6. ¾neñjasapp±yasuttavaººan±

66. Khaºapabhaªgut±ya na nicc± na dhuv±ti anicc±. Tato eva paº¹itehi na icc± na upagantabb±tipi anicc±. So c±ya½ aniccattho udayavayaparicchinnat±ya veditabboti dassento, “hutv± abh±vaµµhena anicc±”ti ±ha; uppajjitv± vinassanatoti attho. Ayañca aniccat± vakkham±n± ca tucch±dit± dvinnampi k±m±na½ s±dh±raºoti ±ha– “vatthuk±m±pi kilesak±m±p²”ti. Ritt± vivitt±, tesa½ niccas±r±d²na½ attani abh±vato tehi visu½bh³t±. Yath± pana sabbaso sabh±varahitam±k±sa½ “tuccha½ rittan”ti vuccati, na evamete. Ete pana kevala½ niccas±r±divirahato eva tucch± ritt±ti dassento “na pan±”ti-±dim±ha. “Na hi tucchamuµµhi n±ma natth²”ti ida½ lokasamaññ±vasena vutta½, lokasamaññ± lokiyakath± na laªghitabb±.
Mus±ti ittarapaccupaµµh±nat±ya na dissat²ti ±ha “mus±ti n±sanak±”ti. Visa½v±danaµµhena v± mus±. Ete hi asubh±disabh±v±pi b±l±na½ subh±dibh±vena upaµµhahant± subh±diggahaºassa paccakkhabh±vena satte visa½v±denti. Nassanasabh±v±ti khaºabhaªgatt± ittarapaccupaµµh±nat±ya dissam±n± viyapi hutv± apaññ±yanakapakatik±. Ten±ha “khetta½ viy±”ti-±di. Dhammasaddo cettha “j±tidhamm±nan”ti-±d²su (d². ni. 2.398) viya pakatipariy±yo, tath± sabh±vasaddo c±ti daµµhabba½. Mosadhamm±ti mosanapakatik±, kusalabhaº¹aharaºasabh±v±ti attho. M±y±katanti m±y±ya kata½ udak±dimaºi-±di-±k±rena m±y±din± upaµµh±pita½; m±y±kata½ viya m±y±kata½ aññasabh±v± hutv± atath± upaµµhahanato. Ten±ha “yath±”ti-±di. Cakkhupathe eva katavijj±ya, na tato paranti vutta½– “dassan³pac±re µhitasseva tath± paññ±yat²”ti. Tayida½ sambaravijj±vasena vutta½.
Eva½ t±vak±likabh±vena k±m±na½ m±y±katabh±va½ dassetv± id±ni tato aññenapi pak±rena dassetu½ “yath± c±”ti-±di vutta½. Anicc±disabh±v±na½ k±m±na½ nicc±disabh±vadassana½ vipall±sasahagatat±ya veditabba½. B±l±na½ l±panatoti apariññ±tavatthuk±na½ andhab±l±na½ puggal±na½ vipall±sahetuto. Manussaloke µhatv± manuss±na½ v± vasena bhagavat± bh±sitatt± vutta½– “diµµhadhammik± k±m±ti m±nusak± pañca k±maguº±”ti Tato eva ca “sampar±yik±ti te µhapetv± avases±”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha diµµhadhamm± paccakkhasabh±v± ±rammaºabh³t± et±sa½ atth²ti diµµhadhammik±. Sampar±yike k±me ±rabbha uppannasaññ± sampar±yik±. Te samecca dh²yati ettha ±º±ti dheyya½, ±º±pavattiµµh±na½. M±rassa dheyyanti m±radheyya½ tassa issariyapavattanatt±. Ten±ha “yeh²”ti-±di. Gahitanti visayavisay²bh±vena gahita½, ±rammaºavasena ±rammaºakaraºavasena ca gahitanti attho. Tattha ±rammaºakaraºavasena gahaºa½ n±ma “ida½ mayhan”ti avibh±gena pariggahakaraºa½; ±rammaºavasena pana gahaºa½ bh±gaso ±rammaº±nubhavananti vadanti. Ubhayassapi pana taºh±r±gavasena gahaºa½ sandh±ya, “ubhayameta½ gahitan”ti vutta½. M±roti kilesam±ro. Yadaggena kilesam±ro, tadaggena devaputtam±ropi te attano vasa½ vatteti. Ta½ sandh±y±ti dhammamukhena puggalaggahaºa½ sandh±ya.
