5. Sa¼±yatanavaggo

1. An±thapiº¹ikov±dasuttavaººan±

383. Adhimattagil±noti adhik±ya matt±ya maraºassa ±sannat±ya ativiya gil±noti attho. Ten±ha “maraºaseyya½ upagato”ti. Akhaº¹a½ ak±si gahapatino satthari paramapematt±. Yattaka½ cass±ti, “saki½ v± dvikkhattu½ v±”ti vutta½ yattaka½ assa gahapatissa.
384. Osakkant²ti parih±yanti. Ottharant²ti abhibhavanti. Usm± n±ma kammajatejodh±tu, s± saha j²vitindriyanirodh± pariy±diyati, y±va t± ±yu-usm± vattanti, t±va maraºantik± vedan± vattanteva viññ±ºassa aniruddhatt±. Ten±ha “y±va usm±”ti-±di.
385. T²hi g±heh²ti taºh±m±nadiµµhigg±hehi. Paµib±hitu½ vikkhambhetu½. Cakkhu½ t²hi g±hehi na gaºhiss±m²ti m±nagg±hapaµikkhepamukhena cakkhusmi½ anicc±nupassan±ti dasseti. Anicc±nupassan±ya hi sati appatiµµho m±nagg±ho, dukkh±nupassan±ya sati appatiµµho taºh±gg±ho, anatt±nupassan±ya sati appatiµµho diµµhigg±hoti, g±ho ca n±ma o¼±riko, tasmi½ vigatepi nikanti tiµµheyy±ti ta½ vijah±petuk±mena,– “na ca me cakkhunissita½ viññ±ºa½ bhavissat²”ti vuttanti ±ha– “viññ±ºañc±pi me cakkhunissita½ na bhavissat²”ti. Sabba½ k±mabhavar³panti k±mabh³mipariy±panna½ sabba½ r³pakkhandham±ha– “k±mar³pabhavar³pan”ti v± p±µho. So yutto imassa v±rassa eva anavasesapañcavok±rabhavapariy±pannato. Tath± hi upari catuvok±rabhavo anavasesato vutto.
386. Idhalokanti ettha saªkh±ralokavisayoti adhipp±yena, “vasanaµµh±na½ v±”ti-±di vutta½, tañca kho paµhamadutiyav±rehi idhaloko gahitoti katv±. Paµhamadutiyav±rehi pana idhaloko paralokoti vibh±gena vin± pañcavok±rabhavo gahito; tath± tatiyav±re pañcavok±rabhavo catuvok±rabhavo ca gahitoti puna diµµhadhammasampar±yavasena ta½ vibhajitv± dassetu½, “na idhalokan”ti-±di vutta½ Idhalokanti ca sattasaªkh±ravaseneva gahita½. Sabbampi saªkh±ravasena pariggahetv± dassetu½, “yampi me diµµhan”ti-±di vuttanti keci. Aparitassanattha½ taºh±paritassan±ya anupp±danattha½. Yassa diµµhadhammoti vuccati, tassa pana abh±vato, “manussaloka½ µhapetv± ses± paralok± n±m±”ti vutta½. Yesa½ pana “idhalokan”ti imin± sattalokassapi gahaºa½ icchita½. Tesa½ matena, “manussaloka½ µhapetv±”ti yojan±.
387. All²yas²ti attabh±ve bhogesu ca apekkha½ karos²ti attho. Evar³p²ti y±dis² tad± dhammasen±patin± kathit±, evar³p². Dhammakath± na sutapubb±ti yath±kathit±k±rameva sandh±ya paµikkhepo, na sukhumagambh²rasuññat±paµisa½yuttat±s±mañña½. Ten±ha “eva½ pan±”ti-±di.
May± gatamaggameva anugacchas²ti d±namayapuññabh±vas±mañña½ gahetv± vadati, na bodhisattad±nabh³ta½ d±nap±ramita½. Na paµibh±t²ti ruccanavasena citte na upatiµµhati. Ten±ha “na ruccat²”ti. Tath± hesa vaµµ±bhiratoti. Ujumagg±vah± vipassan± bhagavat± panassa kathitapubb±.
