4. Bakabrahmasuttavaººan±

175. Catutthe p±paka½ diµµhigatanti l±mik± sassatadiµµhi. Ida½ niccanti ida½ saha k±yena brahmaµµh±na½ anicca½ “niccan”ti vadati. Dhuv±d²ni tasseva vevacan±ni. Tattha dhuvanti thira½. Sassatanti sad± vijjam±na½. Kevalanti akhaº¹a½ sakala½. Acavanadhammanti acavanasabh±va½. Ida½ hi na j±yat²ti-±d²su imasmi½ µh±ne koci j±yanako v± j²yanako v± m²yanako v± cavanako v± upapajjanako v± natthi, ta½ sandh±ya vadati. Ito ca panaññanti ito sahak±y± brahmaµµh±n± uttari añña½ nissaraºa½ n±ma natth²ti. Evamassa th±magat± sassatadiµµhi uppann± hoti. Eva½v±d² ca pana so upari tisso jh±nabh³miyo catt±ro magge catt±ri phal±ni nibb±nanti sabba½ paµib±hati. Kad± panassa s± diµµhi uppann±ti? Paµhamajjh±nabh³miya½ nibbattak±le. Dutiyajjh±nabh³miyanti eke.
Tatr±ya½ anupubbikath±– heµµhupapattiko kiresa brahm± anuppanne buddhupp±de isipabbajja½ pabbajitv± kasiºaparikamma½ katv± sam±pattiyo nibbattetv± aparih²najjh±no k±la½ katv± catutthajjh±nabh³miya½ vehapphalabrahmaloke pañcakappasatika½ ±yu½ gahetv± nibbatti. Tattha y±vat±yuka½ µhatv± heµµhupapattika½ katv± tatiyajjh±na½ paº²ta½ bh±vetv± subhakiºhabrahmaloke catusaµµhikappa½ ±yu½ gahetv± nibbatti. Tattha dutiyajjh±na½ bh±vetv± ±bhassare aµµha kappe ±yu½ gahetv± nibbatti. Tattha paµhamajjh±na½ bh±vetv±, paµhamajjh±nabh³miya½ kapp±yuko hutv± nibbatti So paµhamak±le attan± katakammañca nibbattaµµh±nañca aññ±si, k±le pana gacchante gacchante ubhaya½ pamussitv± sassatadiµµhi½ upp±desi.
Avijj±gatoti avijj±ya gato samann±gato aññ±º² andh²bh³to. Yatra hi n±m±ti yo n±ma. Vakkhat²ti bhaºati. “Yatr±”ti nip±tayogena pana an±gatavacana½ kata½.
Eva½ vutte so brahm± yath± n±ma maggacoro dve tayo pah±re adhiv±sento sah±ye an±cikkhitv±pi uttari½ pah±ra½ pahariyam±no “asuko ca asuko ca mayha½ sah±yo”ti ±cikkhati, evameva bhagavat± santajjiyam±no sati½ labhitv±, “bhagav± mayha½ pad±nupada½ pekkhanto ma½ nipp²¼ituk±mo”ti bh²to attano sah±ye ±cikkhanto dv±sattat²ti-±dim±ha. Tassattho– bho gotama, maya½ dv±sattati jan± puññakamm± tena puññakammena idha nibbatt±. Vasavattino saya½ aññesa½ vase avattitv± pare attano vase vattema, j±tiñca jarañca at²t±, aya½ no vedehi gatatt± “vedag³”ti saªkha½ gat± bhagav± antim± brahmupapatti. Asm±bhijappanti jan± anek±ti anekajan± amhe abhijappanti. “Aya½ kho bhava½ brahm±, mah±brahm±, abhibh³, anabhibh³to, aññadatthudaso, vasavatt², issaro, katt±, nimm±t±, seµµho, sajit±, vas², pit± bh³tabhaby±nan”ti eva½ patthenti pihent²ti.
