5. Parinibb±nasuttavaººan±

186. Pañcame upavattane mall±na½ s±lavaneti yatheva hi kadambanad²t²rato r±jam±tuvih±radv±rena th³p±r±ma½ gantabba½ hoti, eva½ hiraññavatik±ya n±ma nadiy± p±rimat²rato s±lavana½ uyy±na½. Yath± anur±dhapurassa th³p±r±mo, eva½ ta½ kusin±r±ya hoti. Yath± th³p±r±mato dakkhiºadv±rena nagara½ pavisanamaggo p±c²namukho gantv± uttarena nivattati, eva½ uyy±nato s±lapanti p±c²namukh± gantv± uttarena nivatt±. Tasm± ta½ “upavattanan”ti vuccati. Tasmi½ upavattane mall±na½ s±lavane. Antarena yamakas±l±nanti m³lakkhandhaviµapapattehi aññamañña½ sa½sibbitv± µhitas±l±na½ antarik±ya. Appam±dena samp±deth±ti sati-avippav±sena kattabbakicc±ni samp±dayatha. Iti bhagav± yath± n±ma maraºamañce nipanno mahaddhano kuµumbiko putt±na½ dhanas±ra½ ±cikkheyya, evameva½ parinibb±namañce nipanno pañcacatt±l²sa vass±ni dinna½ ov±da½ sabba½ ekasmi½ appam±dapadeyeva pakkhipitv± abh±si. Aya½ tath±gatassa pacchim± v±c±ti ida½ pana saªg²tik±r±na½ vacana½.
Ito para½ ya½ parinibb±naparikamma½ katv± bhagav± parinibbuto, ta½ dassetu½, atha kho bhagav± paµhama½ jh±nanti-±di vutta½. Tattha saññ±vedayitanirodha½ sam±panne bhagavati ass±sapass±s±na½ appavatti½ disv±, “parinibbuto satth±”ti saññ±ya devamanuss± ekappah±rena viravi½su, ±nandattheropi– “parinibbuto nu kho, bhante, anuruddha bhagav±”ti thera½ pucchi. Thero “na kho, ±vuso ±nanda, tath±gato parinibbuto, apica saññ±vedayitanirodha½ sam±panno”ti ±ha. Katha½ pana so aññ±si? Thero kira satth±r± saddhi½yeva ta½ ta½ sam±patti½ sam±pajjanto y±va nevasaññ±n±saññ±yatanavuµµh±na½, t±va gantv±, “id±ni bhagav± nirodha½ sam±panno, antonirodhe ca k±la½kiriy± n±ma natth²”ti aññ±si.
Atha kho bhagav± saññ±vedayitanirodhasam±pattito vuµµhahitv± nevasaññ±n±saññ±yatana½ sam±pajji…pe… tatiyajjh±n± vuµµhahitv± catuttha½ jh±na½ sam±pajj²ti ettha pana bhagav± catuv²satiy± µh±nesu paµhama½ jh±na½ sam±pajji, terasasu µh±nesu dutiya½ jh±na½… tath± tatiya½… pannarasasu µh±nesu catuttha½ jh±na½ sam±pajji. Katha½? Dasasu asubhesu dvatti½s±k±re aµµhasu kasiºesu mett±karuº±muditesu ±n±p±ne paricched±k±seti imesu t±va catuv²satiy± µh±nesu paµhama½ jh±na½ sam±pajji. Ýhapetv± pana dvatti½s±k±rañca dasa ca asubh±ni sesesu terasasu dutiya½ jh±na½… tesuyeva tatiya½ jh±na½ sam±pajji. Aµµhasu pana kasiºesu upekkh±brahmavih±re ±n±p±ne paricched±k±se cat³su ar³pes³ti imesu pannarasasu µh±nesu catuttha½ jh±na½ sam±pajji. Ayampi ca saªkhepakath±va. Nibb±napura½ pavisanto pana bhagav± dhammass±mi sabb±pi catuv²satikoµisatasahassasaªkh± sam±pattiyo pavisitv± videsa½ gacchanto ñ±tijana½ ±liªgetv± viya sabbasam±pattisukha½ anubhavitv± paviµµho.
Catutthajjh±n± vuµµhahitv± samanantar± bhagav± parinibb±y²ti ettha ca jh±nasamanantara½ paccavekkhaºasamanantaranti, dve samanantar±ni. Catutthajjh±n± vuµµh±ya bhavaªga½ otiººassa tattheva parinibb±na½ jh±nasamanantara½ n±ma, catutthajjh±n± vuµµhahitv± puna jh±naªg±ni paccavekkhitv± bhavaªga½ otiººassa tattheva parinibb±na½ paccavekkhaºasamanantara½ n±ma. Im±ni dvepi samanantar±neva. Bhagav± pana jh±na½ sam±pajjitv± jh±n± vuµµh±ya jh±naªg±ni paccavekkhitv± bhavaªgacittena aby±katena dukkhasaccena parinibb±yi. Ye hi keci buddh± v± paccekabuddh± v± ariyas±vak± v± antamaso kunthakipillika½ up±d±ya sabbe bhavaªgacitteneva aby±katena dukkhasaccena k±la½ karonti.
Bh³t±ti satt±. Appaµipuggaloti paµibh±gapuggalavirahito. Balappattoti dasavidha½ ñ±ºabala½ patto. Upp±davayadhamminoti upp±davayasabh±v±. Tesa½ v³pasamoti tesa½ saªkh±r±na½ v³pasamo. Sukhoti asaªkhata½ nibb±nameva sukhanti attho. Tad±s²ti “saha parinibb±n± mah±bh³mic±lo ahos²”ti eva½ mah±parinibb±ne (d². ni. 2.220) vutta½ bh³mic±la½ sandh±y±ha. So hi lomaha½sanako ca bhi½sanako ca ±si. Sabb±k±ravar³peteti sabb±k±ravaraguº³pete. N±hu ass±sapass±soti na j±to ass±sapass±so. Anejoti taºh±saªkh±t±ya ej±ya abh±vena anejo. Santim±rabbh±ti anup±disesa½ nibb±na½ ±rabbha paµicca sandh±ya. Cakkhum±ti pañcahi cakkh³hi cakkhum±. Parinibbutoti khandhaparinibb±nena parinibbuto. Asall²nen±ti anall²nena asaªkuµitena suvikasiteneva cittena. Vedana½ ajjhav±say²ti vedana½ adhiv±sesi, na vedan±nuvatt² hutv± ito cito samparivatti. Vimokkhoti kenaci dhammena an±varaºavimokkho sabbaso apaññattibh±v³pagamo pajjotanibb±nasadiso j±toti. Pañcama½.

Dutiyo vaggo.

Iti s±ratthappak±siniy±

Sa½yuttanik±ya-aµµhakath±ya

Brahmasa½yuttavaººan± niµµhit±.