2. Up±sakavaggo

1. Kasibh±radv±jasuttavaººan±

197. Dutiyavaggassa paµhame magadhes³ti eva½n±make janapade. Dakkhiº±girisminti r±jagaha½ pariv±retv± µhitassa girino dakkhiºabh±ge janapado atthi, tasmi½ janapade, tattha vih±rass±pi tadeva n±ma½. Ekan±¼±ya½ br±hmaºag±meti ekan±¼±ti tassa g±massa n±ma½. Br±hmaº± panettha sambahul± paµivasanti, br±hmaºabhogo eva v± so. Tasm± “br±hmaºag±mo”ti vuccati.
Tena kho pana samayen±ti ya½ samaya½ bhagav± magadharaµµhe ekan±¼a½ br±hmaºag±ma½ upaniss±ya dakkhiºagirimah±vih±re br±hmaºassa indriyaparip±ka½ ±gamayam±no viharati, tena samayena. Kasibh±radv±jass±ti so br±hmaºo kasi½ niss±ya j²vati, bh±radv±joti cassa gotta½. Pañcamatt±n²ti pañca pam±º±ni, an³n±ni anadhik±ni pañcanaªgalasat±n²ti vutta½ hoti. Payutt±n²ti yojit±ni, bal²badd±na½ khandhesu µhapetv± yuge yottehi yojit±n²ti attho.
Vappak±leti vappanak±le b²janikkhepasamaye. Tattha dve vapp±ni kalalavappañca pa½suvappañca. Pa½suvappa½ idha adhippeta½, tañca kho paµhamadivase maªgalavappa½. Tatth±ya½ upakaraºasampad±– t²ºi balibaddasahass±ni upaµµh±pit±ni honti, sabbesa½ suvaººamay±ni siªg±ni paµimukk±ni, rajatamay± khur±, sabbe setam±l±hi ceva gandhapañcaªgul²hi ca alaªkat± paripuººapañcaªg± sabbalakkhaºasampann±, ekacce k±¼± añjanavaºº±, ekacce set± phalikavaºº±, ekacce ratt± pav±¼avaºº±, ekacce kamm±s± mas±ragallavaºº±. Eva½ pañcasat± kassak± sabbe ahatasetavatth± gandham±l±laªkat± dakkhiºa-a½sak³µesu patiµµhitapupphacumbaµak± harit±lamanosil±lañjanujjalagatt± dasa dasa naªgal± ekekagumb± hutv± gacchanti. Naªgal±na½ s²sañca yugañca patod± ca suvaººakhacit± Paµhamanaªgale aµµha bal²badd± yutt±, sesesu catt±ro catt±ro, avases± kilantaparivattanattha½ ±n²t±. Ekekagumbe ekekab²jasakaµa½ ekeko kasati, ekeko vappati.
Br±hmaºo pana pageva massukamma½ k±r±petv± nh±yitv± sugandhagandhehi vilitto pañcasatagghanaka½ vattha½ niv±setv± sahassagghanaka½ eka½sa½ karitv± ekekiss± aªguliy± dve dveti v²sati aªgulimuddik±yo kaººesu s²hakuº¹al±ni s²se brahmaveµhana½ paµimuñcitv± suvaººam±la½ kaºµhe katv± br±hmaºagaºaparivuto kammanta½ vos±sati. Athassa br±hmaº² anekasatabh±janesu p±y±sa½ pac±petv± mah±sakaµesu ±ropetv± gandhodakena nh±yitv± sabb±laªk±ravibh³sit± br±hmaº²gaºaparivut± kammanta½ agam±si. Gehampissa haritupalitta½ vippakiººal±ja½ puººaghaµakadalidhajapaµ±k±hi alaªkata½ gandhapupph±d²hi sukatabalikamma½, khettañca tesu tesu µh±nesu samussitaddhajapaµ±ka½ ahosi. Parijanakammak±rehi saddhi½ osaµaparis± a¹¹hateyyasahass± ahosi, sabbe ahatavatth±, sabbesa½ p±y±sabhojanameva paµiyatta½.
