±gakaraºatthameva p±ramiyo p³retv± id±ni samadhigatadhammarajjassa tattha appossukkat±pattid²panat± g±thatthassa ca acchariyat± tassa vuddhippatt²ti veditabba½. Atthadv±rena hi g±th±na½ anacchariyat±. Gocar± ahesunti upaµµhahi½su. Upaµµh±nañca vitakketabbat±v±ti ±ha “parivitakkayitabbata½ p±puºi½s³”ti.
Yadi sukh±paµipad±va, katha½ kicchat±ti ±ha “p±ram²p³raºak±le pan±”ti-±di. Evam±d²ni duppariccaj±ni dentassa. Ha-iti v± byattanti etasmi½ atthe nip±to. “Eka½satthe”ti keci. Ha byatta½, eka½sena v± ala½ nippayojana½ eva½ kicchena adhigatassa pak±situ½ desitunti yojan±. Halanti v± alanti imin± sam±natthapada½ “halanti vad±m²”ti-±d²su viya. R±gadosaphuµµheh²ti phuµµhavisena viya sappena r±gena dosena ca phuµµhehi abhibh³tehi. R±gados±nugateh²ti r±gadosehi anubandhehi.
Nicc±d²nanti nicc±d²na½ catunna½ vipall±s±na½. Eva½gatanti eva½ aniccanti-±din± ±k±rena pavatta½ bujjhitabba½. K±mar±garatt± ca bhavar±garatt± ca n²varaºehi nivutacittat±ya diµµhir±garatt± vipar²t±bhinivesena na dakkhanti y±th±vato dhamma½ na paµivijjhissanti. Sabh±ven±ti avipar²tasabh±vena. Eva½ g±h±petunti aniccanti-±din± sabh±vena y±th±vato dhamma½ j±n±petu½. R±gadosaparetat±pi nesa½ samm³¼habh±venev±ti ±ha “tamokhandhena ±vuµ±”ti.
Dhammadesan±ya appossukkat±pattiy± k±raºa½ vibh±vetu½ “kasm± pan±”ti-±din± sayameva codana½ samuµµh±peti. Aññ±tavesen±ti imassa bhagavato s±vakabh±v³pagamanena aññ±tavesena. “Aññatarat±pasavesen±”ti keci, so panassa arahatt±dhigamaneneva vigaccheyya. Tividha½ k±raºa½ appossukkat±pattiy± paµipakkhassa balavabh±vo, dhammassa gambh²rat±, tattha ca bhagavato s±tisaya½ g±ravanti ta½ dassetu½ “tassa h²”ti-±di ±raddha½. Tattha paµipakkh± n±ma r±g±dayo kiles± samm±paµipattiy± antar±yakaratt±. Tesa½ balavabh±vato ciraparibh±van±ya sattasant±nato dubbisodhiyat±ya te satte mattahatthino viya dubbalapurisa½ adhibhavitv± ajjhottharitv± anayabyasana½ ±p±dent± anekasatayojan±y±mavitth±ra½ sunicita½ ghanasannivesa½ kaºµakaduggampi adhisenti. D³rapabhedaducchejjat±hi dubbisodhiyata½ pana dassetu½ “athass±”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha ca anto amaµµhat±ya kañjiyapuºº± l±bu, cirap±riv±sikat±ya takkabharit± c±µi, snehatintadubbalabh±vena vas±p²tapilotik±, telamissitat±ya añjanamakkhitahattho dubbisodhan²y± vutt±. H²n³pam± cet± r³papabandhabh±vato acirak±likatt± ca mal²nat±ya, kilesasa½kileso eva pana dubbisodhan²yataro an±dik±likatt± ar³panissitatt± ca. Ten±ha “atisa½kiliµµh±”ti.
Yath± ca dubbisodhan²yatarat±ya, eva½ gambh²raduddasaduranubodh±nampi vutta-upam± h²n³pam±va. Gambh²ropi dhammo paµipakkhavidhamanena ñ±ºena visadabh±va½ ±pannena sup±kaµo bhaveyya, paµipakkhavidhamana½ pana samm±paµipattipaµibaddha½, s± saddhammassavan±dh²n±, ta½ satthari dhamme ca pas±d±yatta½. So garuµµh±niy±na½ ajjhesanahetukoti paº±lik±ya satt±na½ dhammasampaµipattiy± brahm±y±can±nimittanti ta½ dassento “apic±”ti-±dim±ha.
