3. Jar±maraºasuttavaººan±

114. Aññatra jar±maraº±ti jar±maraºena vin±. Jar±maraºavirahito j±to n±ma atthi nu khoti pucchati. P±¼iya½ j±tass±ti paccatte s±mivacana½. Mah±s±l±ti imin± ra-k±rassa la-k±ra½ katv± “mah±s±l±”ti vuttanti dasseti yath± “puratthiyoti pulatthiyo”ti. Mah±s±rappatt±ti mahanta½ vibhavas±ra½ patt±. Koµisata½ dhana½, ayameva v± p±µho. “Kumbha½ n±ma dasa ambaº±n²”ti vadanti. Issar±ti vibhavissariyena issar±. Suvaººarajatabh±jan±d²nanti ±di-saddena vatthaseyy±vasath±di½ saªgaºh±ti. As±dh±raºadhan±na½ nidh±nagatatt± “anidh±nagatass±”ti vutta½. Tuµµhikaraºass±ti p±s±dasivik±disukhas±dhanassa.
¾rak± kileseh²ti niruttinayena saddasiddhim±ha. ¾rak±ti ca sabbaso samucchinnatt± tehi d³reti attho. R±g±d²na½ hatatt±, p±pakaraºe rah±bh±vato, anuttaradakkhiºeyyat±dipaccay± ca araha½. K±mañc±ya½ sa½yuttavaººan±, abhidhammanayo eva pana nippariy±yoti ±ha “catt±ro ±sav±”ti brahmacariyav±santi maggabrahmacariyav±sa½. Vuµµh±ti vuµµhavanto. Cat³hi maggehi karaº²yanti pacceka½ cat³hi maggehi kattabba½ pariññ±pah±nasacchikiriyabh±van±bhisamaya½. Eva½ gata½ so¼asavidha½ hoti. Os²d±panaµµhena bh±r± viy±ti bh±r±. Ten±ha “bh±r± have pañcakkhandh±”ti-±di (sa½. ni. 3.22). Attapaµibaddhat±ya attano avijahanato paramatthadesan±ya ca paramattho arahatta½. K±mañc±yamattho sabbasamiddhisasantatipariy±panno anavajjadhammo sambhavati akuppasabh±v±, aparih±nadhammesu pana aggabh³te arahatte s±tisayo, na itares³ti “arahattasaªkh±to”ti-±di vutta½. Orambh±giyuddhambh±giyavibh±ga½ dasavidhampi bhavesu sa½yojana½ kilesakammavip±kavaµµapaccayo hutv± nissaritu½ appad±navasena bandhat²ti bhavasa½yojana½. Satipi hi aññesa½ tappakkhiyabh±vena vin± sa½yojan±ni tesa½ tappaccayabh±vo atthi, bhavaniy±mo orambh±giyuddhambh±giyasaªgahitoti ta½ta½bhavanibbattakakammaniy±mo ca hoti, na ca upacchinnasa½yojanassa kat±nipi kamm±ni bhava½ nibbattent²ti tesa½yeva sa½yojanaµµho daµµhabbo. Samm± k±raºehi j±nitv±ti ñ±yena dukkh±d²su so yath± j±nitabbo; tath± j±nitv±, pubbak±lakiriy±vimutt± hi aparak±lakiriy± ca yath± sambhavati, ta½ dassetu½ “maggapaññ±y±”ti-±di vutta½.
Bhijjanasabh±vo khaº±yattatt±. Nikkhipitabbasabh±vo maraºadhammatt±. Aya½ k±yo usm±yuviññ±º±pagamo cha¹¹an²yadhammo, yasmi½ ya½ patiµµhita½, ta½ tassa sant±nagatavippayuttanti katv± vattabbata½ arahat²ti ±ha “kh²º±savassa hi aj²raºadhammopi atth²”ti-±di. Ten±ha bhagav± “imasmi½yeva by±mamatte ka¼evare sasaññimhi samanake lokañca paññapemi lokasamudayañca lokanirodhañc±”ti-±di (sa½. ni. 1.107; a. ni. 4.45). Assa kh²º±savassa, “j²raºadhamman”ti yath±vutta½ aj²raºadhamma½ µhapetv± j²raºadhamma½ dassento “tesa½p±ya½ k±yo bhedanadhammo”ti evam±ha. Jara½ pattasseva hissa bhedananikkhipitabbat±niyate atthe suttadesan± pavatt±. Atthassa uppatti aµµhuppatti, s± etassa atth²ti aµµhuppattiko. Kira-saddo anussavattho, tena anussav±gatoyamattho, na aµµhakath±gatoti d²peti. Ten±ha “vadant²”ti. Yen±ya½ attho hetun± aµµhuppattiko, ta½ dassetu½ “sivikas±l±ya½ nis²ditv± kathitan”ti vutta½. “Viharati jetavane”ti nid±navacanena yath± na virujjhati, tath± veditabba½. Nanu imassa suttassa pucch±vasiko nikkhepoti? Saccameta½, suttekadesa½ pana sandh±ya aµµhuppattikat±vacana½. Keci pana “y±na½ ±ruhitv± r±j± ±gato, rañño ±rohan²yaratha½ dassetv± vuttan”tipi vadanti.
Sar²re pheºapiº¹asame ki½ vattabba½? Sabbhi saddhinti s±dh³hi saha pavedayanti. Na hi kad±ci s±dh³na½ s±dh³hi saha kattabb± honti, tasm± s²danasabh±v±na½ kiles±na½ bhijjanappattatt± nibb±na½ sabbh²ti vuccati. Purimapadass±ti “satañca dhammo na jara½ upet²”ti padassa. K±raºa½ dassento byatirekavasena. Sata½ dhammo nibb±na½ kilesehi sa½s²danabhijjanasabh±vo na hoti, tasm± ta½ ±gamma jara½ na upeti. Kiles± pana tannimittak±, evamaya½ vuttak±raºato jara½ na upet²ti. Ten±ha “idan”ti-±di. Sundar±dhivacana½ v± eta½ “sabbh²”ti pada½ ap±pat±d²panato, sabbhidhammabh³tanti attho. Ten±ha “vir±go tesa½ aggamakkh±yati (itivu. 90; a. ni. 4.34), na tena dhammena samatthi kiñc²”ti (khu. p±. 6.4; su. ni. 227) ca.

Jar±maraºasuttavaººan± niµµhit±.