388. Esitaguºatt± esiyam±naguºatt± ca isi, asekkh± sekkh± kaly±ºaputhujjan± ca, is²na½ saªgho, tena nisevitanti isisaªghanisevita½. K±ma½ tassa vih±rassa gandhakuµip±s±dak³µ±g±r±divasena nis²dananipajjan±ya rukkhalat±divasena bh³misay±divasena ca anaññas±dh±raº± mahat² ramaº²yat± attheva, s± pana gehassitabh±vena ariy±na½ citta½ tath± na toseti; yath± ariy±na½ nisevitabh±ven±ti ±ha– “paµhamag±th±ya jetavanassa vaººa½ kathetv±”ti. Ten±ha bhagav±– “yattha arahanto viharanti, ta½ bh³mir±maºeyyakan”ti (dha. pa. 98; therag±. 991; sa½. ni. 1.261). Apacayag±min² cetan± satt±na½ suddhim±vahat²ti ±ha– “kammanti maggacetan±”ti. Catunna½ ariyasacc±na½ viditakaraºaµµhena kiles±na½ vikkhambhanaµµhena ca vijj±, maggasamm±diµµh²ti ±ha– “vijj±ti maggapaññ±”ti. Sam±dhipakkhiko dhammo n±ma samm±v±y±masatisam±dhayo. Tath± hi vijj±bh±giyo sam±dhipi sam±dhipakkhiko. S²la½ tassa atth²ti s²lanti ±ha– “s²le patiµµhitassa j²vita½ uttaman”ti. Diµµhisaªkappoti samm±saªkappo. Tattha samm±saªkappassa upak±rakabh±vena vijj±bh±go Tath± hi so paññ±kkhandhasaªgahitoti vuccati, yath± samm±saªkappo paññ±kkhandhena saªgahito, eva½ v±y±masatiyo sam±dhikkhandhasaªgahit±ti. Ten±ha– “dhammoti v±y±masatisam±dhayo”ti. “Dhammo”ti hi idha samm±sam±dhi adhippeto,– “eva½ dhamm± te bhagavanto ahesun”ti-±d²su (d². ni. 2.13; ma. ni. 3.198; sa½. ni. 5.378) viya. V±c±kammant±j²v±ti samm±v±c±kammant±j²v± maggapariy±pann± eva, te sabbepi gahit±ti. Ten±ha– “etena aµµhaªgikena maggen±”ti.
Up±yen±ti yena vidhin± ariyamaggo bh±vetabbo, tena sam±dhipakkhiya½ vipassan±dhammañceva maggadhammañca. “Ariya½ vo, bhikkhave, samm±sam±dhi½ desess±mi sa-upanisa½ saparikkh±ran”ti (ma. ni. 3.136) hi vacanato samm±sam±dhi-±dayo maggadhamm±pi sam±dhipakkhiy±. Vicineyy±ti v²ma½seyya, bh±veyy±ti attho. Tatth±ti hetumhi bhummavacana½. Ariyamaggahetuk± hi satt±na½ visuddhi. Ten±ha– “tasmi½ ariyamagge visujjhat²”ti. Pañcakkhandhadhamma½ vicineyya, pañcup±d±nakkhandhe vipasseyya. Tesu hi vipassiyam±nesu vipassan± ukka½sagat±. Yadaggena dukkhasacca½ pariññ±paµivedhena paµivijjh²yati, tadaggena samudayasacca½ pah±napaµivedhena nirodhasacca½ sacchikiriy±paµivedhena, maggasacca½ bh±van±paµivedhena paµivijjh²yati, eva½ accantavisuddhiy± sujjhati. Ten±ha– “eva½ tesu cat³su saccesu visujjhat²”ti. Idh±pi nimittatthe bhummavacana½. Saccesu v± paµivijjhiyam±nes³ti vacanaseso.
Avadh±raºavacananti vavatth±panavacana½, avadh±raºanti attho. S±riputtov±ti ca avadh±raºa½ tassa s±vakabh±vato s±vakesu s±riputtova seyyoti imamattha½ d²peti. Kilesa-upasamen±ti imin± mah±therassa t±diso kiles³pasamoti dasseti, yassa s±vakassa visaye paññ±ya p±ramippatti ahosi. Yadi eva½– “yopi p±raªgato bhikkhu, et±vaparamo siy±”ti ida½ kathanti? Tesa½ tesa½ buddh±na½ s±sane paññ±ya p±ramippattas±vakavaseneta½ vuttanti daµµhabba½. Atha v±– “natthi vimuttiy± n±nattan”ti (d². ni. µ². 3.141; vibha. m³laµ². suttantabh±jan²yavaººan±) vacanato s±vakehi vimuttipaññ±matta½ sandh±yeta½ vutta½. Ten±ha– “p±raªgatoti nibb±na½ gato”ti-±di. Sesa½ suviññeyyameva.

An±thapiº¹ikov±dasuttavaººan±ya l²natthappak±san± samatt±.