Upakkilesabh³ta½ appa½ r±g±diraja½ etass±ti apparaja½, apparaja½ akkhi paññ±cakkhu yesa½ te ta½sabh±v±ti katv± apparajakkhaj±tik±ti imamattha½ dassento “paññ±maye”ti-±dim±ha. Appa½ r±g±diraja½ yesa½ ta½sabh±v± apparajakkhaj±tik±ti evamettha attho veditabbo. Assavanat±ti “saya½ abhiññ±”ti-±d²su viya karaºe paccattavacananti ±ha “assavanat±y±”ti. Dasapuññakiriyavasen±ti d±n±didasavidhapuññakiriyavatth³na½ vasena. Ten±ha “kat±dhik±r±”ti-±di. Papañcas³daniya½ (ma. ni. aµµha. 1.282) pana “dv±dasapuññakiriyavasen±”ti vutta½, ta½ d±n±d²su saraºagamana-parahitapariº±man±dipakkhipanavasena vutta½.
R±g±dimalena samalehi p³raº±d²hi chahi satth±rehi satthupaµiññehi kabbaracan±vasena cint±kavi-±dibh±ve µhatv± takkapariy±hata½ v²ma½s±nucarita½ saya½paµibh±na½ cintito. Te kira buddhakol±hal±nussavena sañj±takut³hala½ loka½ vañcent± kohaññe µhatv± sabbaññuta½ paµij±nant± ya½ kañci adhammameva “dhammo”ti d²pesu½. Ten±ha “te hi puretara½ uppajjitv±”ti-±di. Ap±puretanti eta½ kassapassa bhagavato s±sanantaradh±nato pabhuti pihita½ nibb±namah±dv±ra½ ariyamagga½ saddhammadesan±hatthena ap±pura vivara.
Selo pabbato ucco hoti thiro ca, na pa½supabbato missakapabbato c±ti ±ha “sele yath± pabbatamuddhan²”ti. Dhammamaya½ p±s±danti lokuttaradhammam±ha. So hi sabbaso pas±d±vaho, sabbadhamme atikkamma abbhuggataµµhena p±s±dasadiso ca. Paññ±pariy±yo v± idha dhamma-saddoti vutta½ “paññ±mayan”ti. S± hi abbhuggataµµhena p±s±doti abhidhamme ±gat±. Tath± c±ha–
“Paññ±p±s±dam±ruyha, asoko sokini½ paja½;
pabbataµµhova bh³maµµhe, dh²ro b±le avekkhat²”ti. (Dha. pa. 28).
Yath± h²ti-±d²su yath± ca pabbate µhatv± andhak±re heµµh± olokentassa purisassa khettaked±rap±¼ikuµik±yo tattha sayitamanuss± ca na paññ±yanti anujjalabh±vato, kuµik±su pana aggij±l± paññ±yati samujjalabh±vato, eva½ dhammap±s±dam±ruyha sattaloka½ olokayato bhagavato ñ±ºassa ±p±tha½ n±gacchanti akatakaly±º± satt±, ñ±ºaggin± anujjalabh±vato anu¼±rabh±vato ca ratti½ khitt± sar± viya honti, katakaly±º± pana bhabbapuggal± d³re µhit±pi bhagavato ±p±tha½ ±gacchanti paripakkañ±ºaggit±ya samujjalabh±vato u¼±rasant±nat±ya himavantapabbato viya c±ti eva½ yojan± veditabb±.
Garuµµh±n²ya½ payirup±sitv± garutara½ payojana½ uddissa abhipatthan± ajjhesan±, s±pi atthato y±can±va hot²ti ±ha “ajjhesananti y±canan”ti. Padesavisaya½ ñ±ºadassana½ ahutv± buddh±na½yeva ±veºikabh±vato ida½ ñ±ºadvaya½ “buddhacakkh³”ti vuccat²ti ±ha “imesañhi dvinna½ ñ±º±na½ ‘buddhacakkh³’ti n±man”ti. Tiººa½ magggañ±º±nanti heµµhim±na½ tiººa½ maggañ±º±na½ “dhammacakkh³”ti n±ma½ catusaccadhammadassanamattabh±vato. Yato t±ni ñ±º±ni vijj³pamabh±vena vutt±ni, aggamaggañ±ºa½ pana ñ±ºakiccassa sikh±ppattiy± dassanamatta½ na hot²ti “dhammacakkh³”ti na vuccati, yato ta½ vajir³pamabh±vena vutta½. Vuttanayen±ti “apparajakkhaj±tik±”ti ettha vuttanayena. Yasm± mandakiles± “apparajakkh±”ti vutt±, tasm± bahalakiles± “mah±rajakkh±”ti veditabb±. Paµipakkhavidhamanasamatthat±ya tikkh±ni s³r±ni visad±ni, vuttavipariy±yena mud³ni. Saddh±dayo ±k±r±ti saddahan±dippak±re vadati. Sundar±ti kaly±º±. Sammohavinodaniya½ pana “yesa½ ±say±dayo koµµh±s± sundar±, te sv±k±r±”ti vutta½, ta½ im±ya atthavaººan±ya aññadatthu sa½sandat²ti daµµhabba½. K±raºa½ n±ma paccay±k±ro, sacc±ni v±. Paralokanti sampar±ya½. Ta½ dukkh±vaha½ vajja½ viya bhayato passitabbanti vutta½ “paralokañceva vajjañca bhayato passant²”ti. Sampattibhavato v± aññatt± vipattibhavo paralokoti vutta½ “para…pe… passant²”ti.