Appah²navipall±s± hi puggal± k±m±dhimutt± m±rassa issariyavattanaµµh±nat±ya “m±radheyyan”ti vutt±, tath± m±rassa niv±pagocarapariy±yehipi te eva½ vutt±ti dassento, “yath± co¼ass±”ti-±dim±ha. Nivapat²ti niv±po, so eva b²janti niv±pab²ja½. Teti k±maguº±. Yatth±ti yasmi½ padese.
Manasi bhav±ti m±nas±ti ±ha “cittasambh³t±”ti. Te pana avijj±dayo p±¼iya½ ±gat±. Evañhi lohitasannissayo pubbo viya anurodh³panissayo virodhoti dassento, “mam±yite vatthusmin”ti-±dim±ha. Tedh±ti ettha idh±ti nip±tamatta½ “idh±ha½, bhikkhave, bhutt±v² assan”ti-±d²su (ma. ni. 1.30) viya. K±malokanti k±maguºasaªkh±ta½ saªkh±raloka½, yattha v± loke k±maguºavanta½ loka½. Cittena adhiµµhahitv±ti jh±n±rammaºa½ paµibh±ganimitta½ bh±van±cittena upp±detv±. Paritta½ n±ma vikkhambhana-asamatthatt± kilesehi parito khaº¹ita½ viya hoti. Tassa paµikkhepen±ti parittabh±vapaµikkhepena. Pam±ºantipi k±m±vacarameva p±pak±na½ pam±ºakaraºadhamm±na½ vikkhambhanavasena appajahanato. Tappaµikkhepavasena appam±ºa½ n±ma mahaggatanti ±ha– “r³p±vacara½ ar³p±vacaran”ti. Samucchedavasena kiles±na½ appah±nena mahaggatajjh±nampi subh±vita½ n±ma na hoti, pageva parittajjh±nanti ±ha– “subh±vitanti…pe… lokuttarasseveta½ n±man”ti. Etassa vasen±ti “subh±vitan”ti padassa vasena.
Tameva paµipadanti tameva abhijjh±dipah±n±vaha½ jh±napaµipada½. Arahatte tassa up±yabh³t±ya vipassan±ya v± catutthajjh±ne tassa up±yabh³te upac±re v± sati citta½ pasannameva hot²ti ±ha– “arahatta½ v±…pe… upac±ra½ v±”ti. Adhimokkhasampas±doti “ajjeva arahatta½ gaºhiss±m²”ti v± vipassan±ya v²thipaµipannatt±; “ajjeva catutthajjh±na½ nibbattess±m²”ti v± upac±rasam±dhin± cittassa sam±hitatt± adhimuccanabh³to sampas±do. Paµil±bhasampas±doti arahattassa catutthajjh±nassa v± adhigamasaªkh±to sampas±do. Paµil±bhopi hi kilesak±lusiy±bhibhavanato cittassa suppasannabh±v±vahatt± “sampas±do”ti vutto. Paccay±ti n±mar³papaccay± avijj±dayo. Sabbath±ti samudayato atthaªgamato ass±dato ±d²navato nissaraºatoti sabbappak±rena. ¾s±ti adhimuccanavasena ±s²san±. Ten±ha– “±s± santiµµhati, adhimokkha½ paµilabhat²”ti.