Atha br±hmaºo suvaººap±ti½ dhov±petv± p±y±sassa p³retv± sappimadhuph±ºitehi abhisaªkharitv± naªgalabalikamma½ k±r±pesi. Br±hmaº² pañcanna½ kassakasat±na½ suvaººarajataka½satambalohamay±ni bh±jan±ni d±petv± suvaººakaµacchu½ gahetv± p±y±sena parivisant² gacchati. Br±hmaºo pana balikamma½ k±retv± rattabandhik±yo up±han±yo ±rohitv± rattasuvaººadaº¹aka½ gahetv±, “idha p±y±sa½ detha, idha sappi½ detha, idha sakkhara½ deth±”ti vos±sam±no vicarati. Aya½ t±va kammante pavatti.
Vih±re pana yattha yattha buddh± vasanti, tattha tattha nesa½ devasika½ pañca kicc±ni bhavanti, seyyathida½– purebhattakicca½ pacch±bhattakicca½ purimay±makicca½ majjhimay±makicca½ pacchimay±makiccanti.
Tatrida½ purebhattakicca½ bhagav± hi p±tova uµµh±ya upaµµh±k±nuggahattha½ sar²raph±sukatthañca mukhadhovan±diparikamma½ katv± y±va bhikkh±c±ravel±, t±va vivitt±sane v²tin±metv± bhikkh±c±ravel±ya niv±setv± k±yabandhana½ bandhitv± c²vara½ p±rupitv± pattam±d±ya kad±ci ekako kad±ci bhikkhusaªghaparivuto g±ma½ v± nigama½ v± piº¹±ya pavisati kad±ci pakatiy±, kad±ci anekehi p±µih±riyehi vattam±nehi. Seyyathida½– piº¹±ya pavisato lokan±thassa purato purato gantv± mudugatiyo v±t± pathavi½ sodhenti, val±hak± udakaphusit±ni muñcant± magge reºu½ v³pasametv± upari vit±na½ hutv± tiµµhanti, apare v±t± pupph±ni upaharitv± magge okiranti. Unnat± bh³mippades± onamanti, onat± unnamanti. P±danikkhepasamaye sam±va bh³mi hoti, sukhasamphass±ni padumapupph±ni v± p±de sampaµicchanti. Indakh²lassa anto µhapitamatte dakkhiºap±de sar²r± chabbaººarasmiyo nikkhamitv± suvaººarasasiñcan±ni viya citrapaµaparikkhitt±ni viya ca p±s±dak³µ±g±r±d²ni karontiyo ito cito ca vidh±vanti. Hatthi-assavihaªg±dayo sakasakaµµh±nesu µhit±yeva madhuren±k±rena sadda½ karonti tath± bheriv²º±d²ni t³riy±ni manuss±nañca k±y³pag±ni ±bharaº±ni. Tena saññ±ºena manuss± j±nanti “ajja bhagav± idha piº¹±ya paviµµho”ti. Te sunivatth± sup±rut± gandhapupph±d²ni ±d±ya ghar± nikkhamitv± antarav²thi½ paµipajjitv± bhagavanta½ gandhapupph±d²hi sakkacca½ p³jetv± vanditv±– “amh±ka½, bhante, dasa bhikkh³, amh±ka½ v²sati, amh±ka½ bhikkhusata½ deth±”ti y±citv± bhagavatopi patta½ gahetv± ±sana½ paññ±petv± sakkacca½ piº¹ap±tena paµim±nenti.
Bhagav± katabhattakicco tesa½ sant±n±ni oloketv± tath± dhamma½ deseti, yath± keci saraºagamane patiµµhahanti, keci pañcasu s²lesu, keci sot±pattisakad±g±mi-an±g±miphal±na½ aññatarasmi½, keci pabbajitv± aggaphale arahatteti Eva½ mah±jana½ anuggahetv± uµµh±y±san± vih±ra½ gacchati. Tattha gandhamaº¹alam±¼e paññattavarabuddh±sane nis²dati bhikkh³na½ bhattakiccapariyos±na½ ±gamayam±no. Tato bhikkh³na½ bhattakiccapariyos±ne upaµµh±ko bhagavato nivedeti. Atha bhagav± gandhakuµi½ pavisati. Ida½ t±va purebhattakicca½.