Aya½ panettha p±¼²ti ettha “apparajakkh±”ti pad±na½ atthavibh±vane aya½ tassa tath±bh±vas±dhanap±¼i. Saddh±d²nañhi vimuttaparip±cakadhamm±na½ balavabh±vo tappaµipakkh±na½ p±padhamm±na½ dubbalabh±ve sati hoti. Tesañca balavabh±vo saddh±d²na½ dubbalabh±veti vimuttiparip±cakadhamm±na½ savisesa½ atthit±natthit±vasena apparajakkh± mah±rajakkh±ti-±dayo p±¼iya½ (paµi. ma. 1.111) vibhajitv± dassit± “saddho puggalo apparajakkho”ti-±din±. Khandh±dayo eva lujjanapalujjanaµµhena loko sampattibhavabh³to loko sampattibhavaloko, sugatisaªkh±to upapattibhavo. Sampatti bhavati eten±ti sampattisambhavaloko, sugatisa½vattaniyo kammabhavo. Duggatisaªkh±ta-upapattibhava-duggatisa½vattaniyakammabhav± vipattibhavaloka-vipattisambhavalok±. Puna ekakaduk±divasena loka½ vibhajitv± dassetu½ “eko loko”ti-±di vutta½. ¾h±r±dayo viya hi ±h±raµµhitik± saªkh±r± sabbe lujjanaµµhena lokoti. Tattha eko loko sabbe satt± ±h±raµµhitik±ti y±ya½ puggal±dhiµµh±n±ya kath±ya sabbesa½ saªkh±r±na½ paccay±yattavuttit± vutt±, t±ya sabbo saªkh±raloko eko ekavidho pak±rantarassa abh±vato. Dve lok±ti-±d²supi imin± nayena attho veditabbo. N±maggahaºena cettha nibb±nassa aggahaºa½ tassa alokasabh±vatt±.
Nanu ca “±h±raµµhitik±”ti ettha paccay±yattavuttit±ya maggaphal±nampi lokat± ±pajjat²ti? N±pajjati, pariññeyy±na½ dukkhasaccadhamm±na½ idha “loko”ti adhippetatt±. Atha v± na lujjati na palujjat²ti yo gahito tath± na hoti, so lokoti ta½gahaºarahit±na½ lokuttar±na½ natthi lokat±. Up±d±n±na½ ±rammaºabh³t± khandh± up±d±nakkhandh±. Anurodh±divatthubh³t± l±bh±dayo aµµha lokadhamm±. Das±yatan±n²ti dasa r³p±yatan±ni. Sesa½ suviññeyyameva. Vivaµµajjh±sayassa adhippetatt± tassa ca sabba½ tebh³makakamma½ garahitabba½ vajjitabbañca hutv± upaµµh±t²ti vutta½ “sabbe abhisaªkh±r± vajj±, sabbe bhavag±mikamm± vajj±”ti Apparajakkhat±d²su pañcasu dukesu ekekasmi½ dasa dasa katv± “paññ±s±ya ±k±rehi im±ni pañcindriy±ni j±n±t²”ti vutta½. Atha v± anvayato byatirekato ca saddh±d²na½ indriy±na½ paropariyatta½ j±n±t²ti katv± tath± vutta½. Ettha ca apparajakkh±dibhabb±divasena ±vajjentassa bhagavato te satt± puñjapuñj±va hutv± upaµµhahanti, na ekek±.
Uppal±ni ettha sant²ti uppalin². Uppalagacchopi jal±sayopi ca. Idha pana jal±sayo adhippetoti ±ha “uppalavane”ti. Y±ni hi udakassa anto nimugg±neva hutv± pusanti va¹¹hanti, t±ni antonimuggapos²ni. D²pit±n²ti aµµhakath±ya½ pak±sit±ni, idheva v± “aññ±nip²”ti-±din± dassit±ni. Ugghaµitaññ³ti ugghaµana½ n±ma ñ±ºugghaµana½, ñ±ºena ugghaµitamatteneva j±n±t²ti attho. Vipañcita½ vitth±ritameva attha½ j±n±t²ti vipañcitaññ³. Niddes±d²hi dhamm±bhisamay±ya netabboti neyyo. Pajjati attho eten±ti pada½, pajjate ñ±yateti v± pada½, tadattho. Pada½ parama½ etassa, na sacc±bhisambodhoti padaparamo.