Atha na½ bhagav± appa½ hi etanti-±dim±ha. Tattha etanti ya½ tva½ idha tava ±yu½ “d²ghan”ti maññasi, eta½ appa½ parittaka½. Sata½ sahass±na½ nirabbud±nanti nirabbudagaºan±ya satasahassanirabbud±na½. ¾yu½ paj±n±m²ti, “id±ni tava avasiµµha½ ettaka½ ±y³”ti aha½ j±n±mi. Anantadass² bhagav± hamasm²ti, bhagav±, tumhe “aha½ anantadass² j±ti-±d²ni up±tivatto”ti vadatha. Ki½ me pur±ºanti, yadi tva½ anantadass², eva½ sante ida½ me ±cikkha, ki½ mayha½ pur±ºa½? Vatas²lavattanti s²lameva vuccati. Yamaha½ vijaññ±ti ya½ aha½ tay± kathita½ j±neyya½, ta½ me ±cikkh±ti vadati.
Id±nissa ±cikkhanto bhagav± ya½ tva½ ap±yes²ti-±dim±ha. Tatr±ya½ adhipp±yo– pubbe kiresa kulaghare nibbattitv± k±mesu ±d²nava½ disv±– “j±tijar±maraºassa anta½ kariss±m²”ti nikkhamma isipabbajja½ pabbajitv± sam±pattiyo nibbattetv± abhiññ±p±dakajjh±nassa l±bh² hutv± gaªg±t²re paººas±la½ k±retv± jh±naratiy± v²tin±meti. Tad± ca k±lenak±la½ satthav±h± pañcahi sakaµasatehi marukant±ra½ paµipajjanti. Marukant±re pana div± na sakk± gantu½, ratti½ gamana½ hoti. Atha purimasakaµassa aggayuge yuttabalibadd± gacchant± gacchant± nivattitv± ±gatamagg±bhimukh± ahesu½, sabbasakaµ±ni tatheva nivattitv± aruºe uggate nivattitabh±va½ j±ni½su. Tesañca tad± kant±ra½ atikkamanadivaso ahosi. Sabba½ d±rudaka½ parikkh²ºa½– tasm± “natthi d±ni amh±ka½ j²vitan”ti cintetv±, goºe cakkesu bandhitv±, manuss± sakaµacch±ya½ pavisitv± nipajji½su.
T±pasopi k±lasseva paººas±lato nikkhamitv± paººas±ladv±re nisinno gaªga½ olokayam±no addasa gaªga½ mahat± udakoghena p³riyam±na½ pavattitamaºikkhandha½ viya ±gacchanta½, disv± cintesi– “atthi nu kho imasmi½ loke evar³passa madhurodakassa al±bhena kilissam±n± satt±”ti? So eva½ ±vajjento marukant±re ta½ sattha½ disv± ‘ime satt± m± nassant³’ti “ito cito ca mah±-udakakkhandho chijjitv± marukant±re satth±bhimukho gacchat³”ti abhiññ±cittena adhiµµh±si. Saha cittupp±dena m±tik±ru¼ha½ viya udaka½ tattha agam±si. Manuss± udakasaddena vuµµh±ya udaka½ disv± haµµhatuµµh± nh±yitv± pivitv± goºepi p±yetv± sotthin± icchitaµµh±na½ agama½su. Satth± ta½ brahmuno pubbakamma½ dassento paµhama½ g±tham±ha. Tattha ap±yes²ti p±yesi. A-k±ro nip±tamatta½. Gamman²ti gimhe. Sampareteti gimh±tapena phuµµhe anugate.
