5. Subh±sitasuttavaººan±

213. Pañcame aªgeh²ti k±raºehi, avayavehi v±. Mus±v±d±veramaºi-±d²ni hi catt±ri subh±sitav±c±ya k±raº±ni, saccavacan±dayo catt±ro avayav±. K±raºatthe ca aªgasadde “cat³h²”ti nissakkavacana½ hoti, avayavatthe karaºavacana½. Samann±gat±ti samanu-±gat± pavatt± yutt± ca. V±c±ti samullapanav±c±, y± “v±c± gir± byappatho”ti (dha. sa. 636) ca, “nel± kaººasukh±”ti (d². ni. 1.9) ca ±gat±. “Y± pana v±c±ya ce kata½ kamman”ti eva½ viññatti ca “y± cat³hi vac²duccaritehi ±rati…pe… aya½ vuccati samm±v±c±”ti (vibha. 206) eva½ virati ca, “pharusav±c±, bhikkhave, ±sevit± bh±vit± bahul²kat± nirayasa½vattanik± hot²”ti (a. ni. 8.40) eva½ cetan± ca v±c±ti ±gat±, na s± idha adhippet±. Kasm±? Abh±sitabbato. Subh±sit±ti suµµhu bh±sit±. Tenass± atth±vahata½ d²peti. No dubbh±sit±ti na duµµhu bh±sit±. Tenass± anatth±vahanapah±nata½ d²peti. Anavajj±ti r±g±divajjarahit±. Imin±ss± k±raºasuddhi½ catudos±bh±vañca d²peti. Ananuvajj±ti anuv±davimutt± Imin±ss± sabb±k±rasampatti½ d²peti. Viññ³nanti paº¹it±na½. Tena nind±pasa½s±su b±l± appam±º±ti d²peti.
Subh±sita½yeva bh±sat²ti puggal±dhiµµh±n±ya desan±ya cat³su v±caªgesu aññataraniddosavacanameta½. No dubbh±sitanti tasseva v±caªgassa paµipakkhabh±sananiv±raºa½. No dubbh±sitanti imin± micch±v±cappah±na½ d²peti. Subh±sitanti imin± pah²namicch±v±cena bh±sitabbavacanalakkhaºa½. Aªgaparid²panattha½ panettha abh±sitabba½ pubbe avatv± bh±sitabbamev±ha. Esa nayo dhamma½yev±ti-±d²supi. Ettha ca paµhamena pisuºadosarahita½ samaggakaraºa½ vacana½ vutta½, dutiyena samphappal±padosarahita½ dhammato anapeta½ mant±vacana½, itarehi dv²hi pharus±likarahit±ni piyasaccavacan±ni. Imehi khoti ±din± t±ni aªg±ni paccakkhato dassento ta½ v±ca½ nigameti. Yañca aññe paµiññ±d²hi avayavehi, n±m±d²hi padehi, liªgavacanavibhattik±lak±rakasampatt²hi ca samann±gata½ mus±v±d±div±campi subh±sitanti maññanti, ta½ paµisedheti. Avayav±disamann±gat±pi hi tath±r³p² v±c± dubbh±sit±va hoti attano ca paresañca anatth±vahatt±. Imehi pana cat³haªgehi samann±gat± sacepi milakkhubh±s±pariy±pann± ghaµaceµik±g²tikapariy±pann±pi hoti, tath±pi subh±sit±va lokiyalokuttarahitasukh±vahatt±. Tath± hi maggapasse sassa½ rakkhantiy± s²ha¼aceµik±ya s²ha¼akeneva j±tijar±maraºayutta½ g²tika½ g±yantiy± sadda½ sutv± magga½ gacchant± saµµhimatt± vipassak± bhikkh³ arahatta½ p±puºi½su. Tath± tisso n±ma ±raddhavipassako bhikkhu padumasarasam²pena gacchanto padumasare padum±ni bhañjitv±–
“P±tova phullitakokanada½, s³riy±lokena bhijjiyate;
eva½ manussatta½ gat± satt±, jar±bhivegena maddiyant²”ti.–

Ima½ g²tika½ g±yantiy± ceµik±ya sutv± arahatta½ patto.