P±dakanti padaµµh±na½. Kiles± sannis²dant²ti n²varaºasahagat± eva kiles± vikkhambhanavasena v³pasamanti. Sat²ti upac±rajjh±n±vah± sati santiµµhati. Saªkh±ragatanti bh±van±ya samat±ya pavattam±natt±, ime dhammavicayasambojjhaªg±dayo ekaras± hutv± pavattant²ti, bh±van±cittupp±dapariy±panna½ saªkh±ragata½ vibh³ta½ p±kaµa½ hutv± upaµµh±ti. Cittupp±doti bh±van±cittupp±do. Lepapiº¹eti silesapiº¹e laggam±no viya appito viya hoti. Upac±rena sam±dhiyati upac±rajjh±nena sam±dhiyati. Ayanti aya½ duvidhopi adhimuccan±k±ro adhimokkhasampas±do n±ma. Tasmi½ sampas±de sat²ti etasmi½ vipassan±lakkhaºe, upac±rajjh±ne v± adhimokkhasampas±de sati. Yo pana arahatta½ v± paµilabhati catutthajjh±na½ v±, tassa citta½ vippasanna½ hotiyeva, aya½ nippariy±yato paµil±bhasampas±do, eva½ santepi idh±mippetameva dassetu½ “idha pan±”ti-±di vutta½. Vipassan± h²ti-±di vuttassa samatthana½. Tattha paññ±y±ti arahattapaññ±ya. Adhimuccanass±ti saddahana½ ussukk±pajjanassa. Upac±ranti upac±rajjh±na½. ¾neñjasam±pattiy± adhimuccanassa k±raºanti yojan±.
Etarahi v±ti id±nimeva. ¾neñja½ v±ti catutthajjh±na½ v±. Sam±pajjat²ti adhigacchati. Ida½ h²ti-±din± saªkhepato vuttamattha½ vivarati. Arahattasacchikiriy± n±ma aggamaggabh±van±ya sati atthato ±pann± hoti, aggamaggapaññ± eva tadattha½ adhimuccitabb±ti dassento, “atha v±”ti vikappantaram±ha. Tattha yath± n±ma p±s±dassa atth±ya sam±n²tadabbasambh±r±vayave appahonte k³µ±g±ra½ k±tu½ na pahontiyeva, eva½sampadamidanti dassento, “ta½ anabhisambhuºanto ±neñja½ v± sam±pajjat²”ti ±ha. Catusacca½ v± sacchikaroti heµµhimamagg±dhigamanavasena ±neñja½ v± sam±pajjati ubhayassapi hetupariggahitatt±.
Tatr±ti tasmi½ “paññ±ya v± adhimuccati, ±neñja½ v± sam±pajjat²”ti yath±vutte vises±dhigame aya½ id±ni vuccam±no yojan±nayo. Eva½ hot²ti id±ni vuccam±n±k±rena citt±bhin²h±ro hoti. Kiccanti pabbajitakicca½. Tatoti arahatt±dhigamanato. Osakkitam±nasoti sa½kucitacitto. Antar± na tiµµhat²ti asam±hitabh³miya½ na tiµµhati. Id±ni yath±vuttamattha½ upam±ya vibh±vetu½ “yath±”ti-±di vutta½. Tatr±ya½ saªkhepattho– yath± tassa purisassa vanamahi½sa½ gahetu½ uss±havato osakkantassa sasagodh±diggahaºe vattabbameva natthi, eva½ imassapi bhikkhuno arahatta½ gahetu½ uss±havato tato osakkitv± catutthajjh±nasam±pajjane vattabbameva natth²ti. Eseva nayoti yath±vutta½ upama½ upam±sa½sandanañca maggabh±van±yojan±ya½ catusaccasacchikiriy±yojan±yañca atidisati.