Ud±haµavel±y±ti ud±h±re dhammassa uddese ud±haµamatteyeva. Dhamm±bhisamayoti catusaccadhammassa ñ±ºena saddhi½ abhisamayo. Aya½ vuccat²ti aya½ “catt±ro satipaµµh±n±”ti-±din± nayena sa½khittena m±tik±ya µhapiyam±n±ya desan±nus±rena ñ±ºa½ pesetv± arahatta½ gaºhitu½ samattho puggalo “ugghaµitaññ³”ti vuccati. Aya½ vuccat²ti sa½khittena m±tika½ µhapetv± vitth±rena atthe vibhajiyam±ne arahatta½ p±puºitu½ samattho puggalo “vipañcitaññ³”ti vuccati. Uddesatoti uddesahetu. Uddisantassa uddis±pentassa v±ti attho. Paripucchatoti attha½ paripucchantassa. Anupubbena dhamm±bhisamayo hot²ti anukkamena arahattappatti hoti. Na t±ya j±tiy± dhamm±bhisamayo hot²ti tena attabh±vena magga½ v± phala½ v± antamaso jh±na½ v± vipassana½ v± nibbattetu½ na sakkoti. Aya½ vuccati padaparamoti aya½ puggalo chabbidha½ byañjanapada½ chabbidha½ atthapadanti ida½ padameva parama½ ass±ti padaparamoti vuccat²ti attho.
V±san± hot²ti desan± phalavoh±rena v±san± hot²ti vutt±. Na hi k±ci buddh±na½ desan± niratthak±. Yeti ye duvidhe puggale. Vibhaªge kamm±varaºen±ti pañcavidhena ±nantariyakammena. Vip±k±varaºen±ti ahetukapaµisandhiy±. Yasm± pana duhetuk±nampi ariyamaggapaµivedho natthi, tasm± duhetuk± paµisandhipi vip±k±varaºamev±ti veditabb±. Kiles±varaºen±ti niyatamicch±diµµhiy±. Assaddh±ti buddh±d²su saddh±rahit±. Acchandik±ti kattukamyat±chandarahit±. Uttarakuruk± manuss± acchandikaµµh±na½ paviµµh±. Duppaññ±ti bhavaªgapaññ±ya parih²n±. Bhavaªgapaññ±ya pana paripuºº±yapi yassa bhavaªgacalana½ lokuttarassa paccayo na hoti, sopi duppañño eva n±ma. Abhabb± niy±ma½ okkamitu½ kusalesu dhammesu sammattanti kusalesu dhammesu sammattaniy±masaªkh±ta½ magga½ okkamitu½ adhigantu½ abhabb±. Na kamm±varaºen±ti-±d²ni vuttavipariy±yena veditabb±ni. R±gacarit±di-±d²su ya½ vattabba½, ta½ paramatthad²paniya½ visuddhimaggasa½vaººan±ya½ (visuddhi. mah±µ². 1.43) vuttanayena veditabba½.
Nibb±nassa dv±ra½ pavisanamaggo vivaritv± µhapito mah±karuº³panissayena sayambhuñ±ºena adhigatatt±. Saddha½ pamuñcant³ti attano saddha½ dhammasampaµicchanayogya½ katv± vissajjentu, saddahan±k±rena na½ upaµµhapent³ti attho. Sukhena akicchena pavattan²yat±ya suppavattita½. Na bh±si½ na bh±siss±m²ti cintesi½.
Satthu santika½ upagat±na½ dev±na½ brahm±nañca tassa purato antaradh±na½ n±ma atiµµhananti ±ha “sakaµµh±nameva gato”ti. Saddhindriy±di samm±diµµhi-±diko dhammo eva vineyyasant±ne pavattanaµµhena cakkanti dhammacakka½. Atha v± cakkanti ±º±. Dhammanti desan±. Atha v± atthadhammato anapetatt± dhammañca ta½ pavattanaµµhena cakkañc±ti dhammacakka½. Dhammena ñ±yena cakkantipi dhammacakka½. Yath±ha “dhammañca pavatteti cakkañc±ti dhammacakka½, cakkañca pavatteti dhammañc±ti dhammacakka½, dhammena pavattet²ti dhammacakka½, dhammacariy±ya pavattet²ti dhammacakkan”ti-±di (paµi. ma. 2.40-41). Pavattes²ti paµµhapesi.

Brahm±y±canasuttavaººan± niµµhit±.