Atha bhagav± eva½ katapurebhattakicco gandhakuµiy± upaµµh±ne nis²ditv± p±de pakkh±letv± p±dap²µhe µhatv± bhikkhusaªgha½ ovadati– “bhikkhave, appam±dena samp±detha, dullabho buddhupp±do lokasmi½, dullabho manussattapaµil±bho, dullabh± saddh±sampatti, dullabh± pabbajj±, dullabha½ saddhammassavanan”ti. Tattha keci bhagavanta½ kammaµµh±na½ pucchanti. Bhagav± tesa½ attano cariy±nur³pa½ kammaµµh±na½ deti. Tato sabbepi bhagavanta½ vanditv± attano attano rattiµµh±nadiv±µµh±n±ni gacchanti, keci arañña½, keci rukkham³la½, keci pabbat±d²na½ aññatara½, keci c±tumah±r±jikabhavana½…pe… keci vasavattibhavananti. Tato bhagav± gandhakuµi½ pavisitv± sace ±kaªkhati, dakkhiºena passena sato sampaj±no muhutta½ s²haseyya½ kappeti. Atha samass±sitak±yo uµµhahitv± dutiyabh±ge loka½ voloketi. Tatiyabh±ge ya½ g±ma½ v± nigama½ v± upaniss±ya viharati, tattha mah±jano purebhatta½ d±na½ datv± pacch±bhatta½ sunivattho sup±ruto gandhapupph±d²ni ±d±ya vih±re sannipatati. Tato bhagav± sampattaparis±ya anur³pena p±µih±riyena gantv± dhammasabh±ya½ paññattavarabuddh±sane nisajja dhamma½ deseti k±layutta½ samayayutta½. Atha k±la½ viditv± parisa½ uyyojeti, manuss± bhagavanta½ vanditv± pakkamanti. Ida½ pacch±bhattakicca½.
So eva½ niµµhitapacch±bhattakicco sace gatt±ni osiñcituk±mo hoti, buddh±san± vuµµh±ya nh±nakoµµhaka½ pavisitv± upaµµh±kena paµiy±dita-udakena gatt±ni utu½ g±h±peti Upaµµh±kopi buddh±sana½ ±netv± papphoµetv± gandhakuµipariveºe paññ±peti. Bhagav± surattadupaµµa½ niv±setv± k±yabandhana½ bandhitv± uttar±saªga½ katv± tattha ±gantv± nis²dati ekakova muhutta½ paµisall²no. Atha bhikkh³ tato tato ±gamma bhagavato upaµµh±na½ gacchanti. Tattha ekacce pañha½ pucchanti, ekacce kammaµµh±na½, ekacce dhammassavana½ y±canti. Bhagav± tesa½ adhipp±ya½ samp±dento purimay±ma½ v²tin±meti. Ida½ purimay±makicca½.
Purimay±makiccapariyos±ne pana bhikkh³su bhagavanta½ vanditv± pakkamantesu sakaladasasahassilokadh±tudevat±yo ok±sa½ labham±n± bhagavanta½ upasaªkamitv± pañha½ pucchanti yath±bhisaªkhata½ antamaso caturakkharampi. Bhagav± t±sa½ t±sa½ devat±na½ pañha½ vissajjento majjhimay±ma½ v²tin±meti. Ida½ majjhimay±makicca½.
Pacchimay±ma½ pana tayo koµµh±se katv± purebhattato paµµh±ya nisajj±p²¼itassa sar²rassa kil±subh±vamocanattha½ eka½ koµµh±sa½ caªkamena v²tin±meti. Dutiyakoµµh±se gandhakuµi½ pavisitv± dakkhiºena passena sato sampaj±no s²haseyya½ kappeti. Tatiyakoµµh±se paccuµµh±ya nis²ditv± purimabuddh±na½ santike d±nas²l±divasena kat±dhik±rapuggaladassanattha½ buddhacakkhun± loka½ oloketi. Ida½ pacchimay±makicca½.