Hetu-atthajotano yanti nip±to, karaºe v± eta½ paccattavacananti ±ha “yena k±raºen±”ti. Tassa sa½vattana½ arahati, ta½ v± payojana½ etass±ti ta½sa½vattanika½. Viññ±ºanti vip±kaviññ±ºa½. ¾neñjasabh±va½ upagacchat²ti ±neñj³paga½. Yath± kusala½ ±neñjasabh±va½, eva½ ta½ vip±kaviññ±ºampi ±neñjasabh±va½ upagata½ assa bhaveyya. Ten±ha– “k±disameva bhaveyy±ti attho”ti. Kec²ti abhayagiriv±sino. Kusalaviññ±ºanti vip±kaviññ±ºampi ta½ kusala½ viya vadanti. Tann±makamev±ti kusala½ viya ±neñjan±makameva siy±. Ettha ca purimavikappe “±neñj³pagan”ti ta½sadisat± vutt±, dutiyavikappe tato eva ta½samaññat±. So pan±yamatthoti ±neñjasadisat±ya vip±kak±lepi ta½n±makameva ass±ti yath±vutto attho. Imin± nayen±ti imin± vuttanayena. Ettha hi ±neñj±bhisaªkh±rahetuvip±kaviññ±ºa½ “±neñj³paga½ hoti viññ±ºan”ti vuttatt± ta½n±makameva katv± d²pita½. Arahattass±p²ti apisaddena aggamaggabh±van±yapi heµµhimamaggabh±van±yap²ti attho saªgahitoti daµµhabbo. Sam±dhivasena osakkan± kathit±ti “vipulena mahaggatena cetas± vihareyyan”ti samathanaya½ dassetv± desan± kathit±.
67. Ayañhi bhikkh³ti ya½ uddissa aya½ dutiy±neñjasapp±yadesan±ya bhikkhu vutto. Paññavantataroti vatv± ta½ dassetu½, “dvinnampi kammaµµh±na½ ekato katv± sammasat²”ti vutta½. Heµµhimassa hi “ye ca diµµhadhammik± k±m±”ti-±din± r³pasaddagandharasaphoµµhabb±neva r³pamukhena vipassan±bhiniveso kato, imassa pana “ya½ kiñci r³pan”ti-±din± sakalar³padhammavasena. Bhagav± hi kammaµµh±na½ kathento kammaµµh±nikassa bhikkhuno k±raºabal±nur³pameva paµhama½ bh±van±bhinivesa½ dasseti; so pacch± ñ±ºe vipula½ gacchante anavasesato dhamma½ pariggaºh±ti. R³papaµib±hanen±ti r³pavir±gabh±van±ya sabbaso samatikkamena. Sabbatth±ti sabbesu tatiy±neñj±d²su.
Paññavantataroti paññuttaro. Tiººampi kammaµµh±na½ ekato katv±ti k±maguº± sabbar³padhamm± k±masaññ±ti eva½ tiººa½ puggal±na½ kammaµµh±navasena tidh± vutte sammasan³pagadhamme ekato katv±, “sabbameta½ aniccan”ti ekajjha½ gahetv±, sammasati yath±– “ya½ kiñci samudayadhamma½, sabba½ ta½ nirodhadhamman”ti (d². ni. 1.298; sa½. ni. 5.1081; mah±va. 16; c³¼ani. ajitam±ºavapucch±niddesa 4, 7, 8; tissametteyyam±ºavapucch±niddesa 10, 11; paµi. ma. 2.30). Ten±ha– “ubhayameta½ aniccan”ti-±di. K±mar³pasaññ±vasena diµµhadhammikasampar±yikabhedato aµµha ekekakoµµh±s±ti eva½ kata½ ubhayanti vuttanti ±ha– “diµµhadhammika…pe… vasena saªkhipitv± ubhayanti vuttan”ti. Taºh±diµµhivasen±ti taºh±bhinandan±vasena “eta½ mam±”ti, diµµh±bhinandan±vasena “eso me att±”ti eva½ abhinanditu½. Eseva nayoti imin± taºh±diµµhivasena “eta½ mama, eso me att±”ti abhinanditu½ ajjhos±ya gilitv± pariniµµh±petv± µh±tunti imamattha½ atidisati. K±mapaµib±hanen±ti ida½ ±gamanapaµipad±dassanattha½, vaººabhaºanatthañca vutta½. R³papaµib±hana½ hissa ±sanna½, tatopi ±k±s±nañc±yatanasamatikkamo, ta½samatikkamena saheva sabbe t± vipassan±vasena osakkan± kathit± “ubhayameta½ aniccan”ti-±divacanato.