Buddhantarepi aññataro puriso sattahi puttehi saddhi½ aµavito ±gamma aññatar±ya itthiy± musalena taº¹ule koµµentiy±–
“Jar±ya parimaddita½ eta½, mil±tachavicammanissita½;
maraºena bhijjati eta½, maccussa gh±sam±misa½.
“Kim²na½ ±laya½ eta½, n±n±kuºapena p³rita½;
asucissa bh±jana½ eta½, kadalikkhandhasama½ idan”ti.–

Ima½ g²tika½ sutv± paccavekkhanto saha puttehi paccekabodhi½ patto. Eva½ imehi cat³hi aªgehi samann±gat± v±c± sacepi milakkhubh±s±pariy±pann± ghaµaceµik±g²tikapariy±pann±pi hoti, tath±pi subh±sit±ti veditabb±. Subh±sitatt± eva ca anavajj± ca ananuvajj± ca viññ³na½ atthatthik±na½ atthapaµisaraº±na½, no byañjanapaµisaraº±nanti.

S±rupp±h²ti anucchavik±hi. Abhitthav²ti pasa½si. Na t±payeti vippaµis±rena na t±peyya na vib±dheyya. Pareti parehi bhindanto n±bhibhaveyya na b±dheyya. Iti im±ya g±th±ya apisuºav±c±vasena bhagavanta½ thometi. Paµinandit±ti piy±yit±. Ya½ an±d±y±ti ya½ v±ca½ bh±santo paresa½ p±p±ni appiy±ni pharusavacan±ni an±d±ya atthabyañjanamadhura½ piyameva bh±sati, ta½ v±ca½ bh±seyy±ti piyav±c±vasena abhitthavi.
Amat±ti s±dhubh±vena amatasadis±. Vuttampi heta½– “sacca½ have s±dutara½ ras±nan”ti (sa½. ni. 1.246) nibb±n±matapaccayatt± v± amat±. Esa dhammo sanantanoti y± aya½ saccav±c± n±ma, esa por±ºo dhammo cariy± paveº². Idameva hi por±º±na½ ±ciººa½, na te alika½ bh±si½su. Tenev±ha– sacce atthe ca dhamme ca, ±hu santo patiµµhit±ti.
Tattha sacce patiµµhitatt±va attano ca paresañca atthe patiµµhit±, atthe patiµµhitatt± eva dhamme patiµµhit± hont²ti veditabb±. Saccavisesanameva v± eta½. Ida½ hi vutta½ hoti– sacce patiµµhit±, k²dise? Atthe ca dhamme ca, ya½ paresa½ atthato anapetatt± attha½ anuparodhakara½ dhammato anapetatt± dhamma½ dhammikameva attha½ s±dhet²ti. Iti im±ya g±th±ya saccavacanavasena abhitthavi.
Khemanti abhaya½ nirupaddava½. Kena k±raºen±ti ce. Nibb±napattiy± dukkhassantakiriy±ya, yasm± kilesanibb±na½ p±peti, vaµµadukkhassa ca antakiriy±ya sa½vattat²ti attho. Atha v± ya½ buddho nibb±napattiy± dukkhassantakiriy±y±ti dvinna½ nibb±nadh±t³na½ atth±ya khemamaggappak±sanato khema½ v±ca½ bh±sati, s± ve v±c±namuttam±ti s± v±c± sabbav±c±na½ seµµh±ti evamettha attho daµµhabbo. Iti im±ya g±th±ya mant±vacanavasena bhagavanta½ abhitthavanto arahattanik³µena desana½ niµµhapes²ti. Pañcama½.