Tad±pi eva½ olokento kasibh±radv±ja½ br±hmaºa½ arahattassa upanissayasampanna½ disv±– “tattha mayi gate kath± pavattissati, kath±vas±ne dhammadesana½ sutv± eso br±hmaºo saputtad±ro t²su saraºesu patiµµh±ya as²tikoµidhana½ mama s±sane vippakiritv± aparabh±ge nikkhamma pabbajitv± arahatta½ p±puºissat²”ti ñatv± tattha gantv± katha½ samuµµh±petv± dhamma½ desesi. Etamattha½ dassetu½ atha kho bhagav±ti-±di vutta½.
Tattha pubbaºhasamayanti bhummatthe upayogavacana½, pubbaºhasamayeti attho. Niv±setv±ti paridahitv±. Vih±rac²varaparivattanavaseneta½ vutta½. Pattac²varam±d±y±ti patta½ hatthehi, c²vara½ k±yena ±diyitv±, sampaµicchitv± dh±retv±ti attho. Bhagavato kira piº¹±ya pavisituk±massa bhamaro viya vikasitapadumadvayamajjha½, indan²lamaºivaººaselamayapatto hatthadvayamajjha½ ±gacchati. Ta½ evam±gata½ patta½ hatthehi sampaµicchitv± c²varañca parimaº¹ala½ p±ruta½ k±yena dh±retv±ti vutta½ hoti. Tenupasaªkam²ti yena maggena kammanto gantabbo, tena ekakova upasaªkami. Kasm± pana na½ bhikkh³ n±nubandhi½s³ti? Yad± hi bhagav± ekakova katthaci gantuk±mo hoti, y±va bhikkh±c±ravel± dv±ra½ pidahitv± antogandhakuµiya½ nis²dati. Bhikkh³ t±ya saññ±ya j±nanti “ajja bhagav± ekakova piº¹±ya carituk±mo, addh± kañci eva vinetabbapuggala½ addas±”ti. Te attano pattac²vara½ gahetv± gandhakuµi½ padakkhiºa½ katv± vanditv± bhikkh±c±ra½ gacchanti. Tad± ca bhagav± evamak±si, tasm± bhikkh³ n±nubandhi½s³ti.
Parivesan± vattat²ti tesa½ suvaººabh±jan±d²ni gahetv± nisinn±na½ pañcasat±na½ kassak±na½ parivisan± vippakat± hoti. Ekamanta½ aµµh±s²ti yattha µhita½ br±hmaºo passati, tath±r³pe dassan³pac±re kath±savanaph±suke uccaµµh±ne aµµh±si. Ýhatv± ca rajatasuvaººarasapiñjara½ candimas³riy±na½ pabha½ atirocam±na½ samantato sar²rappabha½ muñci, y±ya ajjhotthaµatt± br±hmaºassa kammantas±l±bhittirukkhakasitamattikapiº¹±dayo suvaººamay± viya ahesu½. Atha manuss± bhuñjant± ca kasant± ca sabbakicc±ni pah±ya as²ti-anubyañjanapariv±ra½ dvatti½samah±purisalakkhaºapaµimaº¹ita½ sar²ra½ by±mappabh±parikkhepavibh³sita½ b±huyugala½ jaªgama½ viya padumasara½, rasmij±lasamujjalitat±r±gaºamiva gaganatala½, vijjulat±vinaddhamiva ca kanakasikhara½ siriy± jalam±na½ samm±sambuddha½ ekamanta½ µhita½ disv± hatthap±de dhovitv± añjali½ paggayha sampariv±retv± aµµha½su. Eva½ tehi sampariv±rita½ addas± kho kasibh±radv±jo br±hmaºo bhagavanta½ piº¹±ya µhita½, disv±na bhagavanta½ etadavoca– aha½ kho, samaºa, kas±mi ca vap±mi c±ti.