68. Idha attano c±ti ±kiñcaññ±yatanakammaµµh±na½ sandh±y±ha. Nirujjhanti tappaµibaddhachandar±ganirodhena, sam±pajjanakkhaºe pana anupp±danenapi. Ten±ha “±kiñcaññ±yatana½ patv±”ti. Atappakaµµhen±ti u¼±ratarabh±vena jh±nasam±pattiy± atittikarabh±vena. Tameva paµipadanti ±kiñcaññ±yatanabh±vanam±ha. Sam±dhivasena osakkan± kathit± tatiy±ruppakammaµµh±nassa vuttatt± “yatthet±”ti-±din±.
Idha attanoti dvikoµikasuññat±manasik±rasaªkh±ta½ vipassan±kammaµµh±na½. Heµµh± vuttapaµipadanti anantara½ vutta-±kiñcaññ±yatanakammaµµh±na½. Sati samathabh±van±ya½ suññat±manasik±rassa idha s±tisayatt± vutta½. “Dutiy±kiñcaññ±yatane vipassan±vasena osakkan± kathit±”ti.
70. Tatiy±kiñcaññ±yatane attanoti catukoµikasuññat±manasik±rasaªkh±ta½ vipassan±kammaµµh±na½. Etth±ti etasmi½ suññat±nupassan±dhik±re. Kvac²ti katthaci µh±ne, k±le, dhamme v±. Atha v± kvac²ti ajjhatta½, bahiddh± v±. Attano att±nanti sakatt±na½. “Aya½ kho, bho brahm±…pe… vas² pit± bh³tabhaby±nan”ti-±din± (d². ni. 1.42) paraparikappita½ att±nañca kassaci kiñcanabh³ta½ na passat²ti dassento “kassac²”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha parass±ti “par± paj±”ti “paro puriso”ti ca eva½ gahitassa. Na ca mama kvacan²ti ettha mama-saddo aµµh±napayuttoti ±ha “mamasadda½ t±va µhapetv±”ti. Parassa c±ti attato aññassa, “paro puriso n±ma atthi mamatth±ya sajito, tassa vasena mayha½ sabba½ ijjhat²”ti eva½ ekaccadiµµhigatikaparikappitavasena para½ att±na½, tañca attano kiñcanabh³ta½ na passat²ti dassento, “na ca kvacan²”ti-±dim±ha. Ettha ca n±ha½ kvacan²ti saka-attano abh±va½ passati. Na kassaci kiñcanatasminti saka-attano eva kassaci anattaniyata½ passati. Na ca, mam±ti eta½ dvaya½ yath±saªkhya½ sambandhitabba½, atth²ti pacceka½. “Na ca kvacani parassa att± atth²”ti parassa attano abh±va½ passati, “tassa parassa attano mama kismiñci kiñcanat± na catth²”ti parassa attano anattaniyata½ passati. Eva½ ajjhatta½ bahiddh± ca khandh±na½ attattaniyasuññat± suddhasaªkh±rapuñjat± catukoµikasuññat±pariggaºhanena diµµh± hoti. Heµµh± vuttapaµipadanti idh±pi ±kiñcaññ±yatanakammaµµh±nameva vadati. Vipassan±vaseneva osakkan± kathit± catukoµikasuññat±dassanavisesabh±vato, tappadh±natt± cassa manasik±rassa.
Idha attanoti nevasaññ±n±saññ±yatanakammaµµh±nam±ha. Sabbasaññ±ti r³pasaññ± paµighasaññ± n±nattasaññ± heµµhim± tisso ar³pasaññ±ti eva½ sabbasaññ± anavases± nirujjhant²ti vadanti. “Heµµh± vutt±”ti pana visesitatt± imasmi½ ±gat± catutthajjh±nasaññ±dayo api saññ±ti apare. Tanti sammutimatta½ k±masaññ±paµib±hanavaseneva tesa½ n±nattasaññ±dinirodhassa atthasiddhatt±. Sam±dhivasena osakkan± kathit± nevasaññ±n±saññ±yatanabh±van±ya samathakammaµµh±nabh±vato.