Aparasmimpi samaye t±paso gaªg±t²re paººas±la½ m±petv± araññag±maka½ niss±ya vasati. Tena ca samayena cor± ta½ g±ma½ paharitv± hatthas±ra½ gahetv± g±viyo ca karamare ca gahetv± gacchanti. G±vopi sunakh±pi manuss±pi mah±virava½ viravanti. T±paso ta½ sadda½ sutv± “kinnu kho etan”ti? ¾vajjento “manuss±na½ bhaya½ uppannan”ti ñatv± “mayi passante ime satt± m± nassant³”ti abhiññ±p±dakajjh±na½ sam±pajjitv± vuµµh±ya abhiññ±cittena cor±na½ paµipathe caturaªgini½ sena½ m±pesi. Kammasajj± ±gacchant± cor± disv±, “r±j± maññe ±gato”ti vilopa½ cha¹¹etv± pakkami½su. T±paso “ya½ yassa santaka½, ta½ tasseva hot³”ti adhiµµh±si, ta½ tatheva ahosi. Mah±jano sotthibh±va½ p±puºi. Satth± idampi tassa pubbakamma½ dassento dutiya½ g±tham±ha. Tattha eºik³lasminti gaªg±t²re. Gayhaka½ n²yam±nanti gahetv± n²yam±na½, karamara½ n²yam±nantipi attho.
Puna ekasmi½ samaye uparigaªg±v±sika½ eka½ kula½ heµµh±gaªg±v±sikena kulena saddhi½ mittasanthava½ katv±, n±v±saªgh±µa½ bandhitv±, bahu½ kh±dan²yañceva bhojan²yañca gandham±l±d²ni ca ±ropetv± gaªg±sotena ±gacchati. Manuss± kh±dam±n± bhuñjam±n± naccant± g±yant± devavim±nena gacchant± viya balavasomanass± ahesu½. Gaªgeyyako n±go disv± kupito “ime mayi saññampi na karonti. Id±ni ne samuddameva p±pess±m²”ti mahanta½ attabh±va½ m±petv± udaka½ dvidh± bhinditv± uµµh±ya phaºa½ katv±, susuk±ra½ karonto aµµh±si. Mah±jano disv± bh²to vissaramak±si. T±paso paººas±l±ya½ nisinno sutv±, “ime g±yant± naccant± somanassaj±t± ±gacchanti. Id±ni pana bhayarava½ ravi½su, kinnu kho”ti? ¾vajjento n±gar±ja½ disv±, “mayi passante satt± m± nassant³”ti abhiññ±p±dakajjh±na½ sam±pajjitv± attabh±va½ pajahitv± supaººavaººa½ m±petv± n±gar±jassa dassesi. N±gar±j± bh²to phaºa½ sa½haritv± udaka½ paviµµho, mah±jano sotthibh±va½ p±puºi. Satth± idampi tassa pubbakamma½ dassento tatiya½ g±tham±ha. Tattha ludden±ti d±ruºena. Manussakamy±ti manussak±mat±ya, manusse viheµhetuk±mat±y±ti attho.
Aparasmimpi samaye esa isipabbajja½ pabbajitv± kesavo n±ma t±paso ahosi. Tena samayena amh±ka½ bodhisatto kappo n±ma m±ºavo kesavassa baddhacaro antev±siko hutv± ±cariyassa ki½k±rapaµiss±v² man±pac±r² buddhisampanno atthacaro ahosi. Kesavo tena vin± vasitu½ na sakkoti, ta½ niss±yeva j²vika½ kappesi. Satth± idampi tassa pubbakamma½ dassento catuttha½ g±tham±ha.
Tattha baddhacaroti antev±siko, so pana jeµµhantev±siko ahosi. Sambuddhimanta½ vatina½ amaññ²ti, “samm± buddhim± vatasampanno ayan”ti eva½ maññam±no kappo tava antev±siko ahosi½ aha½ so tena samayen±ti dasseti. Aññepi j±n±s²ti na kevala½ mayha½ ±yumeva, aññepi tva½ j±n±siyeva. Tath± hi buddhoti tath± hi tva½ buddho, yasm± buddho, tasm± j±n±s²ti attho. Tath± hi ty±ya½ jalit±nubh±voti yasm± ca tva½ buddho, tasm± te aya½ jalito ±nubh±vo. Obh±saya½ tiµµhat²ti sabba½ brahmaloka½ obh±sayanto tiµµhati. Catuttha½.