Dhammoti dasakusaladhammo, d±nas²labh±van±dhammo v±. Suciººoti sukato sucarito. Sukham±vahat²ti soºaseµµhiputtaraµµhap±l±d²na½ viya manussasukha½, sakk±d²na½ viya dibbasukha½, pariyos±ne mah±padum±d²na½ viya nibb±nasukhañca ±vahati.
Saccanti aya½ saccasaddo anekesu atthesu dissati. Seyyathida½– “sacca½ bhaºe na kujjheyy± ti-±d²su (dha. pa. 224) v±c±sacce. “Sacce µhit± samaºabr±hmaº± c±”ti-±d²su (j±. 2.21.433) viratisacce. “Kasm± nu sacc±ni vadanti n±n±, pav±diy±se kusal± vad±n±”ti-±d²su (su. ni. 891) diµµhisacce. “Catt±rim±ni, bhikkhave, br±hmaºasacc±n²”ti-±d²su (a. ni. 4.185) br±hmaºasacce. “Eka½ hi sacca½ na dutiyamatth²”ti-±d²su (su. ni. 890; mah±ni. 119) paramatthasacce. “Catunna½ sacc±na½ kati kusal±”ti-±d²su (vibha. 216) ariyasacce. Idha pana paramatthasacca½ nibb±na½ viratisaccañca abbhantara½ katv± v±c±sacca½ adhippeta½, yass±nubh±vena udak±d²ni vase vattenti, j±tijar±maraºap±ra½ taranti. Yath±ha–
“Saccena v±cenudakamhi dh±vati,
visampi saccena hananti paº¹it±;
saccena devo thanaya½ pavassati,
sace µhit± nibbuti½ patthayanti.
“Ye kecime atthi ras± pathaby±,
sacca½ tesa½ s±dutara½ ras±na½;
sacce µhit± samaºabr±hmaº± ca,
taranti j±timaraºassa p±ran”ti. (J±. 2.21.433).
S±dutaranti madhuratara½ paº²tatara½. Ras±nanti ye ime “m³laraso khandharaso”ti-±din± (dha. sa. 628-630) nayena s±yan²yadhamm±, yecime “anuj±n±mi, bhikkhave, sabba½ phalarasa½ (mah±va. 300), arasar³po bhava½ gotamo, ye te, br±hmaºa, r³paras± saddaras± (p±r±. 3; a. ni. 8.11), an±patti rasarase (p±ci. 605-611), aya½ dhammavinayo ekaraso vimuttiraso (c³¼ava. 385; a. ni. 8.19), bh±g² v± bhagav± attharasassa dhammarasass±”ti-±din± (mah±ni. 149) nayena r³p±c±rarasupavajj± avases± byañjan±dayo “dhammaras±”ti vuccanti Tesa½ ras±na½ sacca½ have s±dutara½ saccameva s±dutara½. S±dhutara½ v±, seµµhatara½, uttamatara½. M³laras±dayo hi sar²ramupabr³henti, sa½kilesikañca sukham±vahanti. Saccarase viratisaccav±c±saccaras± samathavipassan±d²hi citta½ upabr³heti, asa½kilesikañca sukham±vahati. Vimuttiraso paramatthasaccarasaparibh±vitatt± s±du, attharasadhammaras± ca tadadhigam³p±yabh³ta½ atthañca dhammañca niss±ya pavattitoti.
Paññ±j²vi½j²vitanti ettha pana yv±ya½ andhekacakkhudvicakkhukesu dvicakkhupuggalo gahaµµho v± kammant±nuµµh±na-saraºagamanad±na-sa½vibh±ga-s²lasam±d±nuposathakamm±di gahaµµhapaµipada½, pabbajito v± avippaµis±rakaras²lasaªkh±ta½ taduttaricittavisuddhi-±dibhedampi pabbajitapaµipada½ paññ±ya ±r±dhetv± j²vati, tassa paññ±ya j²vino j²vita½, ta½ v± paññ±j²vita½ seµµham±h³ti evamattho daµµhabbo.
Eva½ bhagavat± vissajjite catt±ropi pañhe sutv± attamano yakkho avasesepi catt±ro pañhe pucchanto katha½su tarati oghanti g±tham±ha. Athassa bhagav± purimanayeneva vissajjento saddh±ya tarat²ti g±tham±ha. Tattha kiñc±pi yo catubbidhamogha½ tarati, so sa½s±raººavampi tarati, vaµµadukkhampi acceti, kilesamal±pi parisujjhati, eva½ santepi pana yasm± assaddho oghataraºa½ asaddahanto na pakkhandati, pañcasu k±maguºesu cittavossaggena pamatto tattheva visattatt± sa½s±raººava½ na tarati, kus²to dukkha½ viharati vokiººo akusalehi dhammehi, appañño suddhimagga½ aj±nanto na parisujjhati, tasm± tappaµipakkha½ dassentena bhagavat± aya½ g±th± vutt±.
Eva½ vutt±ya cet±ya yasm± sot±pattiyaªgapadaµµh±na½ saddhindriya½, tasm± saddh±ya tarati oghanti imin± padena diµµhoghataraºa½ sot±pattimagga½ sot±pannañca pak±seti. Yasm± pana sot±panno kusal±na½ dhamm±na½ bh±van±ya s±taccakiriyasaªkhatena appam±dena samann±gato dutiyamagga½ ±r±dhetv± µhapetv± sakidevima½ loka½ ±gamanamagga½ avasesa½ sot±pattimaggena atiººa½ bhavoghavatthu½ sa½s±raººava½ tarati, tasm± appam±dena aººavanti imin± padena bhavoghataraºa½ sakad±g±mimagga½ sakad±g±miñca pak±seti. Yasm± ca sakad±g±m² v²riyena tatiyamagga½ ±r±dhetv± sakad±g±mimaggena anat²ta½ k±moghavatthu½ k±moghasaññitañca k±madukkhamacceti, tasm± v²riyena dukkhamaccet²ti imin± padena k±moghataraºa½ an±g±mimagga½ an±g±miñca pak±seti. Yasm± pana an±g±m² vigatak±masaññ±ya parisuddh±ya paññ±ya ekantaparisuddha½ catutthamaggapañña½ ±r±dhetv± an±g±mimaggena appah²na½ avijj±saªkh±ta½ paramamala½ pajahati, tasm± paññ±ya parisujjhat²ti, imin± padena avijjoghataraºa½ arahattamaggañca arahattañca pak±seti. Im±ya ca arahattanik³µena kathit±ya g±th±ya pariyos±ne yakkho sot±pattiphale patiµµh±si.
Id±ni tameva “paññ±ya parisujjhat²”ti ettha vutta½ paññ±pada½ gahetv± attano paµibh±nena lokiyalokuttaramissaka½ pañha½ pucchanto katha½su labhate paññanti ima½ chappada½ g±tham±ha. Tattha katha½s³ti sabbattheva atthayuttipucch± honti. Aya½ hi paññ±di-attha½ ñatv± tassa yutti½ pucchati– “katha½, k±ya yuttiy±, kena k±raºena pañña½ labhat²”ti? Esa nayo dhan±d²su.
Athassa bhagav± cat³hi k±raºehi paññ±l±bha½ dassento saddah±noti-±dim±ha. Tassattho– yena pubbabh±ge k±yasucarit±dibhedena aparabh±ge ca sattati½sabodhipakkhiyabhedena dhammena arahanto buddhapaccekabuddhas±vak± nibb±na½ patt±, ta½ saddah±no arahata½ dhamma½ nibb±napattiy± lokiyalokuttarapañña½ labhati, tañca kho na saddh±mattakeneva. Yasm± pana saddh±j±to upasaªkamati upasaªkamanto payirup±sati, payirup±santo sota½ odahati, ohitasoto dhamma½ suº±ti, tasm± upasaªkamanato pabhuti y±va dhammassavanena suss³sa½ labhati. Ki½ vutta½ hoti– ta½ dhamma½ saddahitv±pi ±cariyupajjh±ye k±lena upasaªkamitv± vattakaraºena payirup±sitv± yad± payirup±san±ya ±r±dhitacitt± kiñci vattuk±m± honti. Atha adhigat±ya sotuk±mat±ya sota½ odahitv± suºanto labhat²ti. Eva½ suss³sampi ca sati-avippav±sena appamatto subh±sitadubbh±sitaññut±ya vicakkhaºo eva labhati, na itaro. Ten±ha “appamatto vicakkhaºo”ti.
Eva½ yasm± saddh±ya paññal±bhasa½vattanika½ paµipada½ paµipajjati, suss³s±ya sakkacca½ paññ±dhigam³p±ya½ suº±ti, appam±dena gahita½ na pamussati. Vicakkhaºat±ya an³n±dhika½ avipar²tañca gahetv± vitth±rika½ karoti. Suss³s±ya v± ohitasoto paññ±paµil±bhahetu½ dhamma½ suº±ti, appam±dena sutadhamma½ dh±reti, vicakkhaºat±ya dhat±na½ dhamm±na½ atthamupaparikkhati, ath±nupubbena paramatthasacca½ sacchikaroti, tasm±ssa bhagav± “katha½su labhate paññan”ti puµµho im±ni catt±ri k±raº±ni dassento ima½ g±tham±ha.
Id±ni tato pare tayo pañhe vissajjento patir³pak±r²ti ima½ g±tham±ha. Tattha desak±l±d²ni ah±petv± lokiyassa lokuttarassa v± dhanassa patir³pa½ adhigam³p±ya½ karot²ti patir³pak±r². Dhurav±ti cetasikav²riyavasena anikkhittadhuro. Uµµh±t±ti, “yo ca s²tañca uºhañca, tiº± bhiyyo na maññat²”ti-±din± (therag±. 232) nayena k±yikav²r²yavasena uµµh±nasampanno asithilaparakkamo. Vindate dhananti ekam³sik±ya nacirasseva catusatasahassasaªkha½ c³¼antev±s² viya lokiyadhanañca, mahallakamah±tissatthero viya lokuttaradhanañca labhati. So “t²hiyeva iriy±pathehi vihariss±m²”ti vatta½ katv± thinamiddh±gamanavel±ya pal±lacumbaµaka½ temetv± s²se katv± galappam±ºa½ udaka½ pavisitv± thinamiddha½ paµib±hanto dasahi vassehi arahatta½ p±puºi. Saccen±ti vac²saccen±pi “saccav±d² bh³tav±d²”ti, paramatthasaccen±pi “buddho paccekabuddho ariyas±vako”ti eva½ kitti½ pappoti. Dadanti ya½kiñci icchitapatthita½ dadanto mitt±ni ganthati, samp±deti karot²ti attho. Duddada½ v± dada½ ta½ ganthati. D±namukhena v± catt±ripi saªgahavatth³ni gahit±n²ti veditabb±ni, tehi mitt±ni karot²ti vutta½ hoti.
Eva½ gahaµµhapabbajit±na½ s±dh±raºena lokiyalokuttaramissakena nayena catt±ro pañhe vissajjetv± id±ni “katha½ pecca na socat²”ti ima½ pañcama½ pañha½ gahaµµhavasena vissajjento yasseteti-±d²m±ha. Tassattho– yassa “saddah±no arahatan”ti ettha vutt±ya sabbakaly±ºadhammupp±dik±ya saddh±ya samann±gatatt± saddhassa, gharamesinoti ghar±v±sa½ pañca v± k±maguºe esantassa gavesantassa k±mabhogino gahaµµhassa “saccena kitti½ pappot²”ti ettha vuttappak±ra½ sacca½. “Suss³sa½ labhate paññan”ti ettha suss³sapaññ±n±mena vuttova damo. “Dhurav± uµµh±t±”ti ettha dhuran±mena uµµh±nan±mena ca vutt± dhiti. “Dada½ mitt±ni ganthat²”ti ettha vuttappak±ro c±go c±ti ete caturo dhamm± santi. Sa ve pecca na socat²ti idhalok± paraloka½ gantv± sa ve na socat²ti.
Eva½ bhagav± pañcamampi pañha½ vissajjetv± ta½ yakkha½ codento iªgha aññep²ti-±dim±ha. Tattha iªgh±ti codanatthe nip±to. Aññep²ti aññepi dhamme puth³ samaºabr±hmaºe pucchassu. Aññepi v± p³raº±dayo sabbaññupaµiññe puth³ samaºabr±hmaºe pucchassu. Yadi amhehi “saccena kitti½ pappot²”ti ettha vuttappak±r± sacc± bhiyyo kittippattik±raºa½ v±, “suss³sa½ labhate paññan”ti ettha suss³s±ti paññ±padesena vutt± damm± bhiyyo lokiyalokuttarapaññ±paµil±bhak±raºa½ v±, “dada½ mitt±ni ganthat²”ti ettha vuttappak±r± c±g± bhiyyo mittaganthanak±raºa½ v±, “dhurav± uµµh±t±”ti ettha ta½ ta½ atthavasa½ paµicca dhuran±mena uµµh±nan±mena ca vutt±ya mah±bh±rasahanatthena usso¼hibh±vappatt±ya v²riyasaªkh±t±ya khanty± bhiyyo lokiyalokuttaradhanavindanak±raºa½ v±, “sacca½ dammo dhiti c±go”ti eva½ vuttehi imeheva cat³hi dhammehi bhiyyo asm± lok± para½ loka½ pecca asocanak±raºa½ v± idha vijjat²ti ayamettha saddhi½ saªkhepayojan±ya atthavaººan±. Vitth±rato pana ekameka½ pada½ atthuddh±rapaduddh±rapadavaººan±nayehi vibhajitv± veditabb±.
Eva½ vutte yakkho yena sa½sayena aññe puccheyya, tassa pah²natt± katha½ nu d±ni puccheyya½, puth³ samaºabr±hmaºeti vatv± yepissa apucchanak±raºa½ na j±nanti, tepi j±n±pento yoha½ ajjapaj±n±mi, yo attho sampar±yikoti ±ha. Tattha ajj±ti ajj±di½ katv±ti adhipp±yo. Paj±n±m²ti yath±vuttena pak±rena j±n±mi. Yo atthoti ett±vat± “suss³sa½ labhate paññan”ti-±din± nayena vutta½ diµµhadhammika½ dasseti. Sampar±yikoti imin± “yassete caturo dhamm±”ti vutta½ pecca sok±bh±vak±raºa½ sampar±yika½. Atthoti ca k±raºasseta½ adhivacana½. Aya½ hi atthasaddo “s±ttha½ sabyañjanan”ti evam±d²su (p±r±. 1; d². ni. 1.255) p±µhatthe vattati. “Attho me, gahapati, hiraññasuvaººen±”ti-±d²su (d². ni. 2.250; ma. ni. 3.258) vicakkhaºe. “Hoti s²lavata½ attho”ti-±d²su (j±. 1.1.11) vu¹¹himhi. “Bahujano bhajate atthahet³”ti-±d²su dhane. “Ubhinnamattha½ carat²”ti-±d²su (j±. 1.7.66; sa½. ni. 1.250; therag±. 443) hite “Atthe j±te ca paº¹itan”ti-±d²su (j±. 1.1.92) k±raºe. Idha pana k±raºe. Tasm± ya½ paññ±dil±bh±d²na½ k±raºa½ diµµhadhammika½, yañca pecca sok±bh±vassa k±raºa½ sampar±yika½, ta½ yoha½ ajja bhagavat± vuttanayena s±ma½yeva paj±n±mi, so katha½ nu d±ni puccheyya½ puth³ samaºabr±hmaºeti evamettha saªkhepato attho veditabbo.
Eva½ yakkho “paj±n±mi yo attho sampar±yiko”ti vatv± tassa ñ±ºassa bhagava½m³lakatta½ dassento atth±ya vata me buddhoti ±ha. Tattha atth±y±ti hit±ya vu¹¹hiy± ca. Yattha dinna½ mahapphalanti “yassete caturo dhamm±”ti ettha vuttac±gena yattha dinna½ mahapphala½, ta½ aggadakkhiºeyya½ buddha½ paj±n±m²ti attho. Keci pana “saªgha½ sandh±ya evam±h±”ti bhaºanti.
Eva½ im±ya g±th±ya attano hit±dhigama½ dassetv± id±ni sahitapaµipatti½ d²pento so aha½ vicariss±m²ti-±dim±ha. Tattha g±m± g±manti devag±m± devag±ma½. Pur± puranti devanagarato devanagara½. Namassam±no sambuddha½, dhammassa ca sudhammatanti “samm±sambuddho vata bhagav±, sv±kkh±to vata bhagavato dhammo”ti-±din± nayena buddhasubodhitañca dhammasudhammatañca ca-saddena “suppaµipanno vata bhagavato s±vakasaªgho”ti-±din± saªghasuppaµipattiñca abhitthavitv± namassam±no dhammaghosako hutv± vicariss±m²ti vutta½ hoti.