71. Pubbe pañcavidha½ kammavaµµanti purimakammabhavasmi½ moho avijj± ±y³han± saªkh±r± nikantitaºh± upagamana½ up±d±na½ cetan± bhavoti evam±gato saparikkh±ro kammappabandho. Na ±y³hita½ ass±ti na cetita½ pakappita½ bhaveyya. Etarahi eva½ pañcavidha½ vip±kavaµµanti viññ±ºan±mar³pasa¼±yatanaphassavedan±saªkh±to paccuppanno vip±kappabandho nappavatteyya k±raºassa anipphannatt±. Sace ±y³hita½ na bhavissat²ti yadi cetita½ pakappita½ na siy±. Ya½ atth²ti ya½ paramatthato vijjam±naka½. Ten±ha “bh³tan”ti. Tañhi paccayanibbattat±ya “bh³tan”ti vuccati. Ta½ pajah±m²ti tappaµibaddhachandar±gappah±nena tato eva ±yati½ anuppattidhammat±p±danavasena pajah±mi pariccaj±mi.
Parinibb±y²ti saha parikappanena at²tattheti ±ha “parinibb±yeyy±”ti. Parinibb±yeyya nu khoti v± p±µho, so evattho. Na kiñci kathitanti nevasaññ±n±saññ±yatanasam±pattiy± saªkh±r±vasesasukhumabh±vena ñ±ºuttarasseva visayabh±vato sar³pato na kiñci kathita½, nayena panassa visesa½ ñ±petuk±matt±. Bhagavato kira etadahosi– “imissa½yeva parisati nisinno ±nando anusandhikusalat±ya nevasaññ±n±saññ±yatana½ p±daka½ katv± µhitassa bhikkhuno paµisandhi½ arahattañca sandh±ya pañha½ pucchissati, imin± pucch±nusandhin± tamattha½ desess±m²”ti. Osakkan±ya ca idh±dhippetatt± bhinnarasadesan± hot²ti pucch±nusandhi pucchit±. Tasmiñhi asati anusandhibhedabhinnes± desan±, na ca buddh±ciºº± bhinnarasadesan±ti. Vipassan±nissitanti tannissita½. Tassa bhikkhuno. Up±diyati eten±ti ca up±d±na½. Na parinibb±yati pah±tabbassa appajahanato. Ten±ha bhagav±– “dhamm±pi kho, bhikkhave, pah±tabb±, pageva adhamm±”ti (ma. ni. 1.240). Up±d±naseµµhanti ida½ nevasaññ±n±saññ±yatanabhavassa sabbabhavaggat±dassanapara½, na pana ariyabhavaggassa up±d±naseµµhat±paµisedhapara½.
73. Niss±y±ti bhavapariy±panna½ n±ma dhamma½ niss±ya tappariy±panna½ n±ma niss±ya oghanittharaº± bhagavat± akkh±t±; aho acchariyameta½, aho abbhutametanti.
Navasupi µh±nesu samathay±nikasseva vasena desan±ya ±gatatt±, idha ca kassacipi p±dakajjh±nassa an±maµµhatt± vutta½– “ariyas±vakoti sukkhavipassako ariyas±vako”ti. Navannampi kammaµµh±na½ ekato katv± sammasat²ti ida½ jh±nadhammepi anussavaladdhe gahetv± sammasana½ sambhavat²ti katv± vutta½; tebh³makasaªkh±ragata½ idha vuttanti anavasesato pariggahaºa½ sandh±ya vutta½– “y±vat± sakk±yo”ti.
Eta½ amatanti amata½ nibb±na½ ±rabbha pavattiy± eta½ arahatta½ amatarasa½. Ten±ha– “eta½ amata½ santa½, eta½ paº²tan”ti. “Anup±d±ya kiñcipi aggahetv± citta½ vimucc²”ti vuttatt±pi anup±d± cittassa vimokkho nibb±na½ aññattha sutte vuccati.
Tiººa½ bhikkh³nanti abhinivesabhedena tividh±na½. P±daka½ katv± µhitassa osakkan±ya abh±ve k±raºa½ heµµh± vuttanayeneva veditabba½. Samodh±netv±ti sammadeva odahitv± tasmi½ tasmi½ µh±ne asaªkarato vavatthapetv±. Sukathita½ n±ma hoti kathetabbassa anavasesetv± kathitatt±.

¾neñjasapp±yasuttavaººan±ya l²natthappak±san± samatt±.