Evamim±ya g±th±ya pariyos±nañca rattivibh±vanañca s±dhuk±rasadduµµh±nañca ±¼avakakum±rassa yakkhabhavana½ ±nayanañca ekakkhaºeyeva ahosi. R±japuris± s±dhuk±rasadda½ sutv±– “evar³po s±dhuk±rasaddo µhapetv± buddhe na aññesa½ abbhuggacchati, ±gato nu kho bhagav±”ti ±vajjent± bhagavato sar²rappabha½ disv± pubbe viya bahi aµµhatv± nibbisaªk± antoyeva pavisitv± addasa½su bhagavanta½ yakkhassa bhavane nisinna½, yakkhañca añjali½ paggahetv± µhita½. Disv±na yakkha½ ±ha½su– “aya½ te, mah±yakkha, r±jakum±ro balikamm±ya ±n²to, handa na½ kh±da v± bhuñja v±, yath±paccaya½ v± karoh²”ti. So sot±pannatt± lajjito visesena ca bhagavato purato eva½ vuccam±no atha ta½ kum±ra½ ubhohi hatthehi paµiggahetv± bhagavato upan±mesi “aya½, bhante, kum±ro mayha½ pesito, im±ha½ bhagavato dammi, hit±nukampak± buddh±, paµiggaºh±tu, bhante, bhagav± ima½ d±raka½ imassa hitatth±ya sukhatth±y±”ti imañca g±tham±ha–
“Ima½ kum±ra½ satapuññalakkhaºa½,
sabbaªgupeta½ paripuººabyañjana½;
udaggacitto sumano dad±mi te,
paµiggaha lokahit±ya cakkhum±”ti.
Paµiggahesi bhagav± kum±ra½. Paµiggaºhanto ca yakkhassa ca kum±rassa ca maªgalakaraºattha½ p±d³nag±tha½ abh±si. Ta½ yakkho kum±ra½ saraºa½ gamento tikkhattu½ catutthap±dena p³resi. Seyyathida½–
“D²gh±yuko hotu aya½ kum±ro,
tuvañca yakkha sukhito bhav±hi;
aby±dhit± lokahit±ya tiµµhatha,
aya½ kum±ro saraºamupeti buddha½;
aya½ kum±ro saraºamupeti dhamma½;
aya½ kum±ro saraºamupeti saªghan”ti.
Atha bhagav± kum±ra½ r±japuris±na½ ad±si– “ima½ va¹¹hetv± puna mameva deth±”ti. Eva½ so kum±ro r±japuris±na½ hatthato yakkhassa hattha½, yakkhassa hatthato bhagavato hattha½, bhagavato hatthato puna r±japuris±na½ hattha½ gatatt± n±mato “hatthako ±¼avako”ti j±to. Ta½ ±d±ya paµinivatte r±japurise disv± kassakavanakammik±dayo “ki½ yakkho kum±ra½ atidaharatt± na icch²”ti? Bh²t± pucchi½su. R±japuris± “m± bh±yatha. Khema½ kata½ bhagavat±”ti sabbam±rocesu½ Tato “s±dhu s±dh³”ti sakala½ ±¼avinagara½ ekakol±halena yakkh±bhimukha½ ahosi. Yakkhopi bhagavato bhikkh±c±rak±le anuppatte pattac²vara½ gahetv± upa¹¹hamagga½ anugantv± nivatti.
Atha bhagav± nagare piº¹±ya caritv± katabhattakicco nagaradv±re aññatarasmi½ vivitte rukkham³le paññattabuddh±sane nis²di. Tato mah±janak±yena saddhi½ r±j± ca n±gar± ca ekato sampiº¹itv± bhagavanta½ upasaªkamma vanditv± pariv±retv± nisinn±– “katha½, bhante, eva½ d±ruºa½ yakkha½ damayitth±”ti pucchi½su. Tesa½ bhagav± yuddham±di½ katv± “eva½ navavidha½ vassa½ vassetv± eva½ vibhi½sanaka½ ak±si, eva½ pañha½ pucchi. Tass±ha½ eva½ vissajjesin”ti tamev±¼avakasutta½ kathesi. Kath±pariyos±ne catur±s²tip±ºasahass±na½ dhamm±bhisamayo ahosi. Tato r±j± ceva n±gar± ca vessavaºamah±r±jassa bhavanasam²pe yakkhassa bhavana½ katv± pupphagandh±disakk±rupeta½ niccabali½ pavattesu½. Tañca kum±ra½ viññuta½ patta½ “tva½ bhagavanta½ niss±ya j²vita½ labhi, gaccha bhagavanta½yeva payirup±sassu bhikkhusaªghañc±”ti vissajjesu½. So bhagavantañca bhikkhusaªghañca payirup±sam±no nacirasseva an±g±miphale patiµµh±ya sabba½ buddhavacana½ uggahetv± pañcasata-up±sakapariv±ro ahosi. Bhagav± ca na½ etadagge niddisi– “etadagga½, bhikkhave, mama s±vak±na½ up±sak±na½ cat³hi saªgahavatth³hi parisa½ saªgaºhant±na½ yadida½ hatthako ±¼avako”ti (a. ni. 1.251). Dv±dasama